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Dalit
Dalit, meaning "broken/scattered" in Sanskrit
Sanskrit
and Hindi, is a term mostly used for the castes in India that have been subjected to untouchability. Dalits were excluded from the four-fold varna system of Hinduism and were seen as forming a fifth varna, also known by the name of Panchama. The term dalits was in use as a translation for the British Raj
British Raj
census classification of Depressed Classes prior to 1935. It was popularised by the economist and reformer B. R. Ambedkar
B. R. Ambedkar
(1891–1956), himself a Dalit, and in the 1970s its use was invigorated when it was adopted by the Dalit Panthers
Dalit Panthers
activist group
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British Asia
The British Empire
Empire
comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England
England
between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power.[1] By 1913, the British Empire
Empire
held sway over 412 million people, 7001230000000000000♠23% of the world population at the time,[2] and by 1920, it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi),[3] 7001240000000000000♠24% of the Earth's total land area.[4] As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread
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Negro
Negro
Negro
(plural Negroes) is an archaic term traditionally used to denote persons considered to be of Negroid
Negroid
heritage. The term can be construed as offensive, inoffensive or completely neutral, largely depending on the region where it is used. It has various equivalents in other European languages.Contents1 In English1.1 United States 1.2 Liberia2 In other languages2.1 Latin
Latin
America (Portuguese and Spanish) 2.2 Other Romance languages2.2.1 Italian 2.2.2 French 2.2.3 Haitian Creole2.3 Germanic languages3 Elsewhere 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksIn EnglishA European map of West Africa, 1736
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Constitution Of India
The Constitution
Constitution
of India
India
is the supreme law of India.[1] It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens. It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world.[Note 1][2] B. R
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Government Of India
——————— Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 Uniform civil code Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 Indian Penal Code Law enforcementGovernment of India President (Head of state) (List) Vice president (List) ——————— Executive:Prime minister (Head of government) (List) Union Council of Ministers Cabinet secretary Secretaries: (Defence • Finance
Finance
• Foreign • Home) Civil services All
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West Bengal
West Bengal
Bengal
(/wɛst bɛŋˈɡɔːl/) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India
India
on the Bay of Bengal. With over 91 million inhabitants (as of 2011), it is India's fourth-most populous state. It has an area of 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi). A part of the ethno-linguistic Bengal
Bengal
region, it borders Bangladesh
Bangladesh
in the east, and Nepal
Nepal
and Bhutan
Bhutan
in the north. It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata
Kolkata
(Calcutta), the seventh-largest city in India. As for geography, West Bengal
Bengal
includes the Darjeeling
Darjeeling
Himalayan hill region, the Ganges
Ganges
delta, the Rarh region, and the coastal Sundarbans
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Pune
Nickname(s): Oxford of the East, Queen of Deccan creative city[1][2]PunePune Show map of IndiaPune Pune
Pune
(Maharashtra) Show map of MaharashtraCoordinates: 18°31′13″N 73°51′24″E / 18.52028°N 73.85667°E / 18.52028; 73.85667Coordinates: 18°31′13″N 73°51′24″E / 18.52028°N 73.85667°E / 18.52028; 73.85667Country  IndiaState MaharashtraDistrict PuneGovernment • Type Mayor–Council • Mayor Mukta Tilak (BJP)[3][4] • Municipal Commissioner Mr
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Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Sanskrit
(English: /ˈsænskrɪt/;[6] Sanskrit: संस्कृतम्, romanized: saṃskṛtam, IPA: [ˈsɐ̃skr̩tɐm] (listen)) is a language of ancient India
India
with a 3,500-year history.[7][8][9] It is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism
Hinduism
and the predominant language of most works of Hindu philosophy
Hindu philosophy
as well as some of the principal texts of Buddhism
Buddhism
and Jainism
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African Americans
Origins of the civil rights movement
Origins of the civil rights movement
· Civil rights movement
Civil rights movement
· Black Power movementPost–civil rights era
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Marika Vicziany
Marika Vicziany is a professor of Asian Political Economy
Political Economy
at Political and Social Inquiry (PSI), Monash University. She is a Former Director of the Monash Asia Institute at Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. A PhD from SOAS, University of London, she is an expert in South Asian
South Asian
studies. Her current research interests include regional and human security, rise of India
India
and China
China
and the cultural and religious issues particularly related to Hinduism
Hinduism
and Islam. She has published extensively on India, South Asia
South Asia
and China. She is currently the President of South Asian
South Asian
Studies Association of Australia (SASA). She has worked and published significantly on the city of Bombay, now known as Mumbai
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Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
(/ˌɑːndrə prəˈdɛʃ/) (pronunciation (help·info)) is one of the 29 states of India. Situated in the south-east of the country, it is the seventh-largest state in India, covering an area of 160,205 km2 (61,855 sq mi).[3] As per the 2011 census, it is the tenth-most populous state, with 49,386,799 inhabitants. The largest city in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
is Visakhapatnam. Telugu, one of the classical languages of India,[9] is the major and official language of Andhra Pradesh.[10][11] The north-western portion of Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
was separated to form the new state of Telangana
Telangana
on 2 June 2014, and Hyderabad, the longtime capital of Andhra Pradesh, was transferred to Telangana
Telangana
as part of the division
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Uttar Pradesh
24 January 1950[1]Capital LucknowDistricts 75[2][3]Government • Body Government of Uttar Pradesh • Governor Ram Naik[4] • Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath
Yogi Adityanath
(BJP) • Deputy Chief Ministers Keshav Prasad Maurya
Keshav Prasad Maurya
(BJP) Dinesh Sharma (BJP) • Chief Secretary Rajive Kumar, IAS[5] • Director General of Police O. P
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Positive Discrimination
Affirmative action, also known as reservation in India
India
and Nepal, positive action in the UK, and employment equity (in a narrower context) in Canada
Canada
and South Africa, is the policy of protecting members of groups that are known to have previously suffered from discrimination.[1][2][3][4] Historically and internationally, support for affirmative action has sought to achieve goals such as bridging inequalities in employment and pay, increasing access to education, promoting diversity, and redressing apparent past wrongs, harms, or hindrances. The nature of affirmative action policies varies from region to region. Some countries use a quota system, whereby a certain percentage of government jobs, political positions, and school vacancies must be reserved for members of a certain group; an example of this is the reservation system in India
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Punjab, India
^† Joint Capital with Haryana. ††Common for Punjab, Haryana
Haryana
and Chandigarh.Symbols of PunjabEmblem Lion Capital of Ashoka
Lion Capital of Ashoka
with Wheat
Wheat
stem (above) and Crossed Swords (below)Language PunjabiDance Bhangra, GiddhaAnimal BlackbuckBird Baaz[3] (Accipiter gentilis) Punjab
Punjab
(/pʌnˈdʒɑːb/ ( listen)) is a state in northern India. Forming part of the larger Punjab
Punjab
region, the state is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana
Haryana
to the south and southeast, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
to the southwest, and the Pakistani province of Punjab
Punjab
to the west
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Tribal Religions In India
About 104 million people in India
India
are members of Scheduled Tribes, which accounts for 8.6 % of India's population (according to the 2011 census).[1] Many Indians belonging to these populations adhere to traditional Indian tribal religions, often syncretised with one or more of the major religious traditions of Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and/or Christianity
Christianity
and often under ongoing pressure of cultural assimilation.[2] In keeping with the nature of Indian religion generally, these particular religions often involve traditions of ancestor worship or worship of spirits of natural features.[3] Tribal beliefs persist as folk religion even among those converted to a major religion. The largest and best-known tribal religion of India
India
is that of the Santhal of Orissa
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Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Maharashtra
(/mɑːhəˈrɑːʃtrə/; Marathi: [məharaːʂʈrə] ( listen), abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India
India
and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area. Spread over 307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi), it is bordered by the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
to the west and the Indian states of Karnataka, Telangana, Goa, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. It is also the world's second-most populous subnational entity
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