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Charlemange
Charlemagne
Charlemagne
(/ˈʃɑːrləmeɪn/) or Charles
Charles
the Great[a] (2 April 742[1][b] – 28 January 814), numbered Charles
Charles
I, was King of the Franks
Franks
from 768, King of the Lombards
Lombards
from 774 and Holy Roman Emperor from 800. He united much of western and central Europe during the early Middle Ages. He was the first recognised emperor to rule from western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
three centuries earlier.[2] The expanded Frankish state that Charlemagne founded is called the Carolingian
Carolingian
Empire
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Charlemagne (other)
Charlemagne
Charlemagne
(742/747–814) was King of the Franks from 768–814 and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 800–814. Charlemagne
Charlemagne<

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Ansegisel
Ansegisel (also Ansgise, Ansegus, or Anchises) (c. 602 or 610 – murdered before 679 or 662) was the younger son of Saint Arnulf, bishop of Metz.[1] He served King Sigebert III
Sigebert III
of Austrasia (634–656) as a duke ( Latin
Latin
dux, a military leader) and domesticus. He was killed sometime before 679, slain in a feud by his enemy Gundewin. Through his son Pepin, Ansegisel's descendants would eventually become Frankish kings and rule over the Carolingian Empire. Marriage and issue[edit] He was married to Begga, the daughter of Pepin the Elder, sometime after 639. They had the following children:Pepin II (635 or 640 – December 16, 714), who would later become Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia Martin of Herstal Clotilda of Herstal (650–699), married King Theuderic III
Theuderic III
of NeustriaReferences[edit]^ Bouchard, Constance Brittain
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Roman Catholicism
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide.[4] As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.[5] Headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
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Signum Manus
Signum manus
Signum manus
(sometimes also known as Chrismon) refers to the medieval practice, current from the Merovingian period
Merovingian period
until the 14th century in the Frankish Empire
Frankish Empire
and its successors, of signing a document or charter with a special type of monogram or royal cypher. The term Chrismon was introduced in New Latin
New Latin
specifically as a term for the Chi Rho
Chi Rho
monogram. As this symbol was used in Merovingian documents at the starting point of what would diversify into the tradition of "cross-signatures", German scholarship of the 18th century extended use of the term Chrismon to the entire field.[1] In medievalist paleography and Diplomatik (ars diplomaticae, i.e
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Carolingian Cross
The Carolingian cross, or Cross of triquetras, is a Christian cross symbol formed by triquetras, associated with Emperor
Emperor
Charlemagne
Charlemagne
of the Holy Roman Empire.[1] References[edit]^ Rudolf Koch, Christliche Symbole (1932)v t e Christian cross
Christian cross
variantsIn modern use Anchored/St. Clement's Cross Anuradhapura cross Cross of the Archangels Archiepiscopal cross Armenian Cross Arrow/Barby Cross Bolnisi cross Cross bottony Branch cross Byzantine cross Calvary cross Canterbury cross Catherine wheel Caucasian Albanian Cross Celtic cross Cercelée Cross of St. Chad Coptic cross Cross crosslet Cross crosslet fitchy Cross and Crown Crucifix Cruciform halo Double cross Cross of the Evangelists Cross fitchy Cross fleury Cross fleury
Cross fleury
fitchy St. Florian Cross Forked cross Cross fourchy Fylfot St
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Pippinids
The Pippinids or Arnulfings are the members of a family of Frankish nobles in the Pippinid dynasty. Their selections served as Mayor of the Palace, de facto rulers, of the Frankish kingdoms of Neustria
Neustria
and Austrasia
Austrasia
that were nominally ruled by the Merovingians.Contents1 History 2 Succession2.1 Carolingian dynasty3 See also 4 External linksHistory[edit] The dynasty is usually considered to have been founded by Saint Arnulf, bishop of Metz in the early seventh century, who wielded a great deal of power and influence in the Merovingian kingdoms. His son Ansegisel married Saint Begga, the daughter of Pepin of Landen, and their son was Pepin of Heristal
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Pepin Of Landen
Pepin I (also Peppin, Pipin, or Pippin) of Landen
Landen
(c. 580 – 27 February 640), also called the Elder or the Old, was the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia
Austrasia
under the Merovingian king Dagobert I
Dagobert I
from 623 to 629. He was also the mayor for Sigebert III
Sigebert III
from 639 until his death. Through the marriage of his daughter Begga
Begga
to Ansegisel, a son of Arnulf of Metz, the clans of the Pippinids and the Arnulfings were united, giving rise to a family which would eventually rule the Franks as the Carolingians. Life[edit] Pepin's father is named Carloman[1] by the Chronicle of Fredegar, the chief source for his life. His byname comes from his probable birthplace: Landen, modern Belgium
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Grimoald The Elder
Grimoald I (616–657), called the Elder (in French, Grimaud l'Ainé), was the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia
Austrasia
from 643 to 656. He was the son of Pepin of Landen
Pepin of Landen
and Itta.[2][3] Biography[edit] With the death of Pepin in 640, Grimoald became the head of his household, the most powerful in Austrasia. At this time, Radulf, Duke of Thuringia, rebelled against Sigebert III, king of Austrasia. Grimoald participated in the ensuing expedition against the insurrection, but it was a failure. Nevertheless, Grimoald succeeded in saving the life of the king and became his close friend
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Childebert The Adopted
Childebert III the Adopted (Childebertus Adoptivus) was a Frankish king.[1] Family[edit] Childebert was a son of the Mayor of the Palace Grimoald the Elder. He was thus a grandson of Pepin of Landen.[2] He was adopted by King Sigebert III
Sigebert III
and Queen Chimnechild.[3] Biography[edit] When Sigebert III
Sigebert III
died in 656,[4] Grimoald had Sigebert’s biological son Dagobert II[5] shorn of hair and sent him to an Irish monastery and then proclaimed Childebert king of Austrasia.[6] Grimoald, Childebert and Ansegisel (who had married the daughter of Pepin of Landen[7]) were finally seized and turned over to the king of Neustria, Clovis II, who had them killed. There are two differing accounts of his death, however
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Arnulfings
The Pippinids or Arnulfings are the members of a family of Frankish nobles in the Pippinid dynasty. Their selections served as Mayor of the Palace, de facto rulers, of the Frankish kingdoms of Neustria
Neustria
and Austrasia
Austrasia
that were nominally ruled by the Merovingians.Contents1 History 2 Succession2.1 Carolingian dynasty3 See also 4 External linksHistory[edit] The dynasty is usually considered to have been founded by Saint Arnulf, bishop of Metz in the early seventh century, who wielded a great deal of power and influence in the Merovingian kingdoms. His son Ansegisel married Saint Begga, the daughter of Pepin of Landen, and their son was Pepin of Heristal
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Arnulf Of Metz
Saint Arnulf of Metz
Metz
(c. 582 – 640) was a Frankish bishop of Metz
Metz
and advisor to the Merovingian
Merovingian
court of Austrasia, who retired to the Abbey of Remiremont. In French he is also known as Arnoul or Arnoulf; in English he is also known as Arnold. He is claimed to be a direct descendant of Flavius Afranius Syagrius, being a rare case for descent from antiquity.Contents1 Genealogy 2 Life 3 Legends3.1 The Legend of the Ring 3.2 The Legend of the Fire 3.3 The Legend of the Beer Mug4 See also 5 Notes 6 ReferencesGenealogy[edit] The Vita Sancti Arnulfi, written shortly after the saint's death, states that he was of Frankish ancestry, from "sufficiently elevated and noble parentage, and very rich in worldly goods".[1] Shortly after 800, most likely in Metz, a brief genealogy of the Carolingians
Carolingians
was compiled, although with no verifiable historical basis
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Chlodulf Of Metz
Saint Chlodulf (Clodulphe or Clodould) (605 – June 8, 696 or 697, others say May 8, 697) was bishop of Metz
Metz
approximately from 657 to 697. Chlodulf was the son of Arnulf, bishop of Metz, and the brother of Ansegisel, mayor of the palace of Austrasia. Before his ordination Chlodulf had married an unknown woman and had begotten a son called Aunulf. In 657, he became bishop of Metz, the third successor of his father, "despite a reputation for impiety in his youth".[1] He held that office for 40 years. During this time he richly decorated the cathedral St. Stephen. He also was in close contact with Saint Gertrude of Nivelles, sister to his brother's wife, Begga. He died in Metz
Metz
and was buried in the church of St. Arnulf. In Nivelles
Nivelles
he was locally venerated as Saint Clou, especially because of his connection to Saint Gertrude. His Feast Day is June 8. References[edit]^ Halsall, Guy
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Dynasty
A dynasty (UK: /ˈdɪnəsti/, US: /ˈdaɪnəsti/) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,[1] usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics. The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house",[2] which may be styled as "royal", "princely", "ducal", "comital", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states, such as Ancient Egypt, the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
and Imperial China, using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase")
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Pepin Of Herstal
Pepin II (c. 635 – 16 December 714), commonly known as Pepin of Herstal, was a Frankish statesman and military leader who de facto ruled Francia
Francia
as the Mayor of the Palace from 680 until his death. He took the title Duke and Prince of the Franks upon his conquest of all the Frankish realms. The son of the powerful Frankish statesman, Ansegisel, Pepin worked to establish his family, the Pippinids, as the strongest in Francia. He was able to realise his dreams by becoming Mayor of the Palace in Austrasia
Austrasia
in 680. Pepin subsequently embarked on several wars to expand his power. He united all the Frankish realms by the conquests of Neustria
Neustria
and Burgundy
Burgundy
in 687. In foreign conflicts, Pepin increased the power of the Franks
Franks
by his subjugation of the Alemanni, the Frisians, and the Franconians
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Grimoald The Younger
Grimoald II (French: Grimaud) (died 714), called the Younger, was the mayor of the palace of Neustria
Neustria
from 695. He was the second son of Pepin of Herstal
Pepin of Herstal
and Plectrude
Plectrude
and his father placed him in the office of mayor of the palace in the Neustrian kingdom in 695, when he was still young. He married Theudesinda (or Theodelinda), daughter of Radbod, King of the Frisians, and had two sons: Theudoald and Arnold. While en route to visit the tomb of Saint Lambert at Liège, he was assassinated by a certain Rangar, in the employ of his father-in-law. His sons carried on a fight to be recognised as Pepin of Herstal's true heirs, since Grimoald predeceased his father and his half-brother Charles Martel usurped the lands and offices of their father. In short, he was innocent but unlucky. Sources[edit]Riché, Pierre
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