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Chongryon
The GENERAL ASSOCIATION OF KOREAN RESIDENTS IN JAPAN (CHAE ILBON CHOSŏNIN CH\'ONGRYŏNHAPHOE in Korean or ZAI-NIHON CHōSENJIN SōRENGōKAI in Japanese ), abbreviated to CHONGRYON (Korean : 총련, Hanja
Hanja
: 總聯) or CHōSEN SōREN (Japanese : 朝鮮総連), is one of two main organisations for Zainichi (or Jaeil) Koreans (long-term Korean residents in Japan), and has close ties to North Korea (DPRK). As there are no diplomatic relations between the two states , it has functioned as North Korea's de facto embassy in Japan . Chongryon
Chongryon
members primarily consist of those who have retained their registration as Joseon nationals (Japanese: Chōsen-seki), instead of taking or being born with Japanese or South Korean nationality. Joseon nationality was a legal status that the Japanese government defined in the aftermath of World War II, when the government of the Korean peninsula was in an undetermined state
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Non-governmental Organization
A NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION (NGO) is a nonprofit organization that is independent of governments and international governmental organizations. They are usually funded by donations but some avoid formal funding altogether and are run primarily by volunteers. NGOs are highly diverse groups of organizations engaged in a wide range of activities, and take different forms in different parts of the world. Some may have charitable status, while others may be registered for tax exemption based on recognition of social purposes. Others may be fronts for political, religious, or other interests. Since the end of World War II , NGOs have had an increasing role in international development , particularly in the fields of humanitarian assistance and poverty alleviation. The number of NGOs worldwide is estimated to be 3.7 million. Russia has 277,000 NGOs
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Chiyoda, Tokyo
CHIYODA (千代田区, Chiyoda-ku) is a special ward located in central Tokyo
Tokyo
, Japan. In English, it is called CHIYODA CITY. Chiyoda consists of the Imperial Palace and a surrounding radius of about a kilometer. As of May 2015, the ward has an estimated population of 54,462 and a population density of 4,670 people per km², making it by far the least populated of the special wards. The total area is 11.66 km², of which the Imperial Palace , Hibiya Park
Hibiya Park
, National Museum of Modern Art , and Yasukuni Shrine
Yasukuni Shrine
take up approximately 2.6 km², or 22% of the total area. Often called the "political center" of the country, Chiyoda, literally meaning "field of a thousand generations", inherited the name from the Chiyoda Castle (the other name for Edo Castle
Edo Castle
, today's Imperial Palace)
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Japan
Coordinates : 35°N 136°E / 35°N 136°E / 35; 136 Japan 日本国 _Nippon-koku_ _Nihon-koku_ _ Flag Imperial Seal ANTHEM: * " Kimigayo _" * 君が代 "His Imperial Majesty's Reign" GOVERNMENT SEAL OF JAPAN * _ * Go-Shichi no Kiri_ (五七桐) Area controlled by Japan shown in green; claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Korean Language
The Language Research Institute, Academy of Social Science 사회과학원 어학연구소 / 社會科學院 語學研究所 (Democratic People's Republic of Korea) National Institute of the Korean Language 국립국어원 / 國立國語院 (Republic of Korea) China Korean Language Regulatory Commission 중국조선어규범위원회 中国朝鲜语规范委员会 (People's Republic of China) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 ko ISO 639-2 kor ISO 639-3 Variously: kor – Modern Korean jje – Jeju okm – Middle Korean oko – Old Korean oko – Proto Korean LINGUIST LIST okm Middle Korean oko Old Korean GLOTTOLOG kore1280 LINGUASPHERE 45-AAA-a Countries with native Korean-speaking populations (established immigrant communities in green). THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS
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Japanese Language
JAPANESE (日本語, _Nihongo_, or ( listen )) is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan , where it is the national language . It is a member of the Japonic (or Japanese-Ryukyuan ) language family, whose relation to other language groups, particularly to Korean and the suggested Altaic language family, is debated. Little is known of the language's prehistory, or when it first appeared in Japan. Chinese documents from the 3rd century recorded a few Japanese words, but substantial texts did not appear until the 8th century. During the Heian period (794–1185), Chinese had considerable influence on the vocabulary and phonology of Old Japanese . Late Middle Japanese (1185–1600) included changes in features that brought it closer to the modern language, and the first appearance of European loanwords
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Han Duk-su
HAN DEOK-SU (1907–2001) founded the General Association of Korean Residents in Japan
Japan
( Chongryon
Chongryon
) in 1955. REFERENCES * ^ Chairman Han Duk Su of CHONGRYUN Passes Away Archived 2012-03-02 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. This Korean biographical article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Han_Duk-su additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Kanji
KANJI (漢字; Japanese pronunciation: _ listen ), or kan'ji_, are the adopted logographic Chinese characters (_hànzì_) that are used in the modern Japanese writing system along with hiragana and katakana . The Japanese term _kanji_ for the Chinese characters literally means "Han characters" and is written using the same characters as the Chinese word _hànzì _
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Hepburn Romanization
The HEPBURN ROMANIZATION system (Japanese : ヘボン式ローマ字, Hepburn: _Hebon-shiki Rōmaji_) is named after James Curtis Hepburn , who used it to transcribe the sounds of the Japanese language
Japanese language
into the Latin alphabet in the third edition of his Japanese–English dictionary , published in 1887. The system was originally proposed by the Romanization Club (羅馬字会, _Rōmajikai_) in 1885. The revised edition by Rpomaji-Hirome-kai in 1908 is called "standard style romanization " (標準式ローマ字, _Hyōjun-shiki Rōmaji_) and is traditionally used as the Hepburn system in Japan. Although not officially approved, the original and revised variants of Hepburn remain the most widely used methods of transcription of Japanese, and they are regarded as the best to render Japanese pronunciation for Westerners
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Hangul
The KOREAN ALPHABET, 한글 , known as HANGUL in South Korea (also transcribed HANGEUL) and as 조선글(CHOSŏN\'GŭL) /조선문자(CHOSŏN MUNTCHA) in North Korea , is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century. It was created in 1443 under King Sejong the Great during the Joseon Dynasty . Now the alphabet is the official script of both South Korea and North Korea, and co-official in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County of China's Jilin Province . In South Korea, primarily Hangul is used to write the Korean language, as using Hanja ( Chinese characters ) in typical Korean writing fell out of common usage during the late 1990s. In its classical and modern forms, the alphabet has 19 consonant and 21 vowel letters
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Hanja
HANJA ( Hangul : 한자; Hanja: 漢字; Korean pronunciation: ) is the Korean name for Chinese characters (Chinese : 漢字; pinyin : _hànzì_). More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation . _Hanja-mal_ or _hanja-eo _ refers to words that can be written with hanja, and _hanmun_ (한문, 漢文) refers to Classical Chinese writing, although "hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because hanja never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and _kyūjitai _ characters. Only a small number of hanja characters are modified or unique to Korean. By contrast, many of the Chinese characters currently in use in Japan and Mainland China have been simplified, and contain fewer strokes than the corresponding hanja characters
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Revised Romanization Of Korean
The REVISED ROMANIZATION OF KOREAN (국어의 로마자 표기법; _gugeoui romaja pyogibeop_; lit. "Roman-letter notation of the national language") is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
proclaimed by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism to replace the older McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
system. The new system eliminates diacritics in favor of digraphs and adheres more closely to Korean phonology than to a suggestive rendition of Korean phonetics for non-native speakers. The Revised Romanization limits itself to the ISO basic Latin alphabet , apart from limited, often optional use of the hyphen . It was developed by the National Academy of the Korean Language from 1995 and was released to the public on 7 July 2000 by South Korea's Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Proclamation No
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McCune–Reischauer
MCCUNE–REISCHAUER ROMANIZATION (/məˈkuːn ˈraɪʃaʊ.ər/ ) is one of the two most widely used Korean language
Korean language
romanization systems. A modified version of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
was the official romanization system in South Korea
South Korea
until 2000, when it was replaced by the Revised Romanization of Korean
Romanization of Korean
system. A variant of McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is still used as the official system in North Korea . The system was created in 1937 by George M. McCune and Edwin O. Reischauer . With a few exceptions, it attempts not to transliterate Korean hangul but to represent the phonetic pronunciation. McCune–Reischauer
McCune–Reischauer
is widely used outside Korea
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