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China Standard Time
The TIME IN CHINA follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 (eight hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time ), despite China spanning five geographical time zones . The official national standard time is called _ Beijing Time_ (Chinese : 北京时间) domestically and _ China Standard Time_ (CST) internationally. Daylight saving time has not been observed since 1991. The special administrative regions (SARs) maintain their own time authorities, with standards called _ Hong Kong Time _ (香港時間) and _ Macau Standard Time_ (澳門標準時間). These have been equivalent to Beijing time since 1992. In addition, a second time standard is used in Xinjiang , two hours less than the Beijing Time (UTC+06:00 ), which is called _Ürümqi Time_ (乌鲁木齐时间) or _ Xinjiang Time_ (新疆时间). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Regions with special time regulations * 3.1 Xinjiang * 3.2 Hong Kong * 3.3 Macau * 4 IANA time zone database * 4.1 Backward compatibility zone * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY Main article: Historical time zones of China In the 1870s, the Shanghai Xujiahui Observatory was constructed by a French catholic missionary
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Time In Taiwan
NATIONAL STANDARD TIME (Chinese : 國家標準時間; pinyin : _Guójiā Biāozhǔn Shíjiān_; Pe̍h-ōe-jī : _Kok-ka Piau-chún Sî-kan_, see below) is the official time zone in Taiwan (Republic of China ) defined by an UTC offset of +08:00 . This standard is also known as TAIWAN TIME (臺灣時間), TAIPEI TIME (臺北時間) and historically as _Chungyuan Standard Time_ (中原標準時間) until the early 2000s. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Present development * 3 IANA time zone database * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY History of time standard in Taiwan DATE NAME CHARACTER ROMANIZATION TIME OFFSET Jan. 1, 1896 – Sep. 30, 1937 Western Standard Time 西部標準時 Seibu Hyōjunji UTC+08:00 Oct. 1, 1937 – Sep. 20, 1945 Central Standard Time 中央標準時 Chūō Hyōjunji UTC+09:00 Sep. 21, 1945 – Oct. 25, 1945 Western Standard Time 西部標準時 Seibu Hyōjunji UTC+08:00 Oct. 25, 1945 – Early 2000s Chungyuan Standard Time 中原標準時間 Zhōngyuán Biāozhǔn Shíjiān UTC+08:00 From the 2000s National Standard Time 國家標準時間 Guójiā Biāozhǔn Shíjiān UTC+08:00 The first time zone standard in Taiwan was enforced in January 1, 1896, the second year of Taiwan under Japanese rule
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Chinese Calendar
Traditional CHINESE CALENDAR is a lunisolar calendar which reckons years, months and days according to astronomical phenomena. Currently, the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
is defined by GB/T 33661-2017 _Calculation and promulgation of the Chinese calendar,_ which is issued by the Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China on May 12, 2017. The Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
is used for traditional activities in China and overseas Chinese communities. It depicts and lists the dates of traditional Chinese holidays, and guides Chinese people in selecting the most auspicious days for weddings, funerals, moving, or beginning a business. In the Chinese calendar, the days begin and end at midnight. The months begin on the day with the dark (new) moon . The years begin with the dark moon near the midpoint between winter solstice and spring equinox . The solar terms are the important components of the Chinese calendar. In a month, there are one to three solar terms. The currently used traditional Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
is the end result of centuries of evolution
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Chinese Traditional Time System
The traditional time system is the time system in ancient China. _Shi-ke_ and _G-P_ system are typical systems which were used in ancient China for over 2000 years. _Shi-ke_ describes the time according to the readings on a time meter, such as sundial, ruler of the water clock, clock, etc. _G-P_ system is describes the time according to a predetermined signal, such as a drum, bell, gong, or bioclock. CONTENTS* 1 _Shi-ke_ * 1.1 Dual-hour/_shi_ * 1.2 Centiday/百刻 _baike_ * 1.3 _Shi-ke_ * 2 _G-P_ system * 2.1 Deciday/_gong_ * 2.2 Point * 2.3 Gong-point * 3 Minute/分 _fen_ * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References _SHI-KE_The _shi-ke_ system is derived from time measurement. The _shis_ are the scales on the sundial, and the _kes_ are the scales on the sundial or ruler of the water clock. DUAL-HOUR/_SHI_時 _shi_ are 12 milestones in a day, which are used to stamp the time. The 12 _shi_ are: midnight, crowing, dawn, sunrise, breakfast, ante, noon, post, dinner, sunset, dusk, and quieting. The earthly branches are used to name the 12 ._shi_: 子 _zi, 丑 chou, 寅 yin, 卯 mao, 辰 chen, 巳 si, 午 wu, 未 wei, 申 shen, 酉 you, 戌 xu, 亥 hai_. The time length of a _shi_ is two hours
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Chinese Language
LEGEND: Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers Major Chinese-speaking settlements THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters
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Replacement Character
SPECIALS is a short Unicode
Unicode
block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane
Basic Multilingual Plane
, at U+FFF0–FFFF. Of these 16 code points, five are assigned as of Unicode
Unicode
10.0: * U+FFF9 INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION ANCHOR, marks start of annotated text * U+FFFA INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION SEPARATOR, marks start of annotating character(s) * U+FFFB INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION TERMINATOR, marks end of annotation block * U+FFFC  OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, placeholder in the text for another unspecified object, for example in a compound document . * U+FFFD � REPLACEMENT CHARACTER used to replace an unknown, unrecognized or unrepresentable character * U+FFFE not a character. * U+FFFF not a character.FFFE and FFFF are not unassigned in the usual sense, but guaranteed not to be a Unicode
Unicode
character at all . They can be used to guess a text's encoding scheme, since any text containing these is by definition not a correctly encoded Unicode
Unicode
text. Unicode's U+FEFF Byte order mark character can be inserted at the beginning of a Unicode text to signal its endianness : a program reading such a text and encountering 0xFFFE would then know that it should switch the byte order for all the following characters
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Chinese Character
CHINESE CHARACTERS are logograms used in the writing of Chinese , Japanese , Korean and some other Asian languages. In Standard Chinese , they are called HàNZì (simplified Chinese : 汉字; traditional Chinese : 漢字). They have been adapted to write a number of other languages, including Japanese , where they are known as _kanji _ (漢字); Korean , where they are known as _hanja _ (漢字); and Vietnamese , in a system known as _chữ Nôm _. Collectively, they are known as CJK CHARACTERS . In English, they are sometimes called HAN CHARACTERS. Chinese characters constitute the oldest continuously used system of writing in the world. By virtue of their widespread current use in East Asia , and historic use throughout the Sinosphere , Chinese characters are among the most widely adopted writing systems in the world by number of users. Chinese characters number in the tens of thousands, though most of them are minor graphic variants encountered only in historical texts. Studies in China have shown that functional literacy in written Chinese requires a knowledge of between three and four thousand characters. In Japan , 2,136 are taught through secondary school (the _ Jōyō kanji _); hundreds more are in everyday use
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UTC+08
UTC+08:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +08:00. In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-08-10T08:40:14+08:00. With an estimated population of 1.708 billion living within the time zone, roughly 24% of the world population, it is the most populous time zone in world, as well as a possible candidate for ASEAN Common Time . This time zone is used in all Chinese-speaking countries, giving international Chinese websites the same time. The southern-half of Vietnam ( Republic of Vietnam
Republic of Vietnam
) was formerly part of this time zone prior to the communist takeover of the South on April 30, 1975, making it 1 hour ahead of North Vietnam
North Vietnam
. After 1975, the whole country came under the North Vietnamese time zone, UTC+07:00
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Coordinated Universal Time
COORDINATED UNIVERSAL TIME (French : _Temps universel coordonné_), abbreviated to UTC, is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about 1 second of mean solar time at 0° longitude ; it does not observe daylight saving time . For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), but GMT is no longer precisely defined by the scientific community. The first Coordinated Universal Time was informally adopted on 1 January 1960. The system was adjusted several times, including a brief period where time coordination radio signals broadcast both UTC and "Stepped Atomic Time (SAT)" until a new UTC was adopted in 1970 and implemented in 1972. This change also adopted leap seconds to simplify future adjustments. This CCIR Recommendation 460 "stated that (a) carrier frequencies and time intervals should be maintained constant and should correspond to the definition of the SI second; (b) step adjustments, when necessary, should be exactly 1 s to maintain approximate agreement with Universal Time (UT); and (c) standard signals should contain information on the difference between UTC and UT." A number of proposals have been made to replace UTC with a new system that would eliminate leap seconds, and the decision to remove them altogether has been tabled until 2023
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China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of over 1.381 billion . Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world's second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by total area . Governed by the Communist Party of China , it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin , Shanghai , and Chongqing ) and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau , also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan . China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower . China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain . For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties , beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty . Since then, China has then expanded, fractured, and re-unified numerous times
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Time Zones
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal , commercial , and social purposes. Time zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time . Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal Standard Time is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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Simplified Chinese Characters
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; _jiǎnhuàzì_) are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the _Table of General Standard Chinese Characters _ for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters , it is one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s in an attempt to increase literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore . Traditional Chinese characters are currently used in Hong Kong , Macau , and the Republic of China ( Taiwan ). While traditional characters can still be read and understood by many mainland Chinese and the Chinese community in Malaysia and Singapore, these groups generally retain their use of Simplified characters. Overseas Chinese communities generally tend to use traditional characters. Simplified Chinese characters may be referred to by their official name above or colloquially (简体字; _ jiǎntǐzì _). The latter refers to simplifications of character "structure" or "body", character forms that have existed for thousands of years alongside regular, more complicated forms
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Special Administrative Region
The SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS (SAR) are one type of provincial-level administrative divisions of China directly under Central People\'s Government , which enjoys the highest degree of autonomy , and no or less interference by either Central Government or the Chinese Communist Party . The legal basis for the establishment of SARs, unlike the administrative divisions of Mainland China, is provided for by Article 31, rather than Article 30, of the Constitution of the People\'s Republic of China of 1982. Article 31 reads: "The state may establish special administrative regions when necessary. The systems to be instituted in special administrative regions shall be prescribed by law enacted by the National People's Congress in the light of the specific conditions". At present, there are two SARs established according to the Constitution, namely the Hong Kong SAR and the Macau SAR , former British and Portuguese dependencies respectively, transferred to China in 1997 and 1999 pursuant to the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 and the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration of 1987 respectively
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Hong Kong Time
HONG KONG TIME (abbreviation: HKT ; Chinese : 香港時間) is the time in Hong Kong , observed at UTC+08:00 all year round. The Hong Kong Observatory is the official timekeeper of the Hong Kong Time. CONTENTS * 1 Time standards * 2 Timekeeping * 3 Daylight Saving * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links TIME STANDARDSIn Hong Kong, Hong Kong Time is defined in the Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1), Laws of Hong Kong. Section 67(2) of the Ordinance states that: " Hong Kong Time" (香港時間) means the time used for general purposes throughout Hong Kong namely, 8 hours, or such other period as may be determined by the Legislative Council by resolution under this subsection or under section 16 of the Oil (Conservation and Control) Ordinance (Cap 264), in advance of Universal Standard Time. Currently, Hong Kong time is defined as UTC+8 . The reference in section 67(2) to the Oil (Conservation and Control) Ordinance is actually a power given to the Legislative Council of Hong Kong to change Hong Kong Time for the purposes of conserving oil, i.e. to implement daylight saving time. However, no daylight saving time has been observed since 1979. The Hong Kong Time was first set to Local Mean Time (GMT+7:36:41) on 1 January 1885 at 13:00 by the then Royal Observatory Hong Kong
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Xinjiang
XINJIANG (Uyghur : شىنجاڭ‎, ULY : _Shinjang_; Mandarin pronunciation: ; Chinese : 新疆; pinyin : _Xīnjiāng_), officially the XINJIANG UYGHUR AUTONOMOUS REGION, is a provincial-level autonomous region of China in the northwest of the country. It is the largest Chinese administrative division and the eighth largest country subdivision in the world, spanning over 1.6 million km2 (0.64 million square miles). Xinjiang contains the disputed territory of Aksai Chin , which is administered by China. Xinjiang borders the countries of Mongolia , Russia , Kazakhstan , Kyrgyzstan , Tajikistan , Afghanistan , Pakistan and India . The rugged Karakoram , Kunlun , and Tian Shan mountain ranges occupy much of Xinjiang's borders, as well as its western and southern regions.