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Chhatrapati Shivaji
Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
(Devanagari: छत्रपति) is an Indian royal title. It is often taken to be the equivalent of king or emperor, and was used by the Marathas. The word ‘Chhatrapati’ is a tatpurusha Sanskrit
Sanskrit
compound of chhatra (parasol or umbrella) and pati (master/lord/ruler). The parasol was considered a symbol of absolute, or even universal, sovereignty and consecrated kingship, and has been used by Buddhist monarchies outside of India, as well. The title indicates a person who is a sovereign ruler over other princes, and not a vassal. In contrast, the Indian titles of Maharaja
Maharaja
or Raja, Yuvraj, Rajkumar or Kumar,and Senapati most can reflect a range of European equivalent meanings, from King, Crown Prince, and Prince, to Duke, Count, or Lord
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Chhatrapati (2005 Film)
Chatrapathi is a 2005 Telugu action drama film written and directed by S. S. Rajamouli. Prabhas
Prabhas
plays the lead role and Arti Agarwal, Shriya Saran, Bhanupriya, and Pradeep Rawat appear in other roles. The film released on 29 September and was dubbed into Tamil, Malayalam and Hindi as Chatrapathi, Chandramauli and Hukumat Ki Jung respectively. The film was remade in Kannada with Dr. Siddhanth and Priyadarshini[disambiguation needed] in lead roles and in Bengali as Refugee starring Prosenjit and Rambha.Contents1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Soundtrack 4 Box office 5 Awards and nominations 6 References 7 External linksPlot[edit] Shivaji (Prabhas) and Ashok (Shafi) are the sons of Parvati (Bhanupriya). Shivaji is her stepson, but Parvati shows equal affection on both of them, and this is not liked by Ashok, who is her biological son. They are one of the families living on the coast of Sri Lanka
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Rajaram II Of Satara
Satara may refer to: Satara (city), an Indian city in Maharashtra Satara district, an Indian district in Maharashtra Satara State, a former princely state, see history of S
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Grand Prince
The title grand prince or great prince (Latin: magnus princeps, Greek: megas archon) ranked in honour below king and emperor and above a sovereign prince. Grand duke
Grand duke
is the usual and established, though not literal, translation of these terms in English and Romance languages, which do not normally use separate words for a "prince" who reigns as a monarch (e.g., Albert II, Prince
Prince
of Monaco) and a "prince" who does not reign, but belongs to a monarch's family (e.g., Prince
Prince
William, Duke
Duke
of Cambridge). German, Dutch, Slavic and Scandinavian languages do use separate words to express this concept, and in those languages grand prince is understood as a distinct title (for a cadet of a dynasty) from grand duke (hereditary ruler ranking below a king). The title of grand prince was once used for the sovereign of a "grand principality"
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Shivaji II
Shivaji
Shivaji
II or Shiva Rajaram (June 09, 1696 – March 14, 1726) was son of Maratha ruler Chhattrapati Rajaram and his wife Tarabai. Details[edit] Upon the death of his father, the infant Shivaji
Shivaji
was installed as the Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
of the Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
with his mother Tarabai
Tarabai
serving as the regent in 1700. His cousin, Chhattrapati Shahu
Chhattrapati Shahu
upon his release from the Mughals in 1707 successfully challenged Tarabai
Tarabai
to become the next Chhatrapati.[1] Tarabai
Tarabai
then set up a rival court in Kolhapur. Shivaji
Shivaji
II served as Raja
Raja
of Kolhapur
Kolhapur
from 1710 to 1714
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Tarabai
Tarabai
Tarabai
Bhosale (1675-9 December 1761 at Satara) was the regent of the Maratha empire
Maratha empire
of India from 1700 until 1708. She was the queen of Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
Rajaram Bhosale, daughter-in-law of the empire's founder Shivaji
Shivaji
and mother of Shivaji
Shivaji
II. She is acclaimed for her role in keeping alive the resistance against Mughal occupation of Maratha territories after the death of her spouse, and acted as regent during the minority of her son.Contents1 Life1.1 Commander of Maratha forces 1.2 Battle with Shahu 1.3 Conflict with Peshwa
Peshwa
Balaji Bajirao2 In popular culture 3 References 4 Sardar to Tarabai's SideLife[edit] Tarabai
Tarabai
came from the Mohite clan[1] and was daughter of famed Maratha general Hambirao Mohite
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Chattrapati Shahu
Shahu Bhonsle
Bhonsle
(1682–1749 CE) was the fifth Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
of the Maratha
Maratha
Empire created by his grandfather, Shivaji. He was son of Sambhaji, Shivaji's eldest son and successor.Shahu, as a child, was taken prisoner along with his mother in 1689 by Mughal General, Nusrat Jang[2][better source needed] After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, leading Mughal courtiers released Shahu with a force of fifty men, thinking that a friendly Maratha
Maratha
leader would be a useful ally.[3]At that time he fought a brief war with his aunt Tarabai
Tarabai
in an internecine conflict to gain the Maratha
Maratha
throne in 1708.[4][5] Under Shahu's reign, Maratha
Maratha
power and influence extended to all corners of the Indian subcontinent
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Rajaram Chhatrapati
Rajaram Raje Bhosale
Bhosale
(24 February 1670 – 3 March 1700 Sinhagad[1]) was the younger son of Maratha
Maratha
ruler Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
Shivaji, and half-brother of Sambhaji. He took over the Maratha
Maratha
Empire as its third Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
after his brother's death at the hands of the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
in 1689. He had a very short reign, during which he was engaged in a struggle with the Mughals.Contents1 Early life and family 2 Coronation
Coronation
and escape to Jinji 3 Siege of Jinji 4 Santaji and Dhanaji 5 Death 6 Legacy 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 Rustamrao 11 External linksEarly life and family[edit] Rajaram was born to Shivaji
Shivaji
and his younger wife, Soyarabai on 24 February, 1670
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Chhattrapati Shahu
Shahu Bhonsle
Bhonsle
(1682–1749 CE) was the fifth Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
of the Maratha
Maratha
Empire created by his grandfather, Shivaji. He was son of Sambhaji, Shivaji's eldest son and successor.Shahu, as a child, was taken prisoner along with his mother in 1689 by Mughal General, Nusrat Jang[2][better source needed] After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, leading Mughal courtiers released Shahu with a force of fifty men, thinking that a friendly Maratha
Maratha
leader would be a useful ally.[3]At that time he fought a brief war with his aunt Tarabai
Tarabai
in an internecine conflict to gain the Maratha
Maratha
throne in 1708.[4][5] Under Shahu's reign, Maratha
Maratha
power and influence extended to all corners of the Indian subcontinent
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East India Company
The East India
India
Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India
India
Company and informally as John Company,[1] was an English and later British joint-stock company,[2] that was formed to pursue trade with the "East Indies"[citation needed] (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China
Qing China
and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent. Originally chartered as the "Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies", the company rose to account for half of the world's trade[citation needed], particularly in basic commodities including cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpetre, tea, and opium
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Chhatrapati Shahu
Shahu Bhonsle
Bhonsle
(1682–1749 CE) was the fifth Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
of the Maratha
Maratha
Empire created by his grandfather, Shivaji. He was son of Sambhaji, Shivaji's eldest son and successor.Shahu, as a child, was taken prisoner along with his mother in 1689 by Mughal General, Nusrat Jang[2][better source needed] After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, leading Mughal courtiers released Shahu with a force of fifty men, thinking that a friendly Maratha
Maratha
leader would be a useful ally.[3]At that time he fought a brief war with his aunt Tarabai
Tarabai
in an internecine conflict to gain the Maratha
Maratha
throne in 1708.[4][5] Under Shahu's reign, Maratha
Maratha
power and influence extended to all corners of the Indian subcontinent
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Shahu II Of Satara
Raja
Raja
Shahu II Bhosale (1763 - 3 May 1808 CE[1]) was the titular Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
of the Maratha Empire.[1] He was succeeded by his son Pratap Singh. References[edit]^ a b Kulkarni, Sumitra (1995), The
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Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire
Empire
(Urdu: مغلیہ سلطنت‬‎, translit. Mughliyah Saltanat)[8][2] or Mogul Empire[9] was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526
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Raja Pratap Singh, Raja Of Satara
Pratap Singh(also known as Partap, Partab or Pratab Singh) may refer to: Partap Singh
Partap Singh
(1904–1984), former Jathedar of Akal Takht Partab Singh of Kashmir
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Raja Shahaji Of Satara
Shahji ruled the Indian city of Satara and the surrounding Satara district from 1839 until 1848. He was also known as Appa Saheb, and his full titles were Shreemant Maharaj Shaji Raja
Raja
Chhatrapati of Satara. His adoptive father Pratap Singh had been dethroned as Raja
Raja
Pratap Singh, Raja
Raja
of Satara by the British rulers in 1839 and stripped of his powers and personal possessions. Appa Sahib succeeded his father under the title Shreemant Maharaj Shajee Raja
Raja
Chhatrapati of Satara.[1] After his death, the British questioned the irregularity of his adoption, refused to recognise the succession, and annexed the state of Satara to the Presidency of Bombay under the doctrine of lapse, on 1 May 1849.[citation needed] References[edit]^ The Satara Raj, 1818-1848: a study in history, administration, and culture
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Sambhaji II
Sambhaji II (b.1698 - 18 December 1760) was a Raja
Raja
of Kolhapur
Kolhapur
from Bhonsle
Bhonsle
dynasty. He was a grandson of Chhatrapati Shivaji
Shivaji
and the second son of Chhatrapati Rajaram with his second wife, Rajasbai. After defeat by Shahu, Sambhaji's stepmother, Tarabai
Tarabai
then set up a rival court in Kolhapur
Kolhapur
with her son Shivaji II as Raja
Raja
of Kolhapur from 1710 to 1714
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