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Comfort Momoh
Comfort Iyabo Amah Momoh, MBE
MBE
(born c. 1962) is a British midwife who specializes in the treatment of female genital mutilation (FGM). Born in Nigeria, Momoh is a member of the British FGM
FGM
national clinical group, established in 2007 to train health professionals in how to deal with the practice.[4] Until 2017 she served as a public-health specialist at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust in London.[5] She is the editor of Female Genital Mutilation (2005).Contents1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Awards 4 2017 complaint 5 Selected works 6 References 7 Further readingEarly life and education[edit] Momoh was born in Lagos, Nigeria,[2] to a Nigerian-Ghanaian family.[6][7] Her maternal grandmother died days before Momoh's birth,[2] and she was mostly raised by her paternal grandmother.[8] In 1981 she moved to the UK to train as a nurse at North Middlesex Hospital
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Member Of The Order Of The British Empire
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
British Empire
is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.[2] It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V, and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female.[3] There is also the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order. Recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire were at first made on the nomination of the United Kingdom, the self-governing Dominions
Dominions
of the Empire (later Commonwealth) and the Viceroy of India
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Dyspareunia
Dyspareunia is painful sexual intercourse due to medical or psychological causes. The pain can primarily be on the external surface of the genitalia, or deeper in the pelvis upon deep pressure against the cervix. It can affect a small portion of the vulva or vagina or be felt all over the surface. Understanding the duration, location, and nature of the pain is important in identifying the causes of the pain. Numerous physical, psychological, and social or relationship causes can contribute to pain during sexual encounters. Commonly, multiple underlying causes contribute to the pain. The pain can be acquired or congenital. Symptoms of dyspareunia may also occur after menopause. Diagnosis is typically by physical examination and medical history. Underlying causes determine treatment. Many women experience relief when physical causes are identified and treated
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Nimco Ali
Nimco Ali (Somali: Nimco Cali) is a Somali social activist and independent training consultant. She is a co-founder and the Director of the Daughters of Eve non-profit organization.Contents1 Personal life 2 Career 3 Awards 4 Political activity 5 References 6 External linksPersonal life[edit] Ali was born between 1982 and 1983 in Somalia. When she was four, her family moved to Manchester, England, where she was raised.[1][2] She has four brothers, one of whom, Mohamed, is chair of the Somali Conservatives.[3] For her post-secondary education, Ali attended the University of the West of England, Bristol.[4] Career[edit] Ali previously worked as a civil servant
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PubMed Identifier
PubMed
PubMed
is a free search engine accessing primarily the MEDLINE database of references and abstracts on life sciences and biomedical topics. The United States National Library of Medicine
United States National Library of Medicine
(NLM) at the National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
maintains the database as part of the Entrez
Entrez
system of information retrieval.[1] From 1971 to 1997, MEDLINE online access to the MEDLARS Online computerized database primarily had been through institutional facilities, such as university libraries
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Digital Object Identifier
In computing, a digital object identifier (DOI) is a persistent identifier or handle used to identify objects uniquely, standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).[1] An implementation of the Handle System,[2][3] DOIs are in wide use mainly to identify academic, professional, and government information, such as journal articles, research reports and data sets, and official publications though they also have been used to identify other types of information resources, such as commercial videos. A DOI aims to be "resolvable", usually to some form of access to the information object to which the DOI refers. This is achieved by binding the DOI to metadata about the object, such as a URL, indicating where the object can be found. Thus, by being actionable and interoperable, a DOI differs from identifiers such as ISBNs and ISRCs which aim only to identify their referents uniquely
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PubMed Central
PubMed
PubMed
Central (PMC) is a free digital repository that archives publicly accessible full-text scholarly articles that have been published within the biomedical and life sciences journal literature. As one of the major research databases within the suite of resources that have been developed by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), PubMed
PubMed
Central is much more than just a document repository
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Lagos
Lagos
Lagos
(/ˈleɪɡɒs, -ɡoʊs/;[11] Yoruba: Èkó) is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos. The city, with its adjoining conurbation, is the most populous in Nigeria
Nigeria
and on the African continent
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Dysmenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful periods, or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation.[1][2] Its usual onset occurs around the time that menstruation begins.[1] Symptoms typically last less than three days.[1] The pain is usually in the pelvis or lower abdomen.[1] Other symptoms may include back pain, diarrhea, or nausea.[1] In young women painful periods often occur without an underlying problem.[3] In older women it is more often due to an underlying issues such as uterine fibroids, adenomyosis, or endometriosis.[3] It is more common among those with heavy periods, irregular periods, whose periods started before twelve years of age, or who have a low body weight.[1] A pelvic exam in those who are sexually active and ultrasound may be useful to help in diagnosis.[1] Conditions that should be ruled out include ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, interstitial cystitis, and chronic pelvic pain.[1]
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Keloid
Keloid, also known as keloid disorder and keloidal scar,[1] is the formation of a type of scar which, depending on its maturity, is composed mainly of either type III (early) or type I (late) collagen. It is a result of an overgrowth of granulation tissue (collagen type 3) at the site of a healed skin injury which is then slowly replaced by collagen type 1. Keloids are firm, rubbery lesions or shiny, fibrous nodules, and can vary from pink to the color of the person's skin or red to dark brown in color. A keloid scar is benign and not contagious, but sometimes accompanied by severe itchiness, pain,[2] and changes in texture. In severe cases, it can affect movement of skin
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Royal College Of Paediatrics And Child Health
The Royal College of Paediatrics
Paediatrics
and Child Health, often referred to as the RCPCH, is the professional body for paediatricians (doctors specialising in child health) in the United Kingdom. It is responsible for the postgraduate training of paediatricians and conducts the Membership of the Royal College of Paediatrics
Paediatrics
and Child Health (MRCPCH) exams. It also awards the Diploma in Child Health (DCH), which is taken by many doctors who plan a career in general practice. Members of the college use the postnominal initials 'MRCPCH' while Fellows use 'FRCPCH'.Contents1 History 2 Aims of the College 3 Membership 4 Coat of arms 5 List of Presidents of the Royal College of Paediatrics
Paediatrics
and Child Health 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] The United Kingdom's first national group of paediatricians was established in 1928 as the British Paediatric Association or BPA
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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease
or pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID) is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and inside of the pelvis.[5][2] Often there may be no symptoms.[1] Signs and symptoms, when present may include lower abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, fever, burning with urination, pain with sex, or irregular menstruation.[1] Untreated PID can result in long term complications including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain, and cance
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Rectovaginal Fistula
A rectovaginal fistula is a medical condition where there is a fistula or abnormal connection between the rectum and the vagina.[1] Rectovaginal fistula
Rectovaginal fistula
may be extremely debilitating. If the opening between the rectum and vagina is wide it will allow both flatulence and feces to escape through the vagina, leading to fecal incontinence. There is an association with recurrent urinary and vaginal infections. The fistula may also connect the rectum and urethra, which is called recto-urethral fistula. Either conditions can lead to labial fusion. This type of fistula can cause pediatricians to misdiagnose imperforate anus. The severity of the symptoms will depend on the size of fistula
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Vesicovaginal Fistula
Vesicovaginal fistula
Vesicovaginal fistula
(VVF) is a subtype of female urogenital fistula (UGF).Contents1 Presentation 2 Causes 3 Repair 4 Possible complications of surgical treatment 5 History of VVF Procedure 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksPresentation[edit] Vesicovaginal fistula, or VVF, is an abnormal fistulous tract extending between the bladder (or vesico) and the vagina that allows the continuous involuntary discharge of urine into the vaginal vault. In addition to the medical sequela from these fistulas, they often have a profound effect on the patient's emotional well-being. Causes[edit] It is often caused by childbirth (in which case it is known as an obstetric fistula), when a prolonged labor presses the unborn child tightly against the pelvis, cutting off blood flow to the vesicovaginal wall
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Ayaan Hirsi Ali
Ayaan Hirsi Ali
Ayaan Hirsi Ali
(/aɪˈjɑːn ˈhɪərsi ˈɑːli/; Dutch: [aːˈjaːn ˈɦiːrsi ˈaːli] ( listen); born Ayaan Hirsi Magan,[a] 13 November 1969)[1] is a Somali-born Dutch-American activist, feminist, author, scholar and former politician.[2][3] She received international attention as a critic of Islam
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Fran Hosken
Fran P. Hosken ( Viena
Viena
Austria
Austria
1920 – 2 February 2006) was an American writer, feminist, and social activist. She founded the Women's International Network in 1975, and published a quarterly journal on women's health issues that became known, in particular, for its research into female genital mutilation (FGM).Contents1 Biography 2 Work 3 Selected works 4 Notes 5 External linksBiography[edit] Hosken was born as Franziska Porges in Vienna
Vienna
where her father was a physician, and emigrated with her family to the United States in 1938. She attended Smith College, and in 1944 obtained a master's degree from the Harvard Graduate School of Design, one of the first women to do so. She joined the Coast Guard during the Second World War, working in communications. She married James Hosken in 1947
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