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Council Of The European Union
The COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION (often still referred to as the COUNCIL OF MINISTERS, or sometimes just called the COUNCIL (Latin : Consilium)) is the third of the seven institutions of the European Union (EU) as listed in the Treaty on European Union . It is part of the essentially bicameral EU legislature (the other legislative body being the European Parliament ) and represents the executive governments of the EU\'s member states . It is based in the Europa building in Brussels. CONTENTS * 1 Composition * 2 History * 3 Powers and functions * 3.1 Legislative procedure * 3.2 Foreign affairs * 3.3 Budgetary authority * 4 Organisation * 4.1 Presidency * 4.2 Configurations * 4.3 Administration * 4.4 Voting system * 5 Location * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links COMPOSITIONThe Council meets in 10 different configurations of 28 national ministers (one per state )
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Polish Language
POLISH (język polski, polszczyzna) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland
Poland
and is the native language of the Poles
Poles
. It belongs to the Lechitic subgroup of the West Slavic languages . Polish is the official language of Poland, but it is also used throughout the world by Polish minorities in other countries. It is one of the official languages of the European Union
European Union
. Its written standard is the Polish alphabet , which has 9 additions to the letters of the basic Latin script (ą, ć, ę, ł, ń, ó, ś, ź, ż). Polish is closely related to Kashubian , Silesian , Upper Sorbian , Lower Sorbian , Czech and Slovak
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Portuguese Language
PORTUGUESE (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Portugal
Portugal
, Brazil
Brazil
, Cape Verde , Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
, Mozambique
Mozambique
, Angola
Angola
, and São Tomé and Príncipe . It also has co-official language status in East Timor , Equatorial Guinea and Macau
Macau

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Maltese Language
MALTESE (Maltese: Malti) is the national language of Malta
Malta
and a co-official language of the country alongside English , while also serving as an official language of the European Union
European Union
, the only Semitic language so distinguished. Maltese is descended from Siculo-Arabic , the variety of Arabic that developed in Sicily
Sicily
and was later introduced to Malta, between the end of the ninth century and the end of the twelfth century. Maltese is a unique branch of Arabic because it has evolved independently of Literary Arabic into a standardized language over the past 800 years in a gradual process of Latinisation
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Lithuanian Language
LITHUANIAN (lietuvių kalba) is the official state language of Lithuania
Lithuania
and is recognized as one of the official languages of the European Union
European Union
. There are about 2.9 million native Lithuanian speakers in Lithuania
Lithuania
and about 200,000 abroad. Lithuanian is a Baltic language , related to Latvian . It is written in a Latin
Latin
alphabet . Lithuanian is often said to be the most conservative living Indo-European language , retaining many features of Proto-Indo-European now lost in other Indo-European languages
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Latvian Language
LATVIAN (latviešu valoda ) is the official language of Latvia
Latvia
. It was previously known in English as LETTISH which remains the standard today in various forms in most other Germanic languages
Germanic languages
. There are about 1.3 million native Latvian speakers in Latvia
Latvia
and 100,000 abroad. Altogether, 2 million, or 80% of the population of Latvia, speak Latvian. Of those, 1.16 million or 56% use it as their primary language at home. The use of the Latvian language
Latvian language
in various areas of social life in Latvia
Latvia
is increasing. Latvian is a Baltic language and is most closely related to Lithuanian . In addition there is some disagreement whether Latgalian and New Curonian , which are mutually intelligible with Latvian, should be considered varieties or separate languages
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Romanian Language
ROMANIAN (obsolete spellings RUMANIAN, ROUMANIAN; autonym: limba română ( listen ), "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Romance language
Romance language
spoken by around 24-26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania
Romania
and Moldova
Moldova
, and by another 4 million people as a second language. It has official status in Romania
Romania
and the Republic of Moldova. It is one of the official languages of the European Union
European Union
. Romanian is a part of the Balkan-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin separated from the Western Romance during the 5th–8th centuries. To distinguish it within that group in comparative linguistics it is called Daco-Romanian
Daco-Romanian
as opposed to its closest relatives, Aromanian , Megleno-Romanian , and Istro-Romanian
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Slovak Language
SLOVAK /ˈsloʊvæk, -vɑːk/ ( listen ) (Slovak: slovenský jazyk, pronounced ( listen ), or slovenčina ; not to be confused with slovenski jezik or slovenščina, the native names of the Slovene language ) is an Indo-European language that belongs to the West Slavic languages (together with Czech , Polish , Silesian , Kashubian , and Sorbian ). Slovak is the official language of Slovakia
Slovakia
where it is spoken by approximately 5.51 million people (2014)
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Executive (government)
The EXECUTIVE is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state . The executive executes and enforces law . In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers , authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative , judicial ) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order . Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations . In the Westminster political system , the principle of separation of powers is not as entrenched
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Minister (government)
A MINISTER is a politician who holds public office in a national or regional government , making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers. In some jurisdictions the head of government is also a minister and is designated the "prime minister ", "premier", "chief minister", "Chancellor" or other title. In Commonwealth realm
Commonwealth realm
jurisdictions which use the Westminster system of government, ministers are usually required to be members of one of the houses of Parliament
Parliament
or legislature , and are usually from the political party that controls a majority in the lower house of the legislature
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Voting System
An ELECTORAL SYSTEM is the set of rules that determines how elections and referendums are conducted and how their results are determined. Political electoral systems are organized by governments, while non-political elections may take place in business, non-profit organisations and informal organisations. Electoral systems consist of sets of rules that govern all aspects of the voting process: when elections occur, who is allowed to vote , who can stand as a candidate, how ballots are marked and cast , how the ballots are counted (electoral method), limits on campaign spending , and other factors that can affect the outcome. Political electoral systems are defined by constitutions and electoral laws, are typically conducted by election commissions , and can use multiple types of elections for different offices
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Spanish Language
(see many more ) REGULATED BY Association of Spanish Language Academies
Association of Spanish Language Academies
( Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 es ISO 639-2 spa ISO 639-3 spa GLOTTOLOG stan1288 LINGUASPHERE 51-AAA-b Spanish language
Spanish language
in the world SPANISH (/ˈspænᵻʃ/ ( listen ); español (help ·info )), also called CASTILIAN (/kæˈstɪliən/ ( listen ), castellano (help ·info )), is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain
Spain
and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese
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Slovene Language
SLOVENE (/ˈsloʊviːn/ ( listen ) or /sloʊˈviːn, slə-/ ) or SLOVENIAN (/sloʊˈviːniən, slə-/ ( listen ); slovenski jezik or slovenščina) belongs to the group of South Slavic languages . It is spoken by approximately 2.5 million speakers worldwide, the majority of whom live in Slovenia
Slovenia
. It is the first language of about 2.1 million Slovenian people and is one of the 24 official and working languages of the European Union
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Italian Language
ITALIAN ( italiano (help ·info ) or lingua italiana ) is a Romance language
Romance language
. By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian, is the closest to Latin
Latin
of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy
Italy
, Switzerland
Switzerland
, San Marino , Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia
Slovenia
and Croatia
Croatia
). It used to have official status in Albania
Albania
, Malta
Malta
and Monaco
Monaco
, where it is still widely spoken, as well as in former Italian East Africa
Italian East Africa
and Italian North Africa regions where it plays a significant role in various sectors
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Swedish Language
SWEDISH ( svenska (help ·info ) ) is a North Germanic language, spoken natively by more than 9 million people predominantly in Sweden (as sole official language) and parts of Finland
Finland
, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish . It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and Danish . Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse , the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia
Scandinavia
during the Viking Era . It is currently the largest of the North Germanic languages by number of speakers. Standard Swedish , spoken by most Swedes , is the national language that evolved from the Central Swedish dialects in the 19th century and was well established by the beginning of the 20th century. While distinct regional varieties descended from the older rural dialects still exist, the spoken and written language is uniform and standardized
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Danish Language
DANISH /ˈdeɪnᵻʃ/ ( listen ) (dansk pronounced ( listen ); dansk sprog, ) is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark
Denmark
and in the region of Southern Schleswig
Schleswig
in northern Germany
Germany
, where it has minority language status. There are also minor Danish-speaking communities in Norway
Norway
, Sweden
Sweden
, Spain
Spain
, the United States
United States
, Canada
Canada
, Brazil
Brazil
and Argentina
Argentina
. Due to immigration and language shift in urban areas, around 15–20% of the population of Greenland
Greenland
speak Danish as their home language
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