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Chaim Leib Shmuelevitz
Chaim Leib Halevi Shmuelevitz, (Hebrew: חיים לייב שמואלביץ‎ ;1902–1979),[1] -- also spelled Shmulevitz, in Hebrew שמולביץ -- was a member of the faculty of the Mirrer Yeshiva for more than 40 years,[2] in Poland, Shanghai
Shanghai
and Jerusalem, serving as Rosh yeshiva during its sojourn in
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Kaunas
Kaunas
Kaunas
(/ˈkaʊnəs/; Lithuanian: [ˈkɐʊˑnɐs] ( listen); also see other names) is the second-largest city in Lithuania
Lithuania
and has historically been a leading centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life. Kaunas
Kaunas
was the biggest city and the centre of a county in Trakai Municipality of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Lithuania
since 1413. In the Russian Empire, it was the capital of the Kaunas Governorate
Kaunas Governorate
from 1843 to 1915. It served as temporary capital of Lithuania
Lithuania
during the interwar period, while the traditional capital of Vilnius
Vilnius
was part of Poland
Poland
between 1920 and 1939
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Siberia
Coordinates: 60°0′N 105°0′E / 60.000°N 105.000°E / 60.000; 105.000SiberiaRussian: Сибирь (Sibir)Geographical region       Siberian Federal District        Geographic Russian Siberia        North AsiaCountry  Russia,  KazakhstanRegion North AsiaBorders on West: Ural Mountains North: Arctic
Arctic
Ocean East: Pacific
Pacific
Ocean South: Kazakhstan, Mongolia, ChinaParts West Siberian Plain Central Siberian Plateau others...Highest point Klyuchevskaya Sopka - elevation 4,649 m (15,253 ft)Area 13,100,000 km2 (5,057,938 sq mi)Population 36,000,000 (2017)Density 2.7/km2 (7/sq mi) Siberia
Siberia
(/saɪˈbɪəriə/; Russian: Сиби́рь, tr
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Maggid Shiur
The term Maggid Shiur literarly translates from Hebrew
Hebrew
to mean "sayer of Shiur". This term is used to refer to the Rabbi
Rabbi
that lectures in a Yeshiva
Yeshiva
or Kollel. A Maggid Shiur is generally a Rabbi
Rabbi
who lectures on advanced and in-depth Talmudic studies. The stature of a Maggid Shiur is generally a much sought-after position by the typical Yeshiva student. The position of Maggid Shiur is usually obtained by those well versed in the Talmud. References[edit]This Judaism-related article is a stub
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Talmud
—— Tannaitic ——Mishnah Tosefta —— Amoraic (Gemara) —— Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Talmud Babylonian Talmud —— Later ——Minor TractatesHalakhic Midrash —— Exodus ——Mekhilta of Rabbi
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World War II
Pacific WarChina Pacific Ocean South-East Asia South West Pacific Japan Manchuria & Northern Korea Mediterranean and Middle EastNorth Africa East Africa Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Malta Yugoslavia Iraq Syria–Lebanon Iran Italy Dodecanese Southern France Other campaignsAtlantic Arctic Strategic bombing Americas French West Africa Indian Ocean Madagascar Contemporaneous warsSoviet–Japanese border conflicts Franco-Thai War Ecuadorian–Peruvian War Ili Rebellion Afghan tribal revolts World War II Alphabetical indices A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0–9Navigation CampaignsCountriesEquipment TimelineOutlineLists PortalCategoryBibliography vte World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis
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Mir, Belarus
Mir (Belarusian: Мір; Russian: Мир; both meaning "world" and "peace"; but the name most likely originates from the name of the river the settlement is situated on) is a town in Kareličy (Карэлічы) raion, Hrodna Voblast, Belarus
Belarus
on the banks of Miranka River, about 85 kilometers southwest of the national capital, Minsk. Prior to 1939 the town was in Poland.Contents1 History 2 Notable residents 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit]Mir CastleMir village was founded sometime prior to 1345. It is home to a late medieval castle, which made the town the target of many attacks over the centuries. The town belonged to the Illinič family (Korczak coat of arms) first and then to the Radziwiłł
Radziwiłł
family. It was destroyed by the Swedish forces in 1655 (Deluge) and again by the Swedes during the Great Northern War
Great Northern War
in 1706
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Vilnius
Vilnius
Vilnius
(Lithuanian pronunciation: [ˈvʲɪlʲnʲʊs] ( listen), see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania
Lithuania
and its largest city, with a population of 574,221 as of 2017[update].[6] Vilnius
Vilnius
is in the southeast part of Lithuania
Lithuania
and is the second largest city in the Baltic states. Vilnius
Vilnius
is the seat of the main government institutions of Lithuania
Lithuania
and the Vilnius
Vilnius
District Municipality
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Keidan
Kėdainiai
Kėdainiai
( pronunciation (help·info), also known by several other names) is one of the oldest cities in Lithuania. It is located 51 km (32 mi) north of Kaunas
Kaunas
on the banks of the Nevėžis River. First mentioned in the 1372 Livonian Chronicle of Hermann de Wartberge, its population as of 2008[update] was 30,214. Its old town dates to the 17th century.[1] The city is the administrative centre of the Kėdainiai
Kėdainiai
District Municipality
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Communism
In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin
Latin
communis, "common, universal")[1][2] is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money[3][4] and the state.[5][6] Communism
Communism
includes a variety of schools of thought, which broadly include Marxism
Marxism
and anarchism (anarcho-communism), as well as the political ideologies grouped around both. All of these share the analysis that the current order of society stems from its economic system, capitalism; that in this system there are two major social classes; that conflict between these two classes is the root of all problems in society; and that this situation will ultimately be resolved through a social revolution
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Visa (document)
A visa (from the Latin
Latin
charta visa, meaning "paper which has been seen")[1] is a conditional authorization granted by a country to a foreigner, allowing them to enter, remain within, or to leave that country. Visas typically include limits on the duration of the foreigner's stay, territory within the country they may enter, the dates they may enter, the number of permitted visits or an individual's right to work in the country in question. Visas are associated with the request for permission to enter a country and thus are, in some countries, distinct from actual formal permission for an alien to enter and remain in the country. In each instance, a visa is subject to entry permission by an immigration official at the time of actual entry, and can be revoked at any time. A visa most commonly takes the form of a sticker endorsed in the applicant's passport or other travel document
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Chiune Sugihara
Chiune Sugihara, also called Sempo Sugihara[1] (杉原 千畝, Sugihara Chiune, 1 January 1900 – 31 July 1986)[2] was a Japanese government official who served as vice consul for the Japanese Empire in Lithuania. During the Second World War, Sugihara helped some six thousand Jews
Jews
flee Europe by issuing transit visas to them so that they could travel through Japanese territory, risking his job and his family's lives.[3] The fleeing Jews
Jews
were refugees from German-occupied Western Poland
Poland
and Soviet-occupied Eastern Poland, as well as residents of Lithuania
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Vladivostok
Vladivostok
Vladivostok
(Russian: Владивосто́к, IPA: [vlədʲɪvɐˈstok] ( listen), literally ruler of the east) is a city and the administrative center of Primorsky Krai, Russia, located around the Golden Horn Bay, not far from Russia's borders with China
China
and North Korea
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Lithuania
Coordinates: 55°N 24°E / 55°N 24°E / 55; 24 Lithuania
Lithuania
(/ˌlɪθjuˈeɪniə/ (listen);[10] Lithuanian: Lietuva [lʲɪɛtʊˈvɐ]), officially the Republic
Republic
of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of Europe. Lithuania
Lithuania
is considered to be one of the Baltic states.[11] It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden
Sweden
and Denmark
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Japan
Japan
Japan
(Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] (listen) or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] (listen); formally 日本国, Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, lit. 'State of Japan') is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent
Asian continent
and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk
Sea of Okhotsk
in the north to the East China Sea
East China Sea
and the Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea
in the south. The kanji that make up Japan's name mean 'sun origin', and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan
Japan
is the world's 4th largest island country and encompasses about 6,852 islands
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Kobe
Kobe
Kobe
(神戸市, Kōbe-shi, Japanese: [koːꜜbe]) is the sixth-largest city in Japan
Japan
and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture. It is located on the southern side of the main island of Honshū, on the north shore of Osaka Bay
Osaka Bay
and about 30 km (19 mi) west of Osaka. With a population around 1.5 million, the city is part of the Keihanshin
Keihanshin
metropolitan area along with Osaka
Osaka
and Kyoto.[2] The earliest written records regarding the region come from the Nihon Shoki, which describes the founding of the Ikuta Shrine
Ikuta Shrine
by Empress Jingū in AD 201.[3][4] For most of its history, the area was never a single political entity, even during the Tokugawa period, when the port was controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate
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