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Conservation Status
The CONSERVATION STATUS of a group of organisms (for instance, a species ) indicates whether the group still exists and how likely the group is to become extinct in the near future. Many factors are taken into account when assessing conservation status: not simply the number of individuals remaining, but the overall increase or decrease in the population over time, breeding success rates, and known threats. Various systems of conservation status exist and are in use at international, multi-country, national and local levels as well as for consumer use
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Lists Of Organisms By Population
This is a collection of LISTS OF ORGANISMS BY THEIR POPULATION. While of the most numbers are estimates, they have been made by the experts in their fields. Species
Species
population is a science falling under the purview of Population ecology and biogeography . Individuals are counted by census, as carried out for the piping plover ; using the transect method , as done for the mountain plover ; and beginning in 2012 by satellite, with the emperor penguin being the first subject counted in this manner
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Taxon
In biology , a TAXON (plural TAXA; back-formation from taxonomy ) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit. Although neither is required, a taxon is usually known by a particular name and given a particular ranking , especially if and when it is accepted or becomes established. It is not uncommon, however, for taxonomists to remain at odds over what belongs to a taxon and the criteria used for inclusion. If a taxon is given a formal scientific name , its use is then governed by one of the nomenclature codes specifying which scientific name is correct for a particular grouping
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Species
In biology , a SPECIES is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank , as well as a unit of biodiversity , but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition. Scientists and conservationists need a species definition which allows them to work, regardless of the theoretical difficulties. If as Linnaeus
Linnaeus
thought, species were fixed, there would be no problem, but evolutionary processes cause species to change continually, and to grade into one another. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which two individuals can produce fertile offspring , typically by sexual reproduction . While this definition is often adequate, when looked at more closely it is problematic . For example, with hybridisation , in a species complex of hundreds of similar microspecies , or in a ring species , the boundaries between closely related species become unclear
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Wild Life Protection Act, 1972, Amended 2003
The WILDLIFE PROTECTION ACT, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India
India
enacted for protection of plants and animal species. Before 1972, India
India
only had five designated national parks . Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. It extends to the whole of India
India
, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir which has its own wildlife act. It has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection. Schedule I and part II of Schedule II provide absolute protection - offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties. Species listed in Schedule III and Schedule IV are also protected, but the penalties are much lower
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Federal Agency For Nature Conservation
The German FEDERAL AGENCY FOR NATURE CONSERVATION (German : Bundesamt für Naturschutz, BFN) is the German government’s scientific authority with responsibility for national and international nature conservation. BfN is one of the government’s departmental research agencies and reports to the German Environment Ministry (BMU). The Agency provides the German Environment Ministry with professional and scientific assistance in all nature conservation and land management issues and in international cooperation activities. BfN furthers its objectives by carrying out related scientific research and is also in charge of a number of funding programmes. BfN additionally performs important enforcement work under international agreements on species conservation and nature conservation, the Antarctic Treaty , and the German Genetic Engineering Act
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Ministry Of The Environment (Japan)
The MINISTRY OF THE ENVIRONMENT (環境省, KANKYō-SHō) is a Cabinet -level ministry of the government of Japan
Japan
responsible for global environmental conservation, pollution control, and nature conservation. The ministry was formed in 2001 from the sub-cabinet level Environmental Agency established in 1971. The Minister of the Environment is a member of the Cabinet of Japan
Japan
and is chosen by the Prime Minister , usually from among members of the Diet . In March 2006, the then-Minister of the Environment Yuriko Koike
Yuriko Koike
, created a furoshiki cloth to promote its use in the modern world. In August 2011, the Cabinet of Japan
Japan
approved a plan to establish a new energy watchdog under the Environment Ministry, and the Nuclear Regulation Authority was founded on September 19, 2012
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Biological Diversity Act, 2002
The BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY ACT, 2002 is an Act of the Parliament of India for preservation of biological diversity in India, and provides mechanism for equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of traditional biological resources and knowledge . The Act was enacted to meet the obligations under Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to which India is a party. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Biodiversity and biological resource * 3 National Biodiversity Authority and State Biodiversity Boards * 3.1 Functions * 4 Regulations * 5 Benefit sharing * 6 Penalties * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links HISTORYThe Act was enacted to meet the obligations under Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to which India is a party
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European Union
The EUROPEAN UNION (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi), and an estimated population of over 510 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture , fisheries , and regional development . Within the Schengen Area , passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency
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Latin America
LATIN AMERICA is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken. The term originated in the French government in the mid-19th century as Amérique latine to consider French-speaking territories in the Americas
Americas
( Haiti
Haiti
, French Guiana
French Guiana
, Martinique
Martinique
, Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
, Saint Martin , Saint Barthélemy
Saint Barthélemy
) along with the larger group of countries where Spanish and Portuguese languages prevailed. It is therefore broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America . The term excludes French Canada
Canada
and modern French Louisiana
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Finland
FINLAND (/ˈfɪnlənd/ ( listen ); Finnish : Suomi ( listen ); Swedish : Finland
Finland
), officially the REPUBLIC OF FINLAND (Finnish : Suomen tasavalta, Swedish : Republiken Finland) is a sovereign state in Northern Europe
Europe
. The country has land borders with Sweden
Sweden
to the northwest, Norway
Norway
to the north, and Russia
Russia
to the east. To the south is the Gulf of Finland
Gulf of Finland
with Estonia
Estonia
on the opposite side. Finland
Finland
is a Nordic country and, together with Scandinavia
Scandinavia
, is situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia
Fennoscandia
. Finland's population is 5.5 million (2016), and the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region
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EU Habitats Directive
DIRECTIVE may refer to: * Directive (European Union) , a legislative act of the European Union * Directives, used by United States government
United States government
agencies (particularly the United States Department of Defense
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Research Institute For Nature And Forest
The RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR NATURE AND FOREST (INBO) (Dutch : Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek) is a scientific institute in Belgium
Belgium

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Red Data Book Of The Russian Federation
RED DATA BOOK OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (RDBRF), also known as RED BOOK (Russian : Красная книга) or RUSSIAN RED DATA BOOK is a state document established for documenting rare and endangered species of animals , plants and fungi , as well as some local subspecies (such as the Ladoga seal ) that exist within the territory of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation
and its continental shelf and marine economic zone . The book has been adopted by Russia
Russia
and all CIS states to enact a common agreement on rare and endangered species protection. CONTENTS * 1 Conservation * 2 History * 3 Cross-referencing * 4 Legal matters * 5 Criticism of regional policies * 6 Red Data Book categories and their explanations * 7 References * 8 See also CONSERVATIONThe book provides a central information source in organizing studies and monitoring programs on rare and endangered species and their habitats
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Caribbean
The CARIBBEAN (/ˌkærɪˈbiːən/ or /kəˈrɪbiən/ , local most common pronunciation /ˈkærɪˌbiːən/ ) is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
and the North American mainland, east of Central America , and north of South America
South America
. Situated largely on the Caribbean Plate , the region comprises more than 700 islands, islets , reefs and cays . (See the list .) These islands generally form island arcs that delineate the eastern and northern edges of the Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea
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NatureServe
NATURESERVE, INC. is an Arlington, Virginia -based non-profit organization that provides proprietary wildlife conservation -related data, tools, and services to private and government clients, partner organizations, and the public. NatureServe reports being "headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, with regional offices in four U.S. locations and in Canada." In calendar year 2011 they reported having 86 employees, 6 volunteers, and 15 independent officers
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