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Country Music
COUNTRY MUSIC (frequently referred to as just COUNTRY) is a musical genre that originated in the Southern United States in the 1920s. It takes its roots from genres such as folk music (especially Appalachian folk music ) and blues . Country music
Country music
often consists of ballads and dance tunes with generally simple forms and harmonies accompanied by mostly string instruments such as banjos , electric and acoustic guitars , steel guitars (such as pedal steels and dobros ), and fiddles as well as harmonicas . Blues modes have been used extensively throughout its recorded history . According to Lindsey Starnes, the term country music gained popularity in the 1940s in preference to the earlier term hillbilly music; it came to encompass Western music , which evolved parallel to hillbilly music from similar roots, in the mid-20th century
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Electronic Organ
An ELECTRIC ORGAN, also known as ELECTRONIC ORGAN, is an electronic keyboard instrument which was derived from the harmonium , pipe organ and theatre organ . Originally, it was designed to imitate the sound of pipe organs, theatre organs, band sounds, or orchestral sounds. Today, it has developed into three or more types of instruments: * Hammond-style organs used in popular music genres, common in pop-bands; * digital church organs , which imitate pipe organs and are used primarily in churches; * various other types including combo organs , home organs , and software organs . Yamaha GX-1 , an early polyphonic synthesizer organ in the 1970s WERSI Scala, an open architecture software organ platform in 2002 A custom three-manual Rodgers Trillium organ console installed in a church
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Drum Kit
A DRUM KIT — also called a DRUM SET, TRAP SET, or simply DRUMS — is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments , typically cymbals , which are set up on stands to be played by a single player, with drumsticks held in both hands, and the feet operating pedals that control the hi-hat cymbal and the beater for the bass drum . A drum kit consists of a mix of drums (categorized classically as membranophones , Hornbostel-Sachs high-level classification 2) and idiophones - most significantly cymbals , but can also include the woodblock and cowbell (classified as Hornbostel-Sachs high-level classification 1). In the 2000s, some kits also include electronic instruments ( Hornbostel-Sachs classification 53). Also, both hybrid (mixing acoustic instruments and electronic drums ) and entirely electronic kits are used
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Dobro
The word DOBRO is, in popular usage, the generic term for a wood-bodied, single cone resonator guitar . It is also an American brand of resonator guitar, currently owned by the Gibson Guitar Corporation . The Dobro
Dobro
was originally made by the Dopyera brothers when they formed the DOBRO MANUFACTURING COMPANY. Their design, with a single inverted resonator, was introduced in competition to the patented Tricone
Tricone
and biscuit designs produced by the National String Instrument Corporation . The Dobro
Dobro
name appeared on other instruments, notably electric lap steel guitars and solid body electric guitars and on other resonator instruments such as Safari resonator mandolins
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Piano
The PIANO is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers. It is played using a keyboard , which is a row of keys (small levers) that the performer presses down or strikes with the fingers and thumbs of both hands to cause the hammers to strike the strings. The word piano is a shortened form of pianoforte, the Italian term for the early 1700s versions of the instrument, which in turn derives from gravicembalo col piano e forte and fortepiano . The Italian musical terms piano and forte indicate "soft" and "loud" respectively, in this context referring to the variations in volume (i.e., loudness) produced in response to a pianist's touch or pressure on the keys: the greater the velocity of a key press, the greater the force of the hammer hitting the strings, and the louder the sound of the note produced and the stronger the attack
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Southern United States
The SOUTHERN UNITED STATES, commonly referred to as the AMERICAN SOUTH, DIXIE , or simply THE SOUTH, is a region of the United States of America . The South does not fully match the geographic south of the United States, but the Deep South is fully located in the southeastern corner. Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico
New Mexico
, which are geographically in the southern part of the country, are rarely considered part, while West Virginia
West Virginia
, which separated from Virginia
Virginia
in 1863, commonly is. Some scholars have proposed definitions of the South that do not coincide neatly with state boundaries
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Acoustic Guitar
An ACOUSTIC GUITAR is a guitar that produces sound acoustically—by transmitting the vibration of the strings to the air—as opposed to relying on electronic amplification (see electric guitar ). The sound waves from the strings of an acoustic guitar resonate through the guitar's body, creating sound. This typically involves the use of a sound board and a sound box to strengthen the vibrations of the strings. The main source of sound in an acoustic guitar is the string, which is plucked or strummed with the finger or with a pick . The string vibrates at a necessary frequency and also creates many harmonics at various different frequencies. The frequencies produced can depend on string length, mass, and tension. The string causes the soundboard and sound box to vibrate, and as these have their own resonances at certain frequencies, they amplify some string harmonics more strongly than others, hence affecting the timbre produced by the instrument
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Mandolin
String instrument Plucked string instrument HORNBOSTEL–SACHS CLASSIFICATION 321.321-6 (Neapolitan) or 321.322-6 (flat-backed) ( Chordophone with permanently attached resonator and neck, sounded by a plectrum ) DEVELOPED Mid 18th century from the mandolino TIMBRE varies with the type: * spruce carved-top, bright * flatback, warm or mellow DECAY fast PLAYING RANGE (a regularly tuned mandolin with 14 frets to body) RELATED INSTRUMENTS List * * FAMILY


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Steel Guitar
STEEL GUITAR is a type of guitar or the method of playing the instrument. Developed in Hawaii
Hawaii
in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a steel guitar is usually positioned horizontally; strings are plucked with one hand, while the other hand changes the pitch of one or more strings with the use of a bar or slide called a steel (generally made of metal, but also of glass or other materials). The earliest use of an electrified steel guitar was first made in the early 1930s by Bob Dunn of Milton Brown and His Brownies, a western swing band from Fort Worth, Texas; the instrument was perfected in the mid to late 1930s by Fort Worth's Leon McAluff, who played for western swing band Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys
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Southern Soul
SOUTHERN SOUL is a type of soul music that emerged from the Southern United States . The music originated from a combination of styles, including blues (both 12 bar and jump ), country, early rock and roll , and a strong gospel influence that emanated from the sounds of Southern African-American
African-American
churches. The focus of the music was not on its lyrics, but on the "feel" or the groove . This rhythmic force made it a strong influence in the rise of funk music
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Singing
SINGING is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality , rhythm , and a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a SINGER or VOCALIST. Singers perform music (arias , recitatives , songs , etc.) that can be sung with or without accompaniment by musical instruments . Singing
Singing
is often done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists, or accompanied by anything from a single instrument (as in art song or some jazz styles) up to a symphony orchestra or big band . Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera , Hindustani music , and religious music styles such as gospel , traditional music styles, world music , jazz , blues , gazal and popular music styles such as pop , rock , electronic dance music , and filmi
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Pedal Steel Guitar
The PEDAL STEEL GUITAR, with its smooth portamenti , bending chords and complex riffs, is one of the most recognizable and characteristic instruments of American country music . The instrument is a type of electric guitar that is built on legs or a stand and is fitted with foot pedals and knee levers which change the pitch of certain strings. The word "steel" comes from a piece of polished steel held against the strings and moved back and forth to change the pitch, which gives the infinite portamento sound that is so characteristic. Like other electric guitars, the steel guitar produces sound by the vibration of its strings which are converted by magnetic pickup connected to an amplifier. Pedal steels may have one or two "necks" that typically have 10 strings each, but may have as many as 14. Unlike most other guitars, pedal steel guitars have reference lines on the fretboard where frets would be, but no actual frets
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Close Harmony
CLOSE HARMONY is an arrangement of the notes of chords within a narrow range , usually notes that are no more than an octave apart. It is different from OPEN HARMONY or voicing in that it uses each part on the closest harmonizing note (such as C4–E4–G4), while the open voicing uses a broader pitch array (like C3–G3–E4) expanding the harmonic range past the octave. Close harmony or voicing can refer to both instrumental and vocal arrangements. It can follow the standard voice-leading rules of classical harmony, as in string quartets or Bach 's Chorales, or proceed in parallel motion with the melody in 3rds or 6ths. Impressionist composers like Claude Debussy
Claude Debussy
and Maurice Ravel
Maurice Ravel
often used close harmony in their works and other intervals, such as 7ths, 9ths, and 11ths may be used, since the chords have 4 or more notes and the harmonies are more complex
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Celtic Music
CELTIC MUSIC is a broad grouping of music genres that evolved out of the folk music traditions of the Celtic people of Western Europe
Western Europe
. It refers to both orally-transmitted traditional music and recorded music and the styles vary considerably to include everything from "trad" (traditional) music to a wide range of hybrids . CONTENTS * 1 Description and definition * 2 Divisions * 3 Forms * 4 Festivals * 5 Celtic fusion * 6 Other modern adaptations * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links DESCRIPTION AND DEFINITION An 18th century depiction of an ancient Druid playing the harp Celtic music
Celtic music
means two things mainly. First, it is the music of the people that identify themselves as Celts
Celts

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Harmonica
The HARMONICA, also known as a FRENCH HARP or MOUTH ORGAN , is a free reed wind instrument used worldwide in many musical genres, notably in blues , American folk music , classical music , jazz , country , and rock and roll . There are many types of harmonica, including diatonic, chromatic, tremolo, octave, orchestral, and bass versions. A harmonica is played by using the mouth (lips and tongue) to direct air into or out of one or more holes along a mouthpiece. Behind each hole is a chamber containing at least one reed . A harmonica reed is a flat elongated spring typically made of brass , stainless steel , or bronze , which is secured at one end over a slot that serves as an airway. When the free end is made to vibrate by the player's air, it alternately blocks and unblocks the airway to produce sound. Reeds are pre-tuned to individual pitches. Tuning may involve changing a reeds length, the weight near its free end, or the stiffness near its fixed end
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Jug Band
A JUG BAND is a band employing a jug player and a mix of conventional and homemade instruments. These homemade instruments are ordinary objects adapted to or modified for making sound, like the washtub bass , washboard , spoons , bones , stovepipe, and comb and tissue paper (kazoo ). The term jug band is loosely used in referring to ensembles that also incorporate homemade instruments but that are more accurately called skiffle bands, spasm bands, or juke (or jook) bands (see juke joint ) because they do not include a jug player
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