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Cekeen Tumulus
The TUMULI OF CEKEEN are located in the Diourbel Department
Diourbel Department
of the Diourbel Region
Diourbel Region
. The Diourbel Region
Diourbel Region
and the city of Diourbel
Diourbel
were part of the precolonial Kingdom of Baol , now part of present-day Senegal
Senegal
. CONTENTS * 1 Purpose * 2 World Heritage Status * 3 See also * 4 References PURPOSEIn this area, a tumulus was used as a burial mound for chiefs. A deceased chief would be joined by other members of his court along with important objects such as furniture and other implements. In this case, he and his escort would be situated in the chief's hut, whereupon the hut was buried with soil and rocks. Thousands of such tumuli exist in Senegal, but it is in Cekeen that the biggest and most densely scattered occur
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Tumulus
A TUMULUS (plural TUMULI) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves. Tumuli are also known as BARROWS, BURIAL MOUNDS or KURGANS , and may be found throughout much of the world. A cairn , which is a mound of stones built for various purposes, may also originally have been a tumulus. Tumuli are often categorised according to their external apparent shape. In this respect, a long barrow is a long tumulus, usually constructed on top of several burials , such as passage graves . A round barrow is a round tumulus, also commonly constructed on top of burials. The internal structure and architecture of both long and round barrows has a broad range, the categorization only refers to the external apparent shape. The method of inhumation may involve a dolmen , a cist , a mortuary enclosure , a mortuary house , or a chamber tomb . Examples of barrows include Duggleby Howe and Maeshowe
Maeshowe

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Diourbel Department
DIOURBEL DEPARTMENT is one of the 45 departments of Senegal
Senegal
, one of the three constituting the Diourbel Region
Diourbel Region
. There is one commune in the department, which is Diourbel
Diourbel

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Diourbel Region
The DIOURBEL REGION (Serer and Cangin : Jurbel) is a region of Senegal
Senegal
. The regional capital is the city of Diourbel . The region corresponds roughly to the precolonial Kingdom of Bawol and is still called by that name. Bawol (or Baol) is an ancient kingdom formerly ruled by the Joof family , one of the members of the Serer ethnic group found in Senegambia
Senegambia
. Inhabitants of the area are called Bawol-Bawol which takes its name from the Serer mode of pluralisation , other examples being : Sine-Sine or Siin-Siin (inhabitants of Sine ), Saloum- Saloum
Saloum
(inhabitants of Saloum
Saloum
), etc. The population is overrun by the Serer people especially those from the Cangin group , the Safene in particular. The Serers are believed to be the original inhabitants of this area. The Wolof and other ethnic groups are also present
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Diourbel
DIOURBEL (Serer : Jurbel, Wolof : Njaaréem) is a town in Senegal lying east of Thiès
Thiès
. It is known for its mosque and local groundnut industry and is the capital of the Diourbel
Diourbel
Region . The population in 2013 was 133,705. CONTENTS * 1 Transport * 2 International relations * 2.1 Twin towns — Sister cities * 3 See also * 4 References TRANSPORT Diourbel
Diourbel
lies on the N3 road linking it to Dakar
Dakar
and is also served by a junction station on the Dakar-Niger Railway
Dakar-Niger Railway
. Both the railway and the N3 cross the River Sine in the town
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Kingdom Of Baol
The KINGDOM OF BAOL or BAWOL in central Senegal
Senegal
was one of the kingdoms that arose from the split-up of the Empire of Jolof (Diolof) in 1555. The ruler (Teigne or Teen ) reigned from a capital in Diourbel . The Kingdom encompassed a strip of land extending east from the ocean to the capital city and included the cities of Touba and MBacke. It was directly south of the Kingdom of Cayor and north of the Kingdom of Sine . The first King of Baol is Ji the Great. Baol was famous for its horses. It has special breeds, which were faster and stronger than most of the horses on the plain. Baol citizens are good riders. Baol was ethnically a Wolof kingdom, but it included communities of Serer-Safen and other Serer groups. The social and political systems were basically the same as those of Cayor. In fact, the kingdoms merged from time to time for mutual defense
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Senegal
Coordinates : 14°N 14°W / 14°N 14°W / 14; -14 Republic of Senegal _République du Sénégal_ (French ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi" (French ) "One People, One Goal, One Faith" ANTHEM: _ Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons _ _Everyone strum your koras , strike the balafons _ Location of Senegal (dark blue) in the African Union (light blue) Capital and largest city
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UNESCO
United Nations
United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture (in French) ABBREVIATION UNESCO FORMATION 16 November 1945 TYPE Specialized agency LEGAL STATUS Active HEADQUARTERS Place de Fontenoy , Paris, France MEMBERSHIP 195 member states HEAD Irina Bokova Director-General of UNESCO
UNESCO
WEBSITE www.unesco.orgThe UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO) (French : _Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture_) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris
Paris

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World Heritage
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO
UNESCO
). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO
UNESCO
regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity
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Senegambian Stone Circles
The SENEGAMBIAN STONE CIRCLES lie in The Gambia
Gambia
north of Janjanbureh and in central Senegal
Senegal
. Approximate area: 30,000 km². They are sometimes divided into the Wassu (Gambian) and Sine-Saloum (Senegalese) circles, but this is purely a national division. CONTENTS* 1 Location * 1.1 Wassu * 1.2 Kerbatch * 1.3 Wanar * 2 Sine Ngayene * 3 Locations * 4 Additional stone circles in Senegambia * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 External links * 8 References LOCATIONThe stone circles and other megaliths found in Senegal
Senegal
and Gambia
Gambia
are sometimes divided into four large sites: Sine Ngayene and Wanar in Senegal, and Wassu and Kerbatch in the Central River Region in Gambia. Researchers are not certain when these monuments were built, but the generally accepted range is between the third century B.C. and the sixteenth century AD
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History Of Senegal
The HISTORY OF SENEGAL is commonly divided into a number of periods, encompassing the prehistoric era, the precolonial period, colonialism, and the contemporary era
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History Of The Gambia
The first written records of the region come from Arab
Arab
traders in the 9th and 10th centuries. In medieval times, the region was dominated by the Trans-Saharan trade and was ruled by the Mali Empire . In the 16th century, the region came to be ruled by the Songhai Empire
Songhai Empire
. The first Europeans to visit the Gambia River were the Portuguese in the 15th century, who attempted to settle on the river banks, but no settlement of significant size was established. Descendants of the Portuguese settlers remained until the 18th century. In the late 16th century, English merchants attempted to begin a trade with the Gambia, reporting that it was "a river of secret trade and riches concealed by the Portuguese." In the early 17th century, the French attempted to settle the Gambia but failed
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Portal
PORTAL may refer to: * Portal (architecture) , a monumental gate or door, or the extremities (ends) of a tunnel * Portals in fiction , magical or technological doorways that connect two locations, dimensions, or points in time * _ Portal _, a video game series developed by Valve Corporation CONTENTS* 1 Computing * 1.1 Gateways to information * 1.2 Other computing * 2 Art, entertainment, and media


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World Heritage Site
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO
UNESCO
). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO
UNESCO
regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity
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Bassari Country
The BASSARI COUNTRY and its BASSARI, FULA AND BEDIK CULTURAL LANDSCAPES, located in the southeast of Senegal
Senegal
, is a well-preserved multicultural landscape which emerged from the interaction of human activities and the natural environment. It aggregates three geographical areas: the Bassari–Salémata area, the Bedik–Bandafassi area and the Fula–Dindéfello area, each one with its specifics morphological characteristics. In 2012, the Bassari Country
Bassari Country
with its Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites . SEE ALSO * Bassari people * Fula people * Bedick people REFERENCES * ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1407. * ^ "Bassari Country: Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 May 2015. * ^ "Twenty-six new sites inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List this year". UNESCO
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Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary
The DJOUDJ NATIONAL BIRD SANCTUARY (French : Parc national des oiseaux du Djoudj) lies on the southeast bank of the Senegal
Senegal
River in Senegal
Senegal
, in northern Biffeche , north east of St-Louis . It provides a range of wetland habitats which prove very popular with migrating birds , many of which have just crossed the Sahara
Sahara
. Of almost 400 species of birds, the most visible are pelicans and flamingos . Less conspicuous are the aquatic warblers migrating here from Europe
Europe
; for these, the park is the single most important wintering site yet discovered . A wide range of wildlife also inhabits the park, which is designated a World Heritage Site . The site was added to the list of World Heritage in Danger in 2000 due to the introduction of the invasive giant salvinia plant, which threatens to choke out the park's native vegetation
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