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Color Television
Color
Color
television is a television transmission technology that includes information on the color of the picture, so the video image can be displayed in color on the television set. It is an improvement on the earliest television technology, monochrome or black and white television, in which the image is displayed in shades of gray (grayscale). Television
Television
broadcasting stations and networks in most parts of the world upgraded from black and white to color transmission in the 1960s and 1970s. The invention of color television standards is an important part of the history of television, and it is described in the technology of television article. Transmission of color images using mechanical scanners had been conceived as early as the 1880s
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Mount Kaukau
Mount Kaukau, (/kaʊkaʊ/; Māori pronunciation: [koukou]) also known as Tarikākā, is in Wellington, New Zealand
New Zealand
on the western side of the Wellington
Wellington
harbour near Johnsonville and Khandallah. The summit is 445 metres above sea level and is the most visible high point in the Wellington
Wellington
landscape further accentuated by Wellington's main television transmitter tower the Kordia TV transmitter mast, which stands 122m tall. There is also a compass pedestal placed at the top. The city, harbour and the Rimutaka and Tararua Ranges can be viewed from the summit. On a clear day Mt. Tapuaeoenuku and the Bryant Range in the South Island may be seen, whilst northwest is the Porirua Basin and the expanse of the Tasman Sea
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Fernsehsender Paul Nipkow
The Fernsehsender "Paul Nipkow" (TV Station Paul Nipkow) in Berlin, Germany, was the first public television station in the world.[1][2] Carrying programming from Deutscher Fernseh-Rundfunk, it was on the air from March 22, 1935, until it was shut down in 1944. The station was named after Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, the inventor of the Nipkow disk.[3]Contents1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 External linksHistory[edit] Parallel to the experiments by John Logie Baird
John Logie Baird
in the United Kingdom, by Herbert E. Ives
Herbert E

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Nipkow Disk
A Nipkow disk
Nipkow disk
(sometimes Anglicized as Nipkov disk; patented in 1884), also known as scanning disk, is a mechanical, rotating, geometrically operating image scanning device, patented in 1885 by Paul Gottlieb Nipkow.[1] This scanning disk was a fundamental component in mechanical television through the 1920s and 1930s.Contents1 Operation 2 Advantages 3 Disadvantages 4 Applications 5 References 6 External linksOperation[edit] The device is a mechanically spinning disk of any suitable material (metal, plastic, cardboard, etc.), with a series of equally distanced circular holes of equal diameter drilled in it. The holes may also be square for greater precision.These holes are positioned to form a single-turn spiral starting from an external radial point of the disk and proceeding to the center of the disk
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Philo Farnsworth
Philo Taylor Farnsworth (August 19, 1906 – March 11, 1971) was an American inventor and television pioneer.[2] He made many contributions that were crucial to the early development of all-electronic television.[3] He is perhaps best known for his 1927 invention of the first fully functional all-electronic image pickup device (video camera tube), the "image dissector", as well as the first fully functional and complete all-electronic television system. He was also the first person to demonstrate such a system to the public.[4][5] Farnsworth developed a television system complete with receiver and camera, which he produced commercially in the form of the Farnsworth Television
Television
and Radio
Radio
Corporation, from 1938 to 1951, in Fort Wayne, Indiana.[6][7] In later life, Farnsworth invented a small nuclear fusion device, the Farnsworth–Hirsch fusor, or simply "fusor", employing inertial electrostatic confinement (IEC)
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Vladimir Zworykin
Vladimir Kosmich Zworykin (Russian: Влади́мир Козьми́ч Зворы́кин, Vladimir Koz'mich Zvorykin; July 29 [O.S. July 17] 1888 – July 29, 1982)[1][2] was a Russian-born American inventor, engineer, and pioneer of television technology. Educated in Russia
Russia
and in France, he spent most of his life in the United States. Zworykin invented a television transmitting and receiving system employing cathode ray tubes. He played a role in the practical development of television from the early thirties, including charge storage-type tubes, infrared image tubes and the electron microscope.[3]Contents1 Biography 2 Second marriage and calling 3 Death 4 Honors 5 Legacy 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External linksBiography[edit] Vladimir Kosmich Zworykin was born in Murom, Russia, in 1888, on July 29 (old style July 17), to the family of a prosperous merchant
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Iconoscope
The Iconoscope
Iconoscope
(from the Greek: εἰκών "image" and σκοπεῖν "to look, to see") was the first practical video camera tube to be used in early television cameras. The iconoscope produced a much stronger signal than earlier mechanical designs, and could be used under any well-lit conditions
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Kálmán Tihanyi
Kálmán Tihanyi
Kálmán Tihanyi
(28 April 1897 – 26 February 1947) was a Hungarian physicist, electrical engineer and inventor
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BBC
The British Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House
Broadcasting House
in Westminster, London, and it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation[4] and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees
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World War II
Pacific WarChina Pacific Ocean South-East Asia South West Pacific Japan Manchuria & North Korea Mediterranean and Middle EastNorth Africa East Africa Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Malta Yugoslavia Iraq Syria–Lebanon Iran Italy Dodecanese Southern France Other campaignsAtlantic Arctic Strategic bombing Americas French West Africa Indian Ocean Madagascar Contemporaneous warsSoviet–Japanese border conflicts Franco-Thai War Ecuadorian–Peruvian War Ili Rebellion World War II Alphabetical indices A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0–9Navigation CampaignsCountriesEquipment TimelineOutlineLists PortalCategoryBibliography vte World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis
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Pye Ltd.
Pye Ltd.
Pye Ltd.
was an electronics company founded in Cambridge, England, now wholly owned by Philips.Contents1 Early growth 2 Company trouble and sell-off 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksEarly growth[edit] W.G. Pye & Co. Ltd. was founded in 1896 in Cambridge
Cambridge
by William Pye, superintendent of the Cavendish Laboratory
Cavendish Laboratory
workshop, as a part-time business making scientific instruments.[1] By the outbreak of World War I
World War I
in 1914 the company employed 40 people manufacturing instruments that were used for teaching and research. The war increased demand for such instruments and the War Office
War Office
needed experimental thermionic valves
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Radar
Radar
Radar
is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects. It can be used to detect aircraft, ships, spacecraft, guided missiles, motor vehicles, weather formations, and terrain. A radar system consists of a transmitter producing electromagnetic waves in the radio or microwaves domain, a transmitting antenna, a receiving antenna (often the same antenna is used for transmitting and receiving) and a receiver and processor to determine properties of the object(s). Radio
Radio
waves (pulsed or continuous) from the transmitter reflect off the object and return to the receiver, giving information about the object's location and speed. Radar
Radar
was developed secretly for military use by several nations in the period before and during World War II
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Berlin
Berlin
Berlin
(/bɜːrˈlɪn/, German: [bɛɐ̯ˈliːn] ( listen)) is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states. With a steadily growing population of approximately 3.7 million,[4] Berlin
Berlin
is the second most populous city proper in the European Union
European Union
behind London
London
and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union.[5] Located in northeastern Germany
Germany
on the banks of the rivers Spree
Spree
and Havel, it is the centre of the Berlin- Brandenburg
Brandenburg
Metropolitan Region, which has roughly 6 million residents from more than 180 nations.[6][7][8][9] Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin
Berlin
is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate
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New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand
(/njuːˈziːlənd/ ( listen); Māori: Aotearoa [aɔˈtɛaɾɔa]) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island
North Island
(Te Ika-a-Māui), and the South Island
South Island
(Te Waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand
New Zealand
is situated some 1,500 kilometres (900 mi) east of Australia
Australia
across the Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand
New Zealand
developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal and plant life
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Joseph Goebbels
Paul Joseph Goebbels
Goebbels
(German: [ˈpaʊ̯l ˈjoːzɛf ˈɡœbl̩s] (listen);[1] 29 October 1897 – 1 May 1945) was a German Nazi politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda
Propaganda
of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
from 1933 to 1945. He was one of Adolf Hitler's closest and most devoted associates, and was known for his skills in public speaking and his deeply virulent antisemitism, which was evident in his publicly voiced views. He advocated progressively harsher discrimination, including the extermination of the Jews in the Holocaust. Goebbels, who aspired to be an author, obtained a Doctor of Philosophy degree from the University of Heidelberg
University of Heidelberg
in 1921. He joined the Nazi Party in 1924, and worked with Gregor Strasser
Gregor Strasser
in their northern branch
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1936 Summer Olympics
The 1936 Summer Olympics
1936 Summer Olympics
(German: Olympische Sommerspiele 1936), officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. Berlin
Berlin
won the bid to host the Games over Barcelona, Spain, on 26 April 1931, at the 29th IOC Session
IOC Session
in Barcelona
Barcelona
(two years before the Nazis
Nazis
came to power). It marked the second and final time the International Olympic Committee gathered to vote in a city that was bidding to host those Games. To outdo the Los Angeles games of 1932, Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
had built a new 100,000-seat track and field stadium, six gymnasiums, and many other smaller arenas
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