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Canovium
CANOVIUM was a fort in the Roman province
Roman province
of Britannia
Britannia
. Its site is located at Caerhun
Caerhun
in the Conwy valley , in the county borough of Conwy
Conwy
, in North Wales
North Wales
. CONTENTS * 1 Early history * 2 Later history * 3 Academic studies * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY HISTORY Canovium
Canovium
was a square fort built in timber at an important river crossing (at Tal-y-Cafn ) by the Roman army around AD 75, possibly to house a 500-strong regiment of foot-soldiers. Rebuilding in stone began in the early 2nd century. It contained the usual headquarters building, commanding officer's house, granaries and barrack blocks, but the two former buildings were unusually large for the size of the fort
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Vicus (Rome)
In Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
, the VICUS (plural vici) was a neighborhood or settlement. During the Republican era , the four regiones of the city of Rome were subdivided into vici. In the 1st century BC, Augustus reorganized the city for administrative purposes into 14 regions , comprising 265 vici. Each vicus had its own board of officials who oversaw local matters. These administrative divisions are recorded as still in effect at least through the mid-4th century. The Latin
Latin
word vicus was also applied to the smallest administrative unit of a provincial town within the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, and to an ad hoc provincial civilian settlement that sprang up close to and because of a nearby official Roman site, usually a military garrison or state-owned mining operation
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Roman Empire
Mediolanum (286–402, Western ) Augusta Treverorum
Augusta Treverorum
Sirmium
Sirmium

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North Wales
NORTH WALES (Welsh : Gogledd Cymru) is the northernmost unofficial region of Wales
Wales
. Retail, transport and educational infrastructure are centred on Wrexham
Wrexham
, Rhyl
Rhyl
, Colwyn Bay
Colwyn Bay
, Llandudno
Llandudno
and Bangor . It is bordered to the south by the counties of Ceredigion
Ceredigion
and Powys in Mid Wales
Wales
, and to the east by the counties of Shropshire
Shropshire
in the West Midlands and Cheshire
Cheshire
in North West England
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Hadrian
HADRIAN (/ˈheɪdriən/ ; Latin : Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus; 24 January 76 – 10 July 138) was Roman emperor
Roman emperor
from 117 to 138. He is known for building Hadrian\'s Wall , which marked the northern limit of Britannia . He also rebuilt the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma . Philhellene in most of his tastes, he is considered by some to have been a humanist , and he is regarded as the third of the Five Good Emperors . Hadrian
Hadrian
was born Publius Aelius Hadrianus into a Hispano-Roman family. Although Italica near Santiponce (in modern-day Spain) is often considered his birthplace, his actual place of birth remains uncertain. It is generally accepted that he came from a family with centuries-old roots in Hispania. His predecessor, Trajan
Trajan
, was a maternal cousin of Hadrian's father
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British Museum
6,820,686 (2015) * Ranked 1st nationally * Ranked 5th globally CHAIRMAN Sir Richard Lambert DIRECTOR Hartwig Fischer PUBLIC TRANSIT ACCESS Goodge Street ; Holborn ; Tottenham Court Road ; Russell Square ; WEBSITE britishmuseum.org AREA 807,000 sq ft (75,000 m2) in 94 Galleries The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2001 to become the Great Court , surrounding the original Reading Room . The BRITISH MUSEUM, located in the Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
area of London
London
, United Kingdom , is a public institution dedicated to human history , art and culture . Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works, is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present
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Aberystwyth University
ABERYSTWYTH UNIVERSITY (Welsh : Prifysgol Aberystwyth) is a public research university in Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
, Wales. Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
was a founding member institution of the former federal University of Wales . The university has almost 8,000 students studying across its six academic institutes. Founded in 1872 as UNIVERSITY COLLEGE WALES, ABERYSTWYTH, it became a founder member of the University of Wales
Wales
in 1894 and changed its name to the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. In the mid-1990s, the university again changed its name to the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. On 1 September 2007, the University of Wales
Wales
ceased to be a federal university and Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
became independent again
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Parish Church
A PARISH CHURCH (or parochial church) in Christianity
Christianity
is the church which acts as the religious centre of a parish . In many parts of the world, especially in rural areas, the parish church may play a significant role in community activities, often allowing its premises to be used for non-religious community events. The church building reflects this status, and there is considerable variety in the size and style of parish churches. Many villages in Europe
Europe
have churches that date back to the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, but all periods of architecture are represented. CONTENTS * 1 Role * 2 21st Century Resurgence * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links ROLEIn England
England
, it is the basic administrative unit of episcopal churches
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County Borough
COUNTY BOROUGH is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Ireland
(excluding Scotland
Scotland
), to refer to a borough or a city independent of county council control. They were abolished by the Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
in England and Wales
England and Wales
, but continue in use for lieutenancy and shrievalty in Northern Ireland
Ireland
. In the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
they remain in existence but have been renamed cities under the provisions of the Local Government Act 2001 . The Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 re-introduced the term for certain "principal areas " in Wales. Scotland
Scotland
did not have county boroughs but instead counties of cities . These were abolished on 16 May 1975
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Milestone
A MILESTONE is one of a series of numbered markers placed along a road or boundary at intervals of one mile or occasionally, parts of a mile. They are typically located at the side of the road or in a median . They are alternatively known as MILE MARKERS, MILEPOSTS or MILE POSTS (sometimes abbreviated MPS). MILEAGE is the distance along the road from a fixed commencement point. Colloquially, the term "milestone" may also refer to markers placed at other distances, such as every kilometre. Milestones are constructed to provide reference points along the road. This can be used to reassure travellers that the proper path is being followed, and to indicate either distance travelled or the remaining distance to a destination. Such references are also used by maintenance engineers and emergency services to direct them to specific points where their presence is required. This term is sometimes used to denote a location on a road even if no physical sign is present
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Castra
In the Roman Empire , the Latin word CASTRUM (plural CASTRA) was a building, or plot of land, used as a fortified military camp. Castrum was the term used for different sizes of camps including a large legionary fortress, smaller auxiliary forts, temporary encampments and "marching" forts. The diminutive form castellum was used for fortlets, typically occupied by a detachment of a cohort or a century . In English , the terms "Roman fortress", "Roman fort" and "Roman camp" are commonly used for castrum. However, scholastic convention tends toward the use of the word "camp", "marching camp" and "fortress" as a translation of castrum. For a list of known castra see List of castra
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Britannia
BRITANNIA was a Roman-Britain province inhabited by the Britons , Belgae and Picts , encompassing parts of the island south of Caledonia (roughly Scotland
Scotland
) of the geographical region of Great Britain
Great Britain
and is the name given to the female personification of the island. It is a term still used to refer to the island. The name is Latin
Latin
, and derives from the Greek form Prettanike or Brettaniai, which originally designated a collection of islands with individual names, including Albion
Albion
or Great Britain. By the 1st century BC , Britannia
Britannia
came to be used for Great Britain
Great Britain
specifically
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Roman Province
In Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
, a PROVINCE ( Latin
Latin
: provincia, pl. provinciae) was the basic, and, until the Tetrarchy
Tetrarchy
(293 AD), largest territorial and administrative unit of the empire's territorial possessions outside of Italy
Italy
. The word province in modern English has its origins in the term used by the Romans. Provinces were generally governed by politicians of senatorial rank, usually former consuls or former praetors . A later exception was the province of Egypt, incorporated by Augustus
Augustus
after the death of Cleopatra
Cleopatra
: it was ruled by a governor of equestrian rank only, perhaps as a discouragement to senatorial ambition. This exception was unique, but not contrary to Roman law, as Egypt was considered Augustus' personal property, following the tradition of earlier, Hellenistic kings
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Ordnance Survey National Grid
The ORDNANCE SURVEY NATIONAL GRID REFERENCE SYSTEM is a system of geographic grid references used in Great Britain, distinct from latitude and longitude . It is often called BRITISH NATIONAL GRID (BNG). The Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
(OS) devised the national grid reference system, and it is heavily used in their survey data, and in maps based on those surveys, whether published by the Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
or by commercial map producers. Grid references are also commonly quoted in other publications and data sources, such as guide books and government planning documents
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P.K. Baillie Reynolds
PAUL KENNETH BAILLIE REYNOLDS, CBE (1896 – 1973) was a British classical scholar and archaeologist who studied specialised Roman troops such as the frumentarii and the vigiles . He studied at Hertford College , Oxford between 1915–1919, his studies being interrupted by World War I. He served in the Royal Artillery . By 1921, he had become a Pelham student at the British School in Rome . While Rome he wrote books and articles for which he is well remembered (e.g., The Troops Quartered in the Castra Peregrina JRS 13 1923, pages 168–87; The Vigiles of Imperial Rome, Oxford 1926). Baillie Reynolds extensively researched the remains of ancient Rome's aqueducts. He stayed at Rome until 1923. In 1924, Baillie Reynolds became a lecturer on Ancient history at Aberystwyth University . While at Aberystwyth, he also directed the excavations of Kanovium , the Roman fort at Caerhun , North Wales, over a period of four summers from 1926
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