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Comune
The _COMUNE_ (IPA: ; plural: _comuni_, IPA: ) is a basic administrative division in Italy , roughly equivalent to a township or municipality . CONTENTS * 1 Importance and function * 2 Subdivisions * 3 Homonymy * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links IMPORTANCE AND FUNCTIONThe _comune_ provides many of the basic civil functions: registry of births and deaths, registry of deeds , and contracting for local roads and public works. It is headed by a mayor (_sindaco_) assisted by a legislative body, the _consiglio comunale_ (communal council), and an executive body, the _giunta comunale_ (communal committee). The mayor and members of the _consiglio comunale_ are elected together by resident citizens: the coalition of the elected mayor (who needs an absolute majority in the first or second round of voting) gains three fifths of the _consiglio's_ seats. The _giunta comunale_ is chaired by the mayor, who appoints others members, called _assessori _, one of whom is named his deputy _(vicesindaco)_. The offices of the _comune_ are housed in a building usually called the _municipio_, or _palazzo comunale_. As of February 2017 there were 7,982 _comuni_ in Italy; they vary considerably in area and population
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Comunes Collective
COMUNES is a non-profit organization with the stated aims of encouraging the Commons
Commons
and facilitating the grassroots work through free/libre web tools. Previously known as Ourproject.org , this collective established itself as legal entity in 2009, forming Comunes. Nowadays it serves as an umbrella organization for several projects related to the Commons. CONTENTS * 1 Philosophy and aims * 2 Projects * 2.1 Ourproject.org * 2.2 Kune * 2.3 Move Commons
Commons
* 2.4 Other projects * 3 Partners * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PHILOSOPHY AND AIMSAmong the Comunes' objectives are to provide legal protection to member projects, together with technical infrastructure. It claims to be inspired by Software in the Public Interest organization, which provides similar protection to free software projects. Comunes member projects must focus on encouraging the protection or expansion of the Commons
Commons
. Comunes Manifesto shows a view on the social movements as nodes in a social network , analysing which problems this ecosystem has and proposing Comunes web tools for diminishing them
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Commune
A COMMUNE (the French word appearing in the 12th century from Medieval Latin _communia _, meaning a large gathering of people sharing a common life; from Latin _communis_, things held in common) is an intentional community of people living together, sharing common interests, often having common values and beliefs, as well as shared property , possessions, resources , and, in some communes, work , income or assets . In addition to the communal economy , consensus decision-making , non-hierarchical structures and ecological living have become important core principles for many communes. There are many contemporary intentional communities all over the world, a list of which can be found at the Fellowship for Intentional Community (FIC). For the usually larger-scale, political entities in communist political theory , see socialist communes , which are similar but distinct social organizations
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Administrative Divisions Of Italy
Coordinates : 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12 Italian Republic Repubblica Italiana (Italian ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Il Canto degli Italiani (Italian ) "The Song of the Italians" Location of Italy
Italy
(dark green) – in Europe
Europe
(light green "> (light green) – Capital and largest city Rome
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Administrative Division
An ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION, UNIT, ENTITY, AREA or REGION, also referred to as a SUBNATIONAL ENTITY, CONSTITUENT UNIT, or COUNTRY SUBDIVISION, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration . Administrative divisions are granted a certain degree of autonomy and are usually required to manage themselves through their own local governments . Countries are divided up into these smaller units to make managing their land and the affairs of their people easier. For example, a country may be divided into provinces , which, in turn, are divided into counties , which, in turn, may be divided in whole or in part into municipalities ; and so on. Administrative divisions are conceptually separate from dependent territories , with the former being an integral part of the state and the other being only under some lesser form of control. However, the term "administrative division" can include dependent territories as well as accepted administrative divisions (for example, in geographical databases ). For clarity and convenience the standard neutral reference for the largest administrative subdivision of a country is called the "first-level administrative division" or "first administrative level". Next smaller is called "second-level administrative division" or "second administrative level"
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Italy
Coordinates : 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12 Italian Republic _Repubblica Italiana_ (Italian ) _ Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Il Canto degli Italiani _ (Italian ) "The Song of the Italians" Location of Italy (dark green) – in Europe (light green "> (light green) – Capital and largest city Rome 41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483 Official language and national language Italian a RELIGION * 83.3% Christians * 12.4% Irreligious * 3.7% Muslims * 0.2% Buddhists * 0.1% Hindus * 0.3% Other religions DEMONYM Italian GOV
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Township
The word TOWNSHIP is used to refer to various kinds of settlements in different countries. While a township may be associated with an urban area, there are many exceptions to this rule. In Australia
Australia
, Canada
Canada
, and the United States
United States
, they may be settlements too small to be considered urban. CONTENTS * 1 Australia
Australia
* 2 Canada
Canada
* 3 China
China
* 4 Commonwealth of Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States
(CIS) countries * 5 New Zealand
New Zealand
* 6 Philippines
Philippines
* 7 South Africa
South Africa
* 8 Thailand * 9 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
* 10 United States
United States
* 11 Vietnam
Vietnam
* 12 Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
* 13 See also * 14 References * 15 External links AUSTRALIA See also: Suburbs and localities (Australia) In Australia
Australia
, the designation of "township" traditionally refers to a small town or a small community in a rural district ; such a place in Britain might qualify as a village or a hamlet . The term refers purely to the settlement; it does not refer to a unit of government; townships are governed as part of a larger (e.g., shire or city) council
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Municipality
A MUNICIPALITY is usually a single urban administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and state laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county , which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns , villages and hamlets . The term _municipality_ may also mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district . The term is derived from French _municipalité_ and Latin _municipalis_. The English word _municipality_ derives from the Latin social contract _municipium _ (derived from a word meaning "duty holders"), referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state (granting Roman citizenshipto the inhabitants) while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments (a limited autonomy). A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York
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Civil Registry
CIVIL REGISTRATION is the system by which a government records the vital events (births, marriages, and deaths) of its citizens and residents . The resulting repository or database has different names in different countries and even in different US states. It can be called a CIVIL REGISTRY , CIVIL REGISTER (but this is also an official term for an individual file of a vital event), VITAL RECORDS, and other terms, and the office responsible for receiving the registrations can be called a BUREAU OF VITAL STATISTICS, REGISTRY OF VITAL RECORDS AND STATISTICS, REGISTRAR, REGISTRY, REGISTER, REGISTRY OFFICE (officially REGISTER OFFICE ), or POPULATION REGISTRY. The primary purpose of civil registration is to create a legal document that can be used to establish and protect the rights of individuals. A secondary purpose is to create a data source for the compilation of vital statistics . In most countries, there is a legal requirement to notify the relevant authority of certain life events, such as births, marriages and death. The first country to establish a nationwide population register was France in 1539, using the Catholic Church registers, Sweden followed in 1631, which was organized by the Church of Sweden on the demand of the Swedish king
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Registry Of Deeds
RECORDER OF DEEDS is a government office tasked with maintaining public records and documents, especially records relating to real estate ownership that provide persons other than the owner of a property with real rights over that property . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Philippines: Registry of Deeds * 3 South Africa: Deeds Registry * 4 United States: Recorders of Deeds * 5 Recorders/registers of deeds who became prominent in politics * 5.1 District of Columbia * 5.2 Elsewhere in the US * 5.3 Spain
Spain
* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links BACKGROUNDThe offices with similar duties (varying by jurisdiction ) include registrar general , register of deeds, registrar of deeds, registrar of titles . The office of such an official may be referred to as the deeds registry or deeds office. In the United States, the recorder of deeds is often an elected county office and is called the county recorder. In some U.S. states, the functions of a recorder of deeds are a responsibility of the county clerk (or the county's clerk of court ), and the official may be called a clerk-recorder or recorder-clerk. The recorder of deeds provides a single location in which records of real property rights are recorded and may be researched by interested parties
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Assessor (italy)
In Italy
Italy
an ASSESSOR (in Italian language : assessore) is a member of a Giunta, the executive body in all levels of local government : regions , provinces and communes . Assessors are appointed by the chief executive of local government, who chairs the Giunta--the mayor of a commune, the president of a province or region. They serve until the chief executive ends his term or resigns, if he doesn't dismiss them. In communes with 15,000 residents or more and in provinces, assessors cannot be members of Consiglio (council), the local legislative body: if a member of council is appointed as assessor, he must resign from council. The mayor or president usually assigns to each assessor responsibility for a specific aspect of municipal, provincial or regional affairs and the supervision of corresponding branch of local government, called assessorato (department). Among the assessors one is chosen by mayor or president as his deputy and is called vicesindaco (deputy mayor ) or vicepresidente (vice president ). SEE ALSO * Alderman * scabino Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Assessor_(Italy) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Rome
ROME (/ˈroʊm/ _ROHM_ ; Italian : _Roma_ (_ listen ), Latin : Rōma_) is the capital of Italy and a special comune (named _ Comune di Roma Capitale_). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region . With 2,877,215 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the center of the Metropolitan City of Rome , which has a population of 4.3 million residents. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula , within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber . The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states. Rome\'s history spans more than 2,500 years. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe. The city's early population originated from a mix of Latins , Etruscans and Sabines
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Lazio
LAZIO (UK : /ˈlætsioʊ/ , US : /ˈlɑːtsioʊ/ ; Italian: ; Latin : _ Latium _) is one of the 20 administrative regions of Italy . Situated in the central peninsular section of the country, it has almost 5.9 million inhabitants – making it the second most populated region of Italy (after Lombardy and just a little ahead of Campania ) – and its GDP of more than 170 billion euros per annum means that it has the nation's second largest regional economy. The capital of Lazio is Rome , which is also Italy's capital and the country's largest city . CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Economy * 4 Demographics * 5 Government and politics * 6 Administrative divisions * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links GEOGRAPHY Relief map of Lazio. Panorama of the Aniene Valley. Lazio comprises a land area of 17,236 km2 (6,655 sq mi) and it has borders with Tuscany , Umbria , and Marche to the north, Abruzzo and Molise to the east, Campania to the south, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. The region is mainly flat and hilly, with small mountainous areas in the most eastern and southern districts
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Fiera Di Primiero
FIERA DI PRIMIERO (German : Primör) is a comune (municipality) in Trentino
Trentino
in the northern Italian region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol , located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) east of Trento
Trento
. With an area of 0.15 square kilometres (0.058 sq mi), Fiera di Primiero is the smallest municipality in land area in Italy
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Trentino
The TRENTINO, officially the AUTONOMOUS PROVINCE OF TRENTO, is an autonomous province of Italy
Italy
, in the country's far north. The Trentino
Trentino
is, along with South Tyrol , one of the two provinces making up the region of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol , which is designated an autonomous region under the constitution. The province is divided into 177 _comuni_ (municipalities). Its capital is the city of Trento . The province covers an area of more than 6,000 km2 (2,300 sq mi), with a total population of about 540,000. The Trentino
Trentino
is renowned for its mountains , such as the Dolomites
Dolomites
, which are part of the Alps
Alps
. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Geography * 4 Politics * 4.1 Administration * 5 Economy * 5.1 Transport * 6 Demographics * 6.1 Languages * 7 Culture * 7.1 Sports * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links ETYMOLOGYThe province is generally known as the Trentino. The name derives from Trento, the capital city of the province. Originally, the term was used by the local population only to refer to the city and its immediate surroundings
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Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
TRENTINO-ALTO ADIGE/SüDTIROL (Italian : Trentino-Alto Adige, pronounced ; German: Trentino-Südtirol; Ladin : Trentin-Südtirol ) is an autonomous region in Northern Italy
Italy
. Since the 1970s, most legislative and administrative powers have been transferred to the two self-governing provinces that make up the region: Trentino
Trentino
and South Tyrol . From the 8th century until its annexation by Italy
Italy
in 1919, the region was part of Austria-Hungary and its predecessors, the Austrian Empire and the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
. Together with the Austrian state of Tyrol it is represented by the Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol- Trentino
Trentino
. With a past of poverty, the region is today among the wealthiest and most developed in both Italy
Italy
and the whole European Union. In English, the region is also known as TRENTINO-SOUTH TYROL or by its Italian name Trentino-Alto Adige
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