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County Of Modica
The COUNTY OF MODICA was a feudal territory within the Kingdom of Sicily from 1296 to 1812. Its capital was Modica
Modica
, on the southern tip of the island, although the cities of Ragusa and Scicli
Scicli
housed some government offices for a period. Today it perpetuates as a title only held by the head of the House of Alba
House of Alba
, Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, 19th Duke of Alba . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 The Chiaramontes * 1.2 The Cabreras * 1.3 15th century to the present * 2 List of Counts of Modica
Modica
* 2.1 First Creation in 1296 * 2.2 Second Creation in 1392 * 3 References HISTORYTHE CHIARAMONTES The County Palace entrance, at the higher quarters of the old town
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Sicily
SICILY (/ˈsɪsᵻli/ _SISS-i-lee_ ; Italian : _Sicilia_ , Sicilian : _Sicìlia_) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea . It is an autonomous region of Italy
Italy
, along with surrounding minor islands, officially referred to as _Regione Siciliana_ (in Italian , Sicilian Region). Sicily
Sicily
is located in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula , from which it is separated by the narrow Strait of Messina
Messina
. Its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna , the tallest active volcano in Europe, and one of the most active in the world, currently 3,329 m (10,922 ft) high. The island has a typical Mediterranean climate . The earliest archaeological evidence of human activity on the island dates from as early as 12,000 BC
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Kingdom Of Sicily
the Holy Roman Empire (1220–1250) (also with the Kingdom of Jerusalem : 1225–1228) the Crown of Aragon (1282–1517 ) the Kingdom of Spain (1516–1713) the Duchy of Savoy (1713–1720) the
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Modica
MODICA (Sicilian : Muòrica, Greek : Μότουκα, Motouka, Latin : Mutyca or Motyca) is a city and comune in the Province of Ragusa
Province of Ragusa
, Sicily
Sicily
, southern Italy
Italy
. The city is situated in the Hyblaean Mountains . Its architecture has been recognised as providing outstanding testimony to the exuberant genius and final flowering of Baroque art in Europe and, along with other towns in the Val di Noto , is part of UNESCO Heritage Sites in Italy
Italy
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Main sights * 3 Economy * 4 Culture * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYAccording to Thucydides
Thucydides
, the city was founded in 1360 BC or 1031 BC and was inhabited by the Sicels
Sicels
in the 7th century BC. It was probably a dependency of Syracuse
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Ragusa, Italy
RAGUSA (Italian: , listen (help ·info ); Sicilian : Rausa; Latin : Ragusia) is a city and comune in southern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Ragusa , on the island of Sicily
Sicily
, with 73,288 inhabitants in 2016. It is built on a wide limestone hill between two deep valleys , Cava San Leonardo and Cava Santa Domenica. Together with seven other cities in the Val di Noto , it is part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Main sights * 4.1 Upper Town * 4.2 Ragusa Ibla
Ragusa Ibla
* 5 Transport * 6 Gallery * 7 International relations * 7.1 Twin towns — sister cities * 7.2 Montalbano * 8 Notable residents * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORYThe origins of Ragusa can be traced back to the 2nd millennium BC , when there were several Sicel
Sicel
settlements in the area
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Scicli
SCICLI is a town and municipality in the Province of Ragusa
Province of Ragusa
in the south east of Sicily
Sicily
, Italy
Italy
. It is 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Ragusa , and 308 kilometres (191 mi) from Palermo
Palermo
, and has a population (2011 census) of 25,922. Alongside seven other cities in the Val di Noto
Noto
, it has been listed as one of UNESCO
UNESCO
's World Heritage Sites . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Main sights * 5 Culture * 6 Economy * 7 Sport * 8 Transport * 9 Gallery * 10 Personalities * 11 References * 12 External links HISTORYSettlements of the area of Scicli
Scicli
dates back to the Copper and Early Bronze Ages (3rd millennium BCE to the 15th century BCE). Scicli
Scicli
was founded by the Sicels (whence probably the name) around 300 BCE
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House Of Alba
The HOUSE OF ALBA DE TORMES (Spanish : Casa de Alba) is a prominent Spanish aristocratic family, descended from the 12th century nobility of post-conquest Toledo . Their claim to Alba dates to 1429, when the first Álvarez de Toledo was made the Lord of the City of Alba de Tormes . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYIn 1567, the second Duke of Alba
Duke of Alba
signed the capitulation of the city of Granada . During the 17th century, Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, 3rd Duke of Alba
Duke of Alba
, was given the title of governor general of the Spanish Netherlands
Spanish Netherlands
. The third duke's first cousin was Doña Eleonor de Toledo , who married Cosimo I de\' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany . By her granddaughter Marie de\' Medici, Queen of France , she became the ancestor of many crowned heads and heirs apparent of Europe
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Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, 19th Duke Of Alba
Don CARLOS FITZ-JAMES-STUART Y MARTíNEZ DE IRUJO, 19TH DUKE OF ALBA DE TORMES, GRANDEE OF SPAIN (né MARTíNEZ DE IRUJO Y FITZ-JAMES STUART; born 2 October 1948), is a Spanish aristocrat . He is the current Duke of Alba
Duke of Alba
and thereby Head of the House of Alba
House of Alba
. CONTENTS * 1 Life and education * 2 Family * 3 Ancestry * 4 Titles, styles and honours * 4.1 Titles * 4.2 Styles * 4.3 Honours * 5 Notes * 6 References LIFE AND EDUCATIONThe Duke of Alba
Duke of Alba
was born in Madrid
Madrid
and is the eldest son of Luis Martínez de Irujo y Artázcoz (17 November 1919 in Madrid
Madrid
, Spain
Spain
– 6 September 1972 in Houston, Texas, United States), and Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba (March 28, 1926 – November 20, 2014)
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Frederick III Of Sicily
FREDERICK II (or III) (13 December 1272 – 25 June 1337) was the regent (from 1291) and subsequently King of Sicily from 1295 until his death. He was the third son of Peter III of Aragon and served in the War of the Sicilian Vespers on behalf of his father and brothers, Alfonso ΙΙΙ and James ΙΙ . He was confirmed as King of Trinacria (another name for the island of Sicily) by the Peace of Caltabellotta in 1302. His reign saw important constitutional reforms: the Constitutiones regales, Capitula alia, and Ordinationes generales
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Capetian House Of Anjou
The CAPETIAN HOUSE OF ANJOU was a royal house and cadet branch of the direct French House of Capet , part of the Capetian dynasty . It is one of three separate royal houses referred to as Angevin, meaning "from Anjou" in France. Founded by Charles I of Naples , a son of Louis VIII of France , the Capetian king first ruled the Kingdom of Sicily
Sicily
during the 13th century. Later the War of the Sicilian Vespers forced him out of the island of Sicily, leaving him with just the southern half of the Italian Peninsula — the Kingdom of Naples . The house and its various branches would go on to influence much of the history of Southern and Central Europe
Central Europe
during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, until becoming defunct in 1435
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Agrigento
AGRIGENTO listen (help ·info ) (Sicilian : Girgenti or Giurgenti) is a city on the southern coast of Sicily
Sicily
, Italy, and capital of the province of Agrigento
Agrigento
. It is renowned as the site of the ancient Greek city of AKRAGAS (also known as ACRAGAS (Ἀκράγας) in Greek, AGRIGENTUM in Latin and KIRKENT or JIRJENT in Arabic
Arabic
), one of the leading cities of Magna Graecia during the golden age of Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece
with population estimates in the range of 200,000 to 800,000 before 406 BC. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Economy * 3 Main sights * 4 People * 5 International relations * 6 References * 7 Sources * 8 External links HISTORY Agrigento
Agrigento
was founded on a plateau overlooking the sea, with two nearby rivers, the Hypsas and the Akragas, and a ridge to the north offering a degree of natural fortification
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Caccamo
CACCAMO (Sicilian : CàCCAMU) is a town and comune located on the Tyrrhenian coast of Sicily in the Metropolitan City of Palermo
Metropolitan City of Palermo
. HISTORYThe official founding of Caccamo
Caccamo
was not until 1093, when the Normans began building the castle on a rocky spur overlooking a cliff, Castello di Caccamo . The castle itself is actually now being slowly converted into a museum. On the ground level of the castle is a restaurant "A Castellana". Submerged within the Rosamarina lake is a stone bridge built in 1307 on the road that once linked the town with Palermo
Palermo
. The city contains an attractive 11th-century cathedral , which was remodeled in 1477 and 1614. On the side of the cathedral are two churches. The Chiesa dell'Anime del Purgatorio (Church of the Souls of Purgatory) features some stucco work in the eastern end and an 18th-century organ
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Licata
LICATA (Greek : Φιντίας; Latin
Latin
: PHINTIAS or PLINTIS; formerly also ALICATA) is a city and comune located on the south coast of Sicily
Sicily
, at the mouth of the Salso River (the ancient Himera), about midway between Agrigento
Agrigento
and Gela
Gela
. It is a major seaport developed at the turn of the twentieth century, shipping sulphur , the refining of which has made Licata
Licata
the largest European exporting centre, and asphalt , and at times shipping cheese . West of the port city there is a series of pocket beaches separated by wave-cut headlands as high as 40 metres (130 ft). (Amore 2002)
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Palermo
PALERMO (Italian: (_ listen ), Sicilian : Palermu_, Latin : _Panormus_, from Greek : Πάνορμος, _Panormos_) is a city of Southern Italy , the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo . The city is noted for its history , culture , architecture and gastronomy , playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,700 years old. Palermo is located in the northwest of the island of Sicily, right by the Gulf of Palermo in the Tyrrhenian Sea . The city was founded in 734 BC by the Phoenicians as _Ziz_ ('flower'). Palermo then became a possession of Carthage , before becoming part of the Roman Republic , the Roman Empire and eventually part of the Byzantine Empire , for over a thousand years. The Greeks named the city _Panormus_ meaning 'complete port'
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Palazzo Chiaramonte
PALAZZO CHIARAMONTE-STERI is a historical palace in Palermo
Palermo
, Sicily , southern Italy
Italy
. The building was begun in the early 14th century, and was the residence of the powerful Sicilian lord Manfredi III Chiaramonte . He commissioned the decoration of the Sala Magna ("Grand Hall"), with a painted wooden ceiling by Cecco di Naro, Simone da Corleone and Pellegrino Darena. From the late 15th century to 1517 it housed the Aragonese-Spanish viceroys of Sicily ; later it was home to the Royal Customs and, from 1600 to 1782, the tribunal of the Holy Inquisition . The palace was restored in the 20th century, with numerous elements associated with its role as a jail of the Inquisition. During the works, the grooves left by iron cages in which had been hung the severed heads of the nobles who had rebelled against emperor Charles V were discovered in the façade
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Inquisition
The INQUISITION was a group of institutions within the government system of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
whose aim was to combat heresy . It started in 12th-century France
France
to combat religious sectarianism, in particular the Cathars and the Waldensians
Waldensians
. Other groups investigated later included the Spiritual Franciscans , the Hussites
Hussites
(followers of Jan Hus ) and Beguines . Beginning in the 1250s, inquisitors were generally chosen from members of the Dominican Order , replacing the earlier practice of using local clergy as judges. The term Medieval Inquisition
Inquisition
covers these courts up to mid-15th century
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