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Control Room
A CONTROL ROOM, OPERATIONS CENTER, or OPERATIONS CONTROL CENTER (OCC) is a room serving as a central space where a large physical facility or physically dispersed service can be monitored and controlled. A control room will often be part of a larger command center . CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Examples of control rooms * 3 Special
Special
hazards and mitigation * 4 Design * 5 In popular culture * 6 Image gallery * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links OVERVIEWA control room's purpose is production control , and serves as a central space where a large physical facility or physically dispersed service can be monitored and controlled. Central control rooms came into general use in factories during the 1920s. Control rooms for vital facilities are typically tightly secured and inaccessible to the general public
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Hospitals
A HOSPITAL is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment. The best-known type of hospital is the general hospital, which typically has an emergency department to treat urgent health problems ranging from fire and accident victims to a heart attack . A district hospital typically is the major health care facility in its region, with large numbers of beds for intensive care and additional beds for patients who need long-term care. Specialised hospitals include trauma centres , rehabilitation hospitals , children\'s hospitals , seniors' (geriatric ) hospitals, and hospitals for dealing with specific medical needs such as psychiatric treatment (see psychiatric hospital ) and certain disease categories. Specialised hospitals can help reduce health care costs compared to general hospitals. A teaching hospital combines assistance to people with teaching to medical students and nurses
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Universities
A UNIVERSITY ( Latin : universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary ) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines . Universities typically provide undergraduate education and postgraduate education . The word "university" is derived from the Latin universitas magistrorum et scholarium, which roughly means "community of teachers and scholars." Universities were created in Italy and evolved from Cathedral schools for the clergy during the High Middle Ages
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Particle Accelerator
A PARTICLE ACCELERATOR is a machine that uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to nearly light speed and to contain them in well-defined beams . Large accelerators are used in particle physics as colliders (e.g., the LHC
LHC
at CERN
CERN
, KEKB at KEK in Japan, RHIC at Brookhaven National Laboratory , and Tevatron at Fermilab
Fermilab
), or as synchrotron light sources for the study of condensed matter physics . Smaller particle accelerators are used in a wide variety of applications, including particle therapy for oncological purposes, radioisotope production for medical diagnostics, ion implanters for manufacture of semiconductors, and accelerator mass spectrometers for measurements of rare isotopes such as radiocarbon . There are currently more than 30,000 accelerators in operation around the world
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High Security Prison
SUPERMAX (SUPER-MAXIMUM SECURITY or ADMINISTRATIVE MAXIMUM (ADX)) is a term used to describe "control-unit" prisons , or units within prisons, which represent the most secure levels of custody in the prison systems of certain countries. The term is used in the US and a number of other countries to describe the most secure form of security within a certain prison system. The objective is to provide long-term, segregated housing for inmates classified as the highest security risks in the prison system—the "worst of the worst" criminals—and those who pose an extremely serious threat to both national and global security
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Theme Park
An AMUSEMENT PARK is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes. A THEME PARK is a type of amusement park that bases its structures and attractions around a central theme, often featuring multiple areas with different themes. Unlike temporary and mobile funfairs and carnivals , amusement parks are stationary and built for long-lasting operation. They are more elaborate than city parks and playgrounds , usually providing attractions that cater to a variety of age groups. While amusement parks often contain themed areas, theme parks place a heavier focus with more intricately-designed themes that revolve around a particular subject or group of subjects. Amusement parks evolved from European fairs , pleasure gardens and large picnic areas , which were created for people's recreation . World\'s fairs and other types of international expositions also influenced the emergence of the amusement park industry
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Network Operations Center
A NETWORK OPERATIONS CENTER (NOC, pronounced like the word knock), also known as a "network management center", is one or more locations from which network monitoring and control, or network management , is exercised over a computer , telecommunication or satellite network. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Purpose * 3 Networking environments * 3.1 Computer * 3.2 Telecommunication
Telecommunication
* 3.3 Satellite * 4 Design * 5 Personnel * 5.1 NOC engineers * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYIn the early versions of NOCs started since the 1960s. A Network Control Center was opened in New York by AT&T
AT&T
in 1962 that used status boards to display switch and route information, in real-time, from AT&T's most important toll switches
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Time Zones
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal , commercial , and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time . Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12
UTC−12
to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour
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Mission Control Center
A MISSION CONTROL CENTER (MCC, sometimes called a FLIGHT CONTROL CENTER or OPERATIONS CENTER) is a facility that manages space flights , usually from the point of launch until landing or the end of the mission. It is part of the ground segment of spacecraft operations. A staff of flight controllers and other support personnel monitor all aspects of the mission using telemetry , and send commands to the vehicle using ground stations . Personnel supporting the mission from an MCC can include representatives of the attitude control system , power , propulsion , thermal, attitude dynamics , orbital operations and other subsystem disciplines. The training for these missions usually falls under the responsibility of the flight controllers, typically including extensive rehearsals in the MCC
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Jet Propulsion Laboratory
The JET PROPULSION LABORATORY (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA
NASA
field center in La Cañada Flintridge, California and Pasadena, California , United States . The JPL is owned by NASA
NASA
and managed by the nearby California Institute of Technology (Caltech) for NASA
NASA
. The laboratory's primary function is the construction and operation of planetary robotic spacecraft , though it also conducts Earth-orbit and astronomy missions. It is also responsible for operating NASA's Deep Space Network
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Firecontrol
FIRECONTROL was a project, initiated in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in March 2004, to reduce the number of control rooms used to handle emergency calls for fire services and authorities. Presently there are 46 control rooms in England
England
that handle calls from the local public for emergency assistance via the 999 system. A new radio network – FireLink – is being developed and built that will be compatible with FiReControl. The original plan was for 46 current control rooms to be combined into nine regional control centres (RCC), but this plan was thrown into doubt in May 2010 when the government announced that fire services would not be forced to reorganise. The plan was formally scrapped in December 2010
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Data Center
A DATA CENTER is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems . It generally includes redundant or backup power supplies , redundant data communications connections, environmental controls (e.g. air conditioning, fire suppression) and various security devices. A large data center is an industrial-scale operation using as much electricity as a small town
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Metropolitan Police
The METROPOLITAN POLICE SERVICE (MPS), formerly and still commonly known as the METROPOLITAN POLICE, formally called the METROPOLITAN POLICE FORCE, and informally referred to as THE MET, is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement in Greater London
London
, excluding the "square mile" of the City of London
London
, which is the responsibility of the City of London
London
Police . The Met also has significant national responsibilities, such as co-ordinating and leading on UK-wide national counter-terrorism matters, and the protection of the senior members of the British Royal Family , and also members of The Cabinet and other ministerial members of Her Majesty\'s Government . As of March 2016, the Met employed 43,272 full-time personnel. This included 32,125 sworn police officers, 9,521 police staff, and 1,626 non-sworn police community support officers
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Call Center
A CALL CENTRE or CALL CENTER is a centralised office used for receiving or transmitting a large volume of requests by telephone . An inbound call centre is operated by a company to administer incoming product support or information enquiries from consumers. Outbound call centres are operated for telemarketing , solicitation of charitable or political donations, debt collection and market research . A CONTACT CENTRE is a location for centralised handling of individual communications, including letters , faxes , live support software , social media , instant message , and e-mail . A call centre has an open workspace for call centre agents , with work stations that include a computer for each agent, a telephone set/headset connected to a telecom switch , and one or more supervisor stations. It can be independently operated or networked with additional centres, often linked to a corporate computer network , including mainframes , microcomputers and LANs
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Color Suite
A COLOR SUITE (also called a COLOR BAY, TELECINE SUITE, or COLOR CORRECTION BAY) is the control room for color grading video in a post-production environment. TECHNOLOGY AND SPECIFICATIONSThe video source could be from: a telecine , a video tape recorder (VTR), a motion picture film scanner , virtual telecine or a Direct to Disk Recording (DDR) or the older system called a film chain . A high end broadcast color suite may use a Da Vinci Systems or Pandora Int.\'s color corrector. If a VTR is the source for the video the room is often called a tape to tape suite. Many suites are designed to operate as a telecine suite or a tape to tape suite by changing the configuration of the suite. The operator of the suite is usually called a Colorist. If a telecine is the source this is called a Film to Tape operation. A color suite may use one video standard or be able to change configuration to a number of standards like: high-definition video , NTSC , or PAL or a DI workflow
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Recording Studio
A RECORDING STUDIO is a specialized facility for sound recording , mixing and audio production of instrumental or vocal musical performances, spoken words and other sounds. They range in size from a small in-home "project studio" large enough to record a single singer-guitarist, to a large building with space for a full orchestra of 100 or more musicians. Ideally both the recording and monitoring (listening and mixing) spaces are specially designed by an acoustician or audio engineer to achieve optimum acoustic properties (acoustic isolation or diffusion or absorption of reflected sound "echoes" that could otherwise interfere with the sound heard by the listener). Recording studios may be used to record singers , instrumental musicians (e.g., electric guitar, piano, saxophone, or ensembles such as orchestras ), voice-over artists for advertisements or dialogue replacement in film, television or animation, foley , or to record their accompanying musical soundtracks
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