HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff

picture info

Carnuntum Map Roman City
Carnuntum
Carnuntum
(Καρνους, Carnous in Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
according to Ptolemy) was a Roman Legionary Fortress or castrum legionarium and also headquarters of the Pannonian fleet from 50 AD. After the 1st century it was capital of the Pannonia Superior
Pannonia Superior
province
[...More...]

Canaba
A Canaba (Canabae plural)[1] was the Latin term for a hut or hovel and was later (from the time of Hadrian)[2] used typically to mean a collection of "huts" (Canabae legionis) that emerged as a civilian settlement in the vicinity of a Roman legionary fortress (castrum).[3] Where such a settlement grew up outside an auxiliary fort it was called a 'vicus' (village, plural vici), which is the term most widely used for this type of settlement, and because canabae were often divided into vici. Permanent forts attracted military dependants and civilian contractors who serviced the base who needed housing; traders, artisans, sellers of food and drink, prostitutes, and also unofficial wives of soldiers and their children and hence most forts had vici or canabae
[...More...]

picture info

Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius
(/ɔːˈriːliəs/; Latin: Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius
Antoninus Augustus;[6][notes 1][9] 26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD) was Roman emperor from 161 to 180, ruling jointly with his adoptive brother (and son-in-law), Lucius Verus, until Verus' death in 169 and jointly with his son, Commodus, from 177. He was the last of the so-called Five Good Emperors. He was a practitioner of Stoicism, and his untitled writing, commonly known as Meditations, is a significant source of the modern understanding of ancient Stoic philosophy. It is considered by many commentators to be one of the greatest works of philosophy.[10] During his reign, the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
defeated a revitalized Parthian Empire in the East: Aurelius' general Avidius Cassius sacked the capital Ctesiphon
Ctesiphon
in 164
[...More...]

picture info

Parthia
Parthia
Parthia
(Old Persian: 𐎱𐎼𐎰𐎺, Parθava, Parthian: 𐭐𐭓𐭕𐭅, Parθaw, Middle Persian: 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭥𐭡𐭥‎, Pahlaw) is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran. It was conquered and subjugated by the empire of the Medes
Medes
during the 7th century BC, was incorporated into the subsequent Achaemenid Empire
Achaemenid Empire
under Cyrus the Great
Cyrus the Great
in the 6th century BC, and formed part of the Hellenistic
Hellenistic
Seleucid Empire
Seleucid Empire
following the 4th-century-BC conquests of Alexander the Great. The region later served as the political and cultural base of the Eastern-Iranian Parni people and Arsacid dynasty, rulers of the Parthian Empire
Parthian Empire
(247 BC – 224 AD)
[...More...]

picture info

Legio X Gemina
Legio decima Gemina ("The Twins' Tenth Legion"), was a legion of the Imperial Roman army. It was one of the four legions used by Julius Caesar in 58 BC, for his invasion of Gaul. There are still records of the X Gemina in Vienna
Vienna
in the beginning of the 5th century. The legion symbol was a bull. Early on in its history, the legion was called X Equestris (mounted), because Caesar once used the legionaries as cavalry.Contents1 In Republican Service1.1 Gallic Wars 1.2 Augustus2 In Imperial Service2.1 Under the Flavian dynasty 2.2 2nd century 2.3 3rd century 2.4 4th century3 Epigraphic evidence 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksIn Republican Service[edit] Gallic Wars[edit]See also Legio X EquestrisIn the Gallic Wars, X Equestris played an important role on Caesar's military success and for this reason is sometimes said to be his favorite
[...More...]

picture info

Galba
Galba
Galba
(English: /ˈsɜːrviəs sʌlˈpɪʃəs ˈɡælbə/;; Latin: Servius Sulpicius Galba
Galba
Caesar Augustus;[2] 24 December 3 BC – 15 January 69 AD) was Roman emperor
Roman emperor
for seven months from 68 to 69. The governor of Hispania Tarraconensis
Hispania Tarraconensis
at the time of the rebellion of Julius Vindex in Gaul, he seized the throne following Nero's suicide. Born into a wealthy family, Galba
Galba
was a capable military officer during the first half of the first century AD. He retired during Nero's reign but was later granted the governorship of Hispania Tarraconensis
[...More...]

picture info

Legio VII Gemina
Legio septima Gemina (properly Geminia: Latin for "The Twins' Seventh Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army. It was founded in AD 68 in Spain by the general Galba
Galba
to take part in his rebellion against the emperor Nero. "Gemina" means the legion was dedicated to the legendary twin founders of Rome, Romulus
Romulus
and Remus, who were suckled by a she-wolf. The legion was deployed in the city called Legio (modern-day León, Spain) in AD 74 and remained in Hispania
Hispania
to the end of the 4th century.[1] Tacitus
Tacitus
calls the legion "Galbiana", to distinguish it from the senior Legio VII Claudia, but this appellation is not found on any inscriptions
[...More...]

picture info

Vespasian
Vespasian
Vespasian
(/vɛsˈpeɪʒiən, vɛsˈpeɪziən/; Latin: Titus
Titus
Flavius Vespasianus;[note 1] 17 November 9 – 24 June 79 AD)[1] was Roman emperor from AD 69 to AD 79, the fourth, and last, in the Year of the Four Emperors. He founded the Flavian dynasty
Flavian dynasty
that ruled the Empire for 27 years. Vespasian
Vespasian
was from an equestrian family that rose into the senatorial rank under the Julio–Claudian emperors
[...More...]

picture info

Legio XIV Gemina
Legio quarta decima Gemina ("The Twinned Fourteenth Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army, levied by Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
in 57 BC. The cognomen Gemina (Twinned) was added when the legion was combined with another understrength legion after the Battle of Actium. The cognomen Martia Victrix (martial and victorious) was added sequentially following their service in the Pannonian War c. AD 9 and the defeat of Boudicca
Boudicca
in AD 61. The emblem of the legion was the Capricorn,[1] as with many of the legions levied by Caesar,[1] their shield device displayed the thunderbolt of Jupiter with wings
[...More...]

picture info

Amber
Amber
Amber
is fossilized tree resin, which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic
Neolithic
times.[2] Much valued from antiquity to the present as a gemstone, amber is made into a variety of decorative objects.[3] Amber
Amber
is used in jewelry. It has also been used as a healing agent in folk medicine. There are five classes of amber, defined on the basis of their chemical constituents
[...More...]

picture info

Italy
Coordinates: 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12Italian Republic Repubblica Italiana  (Italian)FlagEmblemAnthem: Il Canto degli Italiani  (Italian) "The Song of the Italians"Location of  Italy  (dark green) – in Europe  (light green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Rome 41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483Official languages ItalianaNative languages see full listReligion83.3% Christians 12.4% irreligious 3.7% Muslims 0.2% Buddhists 0.1% Hindus 0.3% other religions[1]Demonym ItalianGovernment Unitary constitutional parliamentary republic• PresidentSergio Mattarella• Prime MinisterPaolo Gentiloni• President of the SenateElisabetta Casellati•&
[...More...]

picture info

Amber Road
The Amber
Amber
Road was an ancient trade route for the transfer of amber from coastal areas of the North Sea
North Sea
and the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
to the Mediterranean Sea.[1] Prehistoric trade routes between Northern and Southern Europe were defined by the amber trade
[...More...]

Municipium
Municipium (pl. municipia) was the Latin term for a town or city.[1] Etymologically the municipium was a social contract between municipes, the "duty holders," or citizens of the town. The duties, or munera, were a communal obligation assumed by the municipes in exchange for the privileges and protections of citizenship. Every citizen was a municeps.[2] The distinction of municipia was not made in the Roman kingdom; instead, the immediate neighbors of the city were invited or compelled to transfer their populations to the urban structure of Rome, where they took up residence in neighborhoods and became Romans per se. Under the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
the practical considerations of incorporating communities into the city-state of Rome
Rome
forced the Romans to devise the concept of municipium, a distinct state under the jurisdiction of Rome
[...More...]

picture info

Meditations
Meditations
Meditations
(Medieval Greek: Τὰ εἰς ἑαυτόν, translit. Ta eis heauton, literally "things to one's self") is a series of personal writings by Marcus Aurelius, Roman Emperor
[...More...]

picture info

Ala (Roman Cavalry Unit)
The Auxilia
Auxilia
(Latin, lit. "auxiliaries") constituted the standing non-citizen corps of the Imperial Roman army
Roman army
during the Principate
Principate
era (30 BC–284 AD), alongside the citizen legions. By the 2nd century, the Auxilia
Auxilia
contained the same number of infantry as the legions and, in addition, provided almost all of the Roman army's cavalry (especially light cavalry and archers) and more specialised troops. The auxilia thus represented three-fifths of Rome's regular land forces at that time. Like their legionary counterparts, auxiliary recruits were mostly volunteers, not conscripts. The Auxilia
Auxilia
were mainly recruited from the peregrini, free provincial subjects who did not hold Roman citizenship
Roman citizenship
and constituted the vast majority of the population in the 1st and 2nd centuries (c
[...More...]

picture info

Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus
(/səˈvɪərəs/; Latin: Lucius Septimius Severus Augustus;[4] 11 April 145 – 4 February 211), also known as Severus, was Roman emperor
Roman emperor
from 193 to 211. Severus was born in Leptis Magna
Leptis Magna
in the Roman province of Africa. As a young man he advanced through the cursus honorum—the customary succession of offices—under the reigns of Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius
and Commodus. Severus seized power after the death of Emperor Pertinax
Pertinax
in 193 during the Year of the Five Emperors.[5] After deposing and killing the incumbent emperor Didius Julianus, Severus fought his rival claimants, the Roman generals Pescennius Niger and Clodius Albinus
[...More...]

.