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City
A CITY is a large human settlement . Cities generally have extensive systems for housing , transportation , sanitation , utilities , land use , and communication . Their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. Historically, city-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization , roughly half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities usually form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas - creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment, entertainment, and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization , all cities are in different degree also connected globally beyond these regions
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Public Utilities
A PUBLIC UTILITY (usually just UTILITY) is an organization that maintains the infrastructure for a public service (often also providing a service using that infrastructure). Public utilities are subject to forms of public control and regulation ranging from local community-based groups to statewide government monopolies. The term UTILITIES can also refer to the set of services provided by these organizations consumed by the public: electricity , natural gas, water , sewage , telephone, and transportation. Broadband
Broadband
internet services (both fixed-line and mobile ) are increasingly being included within the definition
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Civil Service
The CIVIL SERVICE is a sector of government composed mainly of career bureaucrats hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leadership. A CIVIL SERVANT or PUBLIC SERVANT is a person so employed in the public sector employed for a government department or agency. The extent of civil servants of a state as part of the "civil service" varies from country to country. In the United Kingdom, for instance, only Crown (national government) employees are referred to as civil servants whereas county or city employees are not. Many consider the study of service to be a part of the field of public administration . Workers in "non-departmental public bodies" (sometimes called "Quangos ") may also be classed as civil servants for the purpose of statistics and possibly for their terms and conditions. Collectively a state's civil servants form its civil service or public service
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Population
A POPULATION is all the organisms of the same group or species , which live in a particular geographical area , and have the capability of interbreeding. The area that is used to define a sexual population is defined as the area where inter-breeding is potentially possible between any pair within the area, and where the probability of interbreeding is greater than the probability of cross-breeding with individuals from other areas. In sociology , population refers to a collection of humans . Demography
Demography
is a social science which entails the statistical study of human populations
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Management
MANAGEMENT (or MANAGING) is the administration of an organization , whether it is a business , a not-for-profit organization, or government body. Management includes the activities of setting the strategy of an organization and coordinating the efforts of its employees (or of volunteers) to accomplish its objectives through the application of available resources , such as financial , natural , technological , and human resources . The term "management" may also refer to those people who manage an organization. Social scientists study management as an academic discipline , investigating areas such as social organization and organizational leadership
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Dwelling
In law, a DWELLING (also RESIDENCE, ABODE) is a self-contained unit of accommodation used by one or more households as a home , such as a house , apartment , mobile home , houseboat or other 'substantial' structure . A dwelling typically includes nearby outbuildings, sheds etc. within the curtilage of the property, excluding any 'open fields beyond '. It has significance in relation to search and seizure , conveyancing of real property , burglary , trespass , and land use planning . CONTENTS* 1 Legal definitions * 1.1 \'Dwelling\' (England and Wales) * 1.2 \'Dwelling\' (North Carolina) * 1.3 \'Habitual residence\' (international law) * 1.4 \'Inhabited dwelling\' (Various US states) * 1.5 The \'curtilage\' (boundary) of a dwelling * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links LEGAL DEFINITIONSLegal definitions vary by jurisdiction
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Intelligentsia
The INTELLIGENTSIA (Latin : intellegentia, Polish : inteligencja, Russian : интеллигенция; IPA: ) is a status class of educated people engaged in the complex mental labours that critique, guide, and lead in shaping the culture and politics of their society. As a status class, the intelligentsia includes artists , teachers , and academics , writers , journalists , and the literary hommes de lettres. Historically, the political role of the intelligentsia (the production of culture and ideology) varies between being either a progressive influence or a regressive influence upon the development of their societies
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Egalitarianism
EGALITARIANISM (from French égal, meaning 'equal') – or EQUALITARIANISM – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people. Egalitarian doctrines maintain that all humans are equal in fundamental worth or social status , according to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy . According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary , the term has two distinct definitions in modern English: either as a political doctrine that all people should be treated as equals and have the same political , economic , social , and civil rights ; or as a social philosophy advocating the removal of economic inequalities among people , economic egalitarianism , or the decentralization of power . Some sources define egalitarianism as the point of view that equality reflects the natural state of humanity
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Communication
COMMUNICATION (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share" ) is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules
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Taiheiyō Belt
The TAIHEIYō BELT (太平洋ベルト, Taiheiyō beruto, literally "Pacific Belt"), also known as the TOKAIDO CORRIDOR, is the name for the megalopolis in Japan
Japan
extending from Ibaraki Prefecture
Ibaraki Prefecture
in the north to Fukuoka Prefecture
Fukuoka Prefecture
in the south, running for almost 1,200 km (750 mi). The urbanization zone runs mainly along the Pacific coast (hence the name) of Japan
Japan
from Kantō region
Kantō region
to Osaka
Osaka
, and the Inland Sea (on both sides) to Fukuoka
Fukuoka
, and is concentrated along the Tōkaidō -Sanyō rail corridor. A view of Japan
Japan
at night clearly shows a rather dense and continuous strip of light (demarcating urban zones) that delineates the region
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Tribe
A TRIBE is viewed, developmentally or historically, as a social group existing before the development of, or outside of, Nations . A tribe is a group of distinct people, dependent on their land for their livelihood, who are largely self-sufficient, and not integrated into the national society. It is perhaps the term most readily understood and used by the general public to describe such communities. Stephen Corry defines tribal people as those who "...have followed ways of life for many generations that are largely self-sufficient, and are clearly different from the mainstream and dominant society". This definition, however, would not apply to countries in the Middle East such as Iraq and Yemen
Yemen
and many African countries such as South Sudan , where the entire population is a member of one tribe or another, and tribalism itself is dominant and mainstream
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Satellite Imagery
SATELLITE IMAGERY are images of Earth
Earth
or other planets collected by Imaging satellites operated by governments and businesses around the world. Satellite imaging companies sell images by licensing them to governments and businesses such as Apple Maps and Google Maps
Google Maps
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Uses * 3 Resolution and data * 4 Imaging satellites * 4.1 GeoEye * 4.2 DigitalGlobe * 4.3 Spot Image
Image
* 4.4 ASTER * 4.5 BlackBridge * 4.6 ImageSat International * 4.7 Meteosat * 5 Disadvantages * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY The satellite images were made from pixels. The first crude image taken by the satellite Explorer 6
Explorer 6
shows a sunlit area of the Central Pacific Ocean and its cloud cover
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Palitana Temples
The PALITANA TEMPLES of Jainism
Jainism
are located on Shatrunjaya hill by the city of Palitana
Palitana
in Bhavnagar district , Gujarat
Gujarat
, India
India
. The city of the same name, known previously as Padliptapur, has been dubbed "City of Temples". Shatrunjaya means a "place of victory against inner enemies" or "which conquers inner enemies". This site on Shatrunjaya hill is considered sacred by Svetambara Jains. It is said that 23 of 24 Jain Tirthankaras , except Neminatha , sanctified the hill by their visits. There are approximately 863 marble-carved temples on the hills spread mostly in nine clusters, some being vast temple complexes, while most small in size
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Census
A CENSUS is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population . The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses ; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations
United Nations
defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations
United Nations
recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice
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Infrastructure
INFRASTRUCTURE refers to the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function
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Taxation
A TAX (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or a legal entity ) by a state or the functional equivalent of a state in order to fund various public expenditures. A failure to pay, or evasion of or resistance to taxation, is punishable by law. Taxes consist of direct or indirect taxes and may be paid in money or as its labour equivalent. Most countries have a tax system in place to pay for public/common/agreed national needs and government functions: some levy a flat percentage rate of taxation on personal annual income, some on a scale based on annual income amounts, and some countries impose almost no taxation at all, or a very low tax rate for a certain area of taxation
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