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Chicago Race Riot Of 1919
The CHICAGO RACE RIOT OF 1919 was a major racial conflict that began in Chicago
Chicago
, Illinois, on July 27, 1919, and ended on August 3. During the riot, thirty-eight people died (23 black and 15 white) and over five hundred were injured. It is considered the worst of the approximately 25 riots during the Red Summer , so named because of the violence and fatalities across the nation. The combination of prolonged arson , looting , and murder made it the worst race riot in the history of Illinois
Illinois
. The sociopolitical atmosphere of Chicago
Chicago
was one of ethnic tension caused by competition among many new groups. With the Great Migration , thousands of African Americans
African Americans
from the South had settled next to neighborhoods of European immigrants on Chicago's South Side , near jobs in the stockyards and meatpacking plants
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Southern United States
The SOUTHERN UNITED STATES, also known as the AMERICAN SOUTH, DIXIE , DIXIELAND and THE SOUTH, is a region of the United States
United States
of America . The South does not fully match the geographic south of the United States but is commonly defined as including the states that fought for the Confederate States of America
Confederate States of America
in the American Civil War
American Civil War
. The Deep South
Deep South
is fully located in the southeastern corner. Arizona
Arizona
and New Mexico
New Mexico
, which are geographically in the southern part of the country, are rarely considered part, while West Virginia
West Virginia
, which separated from Virginia
Virginia
in 1863, commonly is. Some scholars have proposed definitions of the South that do not coincide neatly with state boundaries
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Frank Lowden
FRANK ORREN LOWDEN (January 26, 1861 – March 20, 1943) was a Republican Party politician from Illinois, who served as the 25th Governor of Illinois
Governor of Illinois
and as a United States
United States
Representatives from Illinois. He was also a candidate for the Republican presidential nominations in 1920 and 1928 . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Political career * 3 Railroad career * 4 Legacy * 5 Notes * 6 Bibliography * 7 External links EARLY LIFELowden was born in Sunrise Township, Minnesota
Minnesota
, the son of Nancy Elizabeth (Breg) and Lorenzo Orren Lowden, a blacksmith. He lived in Iowa
Iowa
from the age of seven, on the farm in Hardin County, Iowa
Iowa
, in poverty. He attended school when chores on the family farm allowed. At age fifteen he began to teach in a one room school house in Hubbard, Iowa
Iowa

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Walter Francis White
WALTER FRANCIS WHITE (July 1, 1893 – March 21, 1955) was an African-American civil rights activist who led the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for almost a quarter of a century, 1931–1955, after starting with the organization as an investigator in 1918. He directed a broad program of legal challenges to racial segregation and disfranchisement . He was also a journalist, novelist, and essayist. He graduated in 1916 from Atlanta
Atlanta
University (now Clark Atlanta
Atlanta
University ), a historically black college . In 1918 White joined the small national staff of the NAACP in New York at the invitation of James Weldon Johnson
James Weldon Johnson
. He acted as Johnson's assistant national secretary and traveled to the South to investigate lynchings and riots
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NAACP
The NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE (NAACP) is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as a bi-racial organization to advance justice for African Americans by W. E. B. Du Bois , Mary White Ovington and Moorfield Storey . Its mission in the 21st century is "to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination." Their national initiatives included political lobbying, publicity efforts, and litigation strategies developed by their legal team. The group enlarged its mission in the late 20th century by considering issues such as police misconduct, the status of black foreign refugees, and questions of economic development. Its name, retained in accordance with tradition, uses the once common term colored people , referring to people of some African ancestry
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Chicago Beaches
The BEACHES IN CHICAGO are an extensive network of waterfront recreational areas operated by the Chicago Park District . The Chicago metropolitan waterfront includes parts of the Lake Michigan shores as well as parts of the banks of the Chicago , Des Plaines , Calumet , Fox , and DuPage Rivers and their tributaries. The waterfront also includes the Illinois and Michigan Canal and the Sanitary and Ship Canal . Historically, the waterfront has been used for commerce, industry, and leisure. Leisure, such as fishing, swimming, hunting, walking and boating, was much more prevalent throughout the river sections of the waterfront system early in the 19th century before industrial uses altered the landscape. By midcentury, much leisure shifted to Lake Michigan as a result of industrial influence. The first City of Chicago Public Beach opened in Lincoln Park in 1895. Today, the entire 28 miles (45 km) Chicago lakefront shoreline is man-made, and primarily used as parkland
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Illinois Governor
The GOVERNOR OF ILLINOIS is the chief executive of the State of Illinois
Illinois
and the various agencies and departments over which the officer has jurisdiction, as prescribed in the state constitution . It is a directly elected position, votes being cast by popular suffrage of residents of the state. The governor is responsible for enacting laws passed by the Illinois
Illinois
General Assembly . Illinois
Illinois
is one of 14 states with no gubernatorial term-limit . The governor is commander-in-chief of the state's land, air and sea forces, when they are in state service. The current governor is Republican Bruce Rauner
Bruce Rauner
, who succeeded Democrat Pat Quinn in 2015
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United States Congress
535 voting members * 100 senators * 435 representatives 6 non-voting members SENATE POLITICAL GROUPS * Republican (51) * Democratic (47)* Independent (2) (caucusing with Democrats) HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES POLITICAL GROUPS * Republican (238) * Democratic (193) * Vacant (4) ELECTIONS SENATE LAST ELECTION November 8, 2016 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES LAST ELECTION November 8, 2016 MEETING PLACE United States Capitol
United States Capitol

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Douglas, Chicago
DOUGLAS, on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois
Illinois
, is one of 77 Chicago
Chicago
community areas . The neighborhood is named for Stephen A. Douglas , an Illinois
Illinois
politician, whose estate included a tract of land given to the federal government. This tract later was developed for use as the Civil War Union training and prison camp, Camp Douglas , located in what is now the eastern portion of the Douglas neighborhood. Douglas gave that part of his estate at Cottage Grove and 35th to the Old University of Chicago
Chicago
. The Chicago
Chicago
2016 Olympic bid planned for the Olympic Village to be constructed on a 37-acre (150,000 m2) truck parking lot south of McCormick Place
McCormick Place
that is mostly in the Douglas community area and partly in the Near South Side
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Richard J. Daley
RICHARD JOSEPH DALEY (May 15, 1902 – December 20, 1976) was an American politician who served as the 38th Mayor of Chicago
Mayor of Chicago
for a total of 21 years beginning on April 20, 1955 until his death on December 20, 1976. Daley was the chairman of the Cook County Democratic Central Committee for 23 years, holding both positions until his death in office in 1976. Daley was Chicago
Chicago
's third consecutive mayor from the working-class, heavily Irish American Bridgeport neighborhood on Chicago\'s South Side , where he lived his entire life. Daley is remembered for doing much to avoid the declines that some other "rust belt " cities like Cleveland
Cleveland
, Buffalo and Detroit
Detroit
experienced during the same period
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United States President
------------------------- * HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES * Speaker Paul Ryan
Paul Ryan
(R) * Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R) * Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi
Nancy Pelosi
(D) * Congressional districts
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Woodrow Wilson
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES * Presidency -------------------------FIRST TERM * 1912 campaign * Election * 1st Inauguration * Women\'s suffrage * Suffrage parade * The New Freedom * Silent Sentinels * Federal Reserve Act *
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Irish People
Anglo-Irish
Anglo-Irish
, Bretons , Cornish , English , Icelanders , Manx , Norse , Scots , Ulster
Ulster
Scots , Welsh Other Northern European ethnic groups ------------------------- * Around 800,000 people born in Ireland
Ireland
reside in Great Britain, with around 14,000,000 people claiming Irish ancestry
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Lynching
LYNCHING is an extrajudicial punishment by an informal group. It is most often used to characterize informal public executions by a mob in order to punish an alleged transgressor, or to intimidate a group. It is an extreme form of informal group social control such as charivari , skimmington , riding the rail , and tarring and feathering , but with a drift towards the display of a public spectacle. Instances of it can be found in societies long antedating European settlement of North America
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Houston, Texas
HOUSTON (/ˈhjuːstən/ ( listen ) HYOO-stən ) is the most populous city in the state of Texas
Texas
and the fourth-most populous city in the United States
United States
. With a census-estimated 2016 population of 2.303 million within an area of 667 square miles (1,730 km2), it is also the largest city in the southern United States
United States
and the seat of Harris County . Located in Southeast Texas
Texas
near the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
, it is the principal city of the Greater Houston metro area, which is the fifth-most populated MSA in the United States. Houston
Houston
was founded on August 28, 1836, near the banks of Buffalo Bayou (now known as Allen\'s Landing ) and incorporated as a city on June 5, 1837
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Middle Class
The MIDDLE CLASS is a class of people in the middle of a social hierarchy. In Weberian socio-economic terms, the middle class is the broad group of people in contemporary society who fall socio-economically between the working class and upper class . The common measures of what constitutes middle class vary significantly among cultures. A sizable and healthy middle-class can be viewed as a characteristic of a healthy society
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