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Crowdfunding
Crowdfunding
Crowdfunding
is the practice of funding a project or venture by raising many small amounts of money from a large number of people, typically via the Internet.[1] Crowdfunding
Crowdfunding
is a form of crowdsourcing and of alternative finance
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Lending Club
US$
US$
500.8 million (2016)[2] US$574.5 million (2017)Operating income US$
US$
-153.4 million (2017)Net income US$
US$
-153.8 million (2017)Total assets US$4.641 billion (2017)Total equity US$922.5 million (2017)Number of employees1,530 (2016)[2] 1,837 (2017)Website lendingclub.comLendingClub is a US peer-to-peer lending company, headquartered in San Francisco, California.[3] It was the first peer-to-peer lender to register its offerings as securities with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), and to offer loan trading on a secondary market. Lending Club
Lending Club
operates an online lending platform that enables borrowers to obtain a loan, and investors to purchase notes backed by payments made on loans
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Zopa
Zopa
Zopa
is a UK online personal finance peer-to-peer lending company founded in 2005.[2] In 2012 the New York Times reported that Zopa
Zopa
was "one of the world’s first Web sites that aims to directly bring together borrowers and savers, cutting out financial institutions from the lending process."[2]Contents1 History 2 Products and services2.1 Business Model 2.2 Safeguard 2.3 Bank launch3 Operations3.1 Current operations 3.2 Registered users 3.3 Total money lent 3.4 Defunct operations 3.5 Finances 3.6 Partnerships4 Corporate identity4.1 Headquarters 4.2 Brand4.2.1 Zopa
Zopa
etymology 4.2.2 Logo design5 Industry5.1 Market Composition6 See also 7 References 8 External linksHistory[edit] Zopa
Zopa
was founded in Buckinghamshire in 2004 by a team from the internet banking company Egg Banking,[4][5] and originated its first loan in 2005
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Prediction Market
Prediction markets (also known as predictive markets, information markets, decision markets, idea futures, event derivatives, or virtual markets) are exchange-traded markets created for the purpose of trading the outcome of events. The market prices can indicate what the crowd thinks the probability of the event is. A prediction market contract trades between 0 and 100%. It is a binary option that will expire at the price of 0 or 100%. Prediction markets can be thought of as belonging to the more general concept of crowdsourcing which is specially designed to aggregate information on particular topics of interest. The main purposes of prediction markets are eliciting aggregating beliefs over an unknown future outcome
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Governance
Governance is all of the processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, market or network, whether over a family, tribe, formal or informal organization or territory and whether through the laws, norms, power or language of an organized society.[1] It relates to "the processes of interaction and decision-making among the actors involved in a collective problem that lead to the creation, reinforcement, or reproduction of social norms and institutions."[2] In lay terms, it could be described as the political processes that exist in between formal institutions. A variety of entities (known generically as governing bodies) can govern. The most formal is a government, a body whose sole responsibility and authority is to make binding decisions in a given geopolitical system (such as a state) by establishing laws
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Market Maker
A market maker or liquidity provider is a company or an individual that quotes both a buy and a sell price in a financial instrument or commodity held in inventory, hoping to make a profit on the bid-offer spread, or turn.[1][2] The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission defines a "market maker" as a firm that stands ready to buy and sell stock on a regular and continuous basis at a publicly quoted price.[3] A Designated Primary Market Maker (DPM) is a specialized market maker approved by an exchange to guarantee that he or she will take the position in a particular assigned security, option or option index.[4]Contents1 In currency exchange 2 In stock exchange2.1 New York 2.2 London 2.3 Frankfurt3 How a market maker makes money 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksIn currency exchange[edit] Most foreign exchange trading firms are market makers and so are many banks
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Bond (finance)
In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders. The most common types of bonds include municipal bonds and corporate bonds. The bond is a debt security, under which the issuer owes the holders a debt and (depending on the terms of the bond) is obliged to pay them interest (the coupon) or to repay the principal at a later date, termed the maturity date.[1] Interest
Interest
is usually payable at fixed intervals (semiannual, annual, sometimes monthly). Very often the bond is negotiable, that is, the ownership of the instrument can be transferred in the secondary market. This means that once the transfer agents at the bank medallion stamp the bond, it is highly liquid on the secondary market.[2] Thus a bond is a form of loan or IOU: the holder of the bond is the lender (creditor), the issuer of the bond is the borrower (debtor), and the coupon is the interest
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Equity (finance)
In accounting, equity (or owner's equity) is the difference between the value of the assets and the value of the liabilities of something owned. It is governed by the following equation: Equity = Assets − Liabilities displaystyle text Equity = text Assets - text Liabilities For example, if someone owns a car worth $15,000 (an asset), but owes $5,000 on a loan against that car (a liability), the car represents $10,000 of equity. Equity can be negative if liabilities exceed assets. Shareholders' equity (or stockholders' equity, shareholders' funds, shareholders' capital or similar terms) represents the equity of a company as divided among shareholders of common or preferred stock. Negative shareholders' equity is often referred to as a shareholders' deficit. Alternatively, equity can also refer to the capital stock of a corporation. The value of the stock depends on the corporation's future economic prospects
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Peer-to-peer Computing
Peer-to-peer
Peer-to-peer
(P2P) computing or networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or workloads between peers. Peers are equally privileged, equipotent participants in the application. They are said to form a peer-to-peer network of nodes. Peers make a portion of their resources, such as processing power, disk storage or network bandwidth, directly available to other network participants, without the need for central coordination by servers or stable hosts.[1] Peers are both suppliers and consumers of resources, in contrast to the traditional client-server model in which the consumption and supply of resources is divided
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Incentivize
An incentive is something that motivates an individual to perform an action. The study of incentive structures is central to the study of all economic activities (both in terms of individual decision-making and in terms of co-operation and competition within a larger institutional structure)
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Endogenous
Endogenous substances and processes are those that originate from within an organism, tissue, or cell.[1] Endogenous viral elements are DNA
DNA
sequences derived from viruses that are ancestrally inserted into the genomes of germ cells. These sequences, which may be fragments of viruses or entire viral genomes (proviruses), can persist in the germline, being passed on from one generation to the next as host alleles. Endogenous processes include senescence, the menstrual cycle and the self-sustained circadian rhythms of plants and animals. In some biological systems, endogeneity pertains to the recipient of DNA
DNA
(usually in prokaryotes). However, because of homeostasis, discerning between internal and external influences is often difficult. Endogenous transcription factors are those manufactured by the cell, as distinguished from cloned transcription factors. Etymology[edit]This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it
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3D Computer Graphics Software
3D computer graphics
3D computer graphics
or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images. Such images may be stored for viewing later or displayed in real-time. 3D computer graphics
3D computer graphics
rely on many of the same algorithms as 2D computer vector graphics in the wire-frame model and 2D computer raster graphics in the final rendered display. In computer graphics software, the distinction between 2D and 3D is occasionally blurred; 2D applications may use 3D techniques to achieve effects such as lighting, and 3D may use 2D rendering techniques. 3D computer graphics
3D computer graphics
are often referred to as 3D models
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Software
Computer software, or simply software, is a part of a computer system that consists of data or computer instructions, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built. In computer science and software engineering, computer software is all information processed by computer systems, programs and data. Computer software includes computer programs, libraries and related non-executable data, such as online documentation or digital media. Computer hardware
Computer hardware
and software require each other and neither can be realistically used on its own. At the lowest level, executable code consists of machine language instructions specific to an individual processor—typically a central processing unit (CPU). A machine language consists of groups of binary values signifying processor instructions that change the state of the computer from its preceding state
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Statue Of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty
(Liberty Enlightening the World; French: La Liberté éclairant le monde) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island
Liberty Island
in New York Harbor
New York Harbor
in New York City, in the United States. The copper statue, a gift from the people of France to the people of the United States, was designed by French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi
and built by Gustave Eiffel. The statue was dedicated on October 28, 1886. The Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty
is a figure of a robed woman representing Libertas, a Roman liberty goddess. She holds a torch above her head with her right hand, and in her left hand carries a tabula ansata inscribed in Roman numerals
Roman numerals
with "JULY IV MDCCLXXVI" (July 4, 1776), the date of the U.S. Declaration of Independence
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Kiva
A kiva is a room used by Puebloans
Puebloans
for religious rituals and political meetings, many of them associated with the kachina belief system. Among the modern Hopi
Hopi
and most other
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