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Compromise Of 1850
The Compromise of 1850
Compromise of 1850
was a package of five separate bills passed by the United States Congress
United States Congress
in September 1850, which defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and free states on the status of territories acquired during the Mexican–American War (1846–1848). The compromise, drafted by Whig Senator Henry Clay
Henry Clay
of Kentucky and brokered by Clay and Democratic Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois, reduced sectional conflict. Controversy arose over the Fugitive Slave provision. The Compromise was greeted with relief, but each side disapproved of some of its specific provisions: Texas
Texas
surrendered its claim to New Mexico
New Mexico
as well as its claims north of 36°30'
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Southern United States
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland and the South, is a region of the United States
United States
of America. The South does not fully match the geographic south of the United States but is commonly defined as including the states that fought for the Confederate States of America
Confederate States of America
in the American Civil War.[2] The Deep South
Deep South
is fully located in the southeastern corner
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Texas Panhandle
The Texas
Texas
Panhandle is a region of the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Texas
Texas
consisting of the northernmost twenty-six counties in the state. The panhandle is a rectangular area bordered by New Mexico
New Mexico
to the west and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
to the north and east
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Second Party System
Historians and political scientists use the phrase Second Party System as a term of periodization to designate the political party system operating in the United States
United States
from about 1828 to 1854, after the First Party System
First Party System
ended. The system was characterized by rapidly rising levels of voter interest, beginning in 1828, as demonstrated by Election Day turnouts, rallies, partisan newspapers, and high degrees of personal loyalty to parties.[1][2] Two major parties dominated the political landscape: the Democratic Party, led by Andrew Jackson, and the Whig Party, assembled by Henry Clay from the National Republicans and from other opponents of Jackson. Minor parties included the Anti-Masonic Party, an important innovator from 1827 to 1834; the abolitionist Liberty Party in 1840; and the anti-slavery Free Soil
Free Soil
Party in 1848 and 1852
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35th Parallel North
The 3 5th parallel north
5th parallel north
is a circle of latitude that is 35 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane
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Texas Annexation
The Texas
Texas
Annexation
Annexation
was the 1845 incorporation of the Republic of Texas
Texas
into the United States
United States
of America, which was admitted to the Union as the 28th state on December 29, 1845. The Republic of Texas
Republic of Texas
declared independence from the Republic of Mexico on March 2, 1836. At the time the vast majority of the Texian population favored the annexation of the Republic by the United States. The leadership of both major U.S. political parties, the Democrats and the Whigs, opposed the introduction of Texas, a vast slave-holding region, into the volatile political climate of the pro- and anti-slavery sectional controversies in Congress. Moreover, they wished to avoid a war with Mexico, whose government refused to acknowledge the sovereignty of its rebellious northern province
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Rio Grande
The Rio Grande
Rio Grande
(/ˈriːoʊ ˈɡrænd/ or /ˈriːoʊ ˈɡrɑːndeɪ/;[5][6][7] Spanish: Río Bravo del Norte, pronounced [ˈri.o ˈβɾaβo ðel ˈnorte] or simply Río Bravo) is one of the principal rivers in the southwest United States
United States
and northern Mexico
Mexico
(the other being the Colorado
Colorado
River). The Rio Grande begins in south-central Colorado
Colorado
in the United States
United States
and flows to the Gulf of Mexico.[8] Along the way, it forms part of the Mexico–United States border. According to the International Boundary and Water Commission, its total length was 1,896 miles (3,051 km) in the late 1980s, though course shifts occasionally result in length changes
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Northern United States
The Northern United States, commonly referred to as the American North or simply the North, can be a geographic or historical term and definition.Contents1 Geographic term1.1 Census Bureau2 Historical term2.1 American Civil War3 See also 4 ReferencesGeographic term[edit] Geographically, the term includes the U.S. states and regions of the United States
United States
of America that are located across the northernmost part of the country
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Battle Of Negro Fort
A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants. A war sometimes consists of many battles. Battles generally are well defined in duration, area, and force commitment.[1] A battle with only limited engagement between the forces and without decisive results is sometimes called a skirmish. Wars and military campaigns are guided by strategy, whereas battles take place on a level of planning and execution known as operational mobility.[2] German strategist Carl von Clausewitz
Carl von Clausewitz
stated that "the employment of battles ..
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Popular Sovereignty
Popular sovereignty, or the sovereignty of the peoples' rule, is part of the seven principles, that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power. It is closely associated with social contract philosophers such as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke
John Locke
and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Popular sovereignty expresses a concept and does not necessarily reflect or describe a political reality.[a] The people have the final say in government decisions
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Northwest Ordinance
The Northwest Ordinance
Northwest Ordinance
(formally An Ordinance for the Government of the Territory of the United States, North-West of the River Ohio, and also known as The Ordinance of 1787) enacted July 13, 1787, was an act of the Congress of the Confederation
Congress of the Confederation
of the United States. It created the Northwest Territory, the first organized territory of the United States, from lands beyond the Appalachian Mountains, between British North America and the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
to the north and the Ohio River
Ohio River
to the south
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Mormon Pioneers
The Mormon pioneers
Mormon pioneers
were members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), also known as Latter-day Saints, who migrated across the United States
United States
from the Midwest to the Salt Lake Valley in what is today the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Utah. At the time of the ceasefire and planning of the exodus in 1846, the territory was owned by the Republic of Mexico, which soon after went to war with the United States
United States
over the annexation of Texas
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Texas Annexation
The Texas
Texas
Annexation
Annexation
was the 1845 incorporation of the Republic of Texas
Texas
into the United States
United States
of America, which was admitted to the Union as the 28th state on December 29, 1845. The Republic of Texas
Republic of Texas
declared independence from the Republic of Mexico on March 2, 1836. At the time the vast majority of the Texian population favored the annexation of the Republic by the United States. The leadership of both major U.S. political parties, the Democrats and the Whigs, opposed the introduction of Texas, a vast slave-holding region, into the volatile political climate of the pro- and anti-slavery sectional controversies in Congress. Moreover, they wished to avoid a war with Mexico, whose government refused to acknowledge the sovereignty of its rebellious northern province
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Manifest Destiny
In the 19th century, manifest destiny was a widely held belief in the United States
United States
that its settlers were destined to expand across North America. There are three basic themes to manifest destiny:The special virtues of the American people and their institutions The mission of the United States
United States
to redeem and remake the west in the image of agrarian America An irresistible destiny to accomplish this essential duty[3]Historian Frederick Merk says this concept was born out of "a sense of mission to redeem the Old World
Old World
by high example ... generated by the potentialities of a new earth for building a new heaven".[4] Historians have emphasized that "manifest destiny" was a contested concept—pre-civil war Democrats endorsed the idea but many prominent Americans (such as Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and most Whigs) rejected it
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United States Congress
535 voting members100 senators 435 representatives6 non-voting membersSenate political groups     Republican (51)      Democratic (47)      Independent (2) (caucusing with Democrats)House of Representatives political groups     Republican (238)      Democratic (193)      Vacant (4)ElectionsSenate last electionNovember 8, 2016House of Representatives last electionNovember 8, 2016Meeting place United States
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Tariff Of Abominations
The " Tariff
Tariff
of Abominations" was a protective tariff passed by the Congress of the United States
Congress of the United States
on May 19, 1828, designed to protect industry in the northern United States. Enacted during the presidency of John Quincy
John Quincy
Adams, it was labeled the Tariff
Tariff
of Abominations by its southern detractors because of the effects it had on the antebellum Southern economy. It set a 38% tax on 92% of all imported goods. Industries in the northern United States were being driven out of business by low-priced imported goods; the major goal of the tariff was to protect these industries by taxing those goods. The South, however, was harmed directly by having to pay higher prices on goods the region did not produce, and indirectly because reducing the exportation of British goods to the U.S
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