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Czechoslovakia
CZECHOSLOVAKIA or CZECHO-SLOVAKIA /ˌtʃɛkoʊsloʊˈvækiə, -kə-, -slə-, -ˈvɑː-/ (Czech and Slovak : _Československo_, _Česko-Slovensko_) was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire , until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993. From 1939 to 1945, following its forced division and partial incorporation into Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
, the state did not _de facto _ exist but its government-in-exile continued to operate. From 1948 to 1990, Czechoslovakia was part of the Soviet bloc with a command economy . Its economic status was formalized in membership of Comecon from 1949, and its defense status in the Warsaw Pact of May 1955
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Czechoslovak (other)
CZECHOSLOVAK may refer to: * demonym or adjective pertaining to Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
(1918–93) * First Czechoslovak Republic (1918–38) * Second Czechoslovak Republic
Second Czechoslovak Republic
(1938–39) * Third Czechoslovak Republic (1948–60) * Fourth Czechoslovak Republic (1960–89) * Fifth Czechoslovak Republic (1989–93)* Czechoslovak, also Czecho-Slovak, any grouping of the Czech and Slovak ethnicities: * national identity, see Czechoslovakism
Czechoslovakism
* linguistic, see West Slavic languages
West Slavic languages
, Comparison of Czech and Slovak * title of Symphony no. 8 in G Major op. 88 Antonín Dvořák
Antonín Dvořák
in 1889/90 This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title CZECHOSLOVAK. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article
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Czechoslovak Government-in-exile
The CZECHOSLOVAK GOVERNMENT-IN-EXILE , sometimes styled officially as the PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Czech : Prozatímní státní zřízení československé), was an informal title conferred upon the Czechoslovak National Liberation Committee, initially by British diplomatic recognition . The name came to be used by other World War II
World War II
Allies as they subsequently recognized it. The Committee was originally created by the former Czechoslovak President , Edvard Beneš in Paris, France
Paris, France
, in October 1939. Unsuccessful negotiations with France
France
for diplomatic status, as well as the impending Nazi occupation of France
France
, forced the Committee to withdraw to London
London
in 1940
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Flag Of Czechoslovakia
The national FLAG OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC (Czech : státní vlajka České republiky) is the same as the flag of the former Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
. Upon the dissolution of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
, the Czech Republic kept the Czechoslovak flag while Slovakia
Slovakia
adopted its own flag . The first flag of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
was based on the flag of Bohemia , and was white over red. This was almost identical to the flag of Poland (only the proportion was different), so a blue triangle was added at the hoist in 1920. The flag was banned by the Nazis
Nazis
in 1939, and a horizontal tricolor of white, red, and blue was enforced. The 1920 flag was restored in 1945
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Coat Of Arms Of Czechoslovakia
The COAT OF ARMS OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA were changed many times during Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
’s history, some alongside each other. This reflects the turbulent history of the country and a wish to use appropriate territorial coats of arms . CONTENTS * 1 First Czechoslovak Republic
First Czechoslovak Republic
(1918-1938) and Post-War (1945-1960) * 2 Occupied Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
(1938-1945) * 3 Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
(1960-1990) * 4 Czech and Slovak Federative Republic
Czech and Slovak Federative Republic
(1990-1992) * 5 Post-Czechoslovak coats of arms * 6 References FIRST CZECHOSLOVAK REPUBLIC (1918-1938) AND POST-WAR (1945-1960) Lesser coat of arms of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) and (1945-1960). Middle coat of arms of Czechoslovakia (1920-1939)
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Pravda Vítězí
"TRUTH PREVAILS" (Czech : Pravda vítězí, Slovak : Pravda víťazí, Latin : Veritas vincit) was a motto inscribed on the banner of the President of Czechoslovakia, still used today on the banner of the President of the Czech Republic . The banner of the President is one of the national symbols according to the Czech Constitution . The phrase also appears along the base of the Jan Hus Memorial in Prague
Prague
. The motto is believed to be derived from Jan Hus
Jan Hus
' phrase "Seek the truth, hear the truth, learn the truth, love the truth, speak the truth, hold the truth and defend the truth until death"
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Czech Language
CZECH (/ˈtʃɛk/ ; _čeština_ Czech pronunciation: ), historically also BOHEMIAN (/boʊˈhiːmiən, bə-/ ; _lingua Bohemica_ in Latin ), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group , that is extensively influenced by Latin and German . It is spoken by over 10 million people and is the official language of the Czech Republic . Czech is closely related to Slovak , to the point of being mutually intelligible to a very high degree. The Czecho-Slovak group developed within West Slavic in the high medieval period, and the standardisation of Czech and Slovak within the Czech–Slovak dialect continuum emerges in the early modern period
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Slovak Language
SLOVAK /ˈsloʊvæk, -vɑːk/ (_ listen ) (Slovak: slovenský jazyk_, pronounced (_ listen ), or slovenčina_ ; not to be confused with _slovenski jezik_ or _slovenščina_, the native names of the Slovene language ) is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech , Polish , Silesian , Kashubian , and Sorbian ). Slovak is the official language of Slovakia where it is spoken by approximately 5.51 million people (2014). Slovak speakers are also found in the United States , the Czech Republic , Argentina , Serbia , Ireland , Romania , Poland , Canada , Hungary , Croatia , the United Kingdom , Australia , Austria , Ukraine and many others worldwide
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Latin
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine
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Kde Domov Můj?
KDE DOMOV MůJ (Czech pronunciation: ; English : Where is my home?) is the national anthem of the Czech Republic , written by the composer František Škroup
František Škroup
and the playwright Josef Kajetán Tyl
Josef Kajetán Tyl
. The piece was written as a part of the incidental music to the comedy Fidlovačka aneb Žádný hněv a žádná rvačka (Fidlovačka, or No Anger and No Brawl). It was first performed by Karel Strakatý
Karel Strakatý
at the Estates Theatre
Estates Theatre
in Prague
Prague
on December 21, 1834. The original song consists of two verses (see below). Although J. K. Tyl is said to have considered leaving the song out of the play, not convinced of its quality, it soon became very popular among Czechs and was accepted as an informal anthem of a nation seeking to revive its identity within the Habsburg Monarchy
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Nad Tatrou Sa Blýska
NAD TATROU SA BLýSKA (Slovak pronunciation: ; English : Lightning over the Tatras) is the national anthem of Slovakia
Slovakia
. The origins of the anthem are in the Central European activism of the 19th century. Its main themes are a storm over the Tatra mountains that symbolized danger to the Slovaks, and a desire for a resolution of the threat. It used to be particularly popular during the 1848–1849 insurgencies . During the days of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
, the anthem was played in many Slovak towns at noon. This tradition ceased to exist after the two nations split. Nad Tatrou sa blýska
Nad Tatrou sa blýska
is now performed mainly at special events, including sporting events
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World War Ii
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations * Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War (more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIES AXIS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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Prague
Motto: " Praga Caput Rei publicae" (Latin ) "Prague, Head of the Republic" _other historical mottos _ * " Praga mater urbium" (Latin ) "Praha matka měst" (Czech ) "Prague, Mother of Cities" * " Praga Caput Regni" (Latin ) "Prague, Head of the Kingdom" Coordinates: 50°05′N 14°25′E / 50.083°N 14.417°E / 50.083; 14.417 Coordinates : 50°05′N 14°25′E / 50.083°N 14.417°E / 50.083; 14.417 COUNTRY
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German Language
_No official regulation_ ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography )
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