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Chaotian Palace
The CHAOTIAN PALACE (Chinese : 朝天宫; pinyin : Cháotiān Gōng, lit. "Palace of Heaven Veneration"), is located in Nanjing
Nanjing
, China
China
. It was built as an imperial palace in the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
, and today it is the Nanjing
Nanjing
Municipal Museum . Chaotian Palace
Chaotian Palace
area has the largest preserved traditional Chinese architectural complex in Jiangnan
Jiangnan
. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Transportation * 4 Notes * 5 External links OVERVIEWThe palace is a complex of buildings, in the center of which is the Wen Temple, which was built with precious materials, including yellow glazed tile was from Jingdezhen
Jingdezhen
in Jiangxi province. It is a total of 70,000 square meters, consisting of three lines. Within the palace are more than 100,000 cultural relics
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Taiping Rebellion
Qing victory * Fall of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
* Diminished power of the central court over the provinces * Rise of irregular provincial armies * Vanquishing of God Worshippers * Lasting damage to the perception of Christianity in China * Sparking other rebellions in
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Hongwu Emperor
The HONGWU EMPEROR (21 October 1328 – 24 June 1398), personal name ZHU YUANZHANG (formerly Romanized as CHU YUAN-CHANG), was the founder and first emperor of China
China
's Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
. In the middle of the 14th century, with famine, plagues, and peasant revolts sweeping across China, Zhu Yuanzhang rose to command the force that conquered China
China
and ended the Mongol -led Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
, forcing the Mongols
Mongols
to retreat to the Central Asian steppes. Following his seizure of the Yuan capital, Khanbaliq
Khanbaliq
(present-day Beijing
Beijing
), Zhu claimed the Mandate of Heaven
Mandate of Heaven
and established the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
in 1368. Trusting only in his family , he made his many sons powerful feudal princes along the northern marches and the Yangtze valley
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Tang Dynasty
The TANG DYNASTY (Chinese : 唐朝 ) was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty
Sui dynasty
and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period . It is generally regarded as a high point in Chinese civilization, and a golden age of cosmopolitan culture. Its territory, acquired through the military campaigns of its early rulers, rivaled that of the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
, and the Tang capital at Chang\'an (present-day Xi\'an ) was the most populous city in the world. The dynasty was founded by the Lǐ family (李), who seized power during the decline and collapse of the Sui Empire. The dynasty was briefly interrupted when Empress Wu Zetianseized the throne, proclaiming the Second Zhou dynasty (690–705)
Zhou dynasty (690–705)
and becoming the only Chinese empress regnant
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Wu (Ten Kingdoms)
WU (吳), also referred to as HUAINAN (淮南), HONGNONG (弘農), SOUTHERN WU (南吳), or YANG WU (楊吳), was one of the Ten Kingdoms in south-central China
China
which was in existence from 907 to 937. Its capital was Jiangdu Municipality (江都) (modern Yangzhou
Yangzhou
in Jiangsu Province). Some historians consider Wu to have begun in 902, when Yang Xingmi was named Prince of Wu by the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
. All three rulers of Wu after 907 (when the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
collapsed) were Yang Xingmi's sons. The first ruler, Yang Wo , was murdered by Xu Wen and Zhang Hao , and the two who followed him were effective puppets dominated by Xu Wen and his adopted son Xu Zhigao , who usurped power in 937 to establish Southern Tang
Southern Tang

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Qing Dynasty
Tael (liǎng) PRECEDED BY SUCCEEDED BY Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
Republic of China

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Republic Of China
TAIWAN (/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ ( listen )), officially the REPUBLIC OF CHINA (ROC), is a state in East Asia . Its neighbors include China (officially the People's Republic of China, PRC) to the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taiwan is the most populous state that is not a member of the United Nations and the largest economy outside the UN. The island of Taiwan , formerly known as Formosa, was inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines before the 17th century, when Dutch and Spanish colonies opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning , the island was annexed by the Qing dynasty , the last dynasty of China. The Qing ceded Taiwan to Japan in 1895 after the Sino-Japanese War
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Simplified Chinese Characters
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; _jiǎnhuàzì_) are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the _Table of General Standard Chinese Characters _ for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters , it is one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s in an attempt to increase literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore . Traditional Chinese characters are currently used in Hong Kong , Macau , and the Republic of China ( Taiwan )
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Xinjiekou, Nanjing
XINJIEKOU (Chinese : 新街口; pinyin : Xīnjiēkǒu) is the central business district of Nanjing
Nanjing
, People\'s Republic of China . It gave its name to Xinjiekou subway station . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 The Business Circle * 3 References * 4 See also HISTORYXinjiekou is an ancient site in Nanjing. In ancient times, it is only a quiet and lonely street with lots of empty space and pond. Since 1929, the location has changed greatly; four main roads of 40-meter-width met here: Zhongshan Eastern Road, Zhongzheng Road(Zhongshan Southern Road), Hanzhong Road, and Zhongshan Road, with a ring square in the center. On the grounds of the new traffic circle, Xinjiekou became the newly developing commercial center. In the 1930s, many buildings sprang up, like The Domestic Bank, Zhejiang Xingye Bank, China Bank of Communication, the Central Shopping Center, Dahua Theater, Xindu Theater, and Fuchang Restaurant
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People's Republic Of China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia
East Asia
and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of around 1.404 billion . Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world's second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China
China
, it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities ( Beijing
Beijing
, Tianjin
Tianjin
, Shanghai
Shanghai
, and Chongqing
Chongqing
) and the Special Administrative Regions
Special Administrative Regions
Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
, also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan
Taiwan

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Examination Yuan
The EXAMINATION YUAN (Chinese : 考試院; pinyin : Kǎoshì Yuàn; Wade–Giles : K'ao3-shih4 Yüan4) is in charge of validating the qualification of civil servants in the Taiwan
Taiwan
(ROC) . It is one of the five government branches ("yuans") of the Government of the Republic of China . As a special branch of government under the Three Principles of the People , it may (retrospectively) be compared with the European Personnel Selection Office
European Personnel Selection Office
of the European Union or the Office of Personnel Management of the United States of America. Founded by Chinese nationalists at the beginning of the 20th century, the Examination Yuan
Examination Yuan
is based on the old Imperial examination system used in Imperial China
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Former Song Dynasty
Myanmar
Myanmar
The LIU SONG DYNASTY (simplified Chinese : 刘宋朝; traditional Chinese : 劉宋朝; pinyin : Liú Sòng Cháo; Wade-Giles : Liu Sung Ch'ao), also known as FORMER SONG (前宋) (420-479 CE), was first of the four Southern Dynasties
Southern Dynasties
in China
China
, succeeding the Eastern Jin and followed by the Southern Qi
Southern Qi
. The dynasty was founded by Liu Yu (劉裕) (363–422), whose surname together with "Song" forms the most commonly used name for the dynasty, the LIU SONG . This appellation is used to distinguish it from a later dynasty of the same name, the Song dynasty
Song dynasty
(960–1279, whose ruling family was Zhao), which is better known and more significant
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Qinhuai River
The QINHUAI RIVER (秦淮河) is a tributary river of Yangtze
Yangtze
River with a total length of 110 km. It runs through central Nanjing
Nanjing
and is the birthplace of the traditional Nanjing
Nanjing
culture. As such, it's called "Nanjing's mother river". It is the "life blood" of the city. The Qinhuai River
Qinhuai River
is divided into inner and outer rivers. Today, the scenic belt along the Qinhuai River
Qinhuai River
develops with the Confucius Temple at the center and the river serving as a bond. The belt featuring attractions like Zhanyuan Garden , the Confucius Temple , Egret Islet, China Gate as well as the sailing boats in the river and pavilions and towers on the riverbanks is a blend of historic sites, gardens, barges, streets, pavilions, towers and folk culture and customs
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Pinyin
PINYIN, or HàNYǔ PīNYīN, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
in mainland China
China
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, Singapore
Singapore
, and Taiwan . It is often used to teach Standard Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters
Chinese characters
. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones . Pinyin
Pinyin
without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written with the Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
, and also in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The pinyin system was developed in the 1950s by many linguists, including Zhou Youguang
Zhou Youguang
, based on earlier forms of romanization of Chinese . It was published by the Chinese government
Chinese government
in 1958 and revised several times
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