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Confluence
In geography , a CONFLUENCE is the meeting of two or more bodies of water. Also known as a conflux, it refers either to the point where a tributary joins a larger river , (main stem ), or where two streams meet to become the source of a river of a new name, such as the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
creating the Ohio River
River
. The term is also used to describe the meeting of tidal or other non-riverine bodies of water, such as two canals or a canal and a lake. A one-mile (1.6 km) portion of the Industrial Canal in New Orleans accommodates the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway and the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal ; therefore those three waterways are confluent there
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Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal
The MISSISSIPPI RIVER – GULF OUTLET CANAL (abbreviated as MRGO or MR-GO) is a 76 mi (122 km) channel constructed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers at the direction of Congress in the mid-20th century that provided a shorter route between the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
and New Orleans
New Orleans
' inner harbor Industrial Canal
Industrial Canal
via the Intracoastal Waterway . In 2005, although disputed by the Corps of Engineers, the MRGO channeled Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Katrina
's storm surge into the heart of Greater New Orleans
New Orleans
, contributing significantly to the subsequent multiple engineering failures experienced by the region's hurricane protection network. In the aftermath the channel was closed. A permanent storm surge barrier was constructed in the MRGO in 2009, and the channel has been closed to maritime shipping
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Niagara-on-the-Lake
NIAGARA-ON-THE-LAKE (2016 population 17,511) is a Canadian town in Southern Ontario
Ontario
where the Niagara River meets Lake Ontario
Ontario
in the Niagara Region of the southern part of the province of Ontario
Ontario
. It is across the Niagara River from Youngstown, New York , US. It is the only town in Canada
Canada
that has a Lord Mayor . The town, now including two former villages, St. David's and Queenston, was significant during the War of 1812
War of 1812
and even earlier, when it was the first capital of Upper Canada
Canada
(now the province of Ontario
Ontario
). Today, the town, with its quaint colonial-style buildings, is a popular tourist destination that includes the Shaw Festival , Fort George , wineries and an outlet mall on the highway
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Niagara River
The NIAGARA RIVER (/naɪˈæɡrə/ ny-AG-ra ) is a river that flows north from Lake Erie
Lake Erie
to Lake Ontario
Lake Ontario
. It forms part of the border between the province of Ontario
Ontario
in Canada
Canada
(on the west) and the state of New York in the United States
United States
(on the east). There are differing theories as to the origin of the river's name. According to Iroquoian scholar Bruce Trigger , "Niagara" is derived from the name given to a branch of the locally residing native Neutral Confederacy , who are described as being called the "Niagagarega" people on several late-17th-century French maps of the area. According to George R. Stewart , it comes from the name of an Iroquois
Iroquois
town called "Ongniaahra", meaning "point of land cut in two"
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Pennsylvania
PENNSYLVANIA /ˌpɛnsᵻlˈveɪnjə/ ( listen ) ( Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
German : Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States
United States
. The Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains
run through its middle. The Commonwealth borders Delaware
Delaware
to the southeast, Maryland
Maryland
to the south, West Virginia
West Virginia
to the southwest, Ohio
Ohio
to the west, Lake Erie
Lake Erie
and the Canadian province of Ontario
Ontario
to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey
New Jersey
to the east
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Pittsburgh
Allegheny ------------------------- HISTORIC EMPIRES France
France
Great Britain HISTORIC COLONIES New France
New France
Quebec
Quebec
Virginia FOUNDED November 27, 1758 MUNICIPAL INCORPORATION April 16, 1771 (Township) April 22, 1794 (Borough) March 18, 1816 (City) FOUNDED BY George Washington , General John Forbes NAMED FOR "The Great Commoner": Prime Minister William Pitt GOVERNMENT • TYPE Mayor-Council • MAYOR Bill Peduto
Bill Peduto
(D ) • CITY COUNCIL Councilmembers * Darlene Harris * Theresa Kail-Smith
Theresa Kail-Smith
* Bruce Kraus (President) * Natalia Rudiak * Corey O\'Connor * Daniel Lavelle * Deborah Gross * Dan Gilman * Rev
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Geography
GEOGRAPHY (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description" ) is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth
Earth
. The first person to use the word "γεωγραφία" was Eratosthenes
Eratosthenes
(276–194 BC). Geography
Geography
is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of the Earth
Earth
and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. It is often defined in terms of the two branches of human geography and physical geography
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Main Stem
In hydrology , a MAIN STEM (or TRUNK) is "the primary downstream segment of a river , as contrasted to its tributaries ". Water enters the main stem from the river's drainage basin , the land area through which the main stem and its tributaries flow. A drainage basin may also be referred to as a watershed or catchment. Strahler diagram. Only a segment of the main stem gets the highest number. Hydrological classification systems assign numbers to tributaries and main stems within a drainage basin. In the Strahler number
Strahler number
, a modification of a system devised by Robert E. Horton in 1945, channels with no tributaries are called "first-order" streams. When two first-order streams meet, they are said to form a second-order stream; when two second-order streams meet, they form a third-order stream, and so on. In the Horton system, the entire main stem of a drainage basin was assigned the highest number in that basin
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Lake Ontario
LAKE ONTARIO (French : Lac Ontario) is one of the five Great Lakes
Great Lakes
of North America
North America
. It is surrounded on the north, west, and southwest by the Canadian province of Ontario
Ontario
, and on the south and east by the American state of New York , whose water boundaries meet in the middle of the lake. Ontario, Canada's most populous province , was named for the lake. In the Wyandot (Huron) language, ontarío means “Lake of Shining Waters”. Its primary inlet is the Niagara River from Lake Erie . The last in the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
chain, Lake Ontario
Ontario
serves as the outlet to the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
via the Saint Lawrence River
Saint Lawrence River

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Utah
UTAH (/ˈjuːtɔː/ or /ˈjuːtɑː/ ( listen ) ; in Navajo Áshįįh Biiʼtó Hahoodzo (/ɑ́ʃĩːh piːʔtxó hɑ̀hòːtsò/) is a state in the western United States
United States
. It became the 45th state admitted to the U.S. on January 4, 1896. Utah
Utah
is the 13th-largest by area , 31st-most-populous , and 10th-least-densely populated of the 50 United States
United States
. Utah
Utah
has a population of more than 3 million (Census estimate for July 1, 2016), approximately 80% of whom live along the Wasatch Front
Wasatch Front
, centering on the state capital Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City
. Utah is bordered by Colorado
Colorado
to the east, Wyoming to the northeast, Idaho to the north, Arizona
Arizona
to the south, and Nevada
Nevada
to the west
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Gallatin River
The GALLATIN RIVER is a tributary of the Missouri River
Missouri River
, approximately 120 mi (193 km long), in the U.S. states of Wyoming
Wyoming
and Montana
Montana
. It is one of three rivers, along with the Jefferson and Madison , that converge near Three Forks, Montana
Montana
, to form the Missouri. It rises in the northwest corner of Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park
, in northwestern Wyoming
Wyoming
, in the Gallatin Range of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
. It flows northwest through Gallatin National Forest , past Big Sky, Montana
Montana
, and joins the Jefferson and Madison approximately 30 mi (48 km) northwest of Bozeman . U.S. Highway 191 follows the river from the Wyoming
Wyoming
border to just outside Bozeman
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Three Forks, Montana
THREE FORKS is a city in Gallatin County , Montana
Montana
, United States and is located within the watershed valley system of both the Missouri and Mississippi rivers drainage basins — and is historically considered the birthplace or start of the Missouri River. The population was 1,869 at the 2010 census . The city of Three Forks is named so because it lies geographically near the point, in nearby Missouri Headwaters State Park , where the Jefferson , Madison , and Gallatin Rivers converge to form the Missouri River — the longest single river in North America
North America
, as well as the major portion of the Missouri-Mississippi River System from the headwaters near Three Forks to its discharge into the Gulf of Mexico
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Missouri River
The MISSOURI RIVER is the longest river in North America. Rising in the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
of western Montana
Montana
, the Missouri
Missouri
flows east and south for 2,341 miles (3,767 km) before entering the Mississippi River north of St. Louis
St. Louis
, Missouri. The river takes drainage from a sparsely populated, semi-arid watershed of more than half a million square miles (1,300,000 km2), which includes parts of ten U.S. states and two Canadian provinces. When combined with the lower Mississippi River, it forms the world\'s fourth longest river system . For over 12,000 years, people have depended on the Missouri
Missouri
River and its tributaries as a source of sustenance and transportation
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Hinduism
HINDUISM is a religion, or a way of life, widely practiced in the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
. Hinduism
Hinduism
has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as Sanātana Dharma , "the eternal tradition," or the "eternal way," beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism
Hinduism
as a fusion or synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions, with diverse roots and no founder. This " Hindu
Hindu
synthesis" started to develop between 500 BCE and 300 CE following the Vedic period (1500 BCE to 500 BCE). Although Hinduism
Hinduism
contains a broad range of philosophies, it is linked by shared concepts, recognisable rituals, cosmology , shared textual resources , and pilgrimage to sacred sites
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Yamuna
The YAMUNA (Hindustani : /jəmʊnaː/), sometimes called the JAMUNA or JUMNA (Hindustani : /d͡ʒəm(ʊ)na:/), is the longest and the second largest tributary river of the Ganges
Ganges
(Ganga) in northern India . Originating from the Yamunotri
Yamunotri
Glacier at a height of 6,387 metres on the south western slopes of Banderpooch peaks in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalaya in Uttarakhand , it travels a total length of 1,376 kilometres (855 mi) and has a drainage system of 366,223 square kilometres (141,399 sq mi), 40.2% of the entire Ganges Basin , before merging with the Ganges
Ganges
at Triveni Sangam ,