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Corsica
CORSICA (/ˈkɔːrsɪkə/ ; French: _Corse_ ; Corsican and Italian : _Corsica_ ) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France . It is located west of the Italian Peninsula , southeast of the French mainland , and north of the Italian island of Sardinia . A single chain of mountains makes up two-thirds of the island. While being part of France, Corsica is also designated as a territorial collectivity (_collectivité territoriale_) by law. As a territorial collectivity, Corsica enjoys a greater degree of autonomy than other French regions; for example, the Corsican Assembly is able to exercise limited executive powers. The island formed a single department until it was split in 1975 into two departments: Haute-Corse (Upper Corsica) and Corse-du-Sud (Southern Corsica), with its regional capital in Ajaccio , the prefecture city of Corse-du-Sud. Bastia , the prefecture city of Haute-Corse, is the second-largest settlement in Corsica. After being ruled by the Republic of Genoa since 1284, Corsica was briefly an independent Corsican Republic from 1755 until it was conquered by France in 1769. Due to Corsica's historical ties with the Italian peninsula, the island retains to this day many elements of the culture of Italy
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Corsica (other)
CORSICA is a large French island in the Mediterranean Sea. It may also refer to: * Corsica
Corsica
(album) , a folk music album by Petru Guelfucci * Corsica, Pennsylvania
Corsica, Pennsylvania
, a town in the United States * Corsica, South Dakota
Corsica, South Dakota
, a town in the United States * Chevrolet Corsica
Corsica
, an automobile model * Corsica, a frog in the webcomic Sluggy Freelance SEE ALSO * Corsican (other) * Corse (other) * Corsa (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title CORSICA. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corsica_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Corse (other)
CORSE is the French name for Corsica
Corsica
, a large island in the Mediterranean Sea. It may also refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Places * 2 Vessels * 3 People * 4 Other uses * 5 See also PLACES * Corse (department) (fr), a former department of France (1790–1793, 1811–1976) * Cap Corse , a peninsula in northern Corsica * Corse, Gloucestershire
Corse, Gloucestershire
, England, a villageVESSELS * SS Corse (1894) , a French Navy troopship sunk in World War I * MS Corse (1966), the former name of the MS Express Samina passenger ferry * MS Corse (1983) (fr), a French cruise ferry operated by SNCM * Corse (ship)
Corse (ship)
, a French Navy ship commissioned in 1850PEOPLE * Corse (surname) , a European surname of multiple origins (and a list of people with that name)OTHER USES * Corse Castle in Scotland * Opération Corse , the start of an abbreviated civil war that precipitated the fall of the Fourth French Republic in 1958SEE ALSO * Corse-du-Sud
Corse-du-Sud
, a French department * Haute-Corse , a French department * Corsa (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title CORSE. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article
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Regions Of France
(incl. overseas regions ) Departments (incl. overseas departments ) Arrondissements Cantons Intercommunality Métropole Communauté urbaine Communauté d\'agglomération Communauté de communes Communes Associated communes Municipal arrondissements Others in Overseas France
Overseas France
Overseas collectivities _Sui generis_ collectivity Overseas country Overseas territory Clipperton Island France
France
is divided into 18 administrative REGIONS (French : _région_, ), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions . The 13 metropolitan regions (including 12 mainland regions and Corsica) are each further subdivided into 2 to 13 departments , while the overseas regions consist of only one department each and hence are also referred to as "overseas departments". The current legal concept of _region_ was adopted in 1982, and in 2016 what had been 27 regions was reduced to 18
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Flag Of Corsica
The FLAG OF CORSICA was adopted by General of the Nation Pasquale di Paoli in 1755 and was based on a traditional flag used previously. It portrays a Moor\'s Head in black wearing a white bandana above his eyes on a white background. Previously, the bandana covered his eyes; Paoli wanted the bandana moved to above the eyes to symbolise the liberation of the Corsican people. It was used by the ill-fated Corsican Republic and was practically banned after 1769, when France forced the Genovesi to sell the island to settle the debts contracted by Genoa with France. This was to pay the costs of the French expeditionary corps which should have helped Genoa to secure its control on Corsica; French troops put down the endemic rebellion on the island. During this period under French rule, 1769–1789, Corsican patriots again used the version of the flag with blindfolded eyes, as a mark of protest. The unblindfolded version, quartered with the British coat of arms , was used as the official flag during the Anglo-Corsican Kingdom
Anglo-Corsican Kingdom
of 1794-1796. It then fell into official disuse until 1980, when it was re-adopted as a regional flag . The Moor's Head is also used on the Coat of Arms of Corsica, the Flag of Sardinia , and on the crest of Clan Borthwick
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Coat Of Arms Of Corsica
The FLAG OF CORSICA was adopted by General of the Nation Pasquale di Paoli in 1755 and was based on a traditional flag used previously. It portrays a Moor\'s Head in black wearing a white bandana above his eyes on a white background. Previously, the bandana covered his eyes; Paoli wanted the bandana moved to above the eyes to symbolise the liberation of the Corsican people. It was used by the ill-fated Corsican Republic and was practically banned after 1769, when France forced the Genovesi to sell the island to settle the debts contracted by Genoa with France. This was to pay the costs of the French expeditionary corps which should have helped Genoa to secure its control on Corsica; French troops put down the endemic rebellion on the island. During this period under French rule, 1769–1789, Corsican patriots again used the version of the flag with blindfolded eyes, as a mark of protest. The unblindfolded version, quartered with the British coat of arms , was used as the official flag during the Anglo-Corsican Kingdom
Anglo-Corsican Kingdom
of 1794-1796. It then fell into official disuse until 1980, when it was re-adopted as a regional flag . The Moor's Head is also used on the Coat of Arms of Corsica, the Flag of Sardinia , and on the crest of Clan Borthwick
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France
FRANCE (locally ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (_République française_ ), is a country with territory status in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories . The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea , and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean . The republic also includes French Guiana on the South American continent and several islands in the Atlantic , Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions (5 of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) which, as of January 2017, has a total population of almost 67 million people. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris , the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban centres include Marseille , Lyon , Lille , Nice , Toulouse and Bordeaux . During the Iron Age , what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls , a Celtic people. The area was annexed in 51 BC by Rome , which held Gaul until 486, when the Germanic Franks conquered the region and formed the Kingdom of France
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Prefectures In France
A PREFECTURE (French : _PRéFECTURE_) in France
France
may refer to: * the _Chef-lieu de département_, the town in which the administration of a department is located; * the _Chef-lieu de région_, the town in which the administration of a region is located; * the jurisdiction of a prefecture; * the official residence or headquarters of a prefect .CONTENTS * 1 Role of prefecture in departments * 2 Paris
Paris
* 3 Divisions of departments * 4 See also ROLE OF PREFECTURE IN DEPARTMENTSThere are 101 prefectures in France, one for each department. The official in charge is the prefect (French : _préfet_). The prefecture is an administration that belongs to the Ministry of the Interior , and is therefore in charge of the delivery of identity cards, driving licenses, passports, residency and work permits for foreigners, vehicle registration, registration of associations (creation, status modification, dissolution), and of the management of the police and firefighters . The prefect represents the national government at the local level and as such exercises the powers that are constitutionally attributed to the national government. The prefect issues ordinances written for the application of local law: to close a building that does not conform to safety codes, or modify vehicular traffic regulations (speed limit, construction permits)
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Ajaccio
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 _Population without double counting _: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. AJACCIO ( Latin
Latin
: _Adiacium_; French : _Ajaccio_ French pronunciation: (_ listen ); Corsican : Aiacciu_ ; Italian : _Ajaccio_, ) is a French commune , prefecture of the department of Corse-du-Sud , and head office of the _Collectivité territoriale de Corse_ (capital city of Corsica ). It is also the largest settlement on the island. Ajaccio is located on the west coast of the island of Corsica, 210 nautical miles (390 km) southeast of Marseille
Marseille
. The original city went into decline in the Middle Ages, but began to prosper again after the Genoese built a citadel in 1492 to the south of the earlier settlement. After the Corsican Republic was declared in 1755 the Genoese continued to hold several citadels, including Ajaccio, until the French took control of the island. The inhabitants of the commune are known as _Ajacciens_ or _Ajacciennes_. The most famous of these is Napoleon Bonaparte who was born in Ajaccio
Ajaccio
in 1769, and whose ancestral home, the Maison Bonaparte , is now a museum
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Departments Of France
(incl. overseas regions ) Departments (incl. overseas departments ) Arrondissements
Arrondissements
Cantons Intercommunality Métropole Communauté urbaine Communauté d\'agglomération Communauté de communes Communes Associated communes Municipal arrondissements Others in Overseas France Overseas collectivities
Overseas collectivities
Sui generis collectivity Overseas country Overseas territory Clipperton Island In the administrative divisions of France , the DEPARTMENT (French : département, pronounced ) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities "), between the administrative regions and the commune . There are 97 departments in metropolitan France , and 5 overseas departments , which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements , themselves divided into cantons ; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections. Each department is administered by an elected body called a departmental council (conseil départemental (sing.), conseils départementaux (plur.)). From 1800 to April 2015, they were called general councils (conseil général (sing.), conseils généraux (plur.)). Each council has a president
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Haute-Corse
HAUTE-CORSE (French pronunciation: ​ ; Corsican : _Corsica suprana_) (English: UPPER CORSICA) is a department of France consisting of the northern part of the island of Corsica . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Culture and politics * 4.1 General Council * 5 Tourism * 6 See also * 7 External links HISTORYThe department was formed on 15 September 1975, when the department of Corsica was divided into Upper Corsica (_Haute-Corse_) and South Corsica (_ Corse-du-Sud _). The department corresponds exactly to the former department of Golo, which existed between 1793 and 1811. Map of Haute-Corse GEOGRAPHYThe department is surrounded on three sides by the Mediterranean Sea and on the south by the department of Corse-du-Sud. DEMOGRAPHICSThe people living in this subregion are called "Northerners" (_Supranacci_). CULTURE AND POLITICSThe Corsicans are a fiercely independent people. However, a 6 July 2003 referendum on increased autonomy was voted down by a very thin majority: 50.98 percent against to 49.02 percent for. This was a major setback for French Minister of the Interior Nicolas Sarkozy , who had hoped to use Corsica as the first step in his decentralization policies. GENERAL COUNCILThe President of the General Council is Paul Giacobbi , who has held the office since 1998
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Corse-du-Sud
CORSE-DU-SUD (French pronunciation: ​ ; Corsican : Corsica
Corsica
suttana) (English: SOUTH CORSICA) is a department of France
France
consisting of the southern part of the island of Corsica
Corsica
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Culture and politics * 4.1 Departemental Council * 5 Tourism * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYThe department was formed on 15 September 1975, when the department of Corsica
Corsica
was divided into Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud. Its boundaries correspond to the former department of Liamone , which existed from 1793 to 1811. The department hit the head-lines at the end of the twentieth century with the assassination at Ajaccio
Ajaccio
of the prefect Claude Érignac on 6 February 1998. Map of Corse-du-Sud
Corse-du-Sud
GEOGRAPHYThe department is surrounded on three sides by the Mediterranean Sea and on the north by the department of Haute-Corse . The entire island of Corsica
Corsica
is mountainous with many beautiful beaches. DEMOGRAPHICSThe people living in this subregion are called "Southerners" (Suttanacci). CULTURE AND POLITICSCorsicans are a fiercely independent people
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President Of The Regional Council (France)
The PRESIDENT OF THE REGIONAL COUNCIL (French: Président du conseil régional) is the elected official who heads the conseil régional of a région , a state-level territory
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Regionalism (politics)
In politics , REGIONALISM is a political ideology that focuses on the national or normative interests of a particular region , group of regions or another subnational entity. These may be delineated by political divisions , administrative divisions , cultural boundaries , linguistic regions , and religious geography , among others. Regionalists aim at increasing the political power and influence available to all or some residents of a region. Regionalist demands occur in "strong" forms, such as sovereignty , separatism , secession , and independence , as well as more moderate campaigns for greater autonomy (such as states\' rights , decentralization , or devolution ). Regionalists, in the strict sense of the term, favor confederations over unitary nation states with strong central governments . They may, however, espouse also intermediate forms of federalism . Proponents of regionalism usually claim that strengthening the governing bodies and political powers within a region, at the expense of a central, national government, will benefit local populations by improving regional or local economies, in terms of better fiscal responsibility , regional development , allocation of resources, implementation of local policies and plans, competitiveness among regions and, ultimately, the whole country. For some of its opponents regionalism is associated with particularism or anti-universalism , while for others it is a rival form of nationalism
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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Central European Time
TIME IN AFRICA UTC−01:00 Cape Verde Time UTC±00:00 Greenwich Mean Time UTC±00:00 UTC+01:00 Greenwich Mean Time Greenwich Mean Time +1 UTC+01:00 West Africa Time / Central European Time UTC+01:00 UTC+02:00 West Africa Time West Africa Summer Time UTC+02:00 Central Africa Time / South African Standard Time / Eastern European Time UTC+03:00 East Africa Time UTC+04:00 Mauritius Time / Seychelles Time Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed. NOTE: The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland. CENTRAL EUROPEAN TIME (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The time offset from UTC can be written as +01:00 . The same standard time, UTC+01:00 , is also known as MIDDLE EUROPEAN TIME (MET, German: MEZ) and under other names like BERLIN TIME, ROMANCE STANDARD TIME (RST), PARIS TIME or ROME TIME. The 15th meridian east is the central axis for UTC+01:00 in the world system of time zones
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