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Caller (dancing)
A CALLER is a person who prompts dance figures in such dances as line dance , square dance , and contra dance . The caller might be one of the participating dancers, though in modern country dance this is rare. In round dance a person who performs this function is called a CUER. Their role is fundamentally the same as a caller, in that they tell dancers what to do in a given dance, though they differ on several smaller points. In northern New England contra dancing, the caller is also known as the prompter. CONTENTS * 1 Comparing callers and cuers * 2 The modern Western square dance caller * 2.1 Call types * 2.1.1 Patter calls * 2.1.2 Singing calls * 2.2 Programming * 2.3 Training to call * 3 The round dance cuer * 4 The Salsa Rueda caller * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links COMPARING CALLERS AND CUERSCallers and cuers serve slightly different functions in different types of dance
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Teacher
A TEACHER (also called a SCHOOL TEACHER or, in some contexts, an EDUCATOR) is a person who helps others to acquire knowledge, competences or values. Informally the role of teacher may be taken on by anyone (e.g. when showing a colleague how to perform a specific task). In some countries, teaching young people of school age may be carried out in an informal setting, such as within the family, (homeschooling ) rather than in a formal setting such as a school or college. Some other professions may involve a significant amount of teaching (e.g. youth worker, pastor). In most countries, formal teaching is usually carried out by paid professional teachers. This article focuses on those who are employed, as their main role, to teach others in a formal education context, such as at a school or other place of initial formal education or training
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Square Dance Program
A SQUARE DANCE PROGRAM or SQUARE DANCE LIST is a set of defined square dance calls or dance steps which are associated with a level of difficulty. Programs and program lists are managed and universally recognized in modern Western square dance . Upper level dance programs include not only square dance calls, but also square dance concepts . CONTENTS * 1 Callerlab’s program lists * 2 Other program lists * 3 The purpose of programs and program lists * 4 See also * 5 External links * 6 References CALLERLAB’S PROGRAM LISTS Callerlab , the International Association of Square Dance Callers, the largest international square dance association manages the most universally recognized of these programs, and currently manages seven dance program lists. There are four main levels, some of which are divided into sublevels: Mainstream, Plus, Advanced (2 sublevels), Challenge (5 sublevels, the top two levels of which are not managed)
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Beat (music)
In music and music theory , the BEAT is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level (or beat level). The beat is often defined as the rhythm listeners would tap their toes to when listening to a piece of music, or the numbers a musician counts while performing, though in practice this may be technically incorrect (often the first multiple level). In popular use, beat can refer to a variety of related concepts including: tempo , meter , specific rhythms , and groove . Rhythm
Rhythm
in music is characterized by a repeating sequence of stressed and unstressed beats (often called "strong" and "weak") and divided into bars organized by time signature and tempo indications. Metric levels faster than the beat level are division levels, and slower levels are multiple levels. Beat has always been an important part of music
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Promenade (dance Move)
PROMENADE is a basic dance move in a number of dances such as English Country Dance , contra dance , and square dance . The name comes from the French word for “walk”, and is a good basic description of the dance action. CONTENTS * 1 Dance position and handholds * 2 The Promenade in contra dance * 3 The Promenade in modern Western square dance * 3.1 Other calls in the Promenade family of calls * 3.2 Variations on the Promenade * 4 See also * 5 External links DANCE POSITION AND HANDHOLDSWhen executing the move, partners stand side-by-side in a promenade position , and act as a single unit. Customarily the man (or gent) stands to the left of the lady, his right hip touching or almost touching her left hip. Note that this promenade position is not the same as that promenade position defined in ballroom dances . They might take any of a number of different promenade handholds. These are generally determined by the specific dance or local dance traditions
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Partner Dance
PARTNER DANCES are dances whose basic choreography involves coordinated dancing of two partners, as opposed to individuals dancing alone or individually in a non-coordinated manner, and as opposed to groups of people dancing simultaneously in a coordinated manner. CONTENTS * 1 German dance history * 2 Group dances * 3 Leader and follower * 4 History of same-sex partner dancing * 5 Double partner dancing * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links GERMAN DANCE HISTORYIn 1023, the German poet Ruodlieb referred to a couple dance with a basic motif of a boy wooing a girl, and the girl repulsing his advances. Men and women dancing as couples, both holding one hand of their partner, and "embracing" each other, can be seen in illustrations from 15th-century Germany. At the end of the 13th century and during the 14th century, nobles and wealthy patricians danced as couples in procession in a slow dignified manner in a circle
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Callerlab
CALLERLAB is the international association of modern Western square dance callers , and is the largest square dance association in the United States
United States
. After some initial work started in 1971, it was officially established in 1974 by several members of the Square Dance Hall of Fame . Callers from all over the world, including Saudi Arabia, Japan, Germany, and England, are members of the organization. FUNCTIONS * Maintains a suggested list of dancing programs , from Mainstream through C-3A. Each program contains a list of standardized square dance calls and concepts, with official definitions. * Provides BMI / ASCAP licensing to its members * Provides liability insurance for dance eventsREFERENCES * ^ History of Callerlab * ^ "Catfish, Fiddles, Mules, and More", a book about state symbols by John C. Fisher, 2003, ISBN 0-8262-1489-4 , p
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Hand Sign
MANUAL COMMUNICATION systems use articulation of the hands (hand signs , gestures ) to mediate a message between persons. Being expressed manually, they are received visually, and sometimes tactually (see tactile signing ). Manual communication, when it is a primary form of communication, may be enhanced by body language and facial expressions and other forms of communication. Manual communication
Manual communication
is employed in sign languages and in systems that are codes for oral languages (see Manually Coded Language ). Other, simpler forms of manual communication have also been developed. They are neither natural languages nor even a code that can fully render one. They communicate with a very limited set of signals about an even smaller set of topics and have been developed for situations where speech is not practical or permitted, or secrecy is desired
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Country Dance
A COUNTRY DANCE is any of a large number of social dances of the British Isles in which couples dance together in a figure or "set", each dancer dancing to his or her partner and each couple dancing to the other couples in the set. A set consists most commonly of two or three couples, sometimes four and rarely five or six. Often dancers follow a "caller" who names each change in the figures. Introduced to France and then Germany and Italy in the course of the 17th century, country dances gave rise to the contradanse, one of the significant dance forms in classical music . Introduced to America by French immigrants, it remains popular in the United States as contra dance and had great influence upon Latin American music as contradanza . The Anglais (from the French word meaning "English") or Angloise is another term for the English country dance. A Scottish country dance may be termed an Ecossaise . Irish set dance
Irish set dance
is also related
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Dance Figure
DANCE MOVES or DANCE STEPS (more complex dance moves are called DANCE PATTERNS, DANCE FIGURES, DANCE MOVEMENTS, or DANCE VARIATIONS) are usually isolated, defined, and organized so that beginning dancers can learn and use them independently of each other. However, more complex movements are influenced by musicality and lyrical relevance to express emotions or refer to a message. Dance
Dance
moves tend to emphasize the concepts of lead and follow and connection . In most cases, dance moves by themselves are independent of musicality , which is the appropriateness of a move to the music (for a notable exception, see Bharatanatyam ). Generally, they are memorized in sets of eight counts. Also there are two different movements: concrete and abstract. These two movements show time, space, relationship, quality and focus. For example, relationship could describe the movement of two or more different dancers
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Right And Left Grand
'RIGHT AND LEFT GRAND\', also known as 'GRAND RIGHT AND LEFT\', is a square dance move in which all eight dancers in the set , moving in a circular fashion, execute a series of four alternating hand pull-bies (right pull by, left pull by, right pull by, left pull by). Men (or gents) travel counter-clockwise around the ring, and ladies travel clockwise. The result is that all dancers end up half way across the set facing the same person they started with. It is perhaps one of the most well-known calls in square dancing along with the "Promenade " or the " Dosado ". CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 The Right and Left Grand family of calls * 3 See also * 4 External links DESCRIPTIONDancers should each be facing their partner at the start of the move. If they are not, they should adjust by turning 90° or less to face them
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Contra Dance
CONTRA DANCE (also CONTRADANCE, CONTRA-DANCE and other variant spellings) is a folk dance made up of long lines of couples. It has mixed origins from English country dance
English country dance
, Scottish, French dance styles in the 17th century. Sometimes described as New England
New England
folk dance or Appalachian folk dance, contra dances can be found around the world and have much popularity in North America
North America
and the United Kingdom where weekly or monthly dances and annual dance weekends are common. According to the Contra Dance Links website, contra dancing can be found in all US states except for South Dakota
South Dakota
. Contra dancing is a social dance that one can attend without a partner. The dancers form couples, and the couples form sets of two couples in long lines starting from the stage and going down the length of the dance hall
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Square Dance
A SQUARE DANCE is a dance for four couples (eight dancers) arranged in a square, with one couple on each side, facing the middle of the square. Square dances were first documented in 16th-century England but were also quite common in France and throughout Europe. They came to North America with the European settlers and have undergone considerable development there. In some countries and regions, through preservation and repetition, square dances have attained the status of a folk dance . The Western American square dance may be the most widely known form worldwide, possibly due to its association in the 20th century with the romanticized image of the American cowboy . Square dancing is, therefore, strongly associated with the United States. Nineteen U.S. states have designated it as their official state dance
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Line Dance
A LINE DANCE is a choreographed dance with a repeated sequence of steps in which a group of people dance in one or more lines or rows, all facing either each other or in the same direction, and executing the steps at the same time. Unlike circle dancing , line dancers are not in physical contact with each other. Line dancing is a form of dance that takes place with a group of people. Participants line up in rows and execute the same movements in a synchronized manner. Everyone dances alone, side by side, facing the same direction in lines or rows. .... Each dance consists of a sequence of steps that are repeated throughout the music. Although a variety of music may be used, the major emphasis is on country-and-western music. Line dancing involves people standing in lines and performing dance movements together. It consists of patterned foot movements that are usually performed to a number of counts per sequence, and then the sequence is repeated
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Country Dancing
A COUNTRY DANCE is any of a large number of social dances of the British Isles in which couples dance together in a figure or "set", each dancer dancing to his or her partner and each couple dancing to the other couples in the set. A set consists most commonly of two or three couples, sometimes four and rarely five or six. Often dancers follow a "caller" who names each change in the figures. Introduced to France and then Germany and Italy in the course of the 17th century, country dances gave rise to the contradanse, one of the significant dance forms in classical music . Introduced to America by French immigrants, it remains popular in the United States as contra dance and had great influence upon Latin American music as contradanza . The Anglais (from the French word meaning "English") or Angloise is another term for the English country dance. A Scottish country dance may be termed an Ecossaise . Irish set dance
Irish set dance
is also related
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