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Dabakan
The dabakan is a single-headed[4] Philippine drum, primarily used as a supportive instrument in the kulintang ensemble. Among the five main kulintang instruments, it is the only non-gong element of the Maguindanao
Maguindanao
ensemble.Contents1 Description 2 Technique 3 Uses 4 Origin 5 Other Derivative Names 6 ReferencesDescription[edit] The dabakan is frequently described as either hour-glass,[5] conical,[3] tubular,[1] or goblet in shape[6] Normally, the dabakan is found having a length of more than two feet and a diameter of more than a foot about the widest part of the shell.[2] The shell is carved from wood [5] either out of the trunk of a coconut tree or the wood of a jackfruit tree which is then hollowed out throughout its body and stem
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Musical Instrument Classification
Throughout history, various methods of musical instrument classification have been used. The most commonly used system divides instruments into string instruments, woodwind instruments, brass instruments and percussion instruments; however, other schemes have been devised.Contents1 Chinese classification 2 Western classification 3 Mahillon and Hornbostel-Sachs systems 4 André Schaeffner4.1 Elementary organology5 Range 6 Other classifications6.1 Indonesian instruments 6.2 West African instruments 6.3 Kurt Reinhard 6.4 Persia7 See also 8 ReferencesChinese classification[edit] The oldest known scheme of classifying instruments is Chinese and dates from the 3rd millennium BC.[citation needed] It grouped instruments according to the materials they are made of
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Manobo
The Lumad are a group of non-Muslim indigenous people in the southern Philippines. It is a Cebuano term meaning "native" or "indigenous". The term is short for Katawhang Lumad (Literally: "indigenous people"), the autonym officially adopted by the delegates of the Lumad Mindanao Peoples Federation (LMPF) founding assembly on 26 June 1986 at the Guadalupe Formation Center, Balindog, Kidapawan, Cotabato, Philippines.[1] It is the self-ascription and collective identity of the indigenous peoples of Mindanao.Contents1 History 2 Ethnic groups2.1 Blaan 2.2 Bukidnon 2.3 Higaonon 2.4 Mamanwa 2.5 Mandaya 2.6 Manobo 2.7 Mansaka 2.8 Sangir 2.9 Subanen 2.10 Tagabawa 2.11 Tagakaulo 2.12 Tasaday 2.13 Tboli3 Languages 4 Musical heritage 5 Social issues5.1 Lumad killings6 See also 7 References 8 External linksHistory[edit] See also: Prehistory of the Philippines The name Lumad grew out of the political awakening among tribes during the martial law regime of President Ferdinand Marcos
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Lizard
Sauria
Sauria
Macartney, 1802Lizards are a widespread group of squamate reptiles, with over 6,000 species,[1] ranging across all continents except Antarctica, as well as most oceanic island chains. The group is paraphyletic as it excludes the snakes and Amphisbaenia
Amphisbaenia
which are also squamates. Lizards range in size from chameleons and geckos a few centimeters long to the 3 meter long Komodo dragon. Most lizards are quadrupedal, running with a strong side-to-side motion. Others are legless, and have long snake-like bodies. Some such as the forest-dwelling Draco lizards are able to glide
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Rattan
Rattan
Rattan
(from the Malay rotan) is the name for roughly 600 species of old world climbing palms belonging to subfamily Calamoideae
Calamoideae
(from the Greek 'kálamos' = reed).[1]
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Maranao
The Maranao people
Maranao people
(Maranao: ['mәranaw]; Filipino: Mëranaw (based on Papanoka Mera)[2]), also spelled Meranao, Maranaw (based on Marapatik) and Mëranaw, is the term used by the Philippine government to refer to the southern tribe who are the "people of the lake" (Ranao in the Iranaon language),[citation needed] a predominantly- Muslim
Muslim
region of the Philippine island of Mindanao. They are known for their artwork, weaving, wood and metal crafts and epic literature, the Darangen.Contents1 Etymology 2 Culture2.1 Language 2.2 Art 2.3 Music 2.4 Cuisine2.4.1 Social structure3 Demographics 4 History 5 Notes and references 6 External linksEtymology[edit]A satellite image of Lake Lanao.The word Maranao is a misnomer as it does not have a sense in reference to nouns such as people, places or things. The prefix Ma- means 'to be', i.e., Maranao means to be a lake
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Dampening
In engineering, the damping ratio is a dimensionless measure describing how oscillations in a system decay after a disturbance. Many systems exhibit oscillatory behavior when they are disturbed from their position of static equilibrium. A mass suspended from a spring, for example, might, if pulled and released, bounce up and down. On each bounce, the system is trying to return to its equilibrium position, but overshoots it. Sometimes losses (e.g. frictional) damp the system and can cause the oscillations to gradually decay in amplitude towards zero or attenuate
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Percussion Instrument
A percussion instrument is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater (including attached or enclosed beaters or rattles); struck, scraped or rubbed by hand; or struck against another similar instrument. The percussion family is believed to include the oldest musical instruments, following the human voice.[1] The percussion section of an orchestra most commonly contains instruments such as timpani, snare drum, bass drum, cymbals, triangle and tambourine. However, the section can also contain non-percussive instruments, such as whistles and sirens, or a blown conch shell. Percussive techniques can also be applied to the human body, as in body percussion
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Lute
Classical antiquity
Classical antiquity
(early lutes) Middle Ages
Middle Ages
(modern lutes)Related instrumentsListAngélique Archlute Balalaika Barbat Bağlama Biwa Bouzouki Charango Chitarra Italiana Cobza Dombra Domra Dutar Guitar Kobza Komuz Kopuz Laouto Mandocello Mandola Mandolin Mandolute Oud Pandura Pipa Tambur Tanbur Tembûr Theorbo Tiorbino TopshurA lute (/luːt/, or /ljuːt/)[1] is any plucked string instrument with a neck (either fretted or unfretted) and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body. More specifically, the term "lute" can refer to an instrument from the family of European lutes. The term also refers generally to any string instrument having the strings running in a plane parallel to the sound table (in the Hornbostel–Sachs system)
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Imam
Imam
Imam
(/ɪˈmɑːm/; Arabic: إمام‎ imām; plural: أئمة aʼimmah) is an Islamic leadership position. It is most commonly used as the title of a worship leader of a mosque and Muslim
Muslim
community among Sunni
Sunni
Muslims
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Rawhide (textile)
Rawhide is a hide or animal skin that has not been exposed to tanning. It is similar to parchment, much lighter in color than leather made by traditional vegetable tanning. The skin from buffalo, deer, elk or cattle from which most rawhide originates is prepared by removing all fur, meat and fat. The hide is then usually stretched over a frame before being dried. The resulting material is hard and translucent. It can be shaped by rewetting and forming before being allowed to thoroughly re-dry. It can be rendered more pliable by 'working', i.e. bending repeatedly in multiple directions, often by rubbing it over a post, sometimes traditionally by chewing. It may also be oiled or greased for a degree of waterproofing. Uses[edit] It is often used for objects such as whips, drumheads or lampshades, and more recently, chew toys for dogs
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Speakerphone
A speakerphone is a telephone with a microphone and loudspeaker provided separately from those in the handset.[1] This device allows multiple persons to participate in a conversation. The loudspeaker broadcasts the voice or voices of those on the other end of the telephone line, while the microphone captures all voices of those using the speakerphone. The term speakerphone is also sometimes used for loudspeaker, as in "put it on speakerphone". Many telephones have an integrated speakerphone function which can be activated by pushing a single button. This button transfers the sound input and output from the handset to the ambient microphone and loudspeaker. Devices designed specifically for speakerphone use often have multiple microphone inputs arranged radially around the device to maximize sound input, such as may occur around a conference table
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Sulawesi
Sulawesi, formerly known as Celebes (/ˈsɛlɪbiːz/ or /sɪˈliːbiːz/), is an island in Indonesia. One of the four Greater Sunda Islands, and the world's eleventh-largest island, it is situated east of Borneo, west of the Maluku Islands, and south of Mindanao
Mindanao
and the Sulu Archipelago. Within Indonesia, only Sumatra, Borneo
Borneo
and Papua are larger in territory, and only Java
Java
and Sumatra
Sumatra
have larger populations. The landmass of Sulawesi
Sulawesi
includes four peninsulas: the northern Minahasa
Minahasa
Peninsula; the East Peninsula; the South Peninsula; and the South-east Peninsula
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Middle East
The Middle East[note 1] is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey
Turkey
(both Asian and European), and Egypt
Egypt
(which is mostly in North Africa). The corresponding adjective is Middle Eastern and the derived noun is Middle Easterner. The term has come into wider usage as a replacement of the term Near East
Near East
(as opposed to the Far East) beginning in the early 20th century. Arabs, Turks, Persians, Kurds, and Azeris (excluding Azerbaijan) constitute the largest ethnic groups in the region by population.[2] Minorities of the Middle East
Middle East
include Jews, Baloch, Greeks, Assyrians, and other Arameans, Berbers, Circassians
Circassians
(including Kabardians), Copts, Druze, Lurs, Mandaeans, Samaritans, Shabaks, Tats, and Zazas. In the Middle East, there is also a Romani community
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Maguindanao
Maguindanao
Maguindanao
(Maguindanaoan: Dalapa sa Magindanaw) is a province in the Philippines
Philippines
located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)
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Tausūg People
The Tausūg or Suluk people are an ethnic group of the Philippines, Malaysia
Malaysia
and Indonesia. The Tausūg are part of the wider political identity of Muslims
Muslims
of Mindanao, Sulu
Sulu
and Palawan
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