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Church Architecture
CHURCH ARCHITECTURE refers to the architecture of buildings of Christian churches . It has evolved over the two thousand years of the Christian religion, partly by innovation and partly by imitating other architectural styles as well as responding to changing beliefs, practices and local traditions. From the birth of Christianity
Christianity
to the present, the most significant objects of transformation for Christian architecture and design were the great churches of Byzantium
Byzantium
, the Romanesque abbey churches , Gothic cathedrals and Renaissance basilicas with its emphasis on harmony. These large, often ornate and architecturally prestigious buildings were dominant features of the towns and countryside in which they stood. However, far more numerous were the parish churches in Christendom , the focus of Christian devotion in every town and village
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Priscilla And Aquila
PRISCILLA (/prᵻˈsɪlə/ Greek : Πρίσκιλλα, Priskilla) and AQUILA (/ˈækwᵻlə/ ; Greek : Ἀκύλας, Akylas) were a first century Christian missionary married couple described in the New Testament and traditionally listed among the Seventy Disciples
Seventy Disciples
. They lived, worked, and traveled with the Apostle Paul
Apostle Paul
, who described them as his "fellow workers in Christ Jesus" (Romans 16:3 NASB). Priscilla
Priscilla
and Aquila are described in the New Testament
New Testament
as providing a presence that strengthened the early Christian churches . Paul was generous in his recognition and acknowledgment of his indebtedness to them (Rom. 16:3-4). Together, they are credited with instructing Apollos , a major evangelist of the first century, and " to him the way of God more accurately" (Acts 18:26)
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Dura Europos Church
The DURA-EUROPOS CHURCH (also known as the DURA-EUROPOS HOUSE CHURCH) is the earliest identified Christian
Christian
house church . It is located in Dura-Europos
Dura-Europos
in Syria
Syria
. It is one of the earliest known Christian churches, and was apparently a normal domestic house converted for worship some time between 233 and 256, when the town was abandoned after conquest by the Persians. It is less famous, smaller, and more modestly decorated than the nearby Dura Europos synagogue
Dura Europos synagogue
, though there are many other similarities between them. Although the fate of the church structure is unknown after occupation by ISIS
ISIS
, its famous frescos were removed after discovery and are now preserved at Yale University Art Gallery
Yale University Art Gallery

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Dais
A DAIS or DAïS (/ˈdeɪ.əs/ or /ˈdaɪ.əs/ ) is any raised platform located either inside or outside a room or enclosure, often for dignified occupancy, as at the front of a lecture hall or sanctuary. Historically, the dais was a part of the floor at the end of a medieval Hall
Hall
, raised a step above the rest of the room. On this the Master of the household or assembly (as it might be, the lord of the manor , Master of a College, Fraternity or Conventual house) dined with his senior associates and guests at the High Table, while the general company occupied the lower area of the room. In medieval halls there was generally a deep recessed bay window at one or at each end of the dais, supposed to be for retirement or greater privacy than the open hall could afford. The dais area often had its own doorway for admission from the Master's chambers, while access for the generality was from a doorway into the main area of the Hall
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Diocletian
DIOCLETIAN (/ˌdaɪ.əˈkliːʃən/ ; Latin : Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus), born DIOCLES (244–312), was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305. Born to a family of low status in the Roman province of Dalmatia , Diocletian
Diocletian
rose through the ranks of the military to become cavalry commander to the Emperor Carus
Carus
. After the deaths of Carus
Carus
and his son Numerian on campaign in Persia, Diocletian was proclaimed emperor. The title was also claimed by Carus' other surviving son, Carinus , but Diocletian
Diocletian
defeated him in the Battle of the Margus . Diocletian's reign stabilized the empire and marks the end of the Crisis of the Third Century . He appointed fellow officer Maximian as Augustus
Augustus
, co-emperor, in 286
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First Epistle To The Corinthians
The FIRST EPISTLE TO THE CORINTHIANS ( Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Α΄ Επιστολή προς Κορινθίους), usually referred to simply as FIRST CORINTHIANS and often written 1 CORINTHIANS, is one of the Pauline epistles
Pauline epistles
of the New Testament
New Testament
of the Christian Bible . The epistle says that Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle
and " Sosthenes our brother" wrote it to "the church of God
God
which is at Corinth
Corinth
" 1Cor.1:1–2 although the scholarly consensus holds that Sosthenes was the amanuensis who wrote down the text of the letter at Paul's direction
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Paul The Apostle
PAUL THE APOSTLE ( Latin
Latin
: Paulus; Greek : Παῦλος, translit. Paulos; c. 5 – c. 67), commonly known as SAINT PAUL and also known by his native name SAUL OF TARSUS (Hebrew : שאול התרסי‎, translit. Sha'ul ha-Tarsi‎; Greek : Σαῦλος Ταρσεύς, translit. Saulos Tarseus), was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles ) who taught the gospel of the Christ
Christ
to the first century world . Paul is generally considered one of the most important figures of the Apostolic Age and in the mid-30s to the mid-50s AD he founded several churches in Asia Minor and Europe . He took advantage of his status as both a Jew
Jew
and a Roman citizen to minister to both Jewish and Roman audiences
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Aparan
APARAN (Armenian : Ապարան), is a town and urban municipal community in Armenia
Armenia
, located in the Aragatsotn
Aragatsotn
Province , about 50 kilometers northwest of the capital Yerevan
Yerevan
. As of the 2011 census, the population of the town was 6,451. As per the 2016 official estimate, Aparan
Aparan
has a population of around 5,300. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 2.1 Early history and Middle Ages * 2.2 Early modern period * 2.3 Modern history * 3 Geography * 4 Demographics * 5 Culture * 6 Transportation * 7 Economy * 8 Education * 9 Sport * 10 See also * 11 References ETYMOLOGYIt is commonly believed that the name of Aparan
Aparan
is derived from the Armenian word of Aparank; meaning a royal palace
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Armenia
Coordinates : 40°N 45°E / 40°N 45°E / 40; 45 ARMENIA (/ɑːrˈmiːniə/ ( listen ); Armenian : Հայաստան, translit. Hayastan, IPA: ), officially the REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA (Armenian : Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն, translit. Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun, IPA: ), is a country in the South Caucasus
Caucasus
region of Eurasia
Eurasia
. Located in West Asia on the Armenian Highlands , it is bordered by Turkey
Turkey
to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Republic
Republic
of Artsakh and Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
to the east, and Iran
Iran
and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan to the south. Armenia
Armenia
is a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage
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Synagogues
A SYNAGOGUE, also spelled SYNAGOG (pronounced /ˈsɪnəɡɒɡ/ ; from Greek συναγωγή, synagogē, 'assembly', Hebrew
Hebrew
: בית כנסת‎‎ bet kenesset, 'house of assembly' or בית תפילה bet tefila, "house of prayer", שול SHUL, אסנוגה esnoga or קהל kahal), is a Jewish house of prayer. Synagogues have a large hall for prayer (the main sanctuary ), and may also have smaller rooms for study and sometimes a social hall and offices. Some have a separate room for Torah
Torah
study , called the beith midrash (Sephardi) beis medrash (Ashkenazi)—בית מדרש ('house of study')
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House Churches
A HOUSE CHURCH or HOME CHURCH is a label used to describe a group of Christians who regularly gather for worship in private homes. The group may be part of a larger Christian body, such as a parish, but some have been independent groups that see the house church as the primary form of Christian community. Sometimes these groups meet because the membership is small, and a home is the most appropriate place to assemble, as in the beginning phase of the British New Church Movement . Sometimes this meeting style is advantageous because the group is a member of a Christian congregation which is otherwise banned from meeting as is the case in China . Some recent Christian writers have supported the view that the Christian Church
Christian Church
should meet in houses, and have based the operation of their communities around multiple small home meetings
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Maximian
MAXIMIAN (Latin : Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius Augustus; c. 250 – c. July 310 ) was Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
from 286 to 305. He was Caesar from 285 to 286, then Augustus
Augustus
from 286 to 305. He shared the latter title with his co-emperor and superior, Diocletian
Diocletian
, whose political brain complemented Maximian's military brawn. Maximian established his residence at Trier
Trier
but spent most of his time on campaign. In late 285, he suppressed rebels in Gaul known as the Bagaudae . From 285 to 288, he fought against Germanic tribes
Germanic tribes
along the Rhine
Rhine
frontier. Together with Diocletian, he launched a scorched earth campaign deep into Alamannic territory in 288, temporarily relieving the Rhine
Rhine
provinces from the threat of Germanic invasion
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Galerius
GALERIUS (/ɡəˈlɛəriəs/ ; Latin
Latin
: Gaius Galerius
Galerius
Valerius Maximianus Augustus; c. 260 – April or May 311) was Roman Emperor from 305 to 311. During his reign he campaigned, aided by Diocletian , against the Sassanid Empire
Sassanid Empire
, sacking their capital Ctesiphon
Ctesiphon
in 299. He also campaigned across the Danube
Danube
against the Carpi , defeating them in 297 and 300. Although he was a staunch opponent of Christianity
Christianity
, Galerius
Galerius
ended the Diocletianic Persecution when he issued an edict of toleration in 311
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Constantine I (emperor)
CONSTANTINE THE GREAT (Latin : Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Greek : Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February c. 272 AD – 22 May 337 AD), also known as CONSTANTINE I or SAINT CONSTANTINE (in the Orthodox Church
Orthodox Church
as SAINT CONSTANTINE THE GREAT, EQUAL-TO-THE-APOSTLES), was a Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
of Illyrian origin from 306 to 337 AD. Constantine was the son of Flavius Valerius Constantius , a Roman Army
Roman Army
officer, and his consort Helena . His father became Caesar , the deputy emperor in the west, in 293 AD. Constantine was sent east, where he rose through the ranks to become a military tribune under the emperors Diocletian
Diocletian
and Galerius
Galerius

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Battle Of Milvian Bridge
The BATTLE OF THE MILVIAN BRIDGE took place between the Roman Emperors Constantine I and Maxentius
Maxentius
on October 28, 312. It takes its name from the Milvian Bridge , an important route over the Tiber
Tiber
. Constantine won the battle and started on the path that led him to end the Tetrarchy
Tetrarchy
and become the sole ruler of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
. Maxentius
Maxentius
drowned in the Tiber
Tiber
during the battle and his body was later taken from the river and decapitated. According to chroniclers such as Eusebius of Caesarea
Eusebius of Caesarea
and Lactantius , the battle marked the beginning of Constantine\'s conversion to Christianity . Eusebius of Caesarea
Eusebius of Caesarea
recounts that Constantine and his soldiers had a vision sent by the Christian God
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Roman Empire
Mediolanum (286–402, Western ) Augusta Treverorum
Augusta Treverorum
Sirmium
Sirmium

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