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Cordell Hull
CORDELL HULL (October 2, 1871 – July 23, 1955) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Tennessee
Tennessee
. He is known as the longest-serving Secretary of State , holding the position for 11 years (1933–1944) in the administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt during most of World War II
World War II
. Hull received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 for his role in establishing the United Nations
United Nations
, and was referred to by President Roosevelt as the "Father of the United Nations". CONTENTS * 1 Life and government * 2 Early life * 3 Early national career * 4 U.S. Senate, Secretary of State * 5 SS _St. Louis_ incident * 6 United Nations
United Nations
establishment * 7 Later years * 8 Legacy * 9 Fictional appearance or mention * 10 Notes * 11 References * 11.1 Primary * 11.2 Secondary * 12 External links LIFE AND GOVERNMENT The Davis-Hull House in Carthage, Tennessee. The house was built by merchant Calvin Davis in 1889, and purchased by William Hull (the father of Cordell Hull) in 1906. Cordell Hull
Cordell Hull
was born in a log cabin in Olympus, Tennessee
Tennessee
, which is now part of Pickett County, Tennessee
Tennessee
, but was then part of Overton County . He was the son of Elizabeth (née Riley) and William Pascal Hull
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List Of Secretaries Of State Of The United States
This is a list of Secretaries of State of the United States . CONTENTS * 1 Secretaries of Foreign Affairs (1781–1789) * 2 List of Secretaries of State * 3 List of Secretaries of State by time in office * 4 Living former Secretaries of State * 5 Notes * 6 References SECRETARIES OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS (1781–1789) Main article: United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs LIST OF SECRETARIES OF STATE PARTIES No party (1) Federalist (3) Democratic-Republican (6) Democratic (26) Whig (5) Republican (28) STATUS Denotes acting Secretary of State NO. PORTRAIT NAME STATE OF RESIDENCE TOOK OFFICE LEFT OFFICE PRESIDENT(S) – John Jay Acting New York September 26, 1789 March 22, 1790 George Washington 1 Thomas Jefferson Virginia March 22, 1790 December 31, 1793 2 Edmund J
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United States Secretary Of State
A SECRETARY or PERSONAL ASSISTANT is a person whose work consists of supporting management, including executives, using a variety of project management, communication, or organizational skills. These functions may be entirely carried out to assist one other employee or may be for the benefit of more than one. In other situations a secretary is an officer of a society or organization who deals with correspondence, admits new members, and organizes official meetings and events. CONTENTS * 1 Duties and functions * 2 Etymology * 3 Origin * 4 Modern developments * 5 Contemporary employment * 6 Training by country * 6.1 Belgium * 6.2 United States * 7 Executive assistant * 7.1 Civilian * 7.2 Military * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS _ This section POSSIBLY CONTAINS ORIGINAL RESEARCH . Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations . Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (December 2016)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_A secretary, typically known as _personal assistant_ (pa) or an _administrative assistant_, has many administrative duties. The title _secretary_ is not used as often as in decades past, and responsibilities have evolved to much more advance skill set such as mastering Microsoft Office applications; Word, PowerPoint, and Excel to name a few
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Franklin D. Roosevelt
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES * Presidency -------------------------FIRST TERM * 1932 campaign * Election * 1st Inauguration * First 100 days * New Deal * Glass-Steagall Act * WPA * Social Security * SEC * Fireside Chats -------------------------SECOND TERM * 1936 campaign * Election * 2nd Inauguration * Supreme Court Packing * National Recovery Act * 1937 Recession * March of Dimes * Pre-war foreign policy -------------------------THIRD TERM * 1940 campaign * Election * 3rd Inauguration * WORLD WAR II* World War II * Attack on Pearl Harbor * Infamy Speech * Atlantic Charter * Japanese Internment * Tehran Conference * United Nations * D-Day * Second Bill of Rights * G.I
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William Phillips (diplomat)
WILLIAM PHILLIPS (May 30, 1878 – February 23, 1968) was a career United States diplomat who served twice as an Under Secretary of State . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 References * 5 External links EARLY LIFEPhillips was born on May 30, 1878 in Beverly, Massachusetts . His parents were John Charles Phillips, Jr. (1838–1885), who married Anna Tucker in London, England on October 23, 1874. His older brother was John Charles Phillips (1876–1938), a prominent zoologist, ornithologist and environmentalist. His sister, Martha Phillips, was married to Andrew James Peters (1872–1938), a U.S. Congressman and former Mayor of Boston . Phillips was a member of the Boston Brahmin Phillips family and his ancestors included John Phillips , the first Mayor of Boston and his great-grandfather, Wendell Phillips , the abolitionist and his grand-uncle, and Samuel Phillips, Jr. , and John Phillips , founders of the Phillips Academy and Phillips Exeter Academy . He graduated from Harvard College in 1900 and graduated from Harvard Law School in 1903. CAREERHis first political job was working as a private secretary in London to Joseph Hodges Choate , the United States Ambassador to the Court of St. James . Choate was a friend of Phillips' family and also from Massachusetts
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Sumner Welles
BENJAMIN SUMNER WELLES (October 14, 1892 – September 24, 1961) was an American government official and diplomat in the Foreign Service . He was a major foreign policy adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt and served as Under Secretary of State from 1936 to 1943, during FDR's presidency. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Diplomatic career * 2.1 Latin America * 2.2 Years out of government service * 2.3 Cuba * 2.4 World War II * 2.5 Soviet occupation of the Baltics * 2.6 Rivalries * 2.7 Resignation * 3 Later years * 4 Personal life * 4.1 Legacy * 5 Works * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 7.1 Cuba * 8 External links EARLY LIFEBenjamin Sumner Welles was born in New York City , the son of Benjamin J. Welles (1857–1935) and Frances Wyeth Swan (1863–1911). He preferred to be called Sumner after his famous relative Charles Sumner , a leading Senator from Massachusetts during the Civil War and Reconstruction . His family was wealthy and was connected to the era's most prominent families. He was a grandnephew of Caroline Webster Schermerhorn Astor , known as "the Mrs. Astor". Among his ancestors were Thomas Welles , a colonial Governor of Connecticut, and Increase Sumner , Governor of Massachusetts from 1797 to 1799. The Welles family was also connected to the Roosevelts. A cousin of Sumner Welles married James "Rosy" Roosevelt, Jr. , half brother of future President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)
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Edward Stettinius, Jr.
EDWARD REILLY STETTINIUS JR. (October 22, 1900 – October 31, 1949) was an American businessman who served as United States Secretary of State under Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman from 1944 to 1945, and as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations from 1945 to 1946. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Later life * 4 Popular culture * 5 Archive * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 7.1 Primary sources * 8 External links EARLY LIFEHe was born in Chicago, Illinois on October 22, 1900, the younger of two sons and third of four children of Edward R. Stettinius and Judith Carrington. His mother was a Virginian of colonial English ancestry. His father was of German descent and was a native of St. Louis, Missouri . The younger Stettinius grew up in a mansion on the family's estate on Staten Island and graduated from the Pomfret School in 1920 after which he attended the University of Virginia until 1924. He finished very few courses and never took a degree, Instead he spent his time on charitable outreach to poor families. He became a member of the secret Seven Society . Prematurely white-haired, with dark eyebrows, blue eyes, tanned face, and a quick smile, Stettinius was striking in appearance and inspired goodwill. On May 15, 1926, Stettinius married Virginia Gordon Wallace, daughter of a prominent family of Richmond, Virginia . They had three children: Edward Reilly and twins Wallace and Joseph
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Henry L. Stimson
HENRY LEWIS STIMSON (September 21, 1867 – October 20, 1950) was an American statesman, lawyer and Republican Party politician and spokesman on foreign policy. He served as Secretary of War (1911–1913) under Republican William Howard Taft , and as Governor-General of the Philippines (1927–1929). As Secretary of State (1929–1933) under Republican President Herbert Hoover , he articulated the Stimson Doctrine which announced American opposition to Japanese expansion in Asia. He again served as Secretary of War (1940–1945) under Democrats Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman , and was a leading hawk calling for war against Germany. During World War II he took charge of raising and training 13 million soldiers and airmen, supervised the spending of a third of the nation's GDP on the Army and the Air Forces, helped formulate military strategy, and oversaw the Manhattan Project , which built the first atomic bombs, and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
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United States Senator
The UNITED STATES SENATE is the upper chamber of the United States Congress , which along with the United States House of Representatives —the lower chamber—composes the legislature of the United States . The composition and powers of the Senate are established by Article One of the United States Constitution . The Senate is composed of senators who represent each of the several states , with each state being equally represented by two senators, regardless of their population, serving staggered terms of six years ; with fifty states presently in the Union, there are 100 U.S. Senators. From 1789 until 1913, Senators were appointed by legislatures of the states they represented; following the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913, they are now popularly elected. The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol , in Washington, D.C. As the upper house, the Senate has several powers of advice and consent which are unique to it; these include the ratification of treaties , the confirmation of Cabinet secretaries , Supreme Court justices , federal judges , other federal executive officials , flag officers , regulatory officials, ambassadors , and other federal uniformed officers . In addition to these, in cases wherein no candidate receives a majority of electors for Vice President , the duty befalls upon the Senate to elect one of the top two recipients of electors for that office
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Tennessee
TENNESSEE (/tɛnᵻˈsiː/ (_ listen )) ( Cherokee
Cherokee
: ᏔᎾᏏ, translit. Tanasi_) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States
United States
. Tennessee
Tennessee
is the 36th largest and the 16th most populous of the 50 United States
United States
. Tennessee
Tennessee
is bordered by Kentucky and Virginia
Virginia
to the north, North Carolina
North Carolina
to the east, Georgia , Alabama
Alabama
, and Mississippi
Mississippi
to the south, and Arkansas
Arkansas
and Missouri
Missouri
to the west. The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, and the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
forms the state's western border. Nashville is the state's capital and largest city, with a population of 660,388. Tennessee's second largest city is Memphis , which has a population of 652,717. The state of Tennessee
Tennessee
is rooted in the Watauga Association , a 1772 frontier pact generally regarded as the first constitutional government west of the Appalachians
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William Emerson Brock
WILLIAM EMERSON BROCK (March 14, 1872 – August 5, 1950) was a Democratic United States Senator from Tennessee from 1929 to 1931. (Later his grandson, William Emerson Brock III , was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives and a U.S. senator from Tennessee .) Brock was born in Davie County, North Carolina , where he attended public school and engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1894. He then moved to Winston-Salem, North Carolina , and became a clerk in a general store . From 1896 until 1901 he worked as a tobacco salesman . In 1909 he moved to Chattanooga, Tennessee . In Chattanooga, Brock became involved in candy manufacturing, and also had involvements in insurance and banking interests. He became a trustee of the former University of Chattanooga, now the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga , Emory and Henry College , and also Martha Washington College . On September 2, 1929, by the Governor of Tennessee , Henry Hollis Horton , appointed Brock to the vacancy in the U.S. Senate caused by the death of Lawrence D. Tyson ; Horton had first offered the appointment to former Senator Luke Lea , who declined. On November 4, 1930, Brock was elected to the balance of this term. He did not run for the full six-year term that was on the ballot at the same time, and his service as a U.S. senator ended on March 3, 1931. He was succeeded by Cordell Hull
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Nathan L. Bachman
NATHAN LYNN BACHMAN (August 2, 1878 – April 23, 1937) was a United States Senator from Tennessee from 1933 until his death. He was a member of the Democratic Party . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 The "Bachman Tubes" * 3 See also * 4 References BIOGRAPHYBachman was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee . He attended several colleges , including the former Southwestern Presbyterian University in Clarksville, Tennessee (the predecessor institution to the current Rhodes College in Memphis, Tennessee ; the campus is the current setting of Austin Peay State University ), Central University in Richmond, Kentucky (now merged with Centre College in Danville, Kentucky ), and Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia . He then returned home, attending the former law school of the former University of Chattanooga (now the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga ) before actually graduating from the law school of the University of Virginia in 1903. He began the practice of law in Chattanooga that same year. Bachman was Chattanooga city attorney from 1906 to 1908 and circuit court judge from 1912 to 1918. In 1918 he became an Associate Justice of the Tennessee Supreme Court , resigining in 1924 to run for the U.S. Senate. His 1924 campaign was unsuccessful and he returned to the practice of law
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U.S. House Of Representatives
------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
(R) * Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R) * Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D) * Congressional districts ------------------------- * UNITED STATES SENATE * President Mike Pence
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Tennessee's 4th Congressional District
The 4TH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE is a congressional district in southern Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican Scott Desjarlais since January 2011. CONTENTS * 1 Current Boundaries * 2 Characteristics * 3 History * 4 List of representatives * 5 Historical district boundaries * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links CURRENT BOUNDARIESThe district lies in mostly in the southern part of Middle Tennessee, but stretches into East Tennessee. It is currently composed of the following counties: Bedford , Bledsoe , Franklin , Grundy , Lincoln , Marion , Marshall , Meigs , Moore , Rhea , Rutherford , Sequatchie , and Warren . It also contains significant portions of Bradley , Maury , and Van Buren counties. CHARACTERISTICSMost of the district is rural, but many residents live in suburbs of Chattanooga and Nashville. The area is very hilly, and has many well-known geographical features related to its location on the Cumberland Plateau. Possibly the most famous of these is Fall Creek Falls in Van Buren County. This part of Tennessee has several well-recognized distilleries such as Duck River, George Dickel, Southern Pride, and most famously the Jack Daniel\'s Distillery in Lynchburg . The region encompasses many of Tennessee's higher education facilities, such as Middle Tennessee State University , Sewanee: The University of the South , Bryan College , and Lee University
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Wynne F. Clouse
Attorney politician WYNNE F. CLOUSE (August 29, 1883 – February 19, 1944) was a U.S. Representative from Tennessee . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Career * 3 Death * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYBorn in Goffton, near Cookeville, Tennessee , Clouse was the son of Thomas Jefferson and Eunetta Zina Bumbalough Clouse. He attended the public schools and was graduated from Cleveland Hill Academy, Pleasant Hill, Tennessee , in 1898. He married Linnie Shine Dowell on December 23, 1907 and had a child, Eunetta Clouse. and from Cumberland University , Lebanon, Tennessee , in 1911, where studied law at Cumberland School of Law . He was admitted to the bar in 1911 and commenced practice in Cookeville, Tennessee , in 1912. He served as delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1916 and 1924. CAREERClouse was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-seventh Congress (March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923). An unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1922 to the Sixty-eighth Congress, he resumed the practice of law in the city of Nashville. Appointed receiver of the Tennessee Central Railroad Company, Clouse served as special assistant to the Attorney General of the United States in 1924. He was appointed Referee in Bankruptcy for the Nashville division of the middle district of Tennessee and served until his resignation in January 1940. DEATHClouse died in Franklin, Tennessee , February 19, 1944 (age 60 years, 174 days)
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John R. Mitchell
Peabody College of Teachers Cumberland School of Law PROFESSIONAttorney politician judge JOHN RIDLEY MITCHELL (September 26, 1877 – February 26, 1962) was an American politician and a U.S. Representative from Tennessee . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Career * 3 Death * 4 References * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYBorn in Livingston, Tennessee , Mitchell was the son of Isiah Winburn and Sophrona Winton Mitchell. attended the public schools. He was graduated from Peabody College of Teachers, Nashville, Tennessee , in 1896. He served as Private secretary to Representative C.E. Snodgrass from 1899 to 1903, and graduated from Cumberland School of Law at Cumberland University , Lebanon, Tennessee , in 1904. He was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Crossville, Tennessee . CAREERA member of the State Democratic executive committee from 1910 to 1914, Mitchell also served as assistant attorney general of the fifth circuit of Tennessee from 1908 to 1918. He became attorney general of the same circuit from 1918 to 1925. He served as judge of the fifth circuit from 1925 until 1931, when he moved to Cookeville, Tennessee . Mitchell was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-second and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1931 – January 3, 1939). He was not a candidate for renomination in 1938, but was unsuccessful for the Democratic nomination for United States Senator and resumed the practice of law
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