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Comune
The COMUNE (IPA: ; plural: comuni, IPA: ) is a basic administrative division in Italy
Italy
, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality . CONTENTS * 1 Importance and function * 2 Subdivisions * 3 Homonymy * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links IMPORTANCE AND FUNCTIONThe comune provides many of the basic civil functions: registry of births and deaths, registry of deeds , and contracting for local roads and public works. It is headed by a mayor (sindaco) assisted by a legislative body, the consiglio comunale (communal council), and an executive body, the giunta comunale (communal committee). The mayor and members of the consiglio comunale are elected together by resident citizens: the coalition of the elected mayor (who needs an absolute majority in the first or second round of voting) gains three fifths of the consiglio's seats
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Government
A GOVERNMENT is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state . In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature , executive , and judiciary . Government
Government
is a means by which state policies are enforced, as well as a mechanism for determining the policy . While all types of organizations have governance, the word government is often used more specifically to refer to the approximately 200 independent national governments on Earth
Earth
, as well as subsidiary organizations. Historically prevalent forms of government include aristocracy , timocracy , oligarchy , democracy and tyranny
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Lazio
LAZIO (UK : /ˈlætsioʊ/ , US : /ˈlɑːtsioʊ/ ; Italian: ; Latin : Latium
Latium
) is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy
Italy
. Situated in the central peninsular section of the country, it has almost 5.9 million inhabitants – making it the second most populated region of Italy
Italy
(after Lombardy
Lombardy
and just a little ahead of Campania
Campania
) – and its GDP of more than 170 billion euros per annum means that it has the nation's second largest regional economy. The capital of Lazio
Lazio
is Rome , which is also Italy's capital and the country's largest city . CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Economy * 4 Demographics * 5 Government and politics * 6 Administrative divisions * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHY Relief map of Lazio
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Assessor (Italy)
In Italy
Italy
an ASSESSOR (in Italian language
Italian language
: assessore) is a member of a Giunta, the executive body in all levels of local government : regions , provinces and communes . Assessors are appointed by the chief executive of local government, who chairs the Giunta--the mayor of a commune, the president of a province or region. They serve until the chief executive ends his term or resigns, if he doesn't dismiss them. In communes with 15,000 residents or more and in provinces, assessors cannot be members of Consiglio (council), the local legislative body: if a member of council is appointed as assessor, he must resign from council. The mayor or president usually assigns to each assessor responsibility for a specific aspect of municipal, provincial or regional affairs and the supervision of corresponding branch of local government, called assessorato (department)
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France
FRANCE (French: ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (French: République française, pronounced ), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France
France
in western Europe
Europe
, as well as several overseas regions and territories . The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the English Channel
English Channel
and the North Sea
North Sea
, and from the Rhine
Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America
South America
and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans
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Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
TRENTINO-ALTO ADIGE/SüDTIROL (Italian : Trentino-Alto Adige, pronounced ; German: Trentino-Südtirol; Ladin : Trentin-Südtirol ) is an autonomous region in Northern Italy
Italy
. Since the 1970s, most legislative and administrative powers have been transferred to the two self-governing provinces that make up the region: Trentino
Trentino
and South Tyrol . From the 8th century until its annexation by Italy
Italy
in 1919, the region was part of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
and its predecessors, the Austrian Empire and the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
. Together with the Austrian state of Tyrol it is represented by the Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol- Trentino
Trentino
. With a past of poverty, the region is today among the wealthiest and most developed in both Italy
Italy
and the whole European Union
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Aosta Valley
The AOSTA VALLEY (Italian : VALLE D\'AOSTA (official) or Val d' Aosta
Aosta
(usual); French : VALLéE D\'AOSTE (official) or Val d'Aoste (usual); Arpitan : Val d'Outa; Walser German : Augschtalann or Ougstalland) is a mountainous autonomous region in northwestern Italy
Italy
. It is bordered by Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
, France
France
to the west, Valais
Valais
, Switzerland
Switzerland
to the north and the region of Piedmont
Piedmont
to the south and east. Covering an area of 3,263 km2 (1,260 sq mi) and with a population of about 128,000 it is the smallest, least populous, and least densely populated region of Italy. It is the only Italian region that is not sub-divided into provinces (the province of Aosta
Aosta
was dissolved in 1945)
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Municipal Police (Italy)
The POLIZIA MUNICIPALE are the municipal police of Italy
Italy
responsible to the mayors of the various municipalities of Italy
Italy
. Traffic control is their main function in addition to enforcing national, regional and local laws regarding commerce, legal residence, pets and other administrative duties. They also have all other police duties, with the exception of public safety, because this is an exclusive duty of the Polizia di Stato
Polizia di Stato
and Polizia Municipale has only an auxiliary function. Thus, its member aren't automatically authorized to carry weapons while in their line of duty (like in Polizia di Stato, Carabinieri, Guardia di Finanza
Guardia di Finanza
and so on). On the contrary, each municipality decides whether to arm its municipal police corp. The Italian polizia municipale (PM) forces have 60,000 employees, Rome having the largest at several thousand
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Lombardy
LOMBARDY (/ˈlɒmbərdi/ LOM-bər-dee ; Italian : Lombardia ; Lombard : Lombardia, pronounced: ( Western Lombard ) , (Eastern Lombard ) ) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy
Italy
, in the northwest of the country, with an area of 23,844 square kilometres (9,206 sq mi). 10 million people, forming one-sixth of Italy's population, live in Lombardy
Lombardy
and about a fifth of Italy's GDP is produced in the region, making it the most populous and richest region in the country and one of the richest regions in Europe. Milan
Milan
, Lombardy's capital, is the second-largest city and the largest metropolitan area in Italy
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Registry Of Deeds
RECORDER OF DEEDS is a government office tasked with maintaining public records and documents, especially records relating to real estate ownership that provide persons other than the owner of a property with real rights over that property . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Philippines: Registry of Deeds * 3 South Africa: Deeds Registry * 4 United States: Recorders of Deeds * 5 Recorders/registers of deeds who became prominent in politics * 5.1 District of Columbia
District of Columbia
* 5.2 Elsewhere in the US * 5.3 Spain
Spain
* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links BACKGROUNDThe offices with similar duties (varying by jurisdiction ) include registrar general , register of deeds, registrar of deeds, registrar of titles . The office of such an official may be referred to as the deeds registry or deeds office
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Quartiere
A QUARTIERE (pronounced ; plural: QUARTIERI) is a territorial subdivision of certain Italian towns. The word derives from quarto, or fourth, and was thus properly used only for towns divided into four neighborhoods by the two main roads. It has been later used as a synonymous of neighbourhood, and an Italian town can be now subdivided into a greater number of quartieri. The Swiss town of Lugano
Lugano
(in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino) is subdivided into quarters also. The English word "quarter " to mean an urban neighbourhood (e.g. the French Quarter
French Quarter
in New Orleans
New Orleans
, Louisiana
Louisiana
) is derived from the cognate old French word "quartier". Other Italian towns with other than four official neighbourhoods are frequently divided into analogous terzieri (3) or sestieri (6); some towns merely refer to these neighborhoods by the non-number-specific rioni
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Terziere
A TERZIERE (plural: TERZIERI) is a subdivision of several towns in Italy
Italy
. The word derives from terzo, meaning "third"; and is thus used only for towns divided into three neighborhoods. Terzieri are most commonly met with in Umbria
Umbria
, as for example at Trevi , Spello
Spello
, Narni and Città della Pieve ; towns divided into terzieri in other regions include Lucca
Lucca
in Tuscany
Tuscany
. Ancona
Ancona
and Macerata
Macerata
in the Marches . The medieval Lordship of Negroponte , in the island of Euboea
Euboea
, was also divided into three distinct rulerships, which were known as terzieri
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Civil Registry
CIVIL REGISTRATION is the system by which a government records the vital events (births, marriages, and deaths) of its citizens and residents . The resulting repository or database has different names in different countries and even in different US states. It can be called a CIVIL REGISTRY , CIVIL REGISTER (but this is also an official term for an individual file of a vital event), VITAL RECORDS, and other terms, and the office responsible for receiving the registrations can be called a BUREAU OF VITAL STATISTICS, REGISTRY OF VITAL RECORDS AND STATISTICS, REGISTRAR, REGISTRY, REGISTER, REGISTRY OFFICE (officially REGISTER OFFICE ), or POPULATION REGISTRY. The primary purpose of civil registration is to create a legal document that can be used to establish and protect the rights of individuals. A secondary purpose is to create a data source for the compilation of vital statistics
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Circoscrizione
CIRCOSCRIZIONE (pronounced ; plural: circoscrizioni) can refer to two different administrative units of Italy
Italy
. One is an electoral district approximating to the English constituency but typically the size of a province or region depending on the election. The other is a subdivision of city comuni roughly equivalent to the municipal arrondissements of Paris or the London boroughs . ELECTORAL DISTRICTFor Senate elections, there are 20 circoscrizioni corresponding to the regions of Italy
Italy
. For elections to the Chamber of Deputies, some of the regions are split in two, and Lombardy in three, to make 26 circoscrizioni. For elections to the European Parliament, Italy
Italy
is split into 5 circoscrizioni, typically of 4-5 regions joined together
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County Seat
A COUNTY SEAT is an administrative center , seat of government , or capital city of a county or civil parish . The term is used in the United States , Canada
Canada
, Romania
Romania
, Mainland China and Taiwan
Taiwan
. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Republic of Ireland , and historically in Jamaica
Jamaica
. CONTENTS * 1 Function * 2 U.S
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Sestiere
A SESTIERE (plural: SESTIERI) is a subdivision of certain Italian towns and cities. The word is from sesto, or sixth; and is thus used only for towns divided into six districts. The best-known example is the sestieri of Venice
Venice
, but Ascoli Piceno
Ascoli Piceno
, Genoa
Genoa
, Milan
Milan
and Rapallo , for example, were also divided into sestieri. The medieval Lordship of Negroponte , on the island of Euboea
Euboea
, was also at times divided into six districts, each with a separate ruler, through the arbitration of Venice, which were known as sestieri. The island of Crete
Crete
, a Venetian colony (the " Kingdom of Candia ") from the Fourth Crusade , was also divided into six parts, named after the sestieri of Venice
Venice
herself, while the capital Candia retained the status of a comune of Venice
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