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Chinese People
Chinese people
Chinese people
are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China,[1] usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation
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Ethnic Enclave
In sociology, an ethnic enclave is a geographic area with high ethnic concentration, characteristic cultural identity, and economic activity.[8] The term is usually used to refer to either a residential area or a workspace with a high concentration of ethnic firms.[9] Their success and growth depends on self-sufficiency, and is coupled with economic prosperity. The theory of social capital and the formation of migrant networks creates the social foundation for ethnic enclaves. Douglas Massey describes how migrant networks provide new immigrants with social capital that can be transferred to other tangible forms.[10] As immigrants tend to cluster in close geographic spaces, they develop migrant networks—systems of interpersonal relations through which participants can exchange valuable resources and knowledge. Immigrants can capitalize on social interactions by transforming information into tangible resources, and thereby lower costs of migration
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Citizen
Citizenship
Citizenship
is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation. A person may have multiple citizenships and a person who does not have citizenship of any state is said to be stateless. Nationality
Nationality
is often used as a synonym for citizenship in English[1] – notably in international law – although the term is sometimes understood as denoting a person's membership of a nation (a large ethnic group).[2] In some countries, e.g
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Beijing
Beijing
Beijing
(/beɪˈdʒɪŋ/;[9] Mandarin: [pèi.tɕíŋ] ( listen)), formerly romanized as Peking,[10] is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city
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Simplified Chinese Characters
Simplified Chinese characters
Chinese characters
(简化字; jiǎnhuàzì)[1] are standardized Chinese characters
Chinese characters
prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy.[2] They are officially used in the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
and Singapore. Traditional Chinese
Traditional Chinese
characters are currently used in Hong Kong, Macau, and the Republic of China
Republic of China
(Taiwan)
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Traditional Chinese Characters
Traditional Chinese characters
Chinese characters
(traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字; simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字; Pinyin: Zhèngtǐzì/Fántǐzì) are Chinese characters
Chinese characters
in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
or in the Kangxi Dictionary
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Pinyin
Hanyu Pinyin
Hanyu Pinyin
(simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音), often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones. Pinyin
Pinyin
without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang,[1] based on earlier forms of romanizations of Chinese
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Five Races Under One Union
Five Races Under One Union
Five Races Under One Union
was one of the major principles upon which the Republic of China was founded in 1911 at the time of the Xinhai Revolution.[1][2][3][4]National Flag of the Republic of ChinaName Five-coloured flag (五色旗)Use Civil and state flag Proportion 5:8Adopted 10 January 1912Design Five horizontal bands of red, yellow, blue, white and black.Contents1 Description 2 History 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 ReferencesDescription[edit] This principle emphasized harmony between what were considered the f
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Nationality
Nationality
Nationality
is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state.[1] Nationality
Nationality
affords the state jurisdiction over the person and affords the person the protection of the state. What these rights and duties are varies from state to state.[2] By custom and international conventions, it is the right of each state to determine who its nationals are.[3] Such determinations are part of nationality law. In some cases, determinations of nationality are also governed by public international law—for example, by treaties on statelessness and the European Convention on Nationality. Nationality
Nationality
differs technically and legally from citizenship, which is a different legal relationship between a person and a country. The noun national can include both citizens and non-citizens
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Naturalization
Naturalization
Naturalization
(or naturalisation) is the legal act or process by which a non-citizen in a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country. It may be done by a statute, without any effort on the part of the individual, or it may involve an application and approval by legal authorities. The rules of naturalization vary from country to country and typically include a minimum legal residency requirement, and may specify other requirements such as knowledge of the national dominant language or culture, a promise to obey and uphold that country's laws. An oath or pledge of allegiance is also sometimes required
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Resident Identity Card
The Resident Identity Card
Resident Identity Card
(Chinese: 居民身份证; pinyin: Jūmín Shēnfènzhèng) is an official identity document for personal identification in the People's Republic of China
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Special Administrative Region
Special
Special
administrative region is a designation for types of administrative territorial entities in China, North Korea and Indonesia. China[edit] Special administrative regions of China
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Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Passport
For persons aged 16 or above: 32 pages – HK$370 48 pages – HK$460For children aged under 16: 32 pages – HK$185 48 pages – HK$230Amendments to the passport: (including amendment of personal particulars or photograph) – HK$84[1] Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Special
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Macao Special Administrative Region Passport
The Macao Special
Special
Administrative Region passport, also known as the Macau
Macau

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Nationality Law Of The Republic Of China
The Nationality
Nationality
Act[1] defines and regulates nationality of the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan. It was first promulgated by the Nationalist Government
Nationalist Government
on 5 February 1929 and revised by the Taipei-based Legislative Yuan
Legislative Yuan
in 2000, 2001, and 2006. The Act, like the Constitution of the Republic of China, makes no provision regarding citizenship
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National Identification Card (Republic Of China)
The National Identification Card (Chinese: 國民身分證; pinyin: Guómín Shēnfènzhèng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kok-bîn Sin-hun-chèng) is a compulsory identity document issued to nationals of the Republic of China who have household registration in the Taiwan
Taiwan
Area. The Identification Card is used for virtually all other activities that require identity verification within the ROC such as opening bank accounts and voting
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