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Capetian Dynasty
The Capetian dynasty
Capetian dynasty
(/kəˈpiːʃən/), also known as the House of France, is a dynasty of Frankish origin, founded by Hugh Capet. It is among the largest and oldest royal houses in Europe and the world, and consists of Hugh Capet's male-line descendants. The senior line ruled in France
France
as the House of Capet
House of Capet
from the election of Hugh Capet
Hugh Capet
in 987 until the death of Charles IV in 1328. That line was succeeded by cadet branches, the Houses of Valois and then Bourbon, which ruled until the French Revolution. The dynasty had a crucial role in the formation of the French state. Initially obeyed only in their own demesne, the Île-de-France, the Capetian kings slowly but steadily increased their power and influence until it grew to cover the entirety of their realm
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Prince Of Taranto
The Principality
Principality
of Taranto
Taranto
was a state in southern Italy created in 1088 for Bohemond I, eldest son of Robert Guiscard, as part of the peace between him and his younger brother Roger Borsa
Roger Borsa
after a dispute over the succession to the Duchy of Apulia. Taranto
Taranto
became the capital of the principality, which covered almost all of the heel of Apulia
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Duke Of Luxembourg
The Duchy of Luxemburg (French: Luxembourg, Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire, the ancestral homeland of the noble House of Luxembourg. The House of Luxembourg, now Duke of Limburg, became one of the most important political forces in the 14th century, competing against the House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
for supremacy in Central Europe. They would be the heirs to the Přemyslid dynasty in the Kingdom of Bohemia, succeeding the Kingdom of Hungary and contributing four Holy Roman Emperors until their own line of male heirs came to an end and the House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
got the pieces that the two Houses had originally agreed upon in the Treaty of Brünn in 1364.[1] In 1411, Sigismund of Luxembourg
Luxembourg
lost the duchy to his niece Elisabeth because he defaulted on a loan
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Duke Of Brittany
This is a list of rulers of the Duchy of Brittany. In different epochs the sovereigns of Brittany
Brittany
were kings, princes, and dukes. The Breton ruler was sometimes elected, sometimes attained the position by conquest or intrigue, or by hereditary right. Hereditary dukes were sometimes a female ruler, carrying the title duchesse of Brittany. Its principal cities and regions were ruled by counts who often found themselves in conflict with the Breton ruler, or who became the Breton ruler. During the declining years of the Roman Empire, the earliest Breton rulers in Gaul
Gaul
were styled "kings" of the small realms of Cornouaille and Domnonia. Some such kings may have had a form of hegemony over all of the Brythonic populations in the Armorican peninsula, and Riothamus is called King of the Britons by the chronicler Jordanes
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Duke Of Braganza
The title Duke of Braganza
Duke of Braganza
(Portuguese: Duque de Bragança) in the House of Braganza
House of Braganza
is one of the most important titles in the peerage of Portugal. Starting in 1640, when the House of Braganza
House of Braganza
acceded to the throne of Portugal, the male heir of the Portuguese Crown were known as Duke of Braganza, along with their style Prince of Beira
Prince of Beira
or (from 1645 to 1816) Prince of Brazil
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Duke Of Burgundy
Dukedom of BurgundyCreation date 880Peerage Peerage of FranceFirst holder Richard the JusticiarLast holder Charles the Bold
Charles the Bold
(fief) Louis of France (courtesy title)Status ExtinctExtinction date 5 January 1477 (fief) 22 March 1761 (courtesy title)Seat(s) Château de Germolles Hôtel de Bourgogne Palace of the Dukes of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy
Duke of Burgundy
(French: duc de Bourgogne) was a title borne by the rulers of the Duchy of Burgundy, a small portion of traditional lands of Burgundians
Burgundians
west of river Saône
Saône
which in 843 was allotted to Charles the Bald's kingdom of West Franks. Under the Ancien Régime, the Duke of Burgundy
Duke of Burgundy
was the premier lay peer of the kingdom of France. Beginning with Robert II of France, the title was held by the Capetians, the French royal family
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Duke Of Calabria
Duke of Calabria was the traditional title of the heir apparent of the Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of Naples
after the accession of Robert of Naples. It was also adopted by the heads of certain Houses that had once claimed the Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of Naples
in lieu of the royal title. There are at present two claimants to the title of Duke of Calabria. In the Spanish context, it is the title for the head of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, and in the Italian context it is the title for the heir to the Duke of Castro, the head of the Royal House.Contents1 List of past dukes 2 House of Anjou 3 House of Aragon 4 House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies4.1 Spanish title claimants of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies 4.2 Italian title claimants of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies5 See also 6 External linksList of past dukes[edit]bef
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Duke Of Châtellerault
Duke of Châtellerault
Châtellerault
(French: duc de Châtellerault) is a French noble title that has been created several times, originally in the Peerage of France
Peerage of France
in 1515. It takes its name from Châtellerault, in the Vienne
Vienne
region. The first title was created for François de Bourbon-Montpensier, a younger son of Gilbert, Comte de Montpensier, who was created Viscount of Châtellerault
Châtellerault
(Vicomte de Châtellerault) in February 1514. He received the duchy-peerage of Châtellerault
Châtellerault
in 1515, but was killed the same year, being succeeded by his brother Charles, jure uxoris Duke of Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon
and Auvergne
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Duke Of Durazzo
The Kingdom of Albania
Albania
(Albanian: Mbretëria e Arbërisë, Latin: Regnum Albaniae) was established by Charles of Anjou in the Albanian territories he conquered from the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
in 1271. The Kingdom of Albania
Albania
was declared in late February 1272. The kingdom extended from the region of Durazzo (Dyrrhachium, modern Durrës) south along the coast to Butrint. A major attempt to advance further in direction of Constantinople
Constantinople
failed at the Siege of Berat (1280–1281). A Byzantine counteroffensive soon ensued, which drove the Angevins out of the interior by 1281. The Sicilian Vespers
Sicilian Vespers
further weakened the position of Charles, and the Kingdom was soon reduced by the Byzantines to a small area around Durazzo
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Duke Of Enghien
The title of Duke of Enghien
Enghien
(or Duke d'Enghien, or Duc d'Enghien, pronounced [dɑ̃ɡɛ̃] with a silent i) may, like many noble titles, refer to any of several historical figures. Dukes of Enghien
Enghien
– first creation (1566–1569)[edit] The title was first conferred on Louis I de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, whose County of Enghien
Enghien
in modern-day Belgium
Belgium
was elevated to a duchy-peerage in 1566. However, the necessary registration process was not completed, so the title became extinct at his death in 1569. In spite of this legal loophole, from 1569 to 1689 the eldest son of the Prince of Condé also held the title of Duke of Enghien
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Duke Of Lorraine
The rulers of Lorraine have held different posts under different governments over different regions. The first rulers of the region were kings of the Franks whose kingdom was called Lotharingia. The Latin construction "Lotharingia" evolved over time into "Lorraine" in French, "Lotharingen" in Dutch and "Lothringen" in German. After the Carolingian
Carolingian
kingdom was absorbed into its neighbouring realms in the late ninth century, dukes were appointed over the territory
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Duke Of Lucca
The Duchy of Lucca
Lucca
was a small Italian state existing from 1815 to 1847. It was centered on the city of Lucca. By the Congress of Vienna of 1815 the Duchy was to revert to Tuscany on the end of its Bourbon line of rulers, which happened in 1847
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Duke Of Milan
Milan
Milan
(/mɪˈlæn, -ˈlɑːn/;[3] Italian: Milano [miˈlaːno] ( listen); Lombard: Milan
Milan
[miˈlãː] (Milanese variant))[4][5] is a city in northen Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy
Italy
after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,366,037[6] while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.[7] Its continuously built-up urban area (that stretches beyond the boundaries of the Metropolitan City of Milan) has a population estimated to be about 5,270,000 over 1,891 square kilometres (730 square miles),[8] ranking 4th in the European Union
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Duke Of Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon
Duke of Bourbon
(French: Duc de Bourbon) is a title in the peerage of France. It was created in the first half of the 14th century for the eldest son of Robert of France, Count of Clermont and Beatrice of Burgundy, heiress of the lordship of Bourbon. In 1416, with the death of John of Valois, the Dukes of Bourbon
Dukes of Bourbon
were simultaneously Dukes of Auvergne. Although the senior line came to an end in 1527, the cadet branch of La Marche-Vendome would later succeed to the French throne as the Royal House of Bourbon, which would later spread out to other kingdoms and duchies in Europe
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Duke Of Montpensier
The French lordship of Montpensier (named after the village of Montpensier, département of Puy-de-Dôme), located in historical Auvergne, became a countship in the 14th century. It changed hands from the House of Thiern, to the House of Beaujeau, to the House of Drieux, to the House of Beaujeau again, and finally to the House of Ventadour, before it was sold in 1384 by Bernard and Robert de Ventadour to John, Duke of Berry, whose sons Charles and John were the first two to hold the title of Count of Montpensier. After their deaths without issue, their younger sister Marie brought the countship to her third husband, John I, Duke of Bourbon (1381–1434)
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Duke Of Nemours
Duke of Nemours
Nemours
was a title in the Peerage of France. The name refers to Nemours
Nemours
in the Île-de-France
Île-de-France
region of north-central France.Contents1 History 2 List of lords 3 List of dukes3.1 House of Evreux (1404–1504) 3.2 House of Foix (1507–1512) 3.3 House of Medici (1515–1524) 3.4 House of Savoy
House of Savoy
(1524–1672) 3.5 House of Orléans
House of Orléans
(1672–1848) 3.6 Titular Dukes of the House of Orléans4 List of duchesses4.1 House of Évreux 4.2 House of Medici 4.3 House of Medici 4.4 House of Savoy 4.5 House of Orléans5 ReferencesHistory[edit] In the 12th and 13th centuries, the Lordship of Nemours, in the Gatinais, France, was a possession of the house of Villebéon, a member of which, Gautier, was marshal of France
France
in the middle of the 13th century
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