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Controller Area Network
A Controller Area Network
Controller Area Network
(CAN bus) is a robust vehicle bus standard designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to communicate with each other in applications without a host computer
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Non-return-to-zero
In telecommunication, a non-return-to-zero (NRZ) line code is a binary code in which ones are represented by one significant condition, usually a positive voltage, while zeros are represented by some other significant condition, usually a negative voltage, with no other neutral or rest condition. The pulses in NRZ have more energy than a return-to-zero (RZ) code, which also has an additional rest state beside the conditions for ones and zeros. NRZ is not inherently a self-clocking signal, so some additional synchronization technique must be used for avoiding bit slips; examples of such techniques are a run-length-limited constraint and a parallel synchronization signal. For a given data signaling rate, i.e., bit rate, the NRZ code requires only half the baseband bandwidth required by the Manchester code
Manchester code
(the passband bandwidth is the same)
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Gran Turismo 6
Gran Turismo 6
Gran Turismo 6
(グランツーリスモ 6, Guran Tsūrisumo Shikkusu, commonly abbreviated as GT6) is a racing video game developed by Polyphony Digital
Polyphony Digital
and published by Sony Computer Entertainment
Sony Computer Entertainment
for the PlayStation 3
PlayStation 3
video game console. It is the sixth major release and twelfth game overall in the Gran Turismo video game series. It was released worldwide on December 6, 2013,[1] and was popular with critics, won awards, and topped charts in countries around the world. New features included the addition of more cars and tracks, improvements to the car customisation options, and partnerships with the Goodwood Festival of Speed, the Ayrton Senna
Ayrton Senna
Institute, the FIA and NASA
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Collision Avoidance
Collision avoidance is the maintenance of systems and practices designed to prevent vehicles such as cars, trains, ships, and airplanes from colliding with other vehicles. Examples include: Collision avoidance (spacecraft) Collision avoidance system
Collision avoidance system
in automobiles Airborne collision avoidance systems
Airborne collision avoidance systems
for aircraft Positive train control Automatic Identification System
Automatic Identification System
for collision avoidance in water transport Contention (telecommunications)This article about transport is a stub
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Brake By Wire
In the automotive industry, brake-by-wire technology is the ability to control brakes through electrical means. It can be designed to supplement ordinary service brakes or it can be a standalone brake system. This technology is widely used on all hybrid and battery electric vehicles, including the Toyota Prius. Brake-by-wire
Brake-by-wire
is also common in the form of the electric park brake which is now widely used on mainstream vehicles.This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (October 2013)The technology replaces traditional components such as the pumps, hoses, fluids, belts and vacuum servos and master cylinders with electronic sensors and actuators
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Windscreen Wiper
A windscreen wiper or windshield wiper (American English) is a device used to remove rain, snow, ice and debris from a windscreen or windshield. Almost all motor vehicles, including cars, trucks, train locomotives, watercraft with a cabin and some aircraft, are equipped with such wipers, which are usually a legal requirement. A wiper generally consists of a metal arm, pivoting at one end and with a long rubber blade attached to the other. The arm is powered by a motor, often an electric motor, although pneumatic power is also used in some vehicles. The blade is swung back and forth over the glass, pushing water or other precipitation from its surface. The speed is normally adjustable, with several continuous speeds and often one or more "intermittent" settings. Most automobiles use two synchronized radial type arms, while many commercial vehicles use one or more pantograph arms. On some vehicles, a windshield washer system is also used
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Audi
Audi
Audi
AG (German: [ˈʔaʊ̯diː ʔaːˈgeː] ( listen)) is a German automobile manufacturer that designs, engineers, produces, markets and distributes luxury vehicles. Audi
Audi
is a member of the Volkswagen Group
Volkswagen Group
and has its roots at Ingolstadt, Bavaria, Germany. Audi-branded vehicles are produced in nine production facilities worldwide. The origins of the company are complex, going back to the early 20th century and the initial enterprises ( Horch
Horch
and the Audiwerke) founded by engineer August Horch; and two other manufacturers ( DKW
DKW
and Wanderer), leading to the foundation of Auto Union
Auto Union
in 1932
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BMW
BMW
BMW
(Bayerische Motoren Werke in German, or Bavarian Motor Works in English) is a German multinational company which currently produces automobiles and motorcycles, and also produced aircraft engines until 1945. The company was founded in 1916 and has its headquarters in Munich, Bavaria. BMW
BMW
produces motor vehicles in Germany, Brazil, China, India, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States. In 2015, BMW was the world's twelfth largest producer of motor vehicles, with 2,279,503 vehicles produced.[2] The Quandt family are long-term shareholders of the company, with the remaining stocks owned by public float. Automobiles are marketed under the brands BMW
BMW
(with sub-brands BMW
BMW
M for performance models and BMW i
BMW i
for plug-in electric cars), Mini
Mini
and Rolls-Royce
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Local Interconnect Network
LIN (Local Interconnect Network) is a serial network protocol used for communication between components in vehicles. The need for a cheap serial network arose as the technologies and the facilities implemented in the car grew, while the CAN bus
CAN bus
was too expensive to implement for every component in the car. European car manufacturers started using different serial communication topologies, which led to compatibility problems. In the late 1990s, the LIN Consortium was founded by five automakers (BMW, Volkswagen Group, Audi Group, Volvo Cars, Mercedes-Benz), with the technologies supplied (networking and hardware expertise) from Volcano Automotive Group and Motorola. The first fully implemented version of the new LIN specification (LIN version 1.3) was published in November 2002. In September 2003, version 2.0 was introduced to expand capabilities and make provisions for additional diagnostics features
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Shimano
$ 2.57 billion (FY 2013) (¥ 271.04 billion) (FY 2013)Net income $ 342.1 million (FY 2013) (¥ 35.08 billion) (FY 2013)Number of employees12,967 (consolidated, as of December 31, 2013)Website Official websiteFootnotes / references [1][2][3]Shimano, Inc. (株式会社シマノ, Kabushiki-gaisha Shimano) is a Japanese multinational manufacturer of cycling components, fishing tackle, and rowing equipment. It produced golf supplies until 2005 and snowboarding gear until 2008. Headquartered in Sakai, Japan, the company has 32 consolidated subsidiaries and 11 unconsolidated subsidiaries. Shimano's primary manufacturing plants are in Kunshan, China; Malaysia; and Singapore. In 2017, Shimano
Shimano
had net sales of US $3.2 billion, 38% in Europe, 35% in Asia, and 11% in North America. Bicycle
Bicycle
components represented 80%, fishing tackle 19%, and other products 0.1%
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BionX
BionX
BionX
is a Canadian maker of electric motors for bicycles. Its first motors in the early 2000s, while still named EPS (Electric Propulsion Systems) [1], were kits for retrofitting [2]. On February 27, 2018 BionX
BionX
Canada
Canada
went into receivership, all 80 employees were let go and the company was shut down temporarily to find a buyer.[1] Grant Thornton Limited was appointed as Receiver.[2]Contents1 History 2 Motors 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] In 2008, it was acquired by Magna [3] and by then its motors had become standard parts in many ebikes
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Nismo
Nismo
Nismo
(abbreviated from Nissan
Nissan
Motorsport International Limited (ニッサン・モータースポーツ・インターナショナル株式会社, Nissan
Nissan
Mōtā Supōtsu Intānashonaru Kabushiki-gaisha)) is the in-house tuning, motorsports and performance division of Nissan. Formed in 1984 as a result of a merger of two motorsport departments, Nismo
Nismo
cars have participated in JSPC, JTCC, 24 Hours of Le Mans
24 Hours of Le Mans
and 24 Hours of Daytona
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Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins
Johns Hopkins
University
University
is an American private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1876, the university was named for its first benefactor, the American entrepreneur, abolitionist, and philanthropist Johns Hopkins.[5] His $7 million bequest (~$150 million in 2017 dollars)—of which half financed the establishment of Johns Hopkins Hospital—was the largest philanthropic gift in the history of the United States
United States
at that time.[6] Daniel Coit Gilman, who was inaugurated as the institution's first president on February 22, 1876,[7] led the university to revolutionize higher education in the U.S
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Electric Park Brake
Electric park brakes (EPB) are used on passenger vehicles to hold the vehicle stationary on grades and flat roads. This was accomplished traditionally using a manual parking brake. With electric park brakes, the driver activates the holding mechanism with a button and the brake pads are then electrically applied onto the rear brakes.[1] This is accomplished by an electronic control unit (ECU) and an actuator mechanism. There are two mechanisms that are currently in production: 1. Cable puller systems and 2
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Applied Physics Laboratory
The Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University
Applied Physics Laboratory, commonly known as simply the Applied Physics Laboratory, or APL, located in Howard County, Maryland, near Laurel and Columbia, is a not-for-profit, university-affiliated research center (or UARC) employing 6,000 people. The Lab serves as a technical resource for the Department of Defense, NASA, and other government agencies. APL has developed numerous systems and technologies in the areas of air and missile defense, surface and undersea naval warfare, computer security, and space science and spacecraft construction.[2] While APL provides research and engineering services to the government, it is not a traditional defense contractor, as it is a UARC and a division of Johns Hopkins
Johns Hopkins
University
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Multi-master Bus
A multi-master bus is a computer bus in which there are multiple bus master nodes present on the bus. This is used when multiple nodes on the bus must initiate transfer. For example, direct memory access (DMA) is used to transfer data between peripherals and memory without the need to use the central processing unit (CPU). Some buses like I²C
I²C
use multi-mastering inherently to allow any node to initiate a transfer with another node.This computer networking article is a stub
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