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Cekeen Tumulus
The TUMULI OF CEKEEN are located in the Diourbel Department
Diourbel Department
of the Diourbel Region . The Diourbel Region and the city of Diourbel were part of the precolonial Kingdom of Baol , now part of present-day Senegal
Senegal
. CONTENTS * 1 Purpose * 2 World Heritage Status * 3 See also * 4 References PURPOSEIn this area, a tumulus was used as a burial mound for chiefs. A deceased chief would be joined by other members of his court along with important objects such as furniture and other implements. In this case, he and his escort would be situated in the chief's hut, whereupon the hut was buried with soil and rocks. Thousands of such tumuli exist in Senegal, but it is in Cekeen that the biggest and most densely scattered occur
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Saint-Louis, Senegal
SAINT-LOUIS, or NDAR as it is called in Wolof , is the capital of Senegal
Senegal
's Saint-Louis Region . Located in the northwest of Senegal, near the mouth of the Senegal
Senegal
River , and 320 km north of Senegal's capital city Dakar
Dakar
, it has a population officially estimated at 176,000 in 2005. Saint-Louis was the capital of the French colony of Senegal
Senegal
from 1673 until 1902 and French West Africa
French West Africa
from 1895 until 1902, when the capital was moved to Dakar. From 1920 to 1957, it also served as the capital of the neighboring colony of Mauritania
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Gorée
Coordinates : 14°40′01″N 17°23′54″W / 14.66694°N 17.39833°W / 14.66694; -17.39833 Gorée Sor Commune d'arrondissement Gorée
Gorée
location COUNTRY Senegal
Senegal
REGION Dakar Region DEPARTMENT Dakar Department AREA • TOTAL 0.5 km2 (0.2 sq mi) POPULATION (2013) • TOTAL 1,680 • DENSITY 3,400/km2 (8,700/sq mi) TIME ZONE GMT ( UTC+0 ) UNESCO
UNESCO
WORLD HERITAGE SITE CRITERIA Cultural: (vi) REFERENCE 26 INSCRIPTION 1978 (2nd Session )ÎLE DE GORéE (i.e. " Gorée
Gorée
Island"; (French pronunciation: ​ is one of the 19 communes d'arrondissement (i.e. districts) of the city of Dakar
Dakar
, Senegal
Senegal

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Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary
The DJOUDJ NATIONAL BIRD SANCTUARY (French : Parc national des oiseaux du Djoudj) lies on the southeast bank of the Senegal
Senegal
River in Senegal
Senegal
, in northern Biffeche
Biffeche
, north east of St-Louis . It provides a range of wetland habitats which prove very popular with migrating birds , many of which have just crossed the Sahara
Sahara
. Of almost 400 species of birds, the most visible are pelicans and flamingos . Less conspicuous are the aquatic warblers migrating here from Europe
Europe
; for these, the park is the single most important wintering site yet discovered . A wide range of wildlife also inhabits the park, which is designated a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site

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Bassari Country
The BASSARI COUNTRY and its BASSARI, FULA AND BEDIK CULTURAL LANDSCAPES, located in the southeast of Senegal
Senegal
, is a well-preserved multicultural landscape which emerged from the interaction of human activities and the natural environment. It aggregates three geographical areas: the Bassari–Salémata area, the Bedik–Bandafassi area and the Fula–Dindéfello area, each one with its specifics morphological characteristics. In 2012, the Bassari Country
Bassari Country
with its Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites . SEE ALSO * Bassari people * Fula people
Fula people
* Bedick people REFERENCES * ^ "Bassari Country: Bassari, Fula and Bedik Cultural Landscapes". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 May 2015. * ^ "Twenty-six new sites inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List this year". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 May 2015
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Niokolo-Koba National Park
The NIOKOLO-KOBA NATIONAL PARK (French : Parc National du Niokolo Koba, PNNK) is a World Heritage Site and natural protected area in south eastern Senegal
Senegal
near the Guinea-Bissau border. It is served by Niokolo-Koba Airport , an unpaved airstrip. CONTENTS * 1 National Park * 2 Geography * 3 Flora * 4 Fauna * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links NATIONAL PARKEstablished as a reserve in 1925, Niokolo-Koba was declared a Senegalese national park on 1 January 1954. Expanded in 1969, it was inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 1981 as a UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve. In 2007 it was added to the UNESCO
UNESCO
List of Endangered World Heritage sites. GEOGRAPHYThe park lies in an upland region through which the upper stretch of the Gambia River flows, towards the northwestern border of Guinea
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The Gambia
THE GAMBIA (/ˈɡæmbi.ə/ ( listen )), officially the REPUBLIC OF THE GAMBIA, is a country in West Africa
West Africa
that is entirely surrounded by Senegal
Senegal
except for its coastline on the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
at its western end. It is the smallest country in mainland Africa
Africa
. The Gambia
The Gambia
is situated on either side of the Gambia River
Gambia River
, the nation's namesake, which flows through the centre of The Gambia
The Gambia
and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Its area is 10,689 square kilometres (4,127 sq mi) with a population of 1,882,450 at the April 2013 census (provisional). Banjul
Banjul
is the Gambian capital, and the largest cities are Serekunda and Brikama
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Cekeen Tumuli
The TUMULI OF CEKEEN are located in the Diourbel Department of the Diourbel Region
Diourbel Region
. The Diourbel Region
Diourbel Region
and the city of Diourbel
Diourbel
were part of the precolonial Kingdom of Baol , now part of present-day Senegal
Senegal
. CONTENTS * 1 Purpose * 2 World Heritage Status * 3 See also * 4 References PURPOSEIn this area, a tumulus was used as a burial mound for chiefs. A deceased chief would be joined by other members of his court along with important objects such as furniture and other implements. In this case, he and his escort would be situated in the chief's hut, whereupon the hut was buried with soil and rocks. Thousands of such tumuli exist in Senegal, but it is in Cekeen that the biggest and most densely scattered occur
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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History Of Africa
The HISTORY OF AFRICA begins with the emergence of Homo sapiens
Homo sapiens
in East Africa, and continues into the present as a patchwork of diverse and politically developing nation states . The recorded history of early civilization arose in the Kingdom of Kush
Kingdom of Kush
, and later in Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt
, the Sahel
Sahel
, the Maghreb
Maghreb
and the Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa
. During the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, Islam
Islam
spread west from Arabia
Arabia
to Egypt, crossing the Maghreb
Maghreb
and the Sahel
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World Heritage Site
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO
UNESCO
). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO
UNESCO
regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity
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History Of The Gambia
The first written records of the region come from Arab
Arab
traders in the 9th and 10th centuries. In medieval times, the region was dominated by the Trans-Saharan trade
Trans-Saharan trade
and was ruled by the Mali Empire
Mali Empire
. In the 16th century, the region came to be ruled by the Songhai Empire
Songhai Empire
. The first Europeans to visit the Gambia River
Gambia River
were the Portuguese in the 15th century, who attempted to settle on the river banks, but no settlement of significant size was established. Descendants of the Portuguese settlers remained until the 18th century. In the late 16th century, English merchants attempted to begin a trade with the Gambia, reporting that it was "a river of secret trade and riches concealed by the Portuguese." In the early 17th century, the French attempted to settle the Gambia but failed
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Tumulus
A TUMULUS (plural TUMULI) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves. Tumuli are also known as BARROWS, BURIAL MOUNDS or KURGANS , and may be found throughout much of the world. A cairn , which is a mound of stones built for various purposes, may also originally have been a tumulus. Tumuli are often categorised according to their external apparent shape. In this respect, a long barrow is a long tumulus, usually constructed on top of several burials , such as passage graves . A round barrow is a round tumulus, also commonly constructed on top of burials. The internal structure and architecture of both long and round barrows has a broad range, the categorization only refers to the external apparent shape. The method of inhumation may involve a dolmen , a cist , a mortuary enclosure , a mortuary house , or a chamber tomb . Examples of barrows include Duggleby Howe and Maeshowe
Maeshowe

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Diourbel
DIOURBEL (Serer : Jurbel, Wolof : Njaaréem) is a town in Senegal lying east of Thiès . It is known for its mosque and local groundnut industry and is the capital of the Diourbel
Diourbel
Region . The population in 2013 was 133,705. CONTENTS * 1 Transport * 2 International relations * 2.1 Twin towns — Sister cities * 3 See also * 4 References TRANSPORT Diourbel
Diourbel
lies on the N3 road linking it to Dakar
Dakar
and is also served by a junction station on the Dakar-Niger Railway
Dakar-Niger Railway
. Both the railway and the N3 cross the River Sine in the town
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UNESCO
United Nations
United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture (in French) ABBREVIATION UNESCO FORMATION 16 November 1945 TYPE Specialized agency LEGAL STATUS Active HEADQUARTERS Place de Fontenoy , Paris, France MEMBERSHIP 195 member states HEAD Irina Bokova Director-General of UNESCO
UNESCO
WEBSITE www.unesco.orgThe UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO) (French : Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris
Paris

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World Heritage
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO
UNESCO
). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO
UNESCO
regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity
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