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Cerkno
CERKNO (pronounced ; Italian : Circhina, German : Kirchheim) is a small town in the Littoral region of Slovenia
Slovenia
. It has around 2,000 inhabitants and is the administrative centre of the Cerkno Hills . It is the seat of the Municipality of Cerkno
Municipality of Cerkno
. Cerkno
Cerkno
is a small but important local cultural center in the traditional Littoral region near Idrija
Idrija
. It is known for the Laufarija carnival , a spring festival with carved wooden masks; for Franja Partisan Hospital (Partizanska bolnica Franja); for a Partisan hospital from World War II; and as a ski resort
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Slovenia
Coordinates : 46°07′N 14°49′E / 46.117°N 14.817°E / 46.117; 14.817 Republic of Slovenia _Republika Slovenija_ (Slovene ) _ Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: Zdravljica _ _A Toast_ Location of Slovenia (dark green) – in Europe
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Slovenian Littoral
The SLOVENE LITTORAL (Slovene : Primorska, pronounced ( listen ); Italian : Litorale; German : Küstenland) is one of the five traditional regions of Slovenia
Slovenia
. Its name recalls the former Austrian Littoral (Avstrijsko Primorje), the Habsburg possessions on the upper Adriatic coast, of which the Slovene Littoral was part. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links GEOGRAPHY See also: Slovene Riviera The region forms the westernmost part of Slovenia, bordering with the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Friuli-Venezia Giulia
. It stretches from the Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
in the south up to the Julian Alps in the north. The Slovene Littoral comprises two traditional provinces: Goriška and Slovenian Istria
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Statistical Regions Of Slovenia
The STATISTICAL REGIONS OF SLOVENIA are 12 administrative entities created in 2000 for legal and statistical purposes. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Sources * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYBy a decree of 2000 Slovenia has been divided into 12 statistical regions (NUTS -3 level), which are grouped in two cohesion regions (NUTS-2 level). which replace the historical regions of the country
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Gorizia Statistical Region
The GORIZIA STATISTICAL REGION (Slovene : Goriška statistična regija) is a statistical region in western Slovenia
Slovenia
, along the border with Italy
Italy
. It is named after the Italian town of Gorizia
Gorizia
(the feminine adjective goriška comes from the Slovenian name for Gorizia: Gorica). The Julian Alps, the Soča River, and the Vipava Valley are the most prominent natural features of this region. It contributed just over 5% to total national GDP in 2012, but in terms of GDP per capita it ranked fourth in the country. In the same year, disposable income per capita in the region the highest, in second place behind the Central Slovenia
Slovenia
Statistical Region . Housing stock estimates indicate that at the end of 2013 the region had the highest share of dwellings with three or more rooms (around 70%). The share of single-room dwellings was less than 10%
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Municipalities Of Slovenia
SLOVENIA is divided into 212 municipalities (_občine_, singular – _občina _), of which 11 have urban status. Municipalities are further divided into local communities and districts. Slovene is an official language of all the municipalities. Hungarian is a second official language of 3 municipalities in Prekmurje : Dobrovnik/Dobronak, Hodoš/Hodos and Lendava/Lendva. Italian is a second official language of 4 municipalities (of which one has urban status) in the Slovene Littoral : Ankaran/Ancarano, Izola/Isola, Koper/Capodistria and Piran/Pirano. In the EU statistics the municipalities of Slovenia are classified as "local administrative unit 2" (LAU 2), below 58 Administrative units (_upravne enote_) which are LAU 1. CONTENTS * 1 English names * 2 List of Slovenian municipalities * 3 City municipalities * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links ENGLISH NAMESThe Slovene names have the word "Občina" in front, e.g
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Municipality Of Cerkno
The MUNICIPALITY OF CERKNO (pronounced ; Slovene : Občina Cerkno) is a municipality in the Littoral region of Slovenia
Slovenia
. The seat of the municipality is the town of Cerkno
Cerkno
. The municipality has around 5,000 people. HISTORYHistorically, the Cerkno
Cerkno
Hills belonged to Tolmin
Tolmin
County. In the 16th century, the area came under Habsburg
Habsburg
rule, and was included in the County of Gorizia and Gradisca . After the end of World War I
World War I
, the area was occupied by the Italian Army
Italian Army
, and then officially annexed to Italy
Italy
in 1920. Between 1920 and 1943, it was part of the administrative region known as the Julian March
Julian March

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Italian Language
ITALIAN (_ italiano_ (help ·info ) or _lingua italiana_ ) is a Romance language . By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian, is the closest to Latin of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy , Switzerland , San Marino , Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia and Croatia ). It used to have official status in Albania , Malta and Monaco , where it is still widely spoken, as well as in former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa regions where it plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia . It has official minority status in Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Slovenia and Romania
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German Language
_No official regulation_ ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography )
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Cerkno Hills
The CERKNO HILLS (Slovene : Cerkljansko hribovje or Cerkljansko) is a transitional region between the Alpine and the Dinaric landscape , centered on Cerkno
Cerkno
in northwestern Slovenia
Slovenia
. Several passes in this area connect the Poljane Valley
Valley
and the Selca Valley
Valley
with the Idrijca Valley
Valley
and the Soča
Soča
Valley
Valley
. The highest peak is Porezen
Porezen
(1,630 metres or 5,350 feet). The landscape is geologically very diverse and one of the most interesting in Slovenia
Slovenia
in this regard. Among the steep hills, numerous ravines and valleys have been carved out by the Cerknica River and its tributaries
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Idrija
UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE OFFICIAL NAME Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija TYPE Cultural CRITERIA ii, iv DESIGNATED 2012 (36th session ) REFERENCE NO. 1313 STATE PARTY Spain REGION Europe and North America IDRIJA (pronounced ( listen ); Italian and German : Idria ) is a town in western Slovenia
Slovenia
. It is the seat of the Municipality of Idrija
Idrija
. It is located in the traditional region of the Slovenian Littoral and is in the Gorizia Statistical Region . It is notable for its mercury mine with stores and infrastructure, as well as miners' living quarters, and a miners' theatre. Together with the Spanish mine at Almadén
Almadén
, it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012. In 2011, Idrija
Idrija
was given the Alpine Town of the Year award
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Carnival
CARNIVAL (see other spellings and names ) is a Western Christian festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent . The main events typically occur during February or early March, during the period historically known as Shrovetide (or Pre-Lent). Carnival typically involves a public celebration and/or parade combining some elements of a circus , masks, and a public street party . People wear masks and costumes during many such celebrations, allowing them to lose their everyday individuality and experience a heightened sense of social unity. Excessive consumption of alcohol, meat, and other foods proscribed during Lent is extremely common
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Franja Partisan Hospital
FRANJA PARTISAN HOSPITAL (Slovene : Partizanska bolnica Franja) was a secret World War II
World War II
hospital at Dolenji Novaki near Cerkno
Cerkno
in western Slovenia
Slovenia
. It was run by the Slovene Partisans
Slovene Partisans
from December 1943 until the end of the war as part of a broadly organized resistance movement against the Fascist and Nazi occupying forces. The wounded being treated there were soldiers from both the Allied Powers and the Axis Powers
Axis Powers
. Although the occupying Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
forces launched several attempts to find the hospital, it was never discovered. Today it exists as a museum. It has been protected as a cultural monument of national significance. HISTORY AND OVERVIEW This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION
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Partisans (Yugoslavia)
Chetniks * Axis powers : * Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Independent State of Croatia
Independent State of Croatia
( Ustaše
Ustaše
) * Government of National Salvation * Italy * Hungary
Hungary
* Bulgaria (1941–44) *