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California
Native languages as of 2007 * English 57.4% * Spanish 28.5% * Chinese 2.8% * Tagalog 2.2% DEMONYM Californian CAPITAL Sacramento LARGEST CITY Los Angeles LARGEST METRO Greater Los Angeles Area AREA Ranked 3rd • TOTAL 163,696 sq mi (423,970 km2) • WIDTH 250 miles (400 km) • LENGTH 770 miles (1,240 km) • % WATER 4.7 • LATITUDE 32°32′ N to 42° N • LONGITUDE 114°8′ W to 124°26′ W POPULATION Ranked 1st • TOTAL 39,250,017 (2016 est.) • DENSITY 240/sq mi (92.6/km2) Ranked 11th • MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME $63,636 (13th) ELEVATION • HIGHEST POINT Mount Whitney 14,505 ft (4,421.0 m) • MEAN 2,900 ft (880 m) • LOWEST POINT Badwater Basin −279 ft (−85.0 m) BEFORE STATEHOOD California Republic ADMISSION TO UNION September 9, 1850 (31st) GOVERNOR Jerry Brown (D ) LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR Gavin Newsom (D ) LEGISLATURE California State Legislature • UPPER HOUSE California State Senate • LOWER HOUSE California State Assembly U.S. SENATORS Dianne Feinstein (D ) Kamala Harris (D ) U.S
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Flag Of California
The BEAR FLAG is the official FLAG OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA . The precursor of the flag was first flown during the 1846 Bear Flag Revolt and was also known as the Bear Flag. CONTENTS* 1 Current flag * 1.1 Law and Protocol * 1.2 Design * 1.3 Colors * 2 History * 2.1 Lone Star of California
California
* 2.2 Original Bear Flag * 2.3 The Civil War period * 3 Flag of the Governor * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links CURRENT FLAG The flag of California
California
on display at the California
California
State Capitol LAW AND PROTOCOL Metrics for the Flag of California
California
The first official version of the Bear Flag was adopted by the California
California
State Legislature and signed into law by Governor Hiram Johnson in 1911 as the official state flag. The 1911 statute stated: The bear flag is hereby selected and adopted as the state flag of California. ..
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Seal Of California
The GREAT SEAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA was adopted at the California
California
state Constitutional Convention of 1849 and has undergone minor design changes since then, the last being the standardization of the seal in 1937. The seal features the Roman goddess Minerva
Minerva
(Athena in Greek mythology
Greek mythology
), the goddess of wisdom and war, because she was born an adult, and California
California
was never a territory; a California grizzly bear (the official state animal) feeding on grape vines, representing California's wine production; a sheaf of grain, representing agriculture ; a miner, representing the California
California
Gold Rush and the mining industry; and sailing ships, representing the state's economic power. The word Eureka (εύρηκα in Greek ), meaning "I have found it", is the California
California
state motto . The original design of the seal was by U.S. Army Major Robert S. Garnett and engraved by Albert Kuner . However, because of the friction then in existence between the military and civil authorities, Garnett was unwilling to introduce the design to the constitutional convention, so convention clerk Caleb Lyon introduced it as his own design, with Garnett's approval. Garnett later became the first general to be killed in the Civil War , where he served as a Confederate general
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List Of U.S. State Nicknames
The following is a TABLE OF U.S. STATE NICKNAMES, including officially adopted nicknames , and other traditional nicknames for individual states and the district of the United States
United States
. CONTENTS * 1 State nicknames * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links STATE NICKNAMESCurrent official state nicknames are highlighted in BOLD. A state nickname is not to be confused with an official state motto . STATE NICKNAME(S) Alabama
Alabama
(No official nickname) * Cotton Plantation State * Cotton State * Heart of Dixie (used on license plates ) * Lizard State * Yellowhammer State Alaska
Alaska
* Land of the Midnight Sun * Land of the Noonday Moon * THE LAST FRONTIER (currently used on license plates ) * Seward\'s Folly (named after U.S
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List Of U.s. State And Territory Mottos
All of the United States
United States
' 50 states have a state motto , as do the District of Columbia
District of Columbia
and three US territories . A motto is a phrase intended to formally describe the general motivation or intention of an organization. State mottos can sometimes be found on state seals or state flags . Some states have officially designated a state motto by an act of the state legislature , whereas other states have the motto only as an element of their seals. The motto of the United States itself is _ In God We Trust_, proclaimed by Congress and signed into law by President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
on July 30, 1956. The motto _E Pluribus Unum _ ( Latin
Latin
for "One from many") was approved for use on the Great Seal of the United States
United States
in 1782, but was never adopted as the national motto through legislative action. South Carolina
South Carolina
has two official mottos, both of which are in Latin. Kentucky, and Vermont
Vermont
also have two mottos, one in Latin
Latin
and the other in English. North Dakota
North Dakota
has three, two in English and one in Latin. All other states and territories have only one motto, except Guam
Guam
and the Northern Mariana Islands, which do not have any mottos
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Eureka (word)
EUREKA (Greek : Εύρηκα) is an interjection used to celebrate a discovery or invention. It is a transliteration of an exclamation attributed to Ancient Greek mathematician and inventor Archimedes
Archimedes
. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Pronunciation * 3 Archimedes
Archimedes
* 4 Names and mottos * 4.1 California * 4.2 Australia
Australia
* 5 Mathematics * 6 See also * 7 References ETYMOLOGY"Eureka" comes from the Ancient Greek word εὕρηκα heúrēka, meaning "I have found (it)", which is the first person singular perfect indicative active of the verb εὑρίσκω heuriskō "I find". It is closely related to heuristic , which refers to experience-based techniques for problem solving, learning, and discovery. PRONUNCIATIONThe accent of the English word is on the second syllable , following Latin
Latin
rules of accent, which require that a penult (next-to-last syllable) must be accented if it contains a long vowel . In the Greek pronunciation, the first syllable has a high pitch accent, because the Ancient Greek rules of accent do not force accent to the penult unless the ultima (last syllable) has a long vowel. The long vowels in the first two syllables would sound like a double stress to English ears (as in the phrase Maltese cat)
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List Of U.S. State Songs
Forty-nine of the fifty U.S. states that make up the United States of America have one or more STATE SONGS, which are selected by each state legislature , and/or state governor, as a symbol (or emblem) of that particular U.S. state. New Jersey
New Jersey
does not have an official state song, while Virginia
Virginia
's previous state song, "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny ", adopted in 1940, was rescinded due to its racist language by the Virginia
Virginia
General Assembly . In 2015, "Our Great Virginia
Virginia
" was made the new state song of Virginia. Some U.S. states have more than one official state song, and may refer to some of their official songs by other names; for example, Arkansas
Arkansas
officially has two state songs, plus a state anthem, and a state historical song. Arizona
Arizona
has a song that was written specifically as a state anthem in 1915, as well as the 1981 country hit "Arizona", which it adopted as the alternate state anthem in 1982. Two individuals, Stephen Foster
Stephen Foster
, and John Denver , have written or co-written two state songs. Foster's two state songs, "Old Folks at Home " (better known as "Swanee Ribber" or "Suwannee River") (for adopted by Florida), and " My Old Kentucky Home " are among the best-known songs in the U.S
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I Love You, California
"I LOVE YOU, CALIFORNIA" (1913) is the official state song of California
California
. The lyrics were written by Francis Beatty Silverwood (1863-1924), a Los Angeles clothier , and the words were subsequently put to music by Abraham Franklin Frankenstein (1873-1934), then conductor of the Orpheum Theatre Orchestra. Frankenstein was a cousin of the San Francisco Chronicle 's long-time music and art critic Alfred V. Frankenstein . The song was published by Hatch "> Cover of the sheet music for I Love You, California
California
featuring Mary Garden Later in 1913, the song was introduced by opera star Mary Garden , associated with the Chicago Grand Opera at that time. "Mary Garden stopped Grand Opera to make this California
California
song famous," read the notices virtually ensuring the popularity and success of the new song. The renowned soprano wrote on stationery from the Hotel Alexandria
Hotel Alexandria
in Los Angeles, Dear Mr. Silverwood: I am proud to be the first to sing your most beautiful song in public — and I hope for it a wonderful success here in California
California
and everywhere! Sincerely, Mary Garden PLAYED ABOARD THE SS ANCON Steamship Ancon sometime before 1895 (Source: E.W
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Languages Of The United States
Achumawi , Adai , Afro-Seminole Creole , Alabama , Aleut , Arapaho , Assiniboine , Atakapa , Atsugewi , Barbareño , Biloxi , Blackfoot , Caddo , Cahuilla , Carolina Algonquian , Cayuga , Cayuse , Central Kalapuya , Central Pomo , Chemakum , Cheyenne , Chickasaw , Chico , Chimariko , Chinook Jargon , Chippewa , Chitimacha , Chiwere , Choctaw , Coast Tsimshian , Coahuilteco , Coeur d\'Alene , Colorado River , Columbia-Moses , Cocopah , Comanche , Cowlitz , Creek , Crow , Delaware , Eastern Abnaki , Eastern Pomo , Esselen , Etchemin , Eyeri , Fox , Gros Ventre , Gullah , Halkomelem , Havasupai , Havasupai-Hualapai ,
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English Language
ENGLISH /ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ/ (_ listen ) is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca _. Named after the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to England , it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea . It is closely related to the Frisian languages , but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages particularly Norse (a North Germanic language ), as well as by Latin and Romance languages , particularly French . English has developed over the course of more than 1,400 years. The earliest forms of English, a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are called Old English . Middle English began in the late 11th century with the Norman conquest of England , and was a period in which the language was influenced by French. Early Modern English began in the late 15th century with the introduction of the printing press to London and the King James Bible , and the start of the Great Vowel Shift . Through the worldwide influence of the British Empire , modern English spread around the world from the 17th to mid-20th centuries
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Spanish Language
(see many more ) REGULATED BY Association of Spanish Language Academies ( Real Academia Española and 22 other national Spanish language academies) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 es ISO 639-2 spa ISO 639-3 spa GLOTTOLOG stan1288 LINGUASPHERE 51-AAA-b Spanish language in the world SPANISH (/ˈspænᵻʃ/ (_ listen ); español_ (help ·info )), also called CASTILIAN (/kæˈstɪliən/ (_ listen ), castellano_ (help ·info )), is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese . Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages , which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century
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Chinese Language
LEGEND: Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers Major Chinese-speaking settlements THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters
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Tagalog Language
TAGALOG (/təˈɡɑːlɒɡ/ ; Tagalog pronunciation: ) is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority. Its standardized form, officially named _Filipino _, is officially the national language of the Philippines , along with English . It is related to other Philippine languages , such as the Bikol languages , Ilocano , the Visayan languages , Kapampangan and Pangasinan , and more distantly to other Austronesian languages, such as the Formosan languages of Taiwan , Malay (Malaysian one in the ancient, then-current Baybayin script and the other in an early Spanish attempt at a Latin orthography for the language. The Tagalog Baybayin script
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος _dẽmos_ "people, tribe", ὄνομα _ónoma_ "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously _GENTILIC_ was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the _ Oxford English Dictionary _ and _Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary_. Examples of demonyms include a _ Pakistani _ for a person from Pakistan , _Swahili _ for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial _Kiwi _ for a person from New Zealand , and a _Cochabambino_ for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region. Thus a _Thai_ may be any resident or citizen of Thailand of any ethnic group, or more narrowly a member of the Thai people . Conversely, some groups of people may be associated with multiple demonyms. For example, a native of the United Kingdom may be called a _ British person _, a _Briton_ or, informally, a _Brit_. In some languages, when a parallel demonym does not exist, a demonym is borrowed from another language as a nickname or descriptive adjective of a group of people
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List Of Capitals In The United States
Washington, D.C. is the current Federal capital city of the United States , as it has been since 1819. Each U.S. state has its own capital city, as do many of its Insular areas . Historically, most states have not changed their capital city since becoming a state, but the capital cities of their respective preceding colonies, territories, kingdoms, and republics typically changed multiple times. There have also been other governments within the current borders of the United States
United States
with their own capitals, such as the Republic of Texas, Native American nations, and other unrecognized governments
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