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Countries Of The World
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The sovereignty dispute column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the criteria for inclusion section below
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Heard Island And McDonald Islands
The TERRITORY OF HEARD ISLAND AND MCDONALD ISLANDS (abbreviated as HIMI ) is an Australian external territory comprising a volcanic group of barren Antarctic
Antarctic
islands, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar
Madagascar
to Antarctica
Antarctica
. The group's overall size is 372 square kilometres (144 sq mi) in area and it has 101.9 km (63 mi) of coastline. Discovered in the mid-19th century, the islands have been an Australian territory since 1947 and contain the country's only two active volcanoes . The summit of one, Mawson Peak
Mawson Peak
, is higher than any mountain on the Australian mainland. The islands lie on the Kerguelen Plateau in the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean

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Coral Sea Islands Territory
The CORAL SEA ISLANDS TERRITORY is an external territory of Australia which comprises a group of small and mostly uninhabited tropical islands and reefs in the Coral Sea
Coral Sea
, northeast of Queensland
Queensland
, Australia
Australia
. The only inhabited island is Willis Island . The territory covers 780,000 km2 (301,160 sq mi), most of which is ocean, extending east and south from the outer edge of the Great Barrier Reef
Great Barrier Reef
, and includes Heralds Beacon Island, Osprey Reef
Osprey Reef
, the Willis Group, and fifteen other reef/island groups
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Norfolk Island
NORFOLK ISLAND (/ˈnɔːrfək/ ( listen ); Norfuk : Norf'k Ailen ) is a small island in the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
located between Australia
Australia
, New Zealand , and New Caledonia
New Caledonia
, 1,412 kilometres (877 mi) directly east of mainland Australia's Evans Head , and about 900 kilometres (560 mi) from Lord Howe Island
Island
. The island is part of the Commonwealth of Australia
Australia
. Together with two neighbouring islands, it forms one of Australia's external territories . It has 1,796 inhabitants living on a total area of about 35 km2 (14 sq mi). Its capital is Kingston . Norfolk Island
Island
was first settled by East Polynesians
Polynesians
but was long unpopulated when it was eventually also settled by Great Britain as part of its settlement of Australia
Australia
from 1788
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Austria
Coordinates : 47°20′N 13°20′E / 47.333°N 13.333°E / 47.333; 13.333 Republic
Republic
of Austria Republik Österreich (German ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: * Land der Berge, Land am Strome (German ) * Land of Mountains, Land by the River * Location of Au
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European Union
The EUROPEAN UNION (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe
Europe
. It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi), and an estimated population of over 510 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture , fisheries , and regional development . Within the Schengen Area , passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency
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Cocos (Keeling) Islands
The TERRITORY OF COCOS (KEELING) ISLANDS is an Australian external territory in the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
, comprising a small archipelago approximately midway between Australia
Australia
and Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
. The territory's dual name (official since 1955) reflects that the islands have historically been known as either the COCOS ISLANDS or the KEELING ISLANDS. The territory consists of two atolls made up of 27 coral islands , of which only two – West Island and Home Island – are inhabited. The population of around 600 people consists mainly of Cocos Malays , who practise Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam
and speak a dialect of Malay as their first language
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Christmas Island
CHRISTMAS ISLAND, officially the TERRITORY OF CHRISTMAS ISLAND, is an Australian external territory comprising the island of the same name. Christmas Island
Christmas Island
is located in the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
, around 350 kilometres (220 mi) south of Java
Java
and Sumatra
Sumatra
and around 1,550 kilometres (960 mi) north-west of the closest point on the Australian mainland. It has an area of 135 square kilometres (52 sq mi). Christmas Island
Christmas Island
has a population of just over 2,000 residents, the majority of whom live in settlements on the northern tip of the island. The main settlement is Flying Fish Cove . Around two-thirds of the island's population are Malaysian Chinese , with significant numbers of Malays and European Australians as well as smaller numbers of Malaysian Indians and Eurasians
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Australia
Coordinates : 25°S 133°E / 25°S 133°E / -25; 133 Commonwealth of Australia Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " Advance Australia Fair " CAPITAL Canberra
Canberra
35°18′29″S 149°07′28″E / 35.30806°S 149.12444°E / -35.30806; 149.12444 LARGEST CITY Sydney
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States And Territories Of Australia
Australia
Australia
(officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia) is a federation of six states, together with ten federal territories . The Australian mainland consists of five of the six federated states and three of the federal territories (the "internal" territories). The state of Tasmania
Tasmania
is an island about 200 kilometres (120 mi) south of the mainland. The remaining seven territories are classified for some purposes as "external" territories . Aside from the Australian Antarctic Territory , which is Australia's claim to part of Antarctica , Australia
Australia
is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. All states and the two largest internal territories are partially self-governing , as well as being represented in the federal parliament ; the other territories are administered by the federal government
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Ashmore And Cartier Islands
The TERRITORY OF ASHMORE AND CARTIER ISLANDS is an uninhabited external territory of Australia
Australia
consisting of four low-lying tropical islands in two separate reefs , and the 12 nautical mile territorial sea generated by the islands. The territory is located in the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
situated on the edge of the continental shelf , about 320 km (199 mi) off the northwest coast of Australia
Australia
and 144 km (89 mi) south of the Indonesian island of Rote . Ashmore Reef
Reef
is called Pulau Pasir by Indonesians and it is called Nusa Solokaek in the Rotenese language . Both names have the meaning "sand island"
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Australian Antarctic Territory
The AUSTRALIAN ANTARCTIC TERRITORY (AAT) is a part of Antarctica
Antarctica
. It was claimed by the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and placed under the authority of the Commonwealth of Australia
Australia
in 1933. It is the largest territory of Antarctica
Antarctica
claimed by any nation. In 1961, the Antarctic Treaty came into force. Article 4 deals with territorial claims, and although it does not renounce or diminish any preexisting claims to sovereignty, it also does not prejudice the position of Contracting Parties in their recognition or non-recognition of territorial sovereignty. As a result, only four other states recognise Australia's claim to sovereignty in Antarctica
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States Of Austria
Austria
Austria
is a federal republic made up of nine states , known in German as LäNDER (singular LAND). Since Land is also the German word for "country", the term BUNDESLäNDER ("federation states"; singular BUNDESLAND) is often used instead to avoid ambiguity. The Constitution of Austria
Austria
uses both terms. Even though English "land" is a cognate , the term (Bundes)land is commonly rendered as "state" or "province" by tradition in English writing
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Azerbaijan
AZERBAIJAN (/ˌæzərbaɪˈʒɑːn/ ( listen ) AZ-ər-by-ZHAHN ; Azerbaijani : Azərbaycan, officially the REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN (Azerbaijani : Azərbaycan Respublikası)), is a country in the South Caucasus
Caucasus
region, situated at the crossroads of Southwest Asia
Southwest Asia
and Southeastern Europe. It is bound by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia
Russia
to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia
Armenia
to the west and Iran
Iran
to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bound by Armenia
Armenia
to the north and east, Iran
Iran
to the south and west, while having an 11 km border with Turkey
Turkey
in the north west
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