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Classical Music
CLASSICAL MUSIC is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music , including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a more accurate term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period ), this article is about the broad span of time from roughly the 11th century to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common-practice period
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Art Music
ART MUSIC (also known as WESTERN CLASSICAL MUSIC , CULTIVATED MUSIC, SERIOUS MUSIC, CANONIC MUSIC, and more flippantly, REAL MUSIC or NORMAL MUSIC) is an umbrella term that refers to musical traditions, implying advanced structural and theoretical considerations and a written musical tradition. "Serious" or "cultivated" music are terms frequently used as a contrast for ordinary, everyday music (popular and folk music , also called "vernacular music "). After the 20th century, art music was divided into two extensions: "serious music" and "light music ". CONTENTS * 1 Definition * 2 Popular music
Popular music
* 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading DEFINITIONThis term is mostly used to refer to music descending from the tradition of Western classical music
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Classical Period (music)
The dates of the CLASSICAL PERIOD in Western music are generally accepted as being between about the year 1730 and the year 1820. However, the term classical music is often used in a colloquial sense as a synonym for Western art music which describes a variety of Western musical styles from the Middle Ages to the present, and especially from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth. This article is about the specific period in most of the 18th century to the early 19th century, though overlapping with the Baroque and Romantic periods. The Classical period falls between the Baroque and the Romantic periods. Classical music has a lighter, clearer texture than Baroque music and is less complex. It is mainly homophonic , using a clear melody line over a subordinate chordal accompaniment , but counterpoint was by no means forgotten, especially later in the period
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List Of Classical And Art Music Traditions
"CLASSICAL MUSIC" and "ART MUSIC " are terms that have been used to refer to music of different cultural origins and traditions. Such traditions often date to a period regarded as the "golden age" of music for a particular culture. The following table lists music styles from throughout the world and the period in history when that tradition was developed: STYLE (ORDERED BY CULTURE) HISTORICAL PERIOD WHEN THE MUSICAL TRADITION WAS DEVELOPED NOTES AFGHAN CLASSICAL MUSIC (KLASIK ) 19th century ANDALUSIAN CLASSICAL MUSIC Caliph of Córdoba
Caliph of Córdoba
AZERBAIJANI MUGHAM ca. 9th - 10th century CAMBODIAN CEREMONIAL MUSIC (PINPEAT) Khmer Empire
Khmer Empire
CHINESE TRADITIONAL MUSIC Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty
The Chinese invented a form of notation called Gongche in the Tang Dynasty
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Classical Music (magazine)
CLASSICAL MUSIC is a trade magazine for the classical music profession. It co-sponsors the annual ABO/Rhinegold Awards for backstage work in music, held for the first time in January 2012 - and has correspondents in Great Britain
Great Britain
and in New York City
New York City
. Its website includes news on the classical music industry. The magazine published an account of the interruption by protesters of the Jerusalem Quartet 's concert at London's Wigmore Hall
Wigmore Hall
on 29 March 2010. It is published by Rhinegold Publishing , and the editor is Kimon Daltas. CONTENTS * 1 Supplements * 2 Content * 3 History * 4 References * 5 External links SUPPLEMENTSClassical Music subscribers receive supplements throughout the year, which are available to buy separately
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Antonio Vivaldi
ANTONIO LUCIO VIVALDI (Italian: ; 4 March 1678 – 28 July 1741) was an Italian Baroque composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric . Born in Venice , he is recognized as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread across Europe. He composed many instrumental concertos , for the violin and a variety of other instruments, as well as sacred choral works and more than forty operas . His best-known work is a series of violin concertos known as _The Four Seasons _. Many of his compositions were written for the female music ensemble of the _ Ospedale della Pietà _, a home for abandoned children where Vivaldi (who had been ordained as a Catholic priest ) was employed from 1703 to 1715 and from 1723 to 1740
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Johann Sebastian Bach
JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH (31 March 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period . He enriched established German styles through his mastery of counterpoint , harmonic and motivic organisation, and his adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach\'s compositions include the _ Brandenburg Concertos _, the _Goldberg Variations _, the Mass in B minor , two Passions , and over three hundred cantatas of which approximately two hundred survive. His music is revered for its technical command, artistic beauty, and intellectual depth. While Bach's abilities as an organist were highly respected during his lifetime, he was not widely recognised as an important composer until a revival of interest in his music during the first half of the 19th century. He is now generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time
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George Frideric Handel
GEORGE FRIDERIC (or FREDERICK) HANDEL (/ˈhændəl/ ; born GEORG FRIEDRICH HäNDEL, German pronunciation: ; 23 February 1685 (O.S.) – 14 April 1759) was a German, later British, baroque composer who spent the bulk of his career in London, becoming well known for his operas , oratorios , anthems , and organ concertos . Handel received important training in Halle and worked as a composer in Hamburg and Italy before settling in London in 1712; he became a naturalised British subject in 1727 . He was strongly influenced both by the great composers of the Italian Baroque and by the middle-German polyphonic choral tradition
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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (/ˈwʊlfɡæŋ æməˈdeɪəs ˈmoʊtsɑːrt/ ; _MOHT-sart_ ; German: ; 27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as JOHANNES CHRYSOSTOMUS WOLFGANGUS THEOPHILUS MOZART, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era . Born in Salzburg , he showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. Already competent on keyboard and violin , he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty. At 17, Mozart was engaged as a musician at the Salzburg court, but grew restless and traveled in search of a better position. While visiting Vienna in 1781, he was dismissed from his Salzburg position. He chose to stay in the capital, where he achieved fame but little financial security. During his final years in Vienna, he composed many of his best-known symphonies , concertos , and operas , and portions of the Requiem , which was largely unfinished at the time of his death
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Ludwig Van Beethoven
LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN (/ˈlʊdvɪɡ væn ˈbeɪˌtoʊvən/ (_ listen ), /ˈbeɪtˌhoʊvən/ ; German: ( listen ); baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist . A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music , he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies , 5 piano concertos , 1 violin concerto , 32 piano sonatas , 16 string quartets , his great Mass the Missa solemnis _, and one opera , _ Fidelio _. Born in Bonn
Bonn
, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and by composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe
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Gioachino Rossini
GIOACHINO ANTONIO ROSSINI (Italian: ; 29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote operas , as well as some sacred music , songs, chamber music and piano pieces. A precocious composer of operas, he made his full debut at the age of eighteen (with _ La cambiale di matrimonio _). His best-known operas include the Italian comedies _Il barbiere di Siviglia_ (_The Barber of Seville _), _L'italiana in Algeri_ (_The Italian Girl in Algiers _) and _ La Cenerentola _ (_Cinderella_). He also wrote a string of serious operas in Italian, including works such as _ Tancredi _, _Otello _ and _ Semiramide _. The semi-serious opera _La Gazza Ladra_ (_ The Thieving Magpie _) has one of Rossini's most celebrated overtures . After moving to Paris in 1824, he eventually started to write in French
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Felix Mendelssohn
JAKOB LUDWIG FELIX MENDELSSOHN BARTHOLDY (German: ; 3 February 1809 – 4 November 1847), born and widely known as FELIX MENDELSSOHN, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period. A grandson of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn , Felix Mendelssohn was born into a prominent Jewish family . He was brought up without religion until the age of seven, when he was baptised as a Reformed Christian . Mendelssohn was recognised early as a musical prodigy , but his parents were cautious and did not seek to capitalise on his talent. Mendelssohn enjoyed early success in Germany, where he also revived interest in the music of Johann Sebastian Bach , and in his travels throughout Europe. He was particularly well received in Britain as a composer, conductor and soloist, and his ten visits there – during which many of his major works were premiered – form an important part of his adult career
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Frédéric Chopin
FRéDéRIC FRANçOIS CHOPIN (/ˈʃoʊpæn/ ; French: ; born FRYDERYK FRANCISZEK CHOPIN, 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as a leading musician of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin
Chopin
was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw and grew up in Warsaw
Warsaw
, which in 1815 became part of Congress Poland
Poland
. A child prodigy , he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw
Warsaw
before leaving Poland
Poland
at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising . At 21 he settled in Paris
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Richard Wagner
Wilhelm RICHARD WAGNER (/ˈvɑːɡnər/ ; German: (_ listen ); 22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883), was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist , and conductor who is primarily known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas"). Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works. Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Weber and Meyerbeer , Wagner revolutionised opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk
Gesamtkunstwerk
_ ("total work of art"), by which he sought to synthesise the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama. He described this vision in a series of essays published between 1849 and 1852. Wagner realised these ideas most fully in the first half of the four-opera cycle _Der Ring des Nibelungen _ (_The Ring of the Nibelung _)
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Giuseppe Verdi
GIUSEPPE FORTUNINO FRANCESCO VERDI (Italian: ; 9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer. Verdi was born near Busseto to a provincial family of moderate means, and developed a musical education with the help of a local patron. Verdi came to dominate the Italian opera scene after the era of B