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Caroline Of Baden
Caroline of Baden
Caroline of Baden
(German: Friederike Karoline Wilhelmine von Baden; 13 July 1776 – 13 November 1841) was by marriage an Electress of Bavaria and later the first Queen consort of Bavaria by marriage to Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria.Contents1 Life1.1 Early life 1.2 Marriage 1.3 Death and funeral2 Issue 3 Honours 4 Ancestors 5 ReferencesLife[edit] Early life[edit] She was the eldest child of Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, and his wife Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. She was born 13 July 1776, twin sister of Katharina Amalie Christiane Luise. Caroline was considered as a bride for the Louis Antoine Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Enghien, but the fear of attracting opposition from France made her family hesitate. Marriage[edit] On 9 March 1797, in Karlsruhe, she became the second spouse of Maximilian, Duke of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, who two years later would inherit the Electorate of Bavaria
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Louis Crato, Count Of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Louis Crato, Count of Nassau- Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
(German: Ludwig Krafft, Graf von Nassau-Saarbrücken; 28 March 1663, Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
– 14 February 1713 in Saarbrücken) was the son of Count Gustav Adolph of Nassau- Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
and Clara Eleanor, Countess of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein. He was educated at Neuenstein with his uncle, Count Wolfgang Julius of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein, and later in Tübingen. His father was at the time a prisoner of war in France. On his father's death in 1677, he inherited the counties of Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
and Saarwerden. He could not take up the administration of his territories, because they were occupied by the French. It was probably the search for adventure and the lack of opportunities that led him to enter the French service. He reached the rank of lieutenant general there
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Landgravine Marie Louise Of Hesse-Kassel
Marie Louise of Hesse- Kassel
Kassel
(7 February 1688 – 9 April 1765) was a Dutch regent, Princess of Orange
Princess of Orange
by marriage to John William Friso, Prince of Orange, and regent of the Netherlands
Netherlands
during the minority of her son and her grandson. She was a daughter of Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, and Maria Amalia of Courland. She and her husband are the most recent common ancestors all currently reigning monarchs in Europe. Marie Louise is notable for having served as regent for two periods in Dutch history: during the reigns of her young son, William IV, Prince of Orange from 1711 and 1730, and of her young grandson, William V, Prince of Orange, from 1759 to 1765
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Frederick Augustus II Of Saxony
Frederick Augustus II (full name: Frederick Augustus Albert Maria Clemens Joseph Vincenz Aloys Nepomuk Johann Baptista Nikolaus Raphael Peter Xavier Franz de Paula Venantius Felix) (German: Friedrich August II; 18 May 1797 in Dresden
Dresden
– 9 August 1854 in Brennbüchel, Karrösten, Tyrol) was King of Saxony
King of Saxony
and a member of the House of Wettin. He was the eldest son of Maximilian, Prince of Saxony
Maximilian, Prince of Saxony
— younger son of the Elector Frederick Christian of Saxony — by his first wife, Caroline of Bourbon, Princess of Parma.Contents1 Life1.1 Early years 1.2 Co-Regent to the Kingdom 1.3 King of Saxony 1.4 Journey through England and Scotland2 Accidental Death 3 Marriages 4 Ancestry 5 NotesLife[edit] Early years[edit] From his birth, it was clear that one day Frederick Augustus would become the ruler of Saxony
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Duke Maximilian Joseph In Bavaria
Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria
Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria
(4 December 1808 – 15 November 1888), known informally as Max in Bayern, was a member of a junior branch of the House of Wittelsbach
House of Wittelsbach
and a promoter of Bavarian folk-music. He is most famous today as the father of Empress Elisabeth of Austria ("Sisi") and great-grandfather of King Leopold III of Belgium.Contents1 Life 2 Middle East trip 3 Folk-music 4 Issue 5 Ancestry 6 Notes 7 Bibliography 8 External linksLife[edit] Maximilian Joseph was born at Bamberg, the only son of Duke Pius August in Bavaria (1786–1837) and his wife, Princess Amélie Louise of Arenberg. On September 9, 1828, at Tegernsee, Maximilian Joseph married Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, the sixth daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria. Maximilian Joseph was Ludovika's nephew, as his father was her cousin
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Order Of Saint Elizabeth
The Order of Saint Elizabeth
Order of Saint Elizabeth
was an all-female chivalric and charitable order in the Kingdom of Bavaria. The following excerpt is from The Orders of Knighthood, British and Foreign (1884):The first Consort of the Elector Charles Theodore of the Palatinate, Elizabeth Augusta, daughter of the Palatine Joseph Charles Emanuel of Schultzbach, founded this Order for ladies in honor of her sainted patroness and namesake on the 18th October 1766, as a purely charitable institution for the poor. It was confirmed on the 31st of January 1767, by Pope Clement XII, and endowed with various indulgencies. The Catholic religion and the Seize Quartiers
Seize Quartiers
– the proof of noble descent running through sixteen generations of their own or their husband’s ancestors – are indispensable conditions for candidates
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Charles III William, Margrave Of Baden-Durlach
Charles III William (German: Karl III. Wilhelm von Baden-Durlach; Durlach, 27 January [O.S. 17 January] 1679[1] – 12 May 1738, Karlsruhe) was Margrave
Margrave
of Baden- Durlach
Durlach
between 1709 and 1738. He was the son of Margrave
Margrave
Frederick Magnus of Baden- Durlach
Durlach
and Augusta Maria of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. In 1715, he established Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
(Charles' repose), where he built his residence. Karlsruhe has since grown to a large city
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Frederick, Hereditary Prince Of Baden-Durlach
Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach
Baden-Durlach
(7 October 1703 – 26 March 1732) was a German hereditary prince of the Margraviate of Baden-Durlach. Frederick was the son of Charles III William, Margrave of Baden-Durlach, and Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg
Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg
(7 November 1677 - 30 October 1742), the daughter of William Louis, Duke of Württemberg. He became heir apparent when his elder brother Charles Magnus died in 1712. However, he died before his father did and therefore never came to government in Durlach. He served in the imperial army. In 1724, he was appointed colonel, in 1728, he was promoted to major general. Marriage and descendants[edit] On 3 July 1727, Frederick married Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
(born 13 October 1710, died 17 September 1777), the daughter of John William Friso, Prince of Orange
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Magdalena Wilhelmine Of Württemberg
Württemberg
Württemberg
is a historical German territory. Together with Baden
Baden
and Hohenzollern, two other historical territories, it now forms the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg
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Charles Frederick, Grand Duke Of Baden
Charles Frederick (22 November 1728 – 10 June 1811[1]) was Margrave, Elector and later Grand Duke of Baden (initially only Margrave of Baden-Durlach) from 1738 until his death.Contents1 Biography 2 Marriages and children 3 Ancestry 4 References 5 Further readingBiography[edit] Born at Karlsruhe, he was the son of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Baden-Durlach
Baden-Durlach
and Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
(13 October 1710 – 17 September 1777), the daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz. He succeeded his grandfather as Margrave of Baden-Durlach
Baden-Durlach
in 1738 and ruled personally from 1746 until 1771, when he inherited Baden-Baden from the Bernhard Line. Upon inheriting the latter margraviate, the original land of Baden was reunited
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John William Friso, Prince Of Orange
John William Friso, Prince of Orange-Nassau (Dutch: Johan Willem Friso van Oranje-Nassau; 14 August 1687 – 14 July 1711) became the titular Prince of Orange
Prince of Orange
in 1702. He was stadtholder of Friesland
Friesland
until his death by drowning in the Hollands Diep
Hollands Diep
in 1711. Friso and his wife, Marie Louise, are the most recent common ancestors of all European monarchs occupying the throne today.Contents1 Background 2 Succession 3 Military career and death 4 Marriage and issue 5 Ancestry 6 ReferencesBackground[edit] He was the son of Henry Casimir II, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, and Princess Henriëtte Amalia of Anhalt- Dessau
Dessau
who were both first cousins of William III
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Princess Amalia Of Nassau-Dietz
Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
(Anna Charlotte Amalie; 23 October [O.S. 13 October] 1710 – 18 September 1777) was the wife of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach, and mother of Charles Frederick, the first Grand Duke of Baden. Life[edit] Anna Charlotte Amalia was the only daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz (after 1702 Prince of Orange) and his wife, Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel. She grew up in Friesland
Friesland
and spoke West Frisian herself. After her marriage to Friedrich of Baden- Durlach
Durlach
in 1727 she moved to Durlach. During her pregnancies, Amalia tyrannized her servants, and because of the princess's many tantrums, rumors circulated at the court of Durlach
Durlach
that she was mentally ill. Friedrich died on 26 March 1732, shortly after the birth of their second child
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Ernest Louis, Landgrave Of Hesse-Darmstadt
Ernest Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Ernst Ludwig) (15 December 1667 – 12 September 1739) was Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
from 1678 to 1739. His parents were Landgrave
Landgrave
Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt and Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
(1640–1709). Ernest Louis's desire to emulate the French court under Louis XIV ran his country into debt. Among those patronized in this cultural milieu were the Baroque
Baroque
composer Christoph Graupner
Christoph Graupner
and the gambist Ernst Christian Hesse; also bringing into his service architect Louis Remy de la Fosse for his extensive building program
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Kingdom Of Bavaria
The Kingdom of Bavaria
Bavaria
(German: Königreich Bayern; Austro-Bavarian: Kinereich Bayern) was a German state that succeeded the former Electorate of Bavaria
Electorate of Bavaria
in 1805 and continued to exist until 1918. The Bavarian Elector Maximilian IV Joseph of the House of Wittelsbach became the first King of Bavaria
King of Bavaria
in 1805 as Maximilian I Joseph. The crown would go on being held by the Wittelsbachs until the kingdom came to an end in 1918. Most of Bavaria's present-day borders were established after 1814 with the Treaty of Paris, in which Bavaria ceded Tyrol and Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
to the Austrian Empire
Austrian Empire
while receiving Aschaffenburg
Aschaffenburg
and Würzburg
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Louis VIII, Landgrave Of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis VIII (German: Ludwig) (5 April 1691 – 17 October 1768) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
from 1739 to 1768. He was the son of Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
and Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach.Contents1 Life 2 Issue 3 Ancestors 4 External links 5 SourcesLife[edit]A deer hunt near Darmstadt. Painting by Georg Adam Eger 1755In 1717, he was married to Countess Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau
Hanau
and he received Hanau-Lichtenberg as an addition to his dominions. Because of his passion for hunting, he is known as the "Hunting Landgrave" (German: Jagdlandgraf)
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Margravine Dorothea Charlotte Of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
(28 November 1661 – 15 November 1705) was a German noblewomen, and by her marriage to Ernest Louis, Landgravine consort of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage took place on 1 December 1687.Contents1 Life 2 Issue 3 Ancestors 4 ReferencesLife[edit] Dorothea Charlotte was a daughter of the Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg- Ansbach
Ansbach
(1620–1667), from his second marriage to Sophia Margaret of Oettingen-Oettingen (1634–1664), daughter of Joachim Ernest of Oettingen-Oettingen. On 1 December 1687 she married Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. He was under the guardianship of his mother, Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
until 1688. Dorothea Charlotte was a pietist and exerted some influence upon the affairs of state in favour of the pietists in the first years of her marriage
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