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Chief Executive Officer
A CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive , leader or administrator in charge of managing an organization . CEOs lead a range of organizations, including public and private corporations, non-profit organizations and even some government organizations (e.g., Crown corporations ). The CEO of a corporation or company typically reports to the board of directors and is charged with maximizing the value of the entity, which may include maximizing the share price, market share, revenues, or another element. In the non-profit and government sector, CEOs typically aim at achieving outcomes related to the organization's mission, such as reducing poverty, increasing literacy, etc. Titles also often given to the holder of CEO position include president , CHIEF EXECUTIVE (CE), and MANAGING DIRECTOR (MD), as well as REPRESENTATIVE DIRECTOR (RD) in Japan . CONTENTS * 1 Responsibilities * 2 Characteristics * 2.1 Celebrities * 3 International use * 4 Related positions * 4.1 US * 4.2 UK * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links RESPONSIBILITIESThe responsibilities of an organization's CEO are set by the organization's board of directors or other authority, depending on the organization's legal structure. They can be far-reaching or quite limited and are typically enshrined in a formal delegation of authority
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Chief Executive (other)
CHIEF EXECUTIVE is an alternate form for chief executive officer , the highest-ranking corporate officers (executives) or administrators. CHIEF EXECUTIVE also may refer to: * Chief Executive (magazine) , targeted at Chief executive officers* In government: * Chief executive (gubernatorial) , head of sub-national administrative region* Specific jurisdictions: * Chief Executive of Hong Kong , head of Hong Kong SAR government * Chief Executive of Macau , head of Macau SAR government * Chief Executive Officer (Afghanistan) , a position in the government of AfghanistanSEE ALSO* Heads of sovereign bodies: * Head of government * Head of state
Head of state
This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title CHIEF EXECUTIVE. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chief_executive_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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CEO (other)
CEO is a chief executive officer , the highest-ranking corporate officers (executives) or administrators in an organisation
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Executive Officer
An EXECUTIVE OFFICER (XO) is generally a person responsible for running an organization , although the exact nature of the role varies depending on the organization. In many militaries, an executive officer is the second-in-command, reporting to the commanding officer . The XO is typically responsible for the management of day-to-day activities, freeing the commander to concentrate on strategy and planning the unit's next move. CONTENTS * 1 Administrative law * 2 Corporate law and other legal associations * 3 Military * 3.1 United Kingdom * 3.2 United States * 3.2.1 United States Army * 3.2.2 United States Marine Corps * 3.2.3 United States Navy and United States Coast Guard * 3.2.4 United States Air Force * 3.2.5 Personal staff officers * 3.2.6 Executive Officer, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe * 4 References ADMINISTRATIVE LAWWhile there is no clear line between executive or principal and inferior officers, principal officers are high-level officials in the executive branch of U.S. government such as department heads of independent agencies. In _Humphrey\'s Executor v. United States _, 295 U.S. 602 (1935), the Court distinguished between executive officers and quasi-legislative or quasi-judicial officers by stating that the former serve at the pleasure of the president and may be removed at his discretion
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Organization
An ORGANIZATION or ORGANISATION is an entity comprising multiple people , such as an institution or an association , that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment. The word is derived from the Greek word _organon_, which means "organ ". CONTENTS * 1 Types * 2 Structures * 2.1 Committees or juries * 2.2 Ecologies * 2.3 Matrix organization * 2.4 Pyramids or hierarchical * 3 Theories * 4 Leadership * 4.1 Formal organizations * 4.2 Informal organizations * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links TYPESThere are a variety of legal types of organizations, including corporations , governments , non-governmental organizations , political organizations , international organizations , armed forces , charities , not-for-profit corporations , partnerships , cooperatives , and educational institutions . A hybrid organization is a body that operates in both the public sector and the private sector simultaneously, fulfilling public duties and developing commercial market activities. A voluntary association is an organization consisting of volunteers. Such organizations may be able to operate without legal formalities, depending on jurisdiction, including informal clubs . Organizations may also operate in secret and/or illegally in the case of secret societies , criminal organizations and resistance movements . STRUCTURES Diagram of the Federal Government and American Union , 1864
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Crown Corporation
A STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISE (SOE) is a legal entity that undertakes commercial activities on behalf of the state, its owner. The legal status of SOEs varies from being a part of the government to being stock companies with the state as a regular stockholder . The defining characteristics of SOEs are that they have a distinct legal form and are established to operate in commercial affairs and commercial activities. While they may also have public policy objectives (e.g., a state railway company may aim to make transportation more accessible), SOEs should be differentiated from other forms of government agencies or state entities established to pursue purely nonfinancial objectives. Government-owned corporations are common with natural monopolies and infrastructure, such as railways and telecommunications, strategic goods and services (mail, weapons), natural resources and energy, politically sensitive business, broadcasting, banking, demerit goods (e.g. alcoholic beverages ), and merit goods (healthcare)
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Corporation
A CORPORATION is a company or group of people authorized to act as a single entity (legally a person ) and recognized as such in law. Early incorporated entities were established by charter (i.e. by an _ad hoc_ act granted by a monarch or passed by a parliament or legislature). Most jurisdictions now allow the creation of new corporations through registration . Corporations come in many different types but are usually divided by the law of the jurisdiction where they are chartered into two kinds: by whether they can issue stock or not, or by whether they make profit or not. Where local law distinguishes corporations by ability to issue stock, corporations allowed to do so are referred to as "stock corporations", ownership of the corporation is through stock, and owners of stock are referred to as "stockholders" or "shareholders". Corporations not allowed to issue stock are referred to as "non-stock" corporations; those who are considered the owners of the corporation are those who have obtained membership in the corporation, and are referred to as a "member" of the corporation. Corporations chartered in regions where they are distinguished by whether they are allowed to be for profit or not are referred to as "for profit" and "not-for-profit" corporations, respectively. There is some overlap between stock/non-stock and for profit/not-for-profit in that not-for-profit corporations are always non-stock as well
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Company
A COMPANY, abbreviated CO., is a legal entity made up of an association of people, be they natural , legal , or a mixture of both, for carrying on a commercial or industrial enterprise. Company members share a common purpose and unite in order to focus their various talents and organize their collectively available skills or resources to achieve specific, declared goals . Companies take various forms such as: * Voluntary associations which may include nonprofit organization * A group of soldiers * Business entities with an aim of gaining a profit * Financial entities and banks A company or association of persons can be created at law as legal person so that the company in itself can accept limited liability for civil responsibility and taxation incurred as members perform (or fail) to discharge their duty within the publicly declared _"birth certificate" _ or published policy . Because companies are legal persons, they also may associate and register themselves as companies – often known as a corporate group . When the company closes it may need a _"death certificate" _ to avoid further legal obligations
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Board Of Directors
A BOARD OF DIRECTORS is a recognized group of people who jointly oversee the activities of an organization , which can be either a for-profit business , nonprofit organization , or a government agency . A board of directors' powers, duties and responsibilities are determined by government regulations (including the jurisdiction's corporations law ) and the organization's own constitution and bylaws . These authorities may specify the number of members of the board, how they are to be chosen, and how often they are to meet. In an organization with voting members, the board is accountable to, and might be subordinate to, the organization's full membership, which usually vote for the members of the board. In a stock corporation , non-executive directors are voted for by the shareholders and the board is the highest authority in the management of the corporation. The board of directors appoints the chief executive officer of the corporation and sets out the overall strategic direction. In corporations with dispersed ownership, the identification and nomination of directors (that shareholders vote for or against) are often done by the board itself, leading to a high degree of self-perpetuation. In a non-stock corporation with no general voting membership, the board is the supreme governing body of the institution; its members are sometimes chosen by the board itself
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President (corporate Title)
The PRESIDENT is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. In many organizations, it is the legally recognized highest "titled" corporate officer, ranking above the various Vice Presidents (e.g. Senior Vice President and Executive Vice President). The president may also be the chairperson . The relationship between the president and the Chief Executive Officer varies, depending on the structure of the specific organization. In a similar vein to the Chief Operating Officer , the title of corporate President as a separate position (as opposed to being combined with a "C-Suite " designation, such as "President and Chief Executive Officer" or "President and Chief Operating Officer") is also loosely defined. The powers of the president vary widely across organizations and such powers come from specific authorization in the bylaws (e.g. the president can make an "executive decision" only if the bylaws allow for it). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Duties at meetings * 3 Powers and authority * 4 Disciplinary procedures * 5 President-Elect * 6 Immediate Past President * 7 References * 8 Further reading HISTORYOriginally, the term "president" was used to designate someone who presided over a meeting, and was used in the same way that "foreman" or "overseer" is used now (the term is still used in that sense today)
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Japan
Coordinates : 35°N 136°E / 35°N 136°E / 35; 136 Japan 日本国 _Nippon-koku_ _Nihon-koku_ _ Flag Imperial Seal ANTHEM: * " Kimigayo _" * 君が代 "His Imperial Majesty's Reign" GOVERNMENT SEAL OF JAPAN * _ * Go-Shichi no Kiri_ (五七桐) Area controlled by Japan shown in green; claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green
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Leadership
LEADERSHIP is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to "lead" or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations. The literature debates various viewpoints: contrasting Eastern and Western approaches to leadership, and also (within the West) US vs. European approaches. US academic environments define leadership as "a process of social influence in which a person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task ". Leadership seen from a European and non-academic perspective encompasses a view of a leader who can be moved not only by communitarian goals but also by the search for personal power . Studies of leadership have produced theories involving traits , situational interaction, function, behavior, power , vision and values , charisma , and intelligence, among others
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Edward Bernays
EDWARD LOUIS JAMES BERNAYS (/bərˈneɪz/ ; German: ; November 22, 1891 − March 9, 1995) was an Austrian-American pioneer in the field of public relations and propaganda , referred to in his obituary as "the father of public relations". Bernays was named one of the 100 most influential Americans of the 20th century by _Life_ magazine . He was the subject of a full length biography by Larry Tye called _The Father of Spin_ (1999) and later an award-winning 2002 documentary for the BBC by Adam Curtis called _ The Century of the Self _. His best-known campaigns include a 1929 effort to promote female smoking by branding cigarettes as feminist " Torches of Freedom " and his work for the United Fruit Company connected with the overthrow of the Guatemalan government in 1954. He worked for dozens of major American corporations including Proctor and Gamble and General Electric , and for government agencies, politicians, and non-profit organizations. Of his many books, _ Crystallizing Public Opinion _ (1923) and _ Propaganda _ (1928) gained special attention as early efforts to define and theorize the field of public relations
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John D. Rockefeller
Founding the University of Chicago , Rockefeller University , Central Philippine University , General Education Board and Rockefeller Foundation NET WORTH US$392 billion (in 2016 dollars; inflation-adjusted) in 1913, according to _ Forbes _ (1.5% to 2% of the United States economy; or approximately 1/65th to 1/50th of its GDP ) POLITICAL PARTY Republican SPOUSE(S) Laura Celestia Spelman (m. 1864–1915; her death) CHILDREN Elizabeth , Alice, Alta , Edith , and John Jr. PARENT(S) * William Avery Rockefeller * Eliza Davison RELATIVES Rockefeller family JOHN DAVISON ROCKEFELLER SR. (July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937) was an American oil industry business magnate and philanthropist. Widely considered the wealthiest American of all time and the richest person in modern history , Rockefeller was born into a large family in upstate New York and was shaped by his con man father and religious mother. His family moved several times before eventually settling in Cleveland, Ohio . Rockefeller became an assistant bookkeeper at the age of 16, and went into a business partnership with Maurice B. Clark and his brothers at 20. After buying them out, he and his brother William founded Rockefeller & Andrews with Samuel Andrews . Instead of drilling for oil , he concentrated on refining
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Henry Ford
HENRY FORD (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American industrialist , the founder of the Ford Motor Company , and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production . Although Ford did not invent the automobile or the assembly line, he developed and manufactured the first automobile that many middle class Americans could afford. In doing so, Ford converted the automobile from an expensive curiosity into a practical conveyance that would profoundly impact the landscape of the 20th Century. His introduction of the Model T
Model T
automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry . As the owner of the Ford Motor Company, he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world. He is credited with " Fordism ": mass production of inexpensive goods coupled with high wages for workers. Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. His intense commitment to systematically lowering costs resulted in many technical and business innovations, including a franchise system that put dealerships throughout most of North America and in major cities on six continents. Ford left most of his vast wealth to the Ford Foundation and arranged for his family to control the company permanently
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Celebrity
CELEBRITY refers to the fame and public attention accorded by the mass media to individuals or groups or, occasionally, animals, but is usually applied to the persons or groups of people (celebrity couples, families, etc.) themselves who receive such a status of fame and attention. Celebrity status is often associated with wealth (commonly referred to as _fame and fortune_), while fame often provides opportunities to earn revenue. Successful careers in sports and entertainment are commonly associated with celebrity status; while political leaders often become celebrities. People may also become celebrities due to media attention on their lifestyle, wealth, or controversial actions, or for their connection to a famous person. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Regional and cultural implications * 2.1 Fictional implications * 3 Becoming a celebrity * 3.1 Success * 3.2 Difficulty * 3.3 Becoming a celebrity in the U.S
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