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Car Classification
Governments and private organizations have developed CAR CLASSIFICATION schemes that are used for innumerable purposes including regulation, description and categorization, among others. This article details commonly used classification schemes in use worldwide
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Truck Classification
TRUCK CLASSIFICATIONS are typically based upon the maximum loaded weight of the truck (typically using the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) and sometimes also the gross trailer weight rating (GTWR)), and can vary among jurisdictions. CONTENTS* 1 United States
United States
* 1.1 Table of US GVWR classifications * 1.2 Notes on weight classes * 1.2.1 Class 2 * 1.2.2 Medium duty ton rating * 1.2.3 Class 7 * 1.2.4 Class 8 * 1.2.5 Class 9/Super heavy duty * 2 Canada * 3 European Union
European Union
* 4 List of truck types * 5 Gallery * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links UNITED STATESIn the United States
United States
, commercial truck classification is determined based on the vehicle's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). The classes range from 1–8
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Seat Belt
A SEAT BELT (also known as a SEATBELT or SAFETY BELT) is a vehicle safety device designed to secure the occupant of a vehicle against harmful movement that may result during a collision or a sudden stop. A seat belt functions to reduce the likelihood of death or serious injury in a traffic collision by reducing the force of secondary impacts with interior strike hazards, by keeping occupants positioned correctly for maximum effectiveness of the airbag (if equipped) and by preventing occupants being ejected from the vehicle in a crash or if the vehicle rolls over. When in motion, the driver and passengers are travelling at the same speed as the car. If the car suddenly stops or crashes, the driver and passengers continue at the same speed the car was going before it stopped. A seatbelt applies an opposing force to the driver and passengers to prevent them from falling out or making contact with the interior of the car
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ACRISS Car Classification Code
The ACRISS CAR CLASSIFICATION CODE developed and maintained by ACRISS (the Association of Car Rental Industry Systems Standards) and is designed to enable customers and travel professionals to make an informed choice when booking car rental in Europe, Middle East and Africa. ACRISS Members include Avis , Budget , Enterprise , Europcar and Hertz . CONTENTS* 1 ACRISS Car Classification Codes * 1.1 Examples * 2 Sources * 3 External links ACRISS CAR CLASSIFICATION CODESThe code has four letters, each of which represents an attribute of the vehicle
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Insurance Institute For Highway Safety
INSURANCE is a means of protection from financial loss. It is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent, uncertain loss. An entity which provides insurance is known as an insurer, insurance company, or insurance carrier. A person or entity who buys insurance is known as an insured or policyholder. The insurance transaction involves the insured assuming a guaranteed and known relatively small loss in the form of payment to the insurer in exchange for the insurer's promise to compensate the insured in the event of a covered loss. The loss may or may not be financial, but it must be reducible to financial terms, and must involve something in which the insured has an insurable interest established by ownership, possession, or preexisting relationship. The insured receives a contract , called the insurance policy , which details the conditions and circumstances under which the insured will be financially compensated
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National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
The NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION (NHTSA, pronounced "NITS-uh" ) is an agency of the Executive Branch of the U.S. government , part of the Department of Transportation . It describes its mission as "Save lives, prevent injuries, reduce vehicle-related crashes." As part of its activities, NHTSA is charged with writing and enforcing Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards as well as regulations for motor vehicle theft resistance and fuel economy , the latter under the rubric of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) system. NHTSA also licenses vehicle manufacturers and importers, allows or blocks the import of vehicles and safety-regulated vehicle parts, administers the vehicle identification number (VIN) system, develops the anthropomorphic dummies used in safety testing, as well as the test protocols themselves, and provides vehicle insurance cost information
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Curb Weight
CURB WEIGHT ( American English
American English
) or KERB WEIGHT ( British English
British English
) is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables such as motor oil , transmission oil, coolant , air conditioning refrigerant, and sometimes a full tank of fuel , while not loaded with either passengers or cargo . This definition may differ from definitions used by governmental regulatory agencies or other organizations. For example, many European Union manufacturers include the weight of a 75-kilogram (165 lb) driver to follow European Directive 95/48/EC. Organizations may also define curb weight with fixed levels of fuel and other variables to equalize the value for the comparison of different vehicles
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Automobile Air Conditioning
AUTOMOBILE AIR CONDITIONING (also called A/C) systems use air conditioning to cool the air in a vehicle. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Chrysler Airtemp * 1.2 Nash integrated system * 1.3 Growth in demand * 1.4 Evaporative cooling * 2 Operating principles * 3 Power consumption * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYA company in New York City in the United States first offered installation of air conditioning for cars in 1933. Most of their customers operated limousines and luxury cars. In 1939, Packard became the first automobile manufacturer to offer an air conditioning unit in its cars. These were manufactured by Bishop and Babcock Co, of Cleveland, Ohio . The "Bishop and Babcock Weather Conditioner" also incorporated a heater
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Federal Highway Administration
The FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION (FHWA) is a division of the United States Department of Transportation that specializes in highway transportation. The agency's major activities are grouped into two "programs," the Federal-aid Highway Program and the Federal Lands Highway Program. Its role had previously been performed by the OFFICE OF ROAD INQUIRY, OFFICE OF PUBLIC ROADS and the BUREAU OF PUBLIC ROADS. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Background * 1.2 Creation * 2 Functions * 3 Organization * 4 Administrators * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYBACKGROUNDThe organization has several predecessor organizations and a complicated history. The Office of Road Inquiry (ORI) was founded in 1893. In 1905 that organization's name was changed to the Office of Public Roads (OPR) which became a division of the United States Department of Agriculture
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Toll Road
A TOLL ROAD, also known as a TURNPIKE or TOLLWAY, is a public or private roadway for which a fee (or _toll _) is assessed for passage. It is a form of road pricing typically implemented to help recoup the cost of road construction and maintenance . Toll roads in some form have existed since antiquity , collecting their fees from passing travellers on foot, wagon or horseback; but their prominence increased with the rise of the automobile , and many modern tollways charge fees for motor vehicles exclusively. The amount of the toll usually varies by vehicle type, weight, or number of axles , with freight trucks often charged higher rates than cars . Tolls are collected at points known as toll booths, toll houses , plazas, stations, bars, or gates. Some toll collection points are unmanned and the user deposits money in a machine which opens the gate once the correct toll has been paid
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United States Environmental Protection Agency
The UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA or sometimes USEPA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States which was created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress . President Richard Nixon proposed the establishment of EPA and it began operation on December 2, 1970, after Nixon signed an executive order . The order establishing the EPA was ratified by committee hearings in the House and Senate. The agency is led by its Administrator , who is appointed by the President and approved by Congress. The current Administrator is Scott Pruitt . The EPA is not a Cabinet department, but the Administrator is normally given cabinet rank . The EPA has its headquarters in Washington, D.C. , regional offices for each of the agency's ten regions , and 27 laboratories. The agency conducts environmental assessment, research, and education
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Station Wagon
A STATION WAGON, also called an ESTATE CAR, ESTATE WAGON, or simply WAGON or ESTATE, is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof extended rearward over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate ), instead of a trunk lid. The body style transforms a standard three-box design into a two-box design — to include an A, B, and C-pillar , as well as a D-pillar. Station wagons can flexibly reconfigure their interior volume via fold-down rear seats to prioritize either passenger or cargo volume
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Talk
TALK may refer to: * Conversation , interactive communication between two or more people * Speech , the production of a spoken language * Interaction , face to face conversations * Compulsive talking , beyond the bounds of what is considered to be a socially acceptable amount of talking * Communication<
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American English
AMERICAN ENGLISH (AME, AE, AMENG, USENG, EN-US ), sometimes called UNITED STATES ENGLISH or U.S. ENGLISH, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States . English is the most widely spoken language in the United States and is the common language used by the federal government, considered the _de facto _ language of the country because of its widespread use. English has been given official status by 32 of the 50 state governments. As an example, while both Spanish and English have equivalent status in the local courts of Puerto Rico , under federal law, English is the official language for any matters being referred to the United States district court for the territory. The use of English in the United States is a result of British colonization of the Americas
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British English
BRITISH ENGLISH is the English language as spoken and written in the United Kingdom . Variations exist in formal, written English in the United Kingdom. For example, the adjective _wee_ is almost exclusively used in parts of Scotland and Ireland , and occasionally Yorkshire , whereas _little_ is predominant elsewhere. Nevertheless, there is a meaningful degree of uniformity in written English within the United Kingdom, and this could be described by the term British English. The forms of spoken English, however, vary considerably more than in most other areas of the world where English is spoken, so a uniform concept of British English is more difficult to apply to the spoken language
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Australian English
AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH (AUE, EN-AU ) is a major variety of the English language , used throughout Australia
Australia
. Although English has no official status in the Constitution , Australian English is the country's national and _de facto _ official language as it is the first language of the majority of the population . Australian English began to diverge from British English after the founding of the Colony of New South Wales in 1788 and was recognised as being different from British English by 1820. It arose from the intermingling of early settlers from a great variety of mutually intelligible dialectal regions of the British Isles and quickly developed into a distinct variety of English. As a distinct dialect, Australian English differs considerably from other varieties of English in vocabulary , accent , pronunciation , register , grammar and spelling
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