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Carlo De' Medici (cardinal)
The House of Medici
Medici
(/ˈmɛdɪtʃi/ MED-i-chee; Italian pronunciation: [ˈmɛːditʃi]) was an Italian banking family and political dynasty that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de' Medici
Medici
in the Republic of Florence
Republic of Florence
during the first half of the 15th century
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Medicis Pharmaceutical
Medicis Pharmaceutical
Medicis Pharmaceutical
is a medical cosmetics company based in Bridgewater, New Jersey. It is a subsidiary of Valeant Pharmaceuticals, which acquired the company in 2012.[1][2] Medicis is known for products such as Solodyn
Solodyn
and Ziana for treating acne, and for Restylane and Dysport
Dysport
for treating facial wrinkles. History[edit] Medicis was founded in Scottsdale, Arizona
Scottsdale, Arizona
in 1988 by Jonah Shacknai and John Holaday. The company held its IPO in 1990 and launched its first products over the following year.[3][4] In December 1997, Medicis acquired GenDerm Corporation, a dermatology pharmaceuticals company, for $60M in cash.[5] It also acquired Ucyclyd Pharma, a Baltimore-based private company, for $23.4 million in April 1999
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Order Of Saint Stephen
The Order of Saint Stephen
Order of Saint Stephen
(Official: Sacro Militare Ordine di Santo Stefano Papa e Martire, "Holy Military Order of St. Stephen Pope
Pope
and Martyr") is a Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Tuscan dynastic military order founded in 1561. The order was created by Cosimo I de' Medici, first Grand Duke of Tuscany. The last member of the Medici dynasty to be a leader of the order was Gian Gastone de Medici
Gian Gastone de Medici
in 1737
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Catherine De' Medici
Catherine de' Medici
Medici
(Italian: Caterina de' Medici, pronounced [kateˈriːna de ˈmɛːditʃi]; French: Catherine de Médicis, pronounced [katʁin də medisis]; 13 April 1519 – 5 January 1589), daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici
Lorenzo II de' Medici
and of Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, was an Italian noblewoman who was queen of France
France
from 1547 until 1559, by marriage to King Henry II. As the mother of kings Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III, she had extensive, if at times varying, influence in the political life of France. From 1560 to 1563, she ruled France
France
as regent for her son Charles IX, King of France. In 1533, at the age of fourteen, Catherine married Henry, second son of King Francis I and Queen Claude of France
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Cosimo I De' Medici, Grand Duke Of Tuscany
Cosimo I de' Medici
Medici
(12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was the second Duke of Florence
Duke of Florence
from 1537 until 1569, when he became the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, a title he held until his death.Contents1 Life1.1 Rise to power 1.2 Rule of Tuscany2 Statesmanship 3 Patronage of the arts 4 Marriage and family 5 Ancestry 6 References 7 Sources 8 Further reading 9 External linksLife[edit] Rise to power[edit] Cosimo was born in Florence
Florence
on 12 June 1519, the son of the famous condottiere Ludovico de' Medici
Medici
(known as Giovanni dalle Bande Nere) and his wife Maria Salviati. He was the grandson of Caterina Sforza, the Countess of Forlì and Lady of Imola. Cosimo came to power in 1537 at age 17, just after the 26-year-old Duke of Florence, Alessandro de' Medici, was assassinated
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Marie De' Medici
Marie de' Medici
Medici
(French: Marie de Médicis, Italian: Maria de' Medici; 26 April 1575 – 3 July 1642) was Queen of France
Queen of France
as the second wife of King Henry IV of France, of the House of Bourbon. She was a member of the wealthy and powerful House of Medici
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Orsini Family
The Orsini family
Orsini family
is an Italian noble family; it was one of the most influential princely families in medieval Italy
Italy
and renaissance Rome. Members of the Orsini include three popes: Celestine III (1191–1198), Nicholas III (1277–1280),[1] and Benedict XIII (1724–1730). In addition, the family membership includes 34 cardinals, numerous condottieri, and other significant political and religious figures.Contents1 Origins 2 The second southern line 3 Pitigliano
Pitigliano
line 4 Monterotondo
Monterotondo
line 5 Bracciano
Bracciano
line 6 Gravina line 7 Notable buildings 8 Orsinis in Literature 9 References 10 Sources 11 External linksOrigins[edit] According to their family legend, the Orsini are descended from the Julio-Claudian family of ancient Rome
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House Of Habsburg
The House of Habsburg
Habsburg
(/ˈhæpsbɜːrɡ/; German pronunciation: [ˈhaːpsbʊʁk], traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria[1] was one of the most influential and outstanding royal houses of Europe. The throne of the Holy Roman Empire was continuously occupied by the Habsburgs between 1438 and 1740. The house also produced emperors and kings of the Kingdom of Bohemia, Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
( Jure uxoris King), Kingdom of Germany, Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Croatia, Kingdom of Illyria, Second Mexican Empire, Kingdom of Ireland
Kingdom of Ireland
( Jure uxoris King), Kingdom of Portugal, and Kingdom of Spain, as well as rulers of several Dutch and Italian principalities.[dubious – discuss] From the 16th century, following the reign of Charles V, the dynasty was split between its Austrian and Spanish branches
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House Of Lorraine
Lorraine: 1738 – Francis I ceded title in accordance with the Treaty of Vienna, gaining Tuscany Holy Roman Empire, Luxembourg, Brabant, and Flanders: 1805 – Francis II & I ceded titles in accordance with the Peace of Pressburg Parma: 1847 – Marie Louise died without issue Tuscany: 1859 – Leopold II abdicated due to pressure from Italian nationalists Mexico: 1867 – Maximilian I executed by Liberal revolutionaries Austria, Hungary and Bohemia: 1918 – Charles I & IV relinquished participation in state affairs following the end of World War ICadet branchesVaudemont Guise (extinct) Habsburg-LorraineAustria-Este HohenbergThe House of Lorraine
House of Lorraine
(German: Haus Lothringen) originated as a cadet branch of the House of Metz. It inherited the Duchy of Lorraine
Duchy of Lorraine
in 1473 after the death of duke Nicholas I without a male heir
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House Of Bourbon
Bourbons of SpainHouse of Bourbon-Two Sicilies House of Bourbon-ParmaHouse of OrléansHouse of Orléans-Braganza House of Orléans-GallieraHouse of Condé (extinct)House of Conti House of SoissonsThe House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon
(English: /ˈbɔːrbən/; French: [buʁbɔ̃]) is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. Bourbonic kings first ruled France and Navarre
Navarre
in the 16th century. By the 18th century, members of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty held thrones in Spain, Naples, Sicily, and Parma
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House Of Valois
The House of Valois[1] (French pronunciation: ​[valwa]) was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty. They succeeded the House of Capet (or "Direct Capetians") to the French throne, and were the royal house of France
France
from 1328 to 1589. Junior members of the family founded cadet branches in Orléans, Anjou, Burgundy, and Alençon. The Valois descended from Charles, Count of Valois
Charles, Count of Valois
(1270–1325), the second surviving son of King Philip III of France
Philip III of France
(reigned 1270–1285)
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La Tour D'Auvergne
La Tour d'Auvergne
La Tour d'Auvergne
(French: [la tuʁ dovɛʁɲ]) was a noble French dynasty. Its senior branch, extinct in 1501, held two of the last large fiefs acquired by the French crown, the counties of Auvergne and Boulogne, for about half a century. Its cadet branch, extinct in 1802, ruled the duchy of Bouillon in the Southern Netherlands
Netherlands
from 1594, and held the dukedoms of Albret and Château-Thierry in the peerage of France since 1660
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House Of Wittelsbach
The House of Wittelsbach
House of Wittelsbach
(German pronunciation: [ˈvɪtəlsbax]) is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria. Members of the family reigned as Dukes, Electors and Kings of Bavaria (1180–1918), Counts Palatine of the Rhine (1214–1803 and 1816–1918), Margraves of Brandenburg
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Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide.[4] As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.[5] Headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
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Pope Clement VII
Pope
Pope
Clement VII (Italian: Papa Clemente VII; Latin: Clemens VII) (26 May 1478 – 25 September 1534), born Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, was head of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
and ruler of the Papal States
Papal States
from 19 November 1523 to his death on 25 September 1534.[1] “The most unfortunate of the Popes,” Clement VII’s reign was marked by a rapid succession of political, military, and religious struggles — many interrelated and long in the making — which had far-reaching consequences for Christianity and world politics. [2] Elected in 1523 at the end of the Italian Renaissance, Clement VII came to the papacy with a high reputation as a statesman, having served as chief advisor to both Pope
Pope
Leo X
Leo X
(1513-1521) and Pope
Pope
Adrian VI (1522-1523)
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Festina Lente
Festina lente
Festina lente
or speûde bradéōs (σπεῦδε βραδέως) is a classical adage and oxymoron meaning "make haste slowly" (sometimes rendered in English as "more haste, less speed"[1]). It has been adopted as a motto numerous times, particularly by the emperors Augustus
Augustus
and Titus, the Medicis and the Onslows. The original form of the saying, σπεῦδε βραδέως, is Classical Greek, of which festina lente is the Latin
Latin
translation
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