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Council Of Europe (orthographic Projection)
A COUNCIL is a group of people who come together to consult, deliberate, or make decisions. A council may function as a legislature , especially at a town , city or county level, but most legislative bodies at the state or national level are not considered councils. At such levels, there may be no separate executive branch , and the council may effectively represent the entire government . A board of directors might also be denoted as a council. A committee might also be denoted as a council, though a committee is generally a subordinate body composed of members of a larger body, while a council may not be. Because many schools have a student council , the council is the form of governance with which many people are likely to have their first experience as electors or participants. A member of a council may be referred to as a COUNCILLOR or COUNCILPERSON, or by the gender-specific titles of COUNCILMAN and COUNCILWOMAN
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Council (other)
A COUNCIL is a group of people who come together to consult, deliberate, or make decisions. In England "the council" is a widely used term to refer to the county, borough, metropolitan, etc. council responsible for local government in a place
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Counsel
A COUNSEL or a COUNSELLOR AT LAW is a person who gives advice and deals with various issues, particularly in legal matters. It is a title often used interchangeably with the title of lawyer . CONTENTS * 1 UK and Ireland
Ireland
* 2 North America * 3 See also * 4 References UK AND IRELANDThe legal system in England uses the term counsel as an approximate synonym for a barrister-at-law , but not for a solicitor , and may apply it to mean either a single person who pleads a cause, or collectively, the body of barristers engaged in a case . The difference between "Barrister" and "Counsel" is subtle. "Barrister" is a professional title awarded by one of the four Inns of Court , and is used in a barrister's private, academic or professional capacity. "Counsel" is used to refer to a barrister who is instructed on a particular case
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Legislature
A LEGISLATURE is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city . Legislatures form important parts of most governments ; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government. Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation . Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The members of a legislature are called legislators . In a democracy , legislators are most commonly popularly elected , although indirect election and appointment by the executive are also used, particularly for bicameral legislatures featuring an upper chamber
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Town
A TOWN is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city . The size definition for what constitutes a "town" varies considerably in different parts of the world
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City
A CITY is a large and permanent human settlement . CITIES generally have extensive systems for housing , transportation , sanitation , utilities , land use , and communication . Their density facilitates interaction between people and businesses, sometimes benefiting both parties in the process. Historically citydwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but today, following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization , half of the world population is said to live in cities. Present-day cities usually form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas , creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment, entertainment, and edification. The most populated city proper is Shanghai while the largest metropolitan areas also include the Greater Tokyo Area and Jabodetabek ( Jakarta )
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County
A COUNTY is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes, in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French _conté_ or _cunté_ denoting a jurisdiction under the sovereignty of a count (earl ) or a viscount . The modern French is _comté_, and its equivalents in other languages are _contea_, _contado_, _comtat_, _condado_, _Grafschaft_, _graafschap_, _Gau_, etc. (cf. _conte _, _comte_, _conde_, _ Graf _). When the Normans conquered England , they brought the term with them. The Saxons had already established the districts that became the historic counties of England , calling them shires (many county names derive from the name of the county town (county seat ) with the word "shire" added on: for example, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire ). The Vikings introduced the term earl (from Old Norse, _jarl_) to the British Isles
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Executive Branch
The EXECUTIVE is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state . The executive executes and enforces law . In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers , authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative , judicial ) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order . Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations . In the Westminster political system , the principle of separation of powers is not as entrenched
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Government
A GOVERNMENT is the system to govern a state or community. In the case of this broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislators , administrators , and arbitrators . Government is the means by which state policy is enforced, as well as the mechanism for determining the policy of the state. Forms of government , or forms of state governance, refers to the set of political systems and institutions that make up the organisation of a specific government. Governments may control the economy , social freedoms , law enforcement , school system , and political systems
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Board Of Directors
A BOARD OF DIRECTORS is a recognized group of people who jointly oversee the activities of an organization , which can be either a for-profit business , nonprofit organization , or a government agency . A board of directors' powers, duties and responsibilities are determined by government regulations (including the jurisdiction's corporations law ) and the organization's own constitution and bylaws . These authorities may specify the number of members of the board, how they are to be chosen, and how often they are to meet. In an organization with voting members, the board is accountable to, and might be subordinate to, the organization's full membership, which usually vote for the members of the board
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Committee
A COMMITTEE (or "commission" ) is a body of one or more persons that is subordinate to a deliberative assembly . Usually, the assembly sends matters into a committee as a way to explore them more fully than would be possible if the assembly itself were considering them. Committees may have different functions and their type of work differ depending on the type of the organization and its needs
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Student Council
A STUDENT COUNCIL (also known as a STUDENT UNION or ASSOCIATED STUDENT BODY) is a curricular or extracurricular activity for students within elementary and secondary schools around the world. These councils are present in most public and private K-12 school systems across the United States, Canada, Australia and Asia. Student councils often serve to engage students in learning about democracy and leadership , as originally espoused by John Dewey in _ Democracy and Education_ (1917)
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Allegiance Council
THE ALLEGIANCE COUNCIL ( Arabic : هيئة البيعة‎‎ _Hay’at al-Bay‘ah_), also known as the ALLEGIANCE COMMISSION or ALLEGIANCE INSTITUTION, is the body responsible for determining future succession to the throne of Saudi Arabia . It was formed on 7 December 2007 by King Abdullah . At the time of its formation, the Council's intended function was to appoint a Crown Prince once a new King succeeds to the throne
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Line Of Succession To The Saudi Arabian Throne
The ORDER OF SUCCESSION TO THE THRONE OF SAUDI ARABIA is determined by, and within, the House of Saud . Every vacancy of the throne has been duly filled by the crown prince , with a new crown prince then being appointed according to agnatic seniority among the sons of Ibn Saud , though various members of the family have been bypassed for various reasons. A deputy crown prince (second in line for the throne) was first selected in 2014. The current ruler of Saudi Arabia is King Salman , who succeeded King Abdullah on his death on 23 January 2015. On the same day, Prince Muqrin became Crown Prince only to be replaced three months later by Muhammad bin Nayef at the order of Salman. On the morning of 21 June 2017, state television announced that Muhammad bin Nayef was deposed as Crown Prince, and Salman's son Mohammad bin Salman had been appointed to the position
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Saudi Arabia
SAUDI ARABIA (/ˌsɔːdiː əˈreɪbiə/ ( listen ), /ˌsaʊ-/ ( listen )), officially the KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA (KSA), is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula . With a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia
Arabia
is geographically the fifth-largest state in Asia and second-largest state in the Arab
Arab
world after Algeria
Algeria

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Borough
A BOROUGH is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries. In principle, the term _borough_ designates a self-governing walled town, although in practice, official use of the term varies widely. The word _borough_ derives from common Proto-Germanic "*burgz", meaning "fort": compare with _bury_, _burgh_ and _brough_ (England), _burgh_ (Scotland), _Burg_ (Germany), _borg_ (Scandinavia), _burcht_ (Dutch), _boarch_ (West Frisian), and the Germanic borrowing present in neighbouring Indo-european languages such as _borgo_ (Italian), _bourg_ (French), _burgo_ (Spanish and Portuguese), _burg_ (Romanian), _purg_ (Kajkavian ) and _durg_ (दर्ग) (Hindi) and _arg_ (ارگ) (Persian )
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