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Codex Vyssegradensis
The VYšEHRAD CODEX ( Latin
Latin
Codex Vyssegradensis), also known as the Coronation Gospels of King Vratislaus, is a late 11th-century illuminated Romanesque Gospel Book
Gospel Book
, which is considered the most important and most valuable manuscript kept in Bohemia
Bohemia
(Czech Republic ). Its extremely rich iconography and its visual components rank it among the most precious illuminated manuscripts of the second half of the 11th century in Europe. It was probably made at the order of Czech diplomats to honour an anniversary of the Czech King Vratislav 's coronation which took place in 1085 (Vratislav was the first king of Bohemia
Bohemia
, which was previously a dukedom)
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Ancestors Of Christ
The New Testament provides two accounts of the GENEALOGY OF JESUS, one in the Gospel of Matthew and another in the Gospel of Luke . Matthew's starts with Abraham , while Luke begins with Adam . The lists are identical between Abraham and David, but differ radically from that point. Traditional Christian scholars (starting with the historian Eusebius ) have put forward various theories that seek to explain why the lineages are so different, such as that Matthew's account follows the lineage of Joseph, while Luke's follows the lineage of Mary
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Isaiah
ISAIAH (US : /aɪˈzeɪ.ə/ or UK : /aɪˈzaɪ.ə/ ; Hebrew : יְשַׁעְיָהוּ, Modern Yeshayahu, Tiberian Yəšạʻyā́hû; Syriac : ܐܹܫܲܥܝܵܐ‎ ˀēšaˁyā; Greek : Ἠσαΐας, Ēsaïās; Latin : Isaias; Arabic : إشعيا As̲h̲aʿyāʾ or S̲h̲aʿyā; "Yah is salvation" ) was the 8th century BCE Jewish prophet who gave his name to the Book of Isaiah
Book of Isaiah
. The exact relationship between the Book of Isaiah
Book of Isaiah
and any such historical Isaiah
Isaiah
is complicated. The traditional view is that all 66 chapters of the book of Isaiah
Isaiah
were written by one man, Isaiah—possibly in two periods between 740 BCE and c
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Jesse
JESSE /ˈdʒɛsi/ , ISAI or YISHAI (Hebrew : יִשַׁי, Modern Yishay, Tiberian Yīšáy, meaning "King" or " God
God
exists" or "God's gift"; Syriac : ܐܝܫܝ‎ Eshai; Greek : Ἰεσσαί Iessai; Latin : Isai, Jesse; Arabic : يَسَّى‎‎ Yassa) is a figure described in the Bible
Bible
as the father of David
David
, who became the king of the Israelites . His son David
David
is sometimes called simply "Son of Jesse" (Ben Yishai). The role as both father of King David
David
and ancestor of Christ
Christ
has been used in various depictions in art, e.g. as the Tree of Jesse or in hymns like Behold, a Branch is growing
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Manuscript Illumination
An ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPT is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such decoration as initials , borders (marginalia ) and miniature illustrations . In the strictest definition, the term refers only to manuscripts decorated with gold or silver; but in both common usage and modern scholarship, the term refers to any decorated or illustrated manuscript from Western traditions. Comparable Far Eastern and Mesoamerican works are described as painted. Islamic manuscripts may be referred to as illuminated, illustrated or painted, though using essentially the same techniques as Western works. This article covers the technical, social and economic history of the subject; for an art-historical account, see miniature . The earliest surviving substantive illuminated manuscripts are from the period 400 to 600, produced in the Kingdom of the Ostrogoths and the Eastern Roman Empire
Eastern Roman Empire

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Iconography
ICONOGRAPHY, as a branch of art history , studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images: the subjects depicted, the particular compositions and details used to do so, and other elements that are distinct from artistic style . The word iconography comes from the Greek εἰκών ("image") and γράφειν ("to write"). A secondary meaning (based on a non-standard translation of the Greek and Russian equivalent terms) is the production of religious images, called "icons", in the Byzantine and Orthodox Christian tradition; see Icon
Icon
. In art history, "an iconography" may also mean a particular depiction of a subject in terms of the content of the image, such as the number of figures used, their placing and gestures
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Regensburg
REGENSBURG (German pronunciation: ( listen ); Latin : Castra-Regina; Czech : Řezno; French : Ratisbonne; older English: Ratisbon) is a city in south-east Germany
Germany
, situated at the confluence of the Danube
Danube
, Naab and Regen rivers. With over 140,000 inhabitants, Regensburg
Regensburg
is the fourth-largest city in the State of Bavaria
Bavaria
after Munich
Munich
, Nuremberg
Nuremberg
and Augsburg
Augsburg
. The city is the political , economic and cultural centre of Eastern Bavaria
Bavaria
and the capital of the Bavarian administrative region Upper Palatinate
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Tree Of Jesse
The TREE OF JESSE is a depiction in art of the ancestors of Christ, shown in a tree which rises from Jesse
Jesse
of Bethlehem
Bethlehem
, the father of King David
David
and is the original use of the family tree as a schematic representation of a genealogy. It originates in a passage in the biblical Book of Isaiah
Book of Isaiah
which describes metaphorically the descent of the Messiah
Messiah
, and is accepted by Christians as referring to Jesus
Jesus
. The various figures depicted in the lineage of Jesus
Jesus
are drawn from those names listed in the Gospel of Matthew
Gospel of Matthew
and the Gospel of Luke
Gospel of Luke
. The subject is often seen in Christian art
Christian art
, particularly in that of the Medieval period
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Byzantine Art
BYZANTINE ART is the name for the artistic products of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire, as well as the nations and states that inherited culturally from the empire. Though the empire itself emerged from Rome's decline and lasted until the Fall of Constantinople
Constantinople
in 1453, many Eastern Orthodox states in Eastern Europe, as well as to some degree the Muslim states of the eastern Mediterranean
Mediterranean
, preserved many aspects of the empire's culture and art for centuries afterward. A number of states contemporary with the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
were culturally influenced by it, without actually being part of it (the " Byzantine commonwealth ")
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Seven Gifts Of The Holy Spirit
The SEVEN GIFTS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT is an enumeration of seven spiritual gifts originating with patristic authors, later elaborated by five intellectual virtues and four other groups of ethical characteristics. They are: wisdom , understanding , counsel , fortitude , knowledge , piety , and fear of the Lord (wonder ). CONTENTS * 1 Book of Isaiah
Book of Isaiah
* 2 In Christianity * 2.1 Roman Catholicism * 3 The seven gifts of Holy Spirit * 4 Relation to the Virtues * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links BOOK OF ISAIAH Seven
Seven
Gifts of the Holy Spirit. Folio from Walters manuscript W.171 (15th century) The "seven" gifts are found in the Book of Isaiah
Book of Isaiah
11:1-2, where the Biblical passage refers to the characteristics of a Messianic figure understood by Christians to be Jesus Christ empowered by the "Spirit of the Lord "
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Christianity
CHRISTIANITY is a universalising Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life , teachings , and miracles of Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth
Nazareth
, known by Christians
Christians
as the Christ , or "Messiah", who is the focal point of the Christian
Christian
faiths . It is the world\'s largest religion , with over 2.4 billion followers, or 33% of the global population, known as Christians
Christians
. Christians
Christians
make up a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories . They believe that Jesus
Jesus
is the Son of God
God
and the savior of humanity whose coming as the Messiah
Messiah
(the Christ ) was prophesied in the Old Testament
Old Testament

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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Epistle To The Romans
The EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS or LETTER TO THE ROMANS, often shortened to ROMANS, is the sixth book in the New Testament
New Testament
. Biblical scholars agree that it was composed by the Apostle Paul to explain that salvation is offered through the gospel of Jesus
Jesus
Christ
Christ
. It is the longest of the Pauline epistles and is often considered his "most important theological legacy" and magnum opus
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Lambeth Bible
The LAMBETH BIBLE is a 12th-century illuminated manuscript (perhaps produced circa 1150-1170), among the finest surviving giant Bibles from Romanesque England
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Apostle Paul
PAUL THE APOSTLE ( Latin
Latin
: Paulus; Greek : Παῦλος, translit. Paulos; c. 5 – c. 67), commonly known as SAINT PAUL and also known by his native name SAUL OF TARSUS (Hebrew : שאול התרסי‎, translit. Sha'ul ha-Tarsi‎; Greek : Σαῦλος Ταρσεύς, translit. Saulos Tarseus), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles ) who taught the gospel of the Christ
Christ
to the first century world . Paul is generally considered one of the most important figures of the Apostolic Age and in the mid-30s to the mid-50s AD he founded several churches in Asia Minor and Europe . He took advantage of his status as both a Jew
Jew
and a Roman citizen
Roman citizen
to minister to both Jewish and Roman audiences
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Chartres Cathedral
CHARTRES CATHEDRAL, also known as the CATHEDRAL OF OUR LADY OF CHARTRES (French : Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres), is a Gothic Catholic cathedral of the Latin Church
Latin Church
located in Chartres
Chartres
, France, about 80 kilometres (50 mi) southwest of Paris
Paris
. The current cathedral, mostly constructed between 1194 and 1220, is the last of at least five which have occupied the site since the town became a bishopric in the 4th century. It is designated a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
by UNESCO, which calls it "the high point of French Gothic art
Gothic art
" and a "masterpiece". The cathedral has been well preserved. The majority of the original stained glass windows survive intact, while the architecture has seen only minor changes since the early 13th century
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