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Commandant
Commandant (/ˌkɒmənˈdɑːnt/ or /ˌkɒmənˈdænt/) is a title often given to the officer in charge of a military (or other uniformed service) training establishment or academy. This usage is common in English-speaking nations. In some countries it may be a military or police rank. It is also often used to refer to the commander of a military prison or prison camp (including concentration camps and prisoner of war camps).Contents1 France 2 India 3 Ireland 4 South Africa 5 New Zealand 6 Sri Lanka 7 United Kingdom 8 United States 9 See also 10 References 11 External linksFrance[edit] In the French Army
French Army
and French Air Force, the term commandant is used as a rank equivalent to major (NATO rank code OF-3)
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Chancellor (education)
A chancellor is a leader of a college or university, usually either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system. In most Commonwealth and former Commonwealth nations, the chancellor is usually a ceremonial non-resident head of the university. In such institutions, the chief executive of a university is the vice-chancellor, who may carry an additional title such as president (e.g. "president & vice-chancellor". The chancellor may serve as chairman of the governing body; if not, this duty is often held by a chairman who may be known as a pro-chancellor. In many countries, the administrative and educational head of the university is known as the president, principal or rector. In the United States, the head of a university is most commonly a university president. In U.S
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Battalion
A battalion is a military unit. The use of the term "battalion" varies by nationality and branch of service. Typically a battalion consists of 300 to 800 soldiers and is divided into a number of companies. A battalion is typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. In some countries the word "battalion" is associated with the infantry. The term was first used in Italian as battaglione no later than the 16th century
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Superintendent (education)
In the field of education in the United States, a superintendent or superintendent of schools is an administrator or manager in charge of a number of public schools or a school district, a local government body overseeing public schools. All school principals in a respective school district all report to the superintendent. The role and powers of the superintendent varies among areas
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World War II
Pacific WarChina Pacific Ocean South-East Asia South West Pacific Japan Manchuria & Northern Korea Mediterranean and Middle EastNorth Africa East Africa Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Malta Yugoslavia Iraq Syria–Lebanon Iran Italy Dodecanese Southern France Other campaignsAtlantic Arctic Strategic bombing Americas French West Africa Indian Ocean Madagascar Contemporaneous warsSoviet–Japanese border conflicts Franco-Thai War Ecuadorian–Peruvian War Ili Rebellion Afghan tribal revolts World War II Alphabetical indices A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0–9Navigation CampaignsCountriesEquipment TimelineOutlineLists PortalCategoryBibliography vte World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis
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British Army
The British Army
Army
is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2017, the British Army comprises just over 80,000 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 26,500 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.[4] Since April 2013, Ministry of Defence publications have not reported the entire strength of the Regular Reserve; instead, only Regular Reserves serving under the fixed-term reserve contracts have been counted.[5] The modern British Army
Army
traces back to 1707, with an antecedent in the English Army
Army
that was created during the Restoration in 1660
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British Armed Forces
The British Armed Forces,[nb 3] also known as Her Majesty's Armed Forces or the Armed Forces of the Crown, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies. They also promote Britain's wider interests, support international peacekeeping efforts and provide humanitarian aid.[7] Since the formation of a Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
in 1707 (later succeeded by the United Kingdom),[8] the armed forces have seen action in a number of major wars involving the world's great powers, including the Seven Years' War, the Napoleonic Wars, the Crimean War, the First World War, and the Second World War
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Colonel Of The Regiment
Colonel
Colonel
(Col) is a rank of the British Army
British Army
and Royal Marines, ranking below brigadier, and above lieutenant colonel. British colonels are not usually field commanders; typically they serve as staff officers between field commands at battalion and brigade level. The insignia is two diamond-shaped pips (properly called "Bath Stars") below a crown. The crown has varied in the past with different monarchs; the current Queen's reign has used St Edward's Crown. The rank is equivalent to captain in the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
and group captain in the Royal Air Force.Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Ceremonial usage 4 Royal Air Force 5 Historical insignia 6 Current insignia 7 See also 8 ReferencesEtymology[edit] The rank of colonel was popularized by the tercios that were employed in the Spanish Army
Spanish Army
during the 16th and 17th centuries
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Two-star Rank
An officer of two-star rank is a senior commander in many of the armed services holding a rank described by the NATO
NATO
code of OF-7
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Naval District
Navy Installations Command (CNIC) is an Echelon II shore command responsible for all shore installations under the control of the United States
United States
Navy. As an Echelon II command, it reports directly to the Chief of Naval Operations. It is responsible for the operation and management of all Naval installations worldwide through eleven Navy Regions. Contents1 Mission 2 Operations 3 Regions3.1 Former Regions4 External links 5 ReferencesMission[edit] Prior to the creation of CNIC, all of the Navy's major shore echelon II commanders (BUMED, NAVSEA, NAVSUP) operated their own installations independent of each other. This led to a hodgepodge of installation operating procedures, that, when installations operated in close proximity to one another, resulted in sometimes incompatible and large policy differences
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One-star Rank
An officer of one-star rank is a senior commander in many of the armed services holding a rank described by the NATO
NATO
code of OF-6. The term is also used by some armed forces which are not NATO
NATO
members. Typically, one-star officers hold the rank of commodore, flotilla admiral, brigadier general, brigadier, or in the case of those air forces with a separate rank structure, air commodore. Officers of one-star rank are either the most junior of the flag, general and air officer ranks, or are not considered to hold the distinction at all. Specifically, in many navies, one-star officers are not considered to be flag officers, although this is not always the case. The army and air force rank of brigadier general is, by definition, a general officer rank. However, the equivalent rank of brigadier is usually not designated as a general officer
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New Zealand Defence College
The New Zealand
New Zealand
Command and Staff College (NZCSC) is the premier educational institute for the New Zealand
New Zealand
Defence Force (NZDF) and is located at Trentham Military Camp, Upper Hutt
Upper Hutt
(near Wellington). The New Zealand
New Zealand
Command and Staff College provides professional military education to New Zealand
New Zealand
Defence Force officers which prepares officers for command and staff appointments. The College was established at Whenuapai, near Auckland, in 1950, as a school for junior officers of the RNZAF. In 2004, the College moved to its present location in Trentham Military Camp, Upper Hutt
Upper Hutt
near Wellington, New Zealand
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New Zealand Defence Force
The New Zealand
New Zealand
Defence Force (Maori: Te Ope Kaatua o Aotearoa, "Line of Defence of New Zealand") consists of three services: the Royal New Zealand Navy; New Zealand
New Zealand
Army; and the Royal New Zealand
New Zealand
Air Force, and is commanded and headed by the Chief of Defence Force (CDF) As of 2017[update] the Commander-in-Chief
Commander-in-Chief
of the NZDF is Dame Patsy Reddy, Governor-General of New Zealand, who exercises power on the advice of the Minister of Defence, Ron Mark, under the Defence Act 1990. The Chief of Defence Force is Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General
Tim Keating, who previously served in the capacity of Vice Chief of Defence Force, having been appointed to his current position on 31 January 2014
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Air Force Academy, China Bay
The Air Force Academy (AFA) is the Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Air Force's training and education academy which provides initial training to all SLAF personnel who are preparing to be commissioned officers. AFA also provides initial training to Officer Cadets of the general duties pilot branch. The Air Force Academy is based at SLAF China Bay in Trincomalee. The academy offers a two-year program of basic flight training and a variety of specialized courses
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Special Constabulary
The Special
Special
Constabulary is the part-time volunteer section of statutory police forces in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and some Crown dependencies. Its officers are known as special constables (all hold the office of constable no matter what their grade) or informally as specials. Every United Kingdom
United Kingdom
territorial police force has a special constabulary except the Police
Police
Service of Northern Ireland, which has a Reserve constituted on different grounds. However, the Royal Ulster Constabulary (and the previous Royal Irish Constabulary) did have its own Ulster Special Constabulary
Ulster Special Constabulary
from 1920 until 1970, when the Reserve was formed. The British Transport Police
Police
(a national "special police force") also has a special constabulary
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European Union
The European Union
European Union
(EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.[11] Its members have a combined area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one
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