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Christian Social Union Of Bavaria
The CHRISTIAN SOCIAL UNION IN BAVARIA ( CSU – Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern (help ·info )) is a Christian democratic and conservative political party in Germany
Germany
. The CSU operates only in Bavaria
Bavaria
, while its larger counterpart, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), operates in the other fifteen states of Germany
Germany
. The CSU has 56 seats in the Bundestag
Bundestag
making it the smallest of the five parties represented. The CSU was founded in some ways as a continuation of the Weimar -era Catholic Bavarian People\'s Party (BVP)
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Absolute Majority
A SUPERMAJORITY, or a QUALIFIED MAJORITY, is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of one half used for majority . Related concepts regarding alternatives to the majority vote requirement include a MAJORITY OF THE ENTIRE MEMBERSHIP and a MAJORITY OF THE FIXED MEMBERSHIP. A supermajority can also be specified based on the entire membership or fixed membership rather than on those present and voting. Parliamentary procedure
Parliamentary procedure
requires that any action of a deliberative assembly that may alter the rights of a minority has a supermajority requirement, such as a two-thirds vote. Changes to constitutions , especially those with entrenched clauses , commonly require supermajority support in a legislature
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Constitution Of Bavaria
The Constitution
Constitution
of the Free State of Bavaria
Bavaria
was enacted on 8 December 1946. It is the fourth constitutional document in Bavarian history after the Constitution
Constitution
of 1808 , the Constitution
Constitution
of the Kingdom of Bavaria
Bavaria
in 1818
1818
and the Bamberg Constitution
Constitution
of 1919 . The first state elections after the 2nd World War were held on 30 June 1946, when 180 delegates were chosen. The main task of those delegates was to draft a new Bavarian constitution. The new constitution was accepted by a public vote on 1 December 1946, the same day the first bavarian parliament after the 2nd World War was elected
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List Of Ministers-President Of Bavaria
This is a list of the men who have served in the capacity of Minister-President
Minister-President
or equivalent office in Bavaria
Bavaria
from the 17th century to the present: CONTENTS * 1 Geheime Ratska
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Coalition Government
A COALITION GOVERNMENT is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that coalition. The usual reason for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament . A coalition government might also be created in a time of national difficulty or crisis (for example, during wartime or economic crisis) to give a government the high degree of perceived political legitimacy or collective identity it desires while also playing a role in diminishing internal political strife. In such times, parties have formed ALL-PARTY COALITIONS (national unity governments , grand coalitions ). If a coalition collapses, a confidence vote is held or a motion of no confidence is taken
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Weimar Republic
WEIMAR REPUBLIC (German : Weimarer Republik ( listen )) was an unofficial, historical designation for the German state between 1919 and 1933. The name derives from the city of Weimar
Weimar
, where its constitutional assembly first took place. The official name of the state was Deutsches Reich
Deutsches Reich
; it had remained unchanged since 1871. In English the country was usually known simply as Germany. A national assembly was convened in Weimar, where a new constitution for the Deutsches Reich
Deutsches Reich
was written, and adopted on 11 August 1919. In its fourteen years, the Weimar
Weimar
Republic faced numerous problems, including hyperinflation , political extremism (with paramilitaries – both left- and right-wing); and contentious relationships with the victors of the First World War
First World War

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Politics Of Germany
Germany
Germany
is a democratic, federal parliamentary republic , and federal legislative power is vested in the Bundestag
Bundestag
(the parliament of Germany) and the Bundesrat (the representative body of the Länder , Germany's regional states). There is a multi-party system that, since 1949, has been dominated by the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Social Democratic Party of Germany
Germany
(SPD). The judiciary of Germany
Germany
is independent of the executive and the legislature. The political system is laid out in the 1949 constitution, the Grundgesetz (Basic Law), which remained in effect with minor amendments after German reunification
German reunification
in 1990
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Conservatism
CONSERVATISM is a political and social philosophy that promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization . By some definitions, conservatives have variously sought to preserve institutions including religion , monarchy , parliamentary government , property rights and the social hierarchy , emphasizing stability and continuity, while the more extreme elements called reactionaries oppose modernism and seek a return to "the way things were". The first established use of the term in a political context originated with François-René de Chateaubriand in 1818, during the period of Bourbon restoration
Bourbon restoration
that sought to roll back the policies of the French Revolution
French Revolution
. The term, historically associated with right-wing politics , has since been used to describe a wide range of views
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Christian Democratic Union Of Germany
The CHRISTIAN DEMOCRATIC UNION OF GERMANY (German : Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands, CDU; German pronunciation: ) is a Christian democratic and liberal-conservative political party in Germany
Germany
. It is the major catch-all party of the centre-right in German politics. The CDU forms the CDU/CSU grouping, also known as the Union, in the Bundestag with its Bavarian counterpart the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU). The party is widely considered an effective successor of the Centre Party , although it has a broader base. The leader of the CDU, Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
, is the current Chancellor of Germany
Germany
. The CDU is a member of the Centrist Democrat International , International Democrat Union and European People\'s Party (EPP)
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List Of Presidents Of The Landtag Of Bavaria
The following article contains a list of PRESIDENTS OF THE LANDTAG OF BAVARIA from 1819 to the present day
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Barbara Stamm
BARBARA STAMM (born 29 October 1944 in Bad Mergentheim
Bad Mergentheim
) is a German politician of the CSU . She joined the CSU in 1969, and is currently vice-chair of the CSU and President of the Bavarian parliament. CONTENTS * 1 Political career * 2 Personal life * 3 Other activities * 4 References POLITICAL CAREERStamm is a former member of the town council of Würzburg (1972-1987). She served as deputy chairwoman of the CSU from 1993 until 2017. From 1994 until 2001 Stamm was Bavarian State Minister for Health in the government of Minister-President Edmund Stoiber
Edmund Stoiber
. From 1994 to 2001 she also was Deputy Minister-President of Bavaria. Since 2008, she has been serving as President of the Landtag of Bavaria
Bavaria

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Helmut Schmidt
HELMUT HEINRICH WALDEMAR SCHMIDT (German pronunciation: ; 23 December 1918 – 10 November 2015) was a German statesman and member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany
Germany
(SPD), who served as Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany
Germany
(West Germany) from 1974 to 1982. Before becoming Chancellor, he had served as Minister of Defence (1969–1972) and as Minister of Finance (1972–1974). In the latter role he gained credit for his financial policies. He had also served briefly as Minister of Economics and as acting Foreign Minister. As Chancellor, he focused on international affairs, seeking "political unification of Europe in partnership with the United States". He was an energetic diplomat who sought European co-operation and international economic co-ordination. He was re-elected chancellor in 1976 and 1980, but his coalition fell apart in 1982 with the switch by his coalition allies, the Free Democratic Party
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Social Democratic Party Of Germany
The SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY OF GERMANY (German : Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) is a social-democratic political party in Germany
Germany
. The party, led by Chairman Martin Schulz since 2017, has become one of the two major contemporary political parties in Germany, along with the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). The SPD has governed at the federal level in Germany
Germany
as part of a grand coalition with the CDU and the Christian Social Union (CSU) since December 2013 following the results of the 2013 federal election . The SPD participates in 14 state governments, nine of them governed by SPD Minister-Presidents . The SPD is a member of the Party of European Socialists and of the Socialist International , and became a founding member of the Progressive Alliance on 22 May 2013
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Bavaria Party
The BAVARIA PARTY (German : Bayernpartei, BP) is a autonomist and regionalist political party in the state of Bavaria
Bavaria
. It was founded in 1946 and describes itself as patriotic Bavarian, advocating Bavarian independence within the European Union
European Union
. Together with the Christian Social Union (CSU) it can be seen as an heir to the Bavarian People\'s Party (BVP) which existed prior to the Nazi takeover . The party is a member of the European Free Alliance
European Free Alliance

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German Federal Election, 1980
FEDERAL or FOEDERAL (archaic) may refer to: CONTENTS* 1 Politics * 1.1 General * 1.2 Particular governments * 1.3 Other * 2 Places * 3 Transportation * 4 Entertainment * 5 Other uses * 6 See also POLITICSGENERAL * Federal monarchy
Federal monarchy
, a federation of monarchies * Federation
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Minister-President Of Bavaria
Below is a list of the men who have served in the capacity of Minister-President or equivalent office in the German state of Bavaria from the 17th century to the present
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