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Charles Perrault
CHARLES PERRAULT (French: ; 12 January 1628 – 16 May 1703) was a French author and member of the Académie Française
Académie Française
. He laid the foundations for a new literary genre , the fairy tale , with his works derived from pre-existing folk tales . The best known of his tales include Le Petit Chaperon Rouge ( Little Red Riding Hood
Little Red Riding Hood
), Cendrillon ( Cinderella
Cinderella
), Le Chat Botté ( Puss in Boots
Puss in Boots
), La Belle au bois Dormant (The Sleeping Beauty
Sleeping Beauty
), and Barbe Bleue ( Bluebeard ). Some of Perrault's versions of old stories have influenced the German versions published by the Brothers Grimm more than 100 years later. The stories continue to be printed and have been adapted to opera, ballet (such as Tchaikovsky 's The Sleeping Beauty
Sleeping Beauty
), theatre, and film
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Isaac De Benserade
ISAAC DE BENSERADE (French: ; baptized 5 November 1613 – 10 October 1691) was a French poet. Born in Lyons-la-Forêt in the Province of Normandy
Normandy
, his family appears to have been connected with Richelieu , who bestowed on him a pension of 600 livres. He began his literary career with the tragedy of Cléopâtre (1635), which was followed by four other pieces. On Richelieu's death Benserade lost his pension, but became more and more a favourite at court, especially with Anne of Austria
Anne of Austria
. Benserade provided the words for the court ballets, and was, in 1674, admitted to the Academy , where he wielded considerable influence. In 1675 he provided the quatrains to accompany the thirty nine hydraulic sculpture groups depicting Aesop\'s fables in the labyrinth of Versailles
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Philippe Quinault
PHILIPPE QUINAULT (French: ; 3 June 1635 – 26 November 1688), French dramatist and librettist , was born in Paris. BIOGRAPHYQuinault was educated by the liberality of François Tristan l\'Hermite , the author of Marianne. Quinault's first play was produced at the Hôtel de Bourgogne in 1653, when he was only eighteen. The piece succeeded, and Quinault followed it up, but he also read for the bar; and in 1660, when he married a widow with money, he bought himself a place in the Cour des Comptes. Then he tried tragedies (Agrippa, etc.) with more success. He received one of the literary pensions then recently established, and was elected to the Académie française in 1670. Up to this time he had written some sixteen or seventeen comedies, tragedies, and tragi-comedies , of which the tragedies were mostly of very small value and the tragi-comedies of little more
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Opera
OPERA (Italian: ; English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere ) is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (libretto ) and musical score , usually in a theatrical setting . In traditional opera, singers do two types of singing: recitative , a speech-inflected style and arias , a more melodic style, in which notes are sung in a sustained fashion. Opera incorporates many of the elements of spoken theatre , such as acting , scenery , and costumes and sometimes includes dance . The performance is typically given in an opera house , accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble , which since the early 19th century has been led by a conductor . Opera
Opera
is a key part of the Western classical music
Western classical music
tradition
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Jean-Baptiste Lully
JEAN-BAPTISTE LULLY (French: ; born GIOVANNI BATTISTA LULLI ; 28 November 1632 – 22 March 1687) was an Italian-born French composer , instrumentalist, and dancer who spent most of his life working in the court of Louis XIV of France
Louis XIV of France
. He is considered a master of the French baroque style. Lully disavowed any Italian influence in French music of the period. He became a French subject in 1661. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Music, style and influence * 3 Lully\'s works * 3.1 Sacred music * 3.2 Ballets de cour * 3.3 Music for the theater (intermèdes) * 3.4 Operas (tragedies in music) * 4 Depictions in fiction * 5 Notes * 6 Further reading * 7 External links BIOGRAPHYLully was born on November 28, 1632 in Florence
Florence
, Grand Duchy of Tuscany , to a family of millers
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Académie Française
The ACADéMIE FRANçAISE (French pronunciation: ​ ), known in English as the FRENCH ACADEMY, is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language
French language
. The Académie was officially established in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu
Cardinal Richelieu
, the chief minister to King Louis XIII . Suppressed in 1793 during the French Revolution , it was restored as a division of the Institut de France in 1803 by Napoleon
Napoleon
Bonaparte . It is the oldest of the five académies of the institute. The Académie consists of forty members, known informally as les immortels (the immortals). New members are elected by the members of the Académie itself. Academicians hold office for life, but they may resign or be dismissed for misconduct
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Louise De La Vallière
LOUISE DE LA VALLIèRE (Françoise Louise de La Baume Le Blanc; 6 August 1644 – 7 June 1710) was a mistress of Louis XIV of France from 1661 to 1667. She later became the Duchess of La Vallière and Duchess of Vaujours in her own right. Unlike her rival, Madame de Montespan , she has no known surviving descendants. Louise was also very religious and she led a religious penance for herself near the end of her life. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Louis XIV * 2.1 Mistress * 2.2 Children * 3 Downfall * 4 Legacy * 5 Footnotes * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFE Louise de La Vallière
Louise de La Vallière
was born in Tours , the daughter of an officer, Laurent de La Baume Le Blanc (who took the name of La Vallière from a small estate near Amboise
Amboise
) and Françoise Le Provost
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Louvre
7.3 million (2016) * Ranked 1st nationally * Ranked 3rd globally DIRECTOR Jean-Luc Martinez CURATOR Marie-Laure de Rochebrune PUBLIC TRANSIT ACCESS * Palais Royal – Musée du Louvre
Musée du Louvre
* Louvre-Rivoli WEBSITE www.louvre.frThe LOUVRE (US : /ˈluːv, ˈluːvrə/ ) or the LOUVRE MUSEUM (French : Musée du Louvre, pronounced ( listen )) is the world's largest museum and a historic monument in Paris
Paris
, France
France
. A central landmark of the city, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the city's 1st arrondissement (district or ward). Approximately 38,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 72,735 square metres (782,910 square feet). The Louvre
Louvre
is the world\'s third most visited museum , receiving 7.3 million visitors in 2016
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Gian Lorenzo Bernini
GIAN LORENZO BERNINI (Italian pronunciation: ; also GIANLORENZO or GIOVANNI LORENZO; 7 December 1598 – 28 November 1680) was an Italian sculptor and architect. While a major figure in the world of architecture, he was the leading sculptor of his age, credited with creating the Baroque style of sculpture. As one scholar has commented, "What Shakespeare
Shakespeare
is to drama, Bernini may be to sculpture: the first pan-European sculptor whose name is instantaneously identifiable with a particular manner and vision, and whose influence was inordinately powerful...." In addition, he was a painter (mostly small canvases in oil) and a man of the theater: he wrote, directed and acted in plays (mostly Carnival satires), also designing stage sets and theatrical machinery, as well as a wide variety of decorative art objects including lamps, tables, mirrors, and even coaches
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Charles Le Brun
CHARLES LE BRUN (24 February 1619 – 22 February 1690) was a French painter , art theorist , interior decorator and a director of several art school of his time. As court painter to Louis XIV , who declared him "the greatest French artist of all time", he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art and much influenced by Nicolas Poussin
Nicolas Poussin
. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early life and training * 1.2 Success years * 1.3 Later years * 2 Le Brun\'s work and legacy * 3 Partial anthology of works * 4 Gallery * 5 References and sources BIOGRAPHY Portrait of Nicolas Le Brun by Charles Le Brun, ca. 1635, Residenzgalerie , Salzburg Venus Clipping Cupid’s Wings, ca. 1655, Museo de Arte de Ponce , Ponce, Puerto Rico
Ponce, Puerto Rico
Part of the ceilling of the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles
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Alceste (Lully)
ALCESTE, OU LE TRIOMPHE D’ALCIDE is a tragédie en musique in a prologue and five acts by Jean-Baptiste Lully
Jean-Baptiste Lully
. The French-language libretto is by Philippe Quinault
Philippe Quinault
, after Euripides
Euripides
Alcestis
Alcestis
. It was first performed on 19 January 1674 at the Théâtre du Palais-Royal by the Paris Opera
Paris Opera
. The opera was presented in celebration of King Louis XIV
Louis XIV
’s victory against Franche-Comté , and the prologue features nymphs longing for his return from battle
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Alcestis (play)
ALCESTIS (/ælˈsɛstɪs/ ; Greek : Ἄλκηστις, Alkēstis) is an Athenian tragedy by the ancient Greek playwright Euripides
Euripides
. It was first produced at the City Dionysia
Dionysia
festival in 438 BC. Euripides presented it as the final part of a tetralogy of unconnected plays in the competition of tragedies, for which he won second prize; this arrangement was exceptional, as the fourth part was normally a satyr play . Its ambiguous , tragicomic tone —which may be "cheerfully romantic" or "bitterly ironic"—has earned it the label of a "problem play ." Alcestis
Alcestis
is, possibly excepting the Rhesus , the oldest surviving work by Euripides, although at the time of its first performance he had been producing plays for 17 years
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Paulinus Of Nola
PAULINUS OF NOLA (Italian : Paolino di Nola; also Anglicized as PAULINE OF NOLA; c. 354 – June 22, AD 431), born PONTIUS MEROPIUS ANICIUS PAULINUS, was a Roman poet , writer , and senator who attained the ranks of suffect consul (c. 377) and governor of Campania
Campania
(c. 380–1) but—following the assassination of the emperor Gratian
Gratian
and under the influence of his Spanish wife Therasia—abandoned his career, was baptized as a Christian , and (after Therasia's death) became bishop of Nola
Nola
in Campania. While there, he wrote poems in honor of his predecessor St Felix and corresponded with other Christian leaders throughout the empire . He is traditionally credited with the introduction of bells to Christian worship and helped resolve the disputed election of Pope Boniface I
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Google Doodle
A GOOGLE DOODLE is a special, temporary alteration of the logo on Google
Google
's homepage that is intended to celebrate holidays , events, achievements and people. The first Google
Google
Doodle
Doodle
was in honor of the Burning Man
Burning Man
Festival of 1998, and was designed by Larry Page
Larry Page
and Sergey Brin
Sergey Brin
to notify users of their absence in case the servers crashed. Subsequent Google
Google
Doodles were designed by an outside contractor, until Page and Brin asked public relations officer Dennis Hwang to design a logo for Bastille Day
Bastille Day
in 2000. From that point onward, Doodles have been organized and published by a team of employees termed "Doodlers"
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Madame D'Aulnoy
MARIE-CATHERINE LE JUMEL DE BARNEVILLE, BARONESS D\'AULNOY (1650/1651–4 January 1705), also known as COUNTESS D\'AULNOY, was a French writer known for her fairy tales . When she termed her works contes de fées (fairy tales), she originated the term that is now generally used for the genre. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Issue * 3 Works * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links and resources BIOGRAPHYD'Aulnoy was born in Barneville-la-Bertran , Calvados, as a member of the noble family of Le Jumel de Barneville. In 1666, she was given at the age of fifteen in an arranged marriage to a Parisian thirty years older—François de la Motte, Baron d\'Aulnoy , of the household of the duc de Vendôme. The baron was a freethinker and a known gambler. Over the next three years, the couple had three children
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