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Chet Atkins
CHESTER BURTON ATKINS (June 20, 1924 – June 30, 2001), known as "MR. GUITAR" and "THE COUNTRY GENTLEMAN", was an American musician, occasional vocalist, songwriter, and record producer , who along with Owen Bradley and Bob Ferguson , among others, created the country music style that came to be known as the Nashville sound , which expanded country music's appeal to adult pop music fans. He was primarily known as a guitarist. He also played the mandolin, fiddle, banjo, and ukulele. Atkins' signature picking style was inspired by Merle Travis . Other major guitar influences were Django Reinhardt , George Barnes , Les Paul , and, later, Jerry Reed . His distinctive picking style and musicianship brought him admirers inside and outside the country scene, both in the United States and abroad. Atkins spent most of his career at RCA Victor and produced records for the Browns , Hank Snow , Porter Wagoner , Norma Jean , Dolly Parton , Dottie West , Perry Como , Floyd Cramer , Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
, the Everly Brothers , Eddy Arnold , Don Gibson , Jim Reeves , Jerry Reed , Skeeter Davis , Waylon Jennings , and many others. Among many honors, Atkins received 14 Grammy Awards and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
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Chester G. Atkins
CHESTER GREENOUGH ATKINS (born April 14, 1948) is a former member of the United States House of Representatives . He is a Democrat from Massachusetts
Massachusetts
. Atkins was born in Geneva, Switzerland
Switzerland
on April 14, 1948, and graduated from Concord-Carlisle High School
Concord-Carlisle High School
of Concord, Massachusetts in 1966 and Antioch College in 1970. Atkins was exposed to progressive politics on Antioch's highly politicized campus in the late-1960s and early-1970s. He was elected a member of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
House of Representatives from 1970 to 1971 (at the time, the youngest ever elected in Massachusetts) and the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Senate from 1972 to 1984. He was the first chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee and later chaired the Senate Ways and Means Committee. He also served as chairman of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Democratic State Committee from 1977 to 1990. When James Shannon decided to run for the Senate seat vacated by the ailing Paul Tsongas , Atkins ran and was elected as a Democrat to the 99th Congress in 1984. He served there for four succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1993)
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Mr. Guitar (album)
MR. GUITAR is an album by American jazz guitarist Charlie Byrd featuring tracks recorded in 1960 and released on the Riverside label in 1962. The album was first released on the Washington Records Offbeat imprint as Jazz
Jazz
at the Showboat, Vol. 3 but only received limited distribution prior to Byrd signing with Riverside. CONTENTS * 1 Reception * 2 Track listing * 3 Personnel * 4 References RECEPTION PROFESSIONAL RATINGS REVIEW SCORES SOURCE RATING Allmusic Allmusic awarded the album 4½ stars calling it "a delightful trio outing with an adroit and light feel"
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Luttrell, Tennessee
LUTTRELL is a city in Union County , Tennessee
Tennessee
, United States
United States
. The population was 1,074 at the 2010 census, up from 915 at the 2000 census. It is included in the Knoxville, Tennessee
Tennessee
Metropolitan Statistical Area . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Notable people * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYLuttrell was originally known as Cedar Ford, and was renamed Luttrell in 1890. In the 19th century Cedar Ford was the site of a lime kiln and a marble quarry , supporting a population of 808 as of the 1870 Census
Census
. In 1887 the Powell Valley Railroad (now part of the Norfolk Southern Railway ) was built through the community, making it a shipping center for the surrounding area. Luttrell became an incorporated municipality in 1925. GEOGRAPHYAccording to the United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau , the city has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10 km2), all land. The city is situated in a valley between Copper Ridge on the north and Clinch Mountain
Clinch Mountain
on the south. Both ridges are characteristic of the Appalachian Ridge-and-Valley range . Luttrell is drained by Flat Creek, a tributary of the Holston River . Plainview borders Luttrell to the southwest
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Nashville, Tennessee
NASHVILLE is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Tennessee
Tennessee
and the seat of Davidson County . It is located on the Cumberland River in the north central part of the state. The city is a center for the music, healthcare, private prisons, publishing, banking and transportation industries, and home to numerous colleges and universities. It is known as a center of the country music industry, earning it the nickname "MUSIC CITY, U.S.A." Since 1963, Nashville
Nashville
has had a consolidated city-county government, which includes six smaller municipalities in a two-tier system. The city is governed by a mayor, a vice-mayor, and a 40-member Metropolitan Council; 35 of the members are elected from single-member districts, while the other five are elected at-large . Reflecting the city's position in state government, Nashville
Nashville
is home to the Tennessee
Tennessee
Supreme Court 's courthouse for Middle Tennessee
Tennessee
. According to 2016 estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau , the total consolidated city-county population stood at 684,410. The "balance" population, which excludes semi-independent municipalities within Nashville, was 660,388. The 2015 population of the entire 13-county Nashville metropolitan area was 1,830,345, making it the largest metropolitan statistical area in Tennessee
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Country Music
COUNTRY MUSIC (frequently referred to as just COUNTRY) is a musical genre that originated in the Southern United States
Southern United States
in the 1920s. It takes its roots from genres such as folk music (especially Appalachian folk music ) and blues . Country music
Country music
often consists of ballads and dance tunes with generally simple forms and harmonies accompanied by mostly string instruments such as banjos , electric and acoustic guitars , steel guitars (such as pedal steels and dobros ), and fiddles as well as harmonicas . Blues
Blues
modes have been used extensively throughout its recorded history . According to Lindsey Starnes, the term _country music_ gained popularity in the 1940s in preference to the earlier term _hillbilly music_; it came to encompass Western music , which evolved parallel to hillbilly music from similar roots, in the mid-20th century. In 2009 country music was the most listened to rush hour radio genre during the evening commute, and second most popular in the morning commute in the United States. The term _country music_ is used today to describe many styles and subgenres. The origins of country music are the folk music of working-class Americans , who blended popular songs, Irish and Celtic fiddle tunes, traditional English ballads, and cowboy songs, and various musical traditions from European immigrant communities
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Country Rock
COUNTRY ROCK is a subgenre of popular music , formed from the fusion of rock and country . It was developed by rock musicians who began to record country-flavored records in the late-1960s and early-1970s. These musicians recorded rock records using country themes, vocal styles, and additional instrumentation, most characteristically pedal steel guitars . Country rock
Country rock
began with Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
and The Byrds , reaching its greatest popularity in the 1970s with artists such as Emmylou Harris
Emmylou Harris
, the Eagles , Linda Ronstadt , Michael Nesmith , Poco and Pure Prairie League . Country rock
Country rock
also influenced artists in other genres, including The Band
The Band
, Grateful Dead
Grateful Dead
, Creedence Clearwater Revival , The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
, and George Harrison
George Harrison
's solo work. It also played a part in the development of Southern rock
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Jazz
JAZZ is a music genre that originated in African American communities of New Orleans , United States , in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime . Since the 1920s Jazz Age , jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression. It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African American and European American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes , call and response vocals , polyrhythms and improvisation . Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression , and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime , as well as European military band music. Although the foundation of jazz is deeply rooted within the black experience of the United States, different cultures have contributed their own experience and styles to the art form as well. Intellectuals around the world have hailed jazz as "one of America's original art forms". As jazz spread around the world, it drew on different national, regional, and local musical cultures, which gave rise to many distinctive styles. New Orleans jazz began in the early 1910s, combining earlier brass-band marches, French quadrilles , biguine , ragtime and blues with collective polyphonic improvisation
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Rock And Roll
ROCK AND ROLL (often written as ROCK "> Sign commemorating the role of Alan Freed and Cleveland , Ohio in the origins of rock and roll The term "rock and roll" now has at least two different meanings, both in common usage. The _ American Heritage Dictionary _ and the _ Merriam-Webster Dictionary _ both define rock and roll as synonymous with rock music . _ Encyclopædia Britannica _, on the other hand, regards it as the music that originated in the mid-1950s and later developed "into the more encompassing international style known as rock music". The phrase "rocking and rolling" originally described the movement of a ship on the ocean, but was used by the early twentieth century, both to describe the spiritual fervor of black church rituals and as a sexual analogy. Various gospel, blues and swing recordings used the phrase before it became used more frequently – but still intermittently – in the 1940s, on recordings and in reviews of what became known as "rhythm and blues" music aimed at a black audience. In 1934, the song "Rock and Roll" by the Boswell Sisters appeared in the film _ Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round _. In 1942, _Billboard _ magazine columnist Maurie Orodenker started to use the term "rock-and-roll" to describe upbeat recordings such as "Rock Me" by Sister Rosetta Tharpe
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Folk Music
FOLK MUSIC includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival . The term originated in the 19th century, but is often applied to music older than that. Some types of folk music are also called world music . TRADITIONAL FOLK MUSIC has been defined in several ways: as music transmitted orally , music with unknown composers, or music performed by custom over a long period of time. It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles . Starting in the mid-20th century, a new form of popular folk music evolved from traditional folk music. This process and period is called the (second) folk revival and reached a zenith in the 1960s. This form of music is sometimes called contemporary folk music or folk revival music to distinguish it from earlier folk forms. Smaller, similar revivals have occurred elsewhere in the world at other times, but the term folk music has typically not been applied to the new music created during those revivals. This type of folk music also includes fusion genres such as folk rock , folk metal , electric folk , and others. While contemporary folk music is a genre generally distinct from traditional folk music, in English it shares the same name, and it often shares the same performers and venues as traditional folk music. Even individual songs may be a blend of the two
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Rockabilly
ROCKABILLY is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, dating back to the early 1950s in the United States
United States
, especially the South . As a genre it blends the sound of Western musical styles such as country with that of rhythm and blues , leading to what is considered "classic" rock and roll. Some have also described it as a blend of bluegrass with rock and roll. The term "rockabilly" itself is a portmanteau of "rock" (from "rock 'n' roll") and "hillbilly ", the latter a reference to the country music (often called "hillbilly music" in the 1940s and 1950s) that contributed strongly to the style. Other important influences on rockabilly include western swing , boogie woogie , jump blues , and electric blues . Defining features of the rockabilly sound included strong rhythms, vocal twangs, and common use of the tape echo ; but progressive addition of different instruments and vocal harmonies led to its "dilution". Initially popularized by artists such as Johnny Cash , Bill Haley , Buddy Holly , Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
, Carl Perkins , Bob Luman , and Jerry Lee Lewis , the influence and success of the style waned in the 1960s; nonetheless, during the late 1970s and early 1980s, rockabilly enjoyed a major revival. An interest in the genre endures even in the 21st century, often within a subculture
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RCA Victor
RCA RECORDS is an American record label owned by Sony Music , a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America . It is one of SME's three flagship record labels, alongside Columbia Records and Epic Records . The label has released multiple genres of music, including pop , rock , hip hop , R"> Classic RCA logo, first retired in 1968; revived in 1987 until 2015. Still used by RCA in the UK. In 1929, the Radio Corporation of America ( RCA ) purchased the Victor Talking Machine Company , then the world's largest manufacturer of phonographs (including the famous "Victrola ") and phonograph records (in British English , "gramophone records"). The company then became RCA VICTOR but retained use of the Victor Records name on their labels until the beginning of 1946 when the labels were finally switched over to RCA Victor. With Victor, RCA acquired New World rights to the famous Nipper "His Master\'s Voice " trademark ; in Shanghai , China, RCA Victor was the main competitor with Baak Doi (EMI). Singer Carmen Miranda was signed to RCA Victor brazilian branch, in 1929 to 1935 , when she was still only known in Brazil
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Columbia Records
COLUMBIA RECORDS is an American record label owned by Sony Music , a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America , the United States division of Sony Corporation . It was founded in 1887 from an earlier enterprise named the American Graphophone Company , the successor to the Volta Graphophone Company . From 1961 to 1990, Columbia's recordings were released outside the U.S. and Canada under the name CBS Records to avoid being confused with the Columbia Graphophone Company in the UK. Columbia is one of Sony Music's three flagship record labels with RCA and Epic . Musicians who have recorded for Columbia include AC/DC , Adele , Beyoncé , Frank Sinatra , Tony Bennett , Susan Boyle , David Bowie , Mariah Carey , Neil Diamond , Celine Dion , Bob Dylan , Earth, Wind & Fire , Pink Floyd , Billy Joel , John Mayer , Bruce Springsteen , Barbra Streisand , Louis Armstrong , Duke Ellington , Dave Brubeck , Erroll Garner , Miles Davis , Thelonious Monk , Charles Mingus and Pharrell Williams
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Arthur Fiedler
ARTHUR FIEDLER (December 17, 1894 – July 10, 1979) was a long-time conductor of the Boston Pops Orchestra , a symphony orchestra that specializes in popular and light classical music. With a combination of musicianship and showmanship, he made the Boston Pops one of the best-known orchestras in the United States. Fiedler was sometimes criticized for over-popularizing music, particularly when adapting popular songs or edited portions of the classical repertoire, but he kept performances informal and sometimes self-mocking to attract a bigger audience. CONTENTS * 1 Life and career * 2 Personal life * 3 Death * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Sources * 7 Further reading * 8 External links LIFE AND CAREERFiedler was born in Boston , Massachusetts
Massachusetts
to Emanuel and Johanna Fiedler. His father was an Austrian violinist who played in the Boston Symphony Orchestra , and his mother was a pianist. He grew up in Boston, and attended Boston Latin School
Boston Latin School
until his father retired in the early 1900s, and they moved to Vienna
Vienna
, Austria
Austria
, in 1910. The family soon moved again, to Berlin
Berlin
, where from 1911 to 1915 young Fiedler studied violin at the Royal Academy of Music (Hochschule für Musik Berlin) under Willy Hess
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Les Paul
LESTER WILLIAM POLSFUSS (June 9, 1915 – August 12, 2009), known as LES PAUL, was an American jazz , country , and blues guitarist, songwriter, luthier , and inventor. He was one of the pioneers of the solid-body electric guitar. Paul taught himself how to play guitar, and while he is mainly known for jazz and popular music, he had an early career in country music. He is credited with many recording innovations. Although he was not the first to use the technique, his early experiments with overdubbing (also known as sound on sound ), delay effects such as tape delay , phasing effects and multitrack recording were among the first to attract widespread attention. His innovative talents extended into his playing style, including licks , trills , chording sequences, fretting techniques and timing, which set him apart from his contemporaries and inspired many guitarists of the present day. He recorded with his wife Mary Ford in the 1950s, and they sold millions of records. Among his many honors, Paul is one of a handful of artists with a permanent, stand-alone exhibit in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
. He is prominently named by the music museum on its website as an "architect" and a "key inductee" with Sam Phillips
Sam Phillips
and Alan Freed
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Jerry Reed
JERRY REED HUBBARD (March 20, 1937 – September 1, 2008), known professionally as JERRY REED, was an American country music singer, guitarist, and songwriter, as well as an actor who appeared in more than a dozen films. His signature songs included "Guitar Man ", "U.S. Male ", " A Thing Called Love ", " Alabama Wild Man ", " Amos Moses ", "When You\'re Hot, You\'re Hot " (which garnered a Grammy Award for Best Male Country Vocal Performance ), " Ko-Ko Joe ", "Lord, Mr. Ford ", " East Bound and Down
East Bound and Down
" (the theme song for the 1977 blockbuster Smokey and the Bandit
Smokey and the Bandit
, in which Reed co-starred), "The Bird ", and " She Got the Goldmine (I Got the Shaft) ". Reed was announced as an inductee into the Country Music Hall of Fame on April 5, 2017. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 2.1 "Guitar Man" * 2.2 1970s * 2.3 1980s and 1990s * 2.4 2000s * 3 Personal life and death * 4 Accolades * 5 Discography * 6 Filmography * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links EARLY LIFEReed was born in Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia
, the second child of Robert and Cynthia Hubbard. Reed’s grandparents lived in Rockmart , and he would visit them from time to time. He was quoted as saying as a small child while running around strumming his guitar, "I am gonna be a star
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