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Château D'Amboise
The royal Château
Château
at Amboise
Amboise
is a château located in Amboise, in the Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
département of the Loire Valley
Loire Valley
in France. Confiscated by the monarchy in the 15th century, it became a favoured royal residence and was extensively rebuilt. King Charles VIII died at the château in 1498 after hitting his head on a door lintel. The château fell into decline from the second half of the 16th century and the majority of the interior buildings were later demolished, but some survived and have been restored, along with the outer defensive circuit of towers and walls. It has been recognised as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture
French Ministry of Culture
since 1840
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Château
A château (plural châteaux; French pronunciation: ​[ʃɑto] in both cases) is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of nobility or gentry, with or without fortifications, originally—and still most frequently—in French-speaking regions.[1]Contents1 Definition 2 Concept 3 French châteaux3.1 Loire Valley 3.2 Vaux-le-Vicomte 3.3 Château
Château
de Chenonceau 3.4 Dampierre-en-Yvelines 3.5 Versailles 3.6 Bordeaux4 See also 5 References 6 External linksDefinition[edit] The word "chateau" is a French word that has entered the English language, where its meaning is more specific than it is in French. The French word "chateau" denotes buildings as diverse as a medieval fortress, a Renaissance palace and a 19th-century country house. Care should therefore be taken when translating the French word château into English, noting the nature of the building in question
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Louise Of Savoy
Louise of Savoy
Savoy
(11 September 1476 – 22 September 1531) was a French noble and regent, Duchess suo jure of Auvergne and Bourbon, Duchess of Nemours, and the mother of King Francis I. She was politically active and served as the Regent
Regent
of France in 1515, in 1525–1526 and in 1529.Contents1 Family and early life 2 Marriage 3 Widowed and motherhood 4 Mother of the King4.1 The Bourbon inheritance 4.2 Regent5 Death 6 Portrayal in television 7 Ancestors 8 References 9 SourcesFamily and early life[edit] Louise of Savoy
Savoy
was born at Pont-d'Ain, the eldest daughter of Philip II, Duke of Savoy
Savoy
and his first wife, Margaret of Bourbon. Her brother, Philibert II, Duke of Savoy, succeeded her father as ruler of the duchy and head of the House of Savoy
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Colin Biart
Colin Biart, also called Colin Biard, Nicolas Biart or Colin Byart or Nicolas Byart, was a French master mason, master builder, and architect, born in Amboise
Amboise
in 1460, active until 1515.Contents1 Biography 2 References2.1 Bibliography3 External linksBiography[edit] Biart married at Beaugency
Beaugency
in 1479. He started working in Amboise where he participated in the realization of the sets for the entrance of Margaret of Austria. He also worked at the Château d' Amboise
Amboise
(1495–1496) with Guillaume Senault
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Italian War Of 1494–1498
1494:  Kingdom of France Swiss mercenaries Duchy of Milan 1494:  Kingdom of Naples1495:  Kingdom of France1495: League of Venice:  Papal States  Republic of Venice  Kingdom of Naples Kingdoms of Spain Duchy of Milan  Holy Roman Empire  Republic of Florence Duchy of Mantua   Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
(from 1496)Commanders and leaders Charles VIII Louis d'Orleans Gilbert, Count of Montpensier
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Italianate Architecture
The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture. In the Italianate style, the models and architectural vocabulary of 16th-century Italian Renaissance
Renaissance
architecture, which had served as inspiration for both Palladianism
Palladianism
and Neoclassicism, were synthesised with picturesque aesthetics. The style of architecture that was thus created, though also characterised as "Neo-Renaissance", was essentially of its own time. "The backward look transforms its object," Siegfried Giedion wrote of historicist architectural styles;[2] "every spectator at every period—at every moment, indeed—inevitably transforms the past according to his own nature." The Italianate style was first developed in Britain about 1802 by John Nash, with the construction of Cronkhill
Cronkhill
in Shropshire
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Pacello Da Mercogliano
Pacello da Mercogliano (c. 1455–1534) was a designer of gardens and hydraulic engineer, who is documented as working for Charles VIII at Amboise with the responsibility of bringing water from the Loire
Loire
up to the garden parterres laid out to one side of the château. He was assisting the architect-engineer Fra Giocondo, who had translated Frontinus's essay on the ancient aqueducts of Rome, De aquis urbae Romanae
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Château De Blois
The Royal Château
Château
de Blois
Blois
(French: " Château
Château
Royal de Blois") is located in the Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
département in the Loire Valley, in France, in the center of the city of Blois. The residence of several French kings, it is also the place where Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
went in 1429 to be blessed by the Archbishop of Reims
Archbishop of Reims
before departing with her army to drive the English from Orléans. Built in the middle of the town that it effectively controlled, the château of Blois
Blois
comprises several buildings constructed from the 13th to the 17th century around the main courtyard. It has 564 rooms and 75 staircases although only 23 were used frequently. There is a fireplace in each room
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Parterre
A parterre is a formal garden constructed on a level substrate, consisting of plant beds, typically in symmetrical patterns, which are separated and connected by paths. The borders of the plant beds may be formed with stone or tightly pruned hedging, and their interiors may be planted with flowers or other plants or filled with mulch or gravel. The paths are constituted with gravel or turf grass. French parterres originated in the gardens of the French Renaissance of the 15th century and often had the form of knot gardens. Later, during the 17th century Baroque
Baroque
era, they became more elaborate and stylised
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Louis XII Of France
Louis XII (27 June 1462 – 1 January 1515) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France
King of France
from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples from 1501 to 1504. The son of Charles, Duke of Orléans, and Maria of Cleves, he succeeded his cousin Charles VIII, who died without a closer heir in 1498. Before his accession to the throne of France, he was known as Louis of Orléans and was compelled to be married to his disabled and supposedly sterile cousin Joan by his second cousin, King Louis XI. By doing so, Louis XI hoped to extinguish the Orléans cadet branch of the House of Valois.[1][2] Louis of Orléans was one of the great feudal lords who opposed the French monarchy in the conflict known as the Mad War. At the royal victory in the Battle of Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier in 1488, Louis was captured, but Charles VIII pardoned him and released him
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Androuet Du Cerceau
Androuet du Cerceau was a family of French architects and designers active in the 16th and early 17th century. Family members include: Jacques I Androuet du Cerceau
Jacques I Androuet du Cerceau
(1510–1584), architect, designer, and engraver
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Parterres
A parterre is a formal garden constructed on a level substrate, consisting of plant beds, typically in symmetrical patterns, which are separated and connected by paths. The borders of the plant beds may be formed with stone or tightly pruned hedging, and their interiors may be planted with flowers or other plants or filled with mulch or gravel. The paths are constituted with gravel or turf grass. French parterres originated in the gardens of the French Renaissance of the 15th century and often had the form of knot gardens. Later, during the 17th century Baroque
Baroque
era, they became more elaborate and stylised
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Bosquet
In the French formal garden, a bosquet (French, from Italian bosco, "grove, wood") is a formal plantation of trees, at least five of identical species planted as a quincunx, or set in strict regularity as to rank and file, so that the trunks line up as one passes along either face. Symbolic of order in a humanized and tamed Gardens of the French Renaissance and Baroque
Baroque
Garden à la française
Garden à la française
landscape, the bosquet is an analogue of the orderly orchard, an amenity that has been intimately associated with pleasure gardening from the earliest Persian gardens of the Achaemenids.A bosquet in the gardens of Schönbrunn Palace
Schönbrunn Palace
in Vienna. It is shaped like a fan and therefore is called "der Fächer" in German
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Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (Italian: [leoˈnardo di ˌsɛr ˈpjɛːro da (v)ˈvintʃi] ( listen); 15 April 1452 – 2 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
or simply Leonardo, was an Italian Renaissance
Italian Renaissance
polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of palaeontology, ichnology, and architecture, and is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time
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Fra Giocondo
Giovanni Giocondo, Order of Friars Minor, (c. 1433 – 1515) was an Italian friar, architect, antiquary, archaeologist, and classical scholar.Contents1 Biography 2 Architectural works 3 Published works 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External linksBiography[edit] Giovanni Giocondo
Giovanni Giocondo
was born in Verona
Verona
around 1433. He joined the Dominican Order
Dominican Order
at the age of eighteen and was one of the many of that Order who promulgated the Renaissance. Afterwards, however, he left the Dominicans and entered the Franciscan Order. Giocondo began his career as a teacher of Latin
Latin
and Greek in Verona, where Julius Caesar Scaliger was one of his pupils. As a young priest, Friar
Friar
Giovanni was a learned archaeologist and a superb draughtsman
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Clos Lucé
The Château
Château
du Clos Lucé
Clos Lucé
(or simply Clos Lucé) is a large château in the city of Amboise, France. The place is famous for being the official residence of Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
between 1516 and 1519, when Leonardo died. Clos Lucé
Clos Lucé
is located at 500 metres from the royal Château
Château
d'Amboise, to which it is connected by an underground passageway. Built by Hugues d' Amboise
Amboise
in the middle of the fifteenth century, it was acquired in 1490 by Charles VIII of France
France
for his wife, Anne de Bretagne
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