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Council Of Europe (orthographic Projection)
A COUNCIL is a group of people who come together to consult, deliberate, or make decisions. A council may function as a legislature , especially at a town , city or county level, but most legislative bodies at the state or national level are not considered councils. At such levels, there may be no separate executive branch , and the council may effectively represent the entire government . A board of directors might also be denoted as a council. A committee might also be denoted as a council, though a committee is generally a subordinate body composed of members of a larger body, while a council may not be. Because many schools have a student council , the council is the form of governance with which many people are likely to have their first experience as electors or participants. A member of a council may be referred to as a COUNCILLOR or COUNCILPERSON, or by the gender-specific titles of COUNCILMAN and COUNCILWOMAN
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Upper House
An UPPER HOUSE, sometimes called a senate , is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature ), the other chamber being the lower house . The house formally designated as the upper house is usually smaller and often has more restricted power than the lower house. Examples of upper houses in countries include the United Kingdom's House of Lords
House of Lords
, India's Rajya Sabha , Russia's Federation Council , Ireland's Seanad
Seanad
, Malaysia's Dewan Negara , Germany's Bundesrat and the United States Senate
Senate

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Shura Council
The SHURA COUNCIL (Arabic : مجلس الشورى‎‎, pronounced , "consultative council") was the upper house of the formerly bicameral Parliament of Egypt
Egypt
. Its name roughly translated into English as "the Consultative Council". The lower house of parliament is the House of Representatives . The council was abolished by the 2014 constitution. The Shura
Shura
Council was created in 1980 through a Constitutional Amendment . The Council was composed of 264 members of which 176 members were directly elected and 88 were appointed by the President of the Republic for six-year terms. Membership was rotating, with one half of the Council renewed every three years. A legal challenge concerning the constitutionality of the Shura Council was to have been considered on 2 December 2012 by the High Constitutional Court, but the court postponed the verdict in response to protests
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Town Council
A TOWN COUNCIL, VILLAGE COUNCIL or RURAL COUNCIL is a form of local government for small municipalities . Usage of the term varies under different jurisdictions. CONTENTS * 1 Republic of Ireland * 2 Belize * 3 England
England
and Wales
Wales
* 4 Canada * 4.1 Ontario * 4.2 Manitoba
Manitoba
* 5 United States * 5.1 Indiana
Indiana
* 5.2 Massachusetts
Massachusetts
* 5.3 New Hampshire
New Hampshire
* 5.3.1 Official Ballot Town Council * 6 Palestinian Authority * 7 Singapore * 8 Others * 9 See also * 10 References REPUBLIC OF IRELAND Town Councils in the Republic of Ireland form the second tier of local government under counties, and date from 2002, when the existing Urban District Councils and Town Commissioners were redesignated. There are currently 75 such councils
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UK Research Councils
RESEARCH COUNCILS UK, known as RCUK, is a non-departmental public body which coordinates science policy in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. Founded in 2002, the RCUK is an umbrella organisation that coordinates the seven separate Research Councils that are responsible for funding and coordinating academic research for the arts , humanities , science and engineering
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United Nations Security Council
Council President Amr Abdellatif Aboulatta Egypt
Egypt
WEBSITE un.org/en/sc/The UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations
United Nations
, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations
United Nations
and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter . Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions , and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions ; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states. The Security Council held its first session on 17 January 1946
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Shire Council
LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN AUSTRALIA is the third tier of government in Australia
Australia
administered by the states and territories , which in turn are beneath the federal tier . Local government is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia
Australia
and two referenda in the 1970s and 1980s to alter the Constitution relating to local government were unsuccessful. Every state government recognises local government in their respective constitutions. Unlike Canada , or the United States there is only one level of local government in each state, with no distinction such as cities and counties. The local governing body is generally referred to as a council, and the territories governed are collectively referred to as "local government areas"; however, terms such as "city" or "shire " also have a geographic interpretation. In August 2016 there were 547 local councils in Australia
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Regional Council (other)
REGIONAL COUNCIL may refer to: * Regional Council (Hong Kong) , disbanded in 1999REGIONAL COUNCIL may refer to: * Regional council (Cameroon) * Regional council (France) , the elected assembly of a region of France * Regional council (Israel)
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National Security Council (other)
A NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL (NSC) is usually an executive branch governmental body responsible for coordinating policy on national security issues and advising chief executives on matters related to national security . An NSC is often headed by a national security advisor and staffed with senior-level officials from military, diplomatic, intelligence, law enforcement and other governmental bodies. The functions and responsibilities of an NSC at the strategic state level are different from those of the United Nations Security Council , which is more of a diplomatic forum. Occasionally a nation will be ruled by a similarly named body, such as "the National Security Committee" or "Council for National Security". These bodies are often a result of the establishment or preservation of a military dictatorship (or some other national crisis), do not always have statutory approval, and are usually intended to have transitory or provisional powers. See also: coup d\'état
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Parish Councils In England
A PARISH COUNCIL is a civil local authority found in England
England
and is the lowest tier of local government . They are elected corporate bodies, have variable tax raising powers, and are responsible for areas known as civil parishes , serving in total 16 million people. A parish council serving a town may be called a town council , and a parish council serving a city is styled a city council ; these bodies have the same powers, duties and status as a parish council. Parish and town councils vary enormously in size, activities and circumstances, representing populations ranging from less than 100 (small rural hamlets) to up to 70,000 (Weston-Super-Mare Town Council). Most of them are small: around 80% represent populations of less than 2,500
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Privy Council
A PRIVY COUNCIL is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government . The word "privy" means "private" or "secret"; thus, a privy council was originally a committee of the monarch 's closest advisors to give confidential advice on state affairs
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Provincial Council (other)
PROVINCIAL COUNCIL may refer to: Ecclesiastical * Provincial councils in Catholicism , a local ecclesiastical synod Governmental * Provincial councils of Sri Lanka , local government bodies in Sri Lanka * Greenland Provincial Council , former local government bodies in Greenland * Provincial Councils of New Zealand, former governing bodies of the Provinces of New Zealand (1853-1876) *
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Vatican Council (other)
VATICAN COUNCIL may refer to: * First Vatican Council (1869-1870), the 20th ecumenical council recognized by Roman Catholicism * Second Vatican Council
Second Vatican Council
(1962-1965), the 21st ecumenical council recognized by Roman Catholicism This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title VATICAN COUNCIL. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intend
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Village Council (Palestinian Authority)
A VILLAGE COUNCIL is a type of local government used in the Palestinian National Authority
Palestinian National Authority
(PNA) for Palestinian localities that usually number between 800-3,000+ inhabitants. The village council is also known D-level municipalities . There are 220 village councils in the Palestinian territories
Palestinian territories
. Village councils could consist of three to eleven members, including a chairman, a deputy chairman and secretary. The chairman is the head of the council. Unlike municipalities, village councils do not hold elections; rather, the representatives of a village's largest clans choose a chairman who is then appointed by the Local Government Minister of the Palestinian National Authority
Palestinian National Authority

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University Council
A UNIVERSITY COUNCIL may be the executive body of a university 's governance system, an advisory body to the university president, or something in between in authority. In the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and many other countries, the council is responsible for all financial matters, the buildings and the appointment of the vice-chancellor . Academic affairs are the business of the university senate . In some cases the senate and council have equal status under the legislation that established the university. In other cases, such as Australia, the senate is technically responsible to the council, although the council is normally reluctant to enter into a discussion on academic issues. The membership of university councils consists of people from outside the university, often appointed by governments, along with some staff and, in some cases, students. The council is chaired by the university chancellor or a pro-chancellor or deputy chancellor
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Synod
A SYNOD /ˈsɪnəd/ historically is a council of a church , usually convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application. In modern usage, the word often refers to the governing body of a particular church, whether its members are meeting or not. It is also sometimes used to refer to a church that is governed by a synod. The word synod comes from the Greek σύνοδος (sýnodos) meaning "assembly" or "meeting", and it is synonymous with the Latin word concilium meaning "council". Originally, synods were meetings of bishops , and the word is still used in that sense in Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy
Eastern Orthodoxy
. Sometimes the phrase "general synod" or "general council" refers to an ecumenical council . The word synod also refers to the standing council of high-ranking bishops governing some of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches
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