HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff

picture info

Byzantine Lyra
The Byzantine
Byzantine
lyra or lira (Greek: λύρα) was a medieval bowed string musical instrument in the Byzantine
Byzantine
(Eastern Roman) Empire. In its popular form the lyra was a pear-shaped instrument with three to five strings, held upright and played by stopping the strings from the side with fingernails. Remains of two actual examples of Byzantine lyras from the Middle ages
Middle ages
have been found in excavations at Novgorod;[2] one dated to 1190 AD.[3] The first known depiction of the instrument is on a Byzantine
Byzantine
ivory casket (900–1100 AD), preserved in the Bargello
Bargello
in Florence
Florence
(Museo Nazionale, Florence, Coll
[...More...]

picture info

String Instrument
PluckedAcoustic bass guitar Acoustic guitar Adungu
Adungu
(Uganda) Appalachian dulcimer
Appalachian dulcimer
(USA) Archlute Armónico Autoharp Baglama, or Saz (Turkey)
[...More...]

picture info

Republic Of Macedonia
Macedonia (/ˌmæsɪˈdoʊniə/ ( listen); Macedonian: Македонија, translit. Makedonija, IPA: [makɛˈdɔnija]), officially the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Република Македонија, translit. Republika Makedonija IPA: [rɛˈpublika ˌmakɛˈdɔnija] ( listen)), is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991
[...More...]

picture info

Bargello
The Bargello, also known as the Palazzo del Bargello, Museo Nazionale del Bargello, or Palazzo del Popolo (Palace of the People), is a former barracks and prison, now an art museum, in Florence, Italy.Contents1 Terminology 2 The palace 3 Art collection 4 Gallery 5 References 6 External linksTerminology[edit] The word bargello appears to come from the late Latin
Latin
bargillus (from Goth bargi and German burg), meaning "castle" or "fortified tower". During the Italian Middle Ages
Middle Ages
it was the name given to a military captain in charge of keeping peace and justice (hence "Captain of justice") during riots and uproars. In Florence
Florence
he was usually hired from a foreign city to prevent any appearance of favoritism on the part of the Captain. The position could be compared with that of a current Chief of police
[...More...]

picture info

Florence
Florence
Florence
(/ˈflɒrəns/ FLORR-ənss; Italian: Firenze [fiˈrɛntse] ( listen))[2] is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with 383,083 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan area.[3] Florence
Florence
was a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of that era.[4] It is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been called "the Athens
Athens
of the Middle Ages".[5] A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family and numerous religious and republican revolutions.[6] From 1865 to 1871 the city was the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy
[...More...]

picture info

Greece
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία), also known as Hellas (Greek: Ελλάς), is a sovereign state located in Southern and Southeast Europe. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of 2018; Athens
Athens
is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, Greece
Greece
is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. It shares land borders with Albania
Albania
to the northwest, North Macedonia
North Macedonia
and Bulgaria
Bulgaria
to the north, and Turkey
Turkey
to the northeast
[...More...]

picture info

Politiki Lyra
The classical kemenche (Turkish: Klasik kemençe) or Armudî kemençe (pear-shaped kemenche) or Politiki lyra (Greek: πολίτικη λύρα, Constantinopolitan Lyre) is a pear-shaped bowed instrument. It mainly used by Greek immigrants from Asia Minor
Asia Minor
and in classical Ottoman music. The instrument was also used earlier for popular music, such as early "Smyrna-Style" Rebetiko
Rebetiko
and played till nowadays
[...More...]

picture info

Constantinople
Κωνσταντινούπολις (in Greek) Constantinopolis (in Latin)Map of ConstantinopleShown within Asia
Asia
MinorAlternate name Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse), Tsarigrad (Slavic), Basileuousa ("Queen of Cities"), Megalopolis ("the Great City")Location Istanbul, Istanbul
[...More...]

picture info

Cretan Lyra
The Cretan lyra
Cretan lyra
(Greek: Κρητική λύρα) is a Greek pear-shaped, three-stringed bowed musical instrument, central to the traditional music of Crete
Crete
and other islands in the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
and the Aegean Archipelago, in Greece. The Cretan lyra
Cretan lyra
is considered to be the most popular surviving form of the medieval Byzantine lyra, an ancestor of most European bowed instruments.Contents1 Playing style 2 Origins 3 Types 4 Construction 5 Tuning 6 In use 7 Artists 8 Gallery 9 References 10 Sources 11 External links11.1 VideoPlaying style[edit] The lyra is held vertically on the player's lap, in the same way as a small viol, rather than being placed under the chin of the player like a violin. For normal right-handed playing, the player's right hand holds the bow
[...More...]

picture info

Albania
Albania
Albania
(/ælˈbeɪniə, ɔːl-/ (listen) a(w)l-BAY-nee-ə; Albanian: Shqipëri or Shqipëria; Gheg
Gheg
Albanian: Shqipni or Shqipnia also Shqypni or Shqypnia),[6] officially the Republic
Republic
of Albania
Albania
(Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë, pronounced [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːsə]), is a country in Southeast Europe
Southeast Europe
on the Adriatic
Adriatic
and Ionian Sea
Ionian Sea
within the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea
[...More...]

picture info

Montenegro
Coordinates: 42°30′N 19°18′E / 42.500°N 19.300°E / 42.500; 19.300Montenegro Crna Gora (Serbo-Croatian) Црна Гора  (Serbo-Croatian)FlagCoat of armsAnthem:  Oj, svijetla majska zoro Ој, свијетла мајска зоро Oh, Bright Dawn of MayLocation of  Montenegro  (Green) in Europe  (Dark Grey)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Podgoricaa 42°47′N 19°28′E / 42.783°N 19.467°E / 42.783; 19.467Official languages Montenegrin[1]Other languages in official use[2]Serbian Bosnian Albanian CroatianEthnic groups (2011[3])44.6% Montenegrins 28.7% Serbs 8.6% Bosniaks 4.9% Albanians 0.9% Croats 13.5% OthersDemonym MontenegrinGovernment Unitary dominant-party parliamentary constitutional republic• PresidentFilip Vujanović• Prime MinisterDuško Markovi
[...More...]

picture info

Serbia
Coordinates: 44°N 21°E / 44°N 21°E / 44; 21Republic of Serbia Република Србија (Serbian) Republika Srbija  (Serbian)FlagCoat of armsAnthem:  "Боже правде / Bože pravde" "God of Justice"Location of Serbia
Serbia
(green) and the disputed territory of Kosovo
[...More...]

picture info

Bulgaria
Coordinates: 42°45′N 25°30′E / 42.750°N 25.500°E / 42.750; 25.500Republic of Bulgaria Република България  (Bulgarian) Republika BǎlgariyaFlagCoat of armsMotto: Съединението прави силата (Bulgarian) "Sǎedinenieto pravi silata"  (transliteration) "Unity makes strength"Anthem:  Мила Родино  (Bulgarian) Mila Rodino  (transliteration) Dear MotherlandLocation of  Bulgaria  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Sofia 42°41′N 23°19′E / 42.683°N 23.317°E / 42.683; 23.317Official languages BulgarianOfficial script CyrillicEthnic groups (2011[1])84.8% Bulgarians 8.8% Turks 4.9% Roma 1.5% othersReligion Bulgarian O
[...More...]

picture info

Croatia
Coordinates: 45°10′N 15°30′E / 45.167°N 15.500°E / 45.167; 15.500 Republic
Republic
of CroatiaRepublika Hrvatska  (Croatian)[a] Flag Coat of arms Anthem: "Lijepa naša domovino"(English: "Our Beautiful Homeland")Location of Croatia (dark green)– in Europe (green & dark grey)– in the European Union (green)Capitaland largest city Zagreb45°48′N 16°0′E / 45.800°N 16.000°E / 45.800; 16.000Official languagesCroatian&#
[...More...]

picture info

Middle Ages
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
(or medieval period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and merged into the Renaissance
Renaissance
and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages
Middle Ages
is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages. Population decline, counterurbanisation, collapse of centralized authority, invasions, and mass migrations of tribes, which had begun in Late Antiquity, continued in the Early Middle Ages. The large-scale movements of the Migration Period, including various Germanic peoples, formed new kingdoms in what remained of the Western Roman Empire
[...More...]

picture info

Dalmatia
^ Dalmatia
Dalmatia
is not an official subdivision of the Republic of Croatia; it constitutes a historical region only.^ The figures are an approximation based on statistical data for the four southernmost Croatian Counties ( Zadar
Zadar
without Gračac, Šibenik-Knin, Split-Dalmatia, Dubrovnik-Neretva).[1][2] Dalmatia
Dalmatia
(Croatian: Dalmacija, [dǎlmaːt͡sija]; see names in other languages) is one of the four historical regions of Croatia,[3] alongside Croatia
Croatia
proper, Slavonia
Slavonia
and Istria. Dalmatia
Dalmatia
is a narrow belt of the east shore of the Adriatic Sea, stretching from island of Rab
Rab
in the north to the Bay of Kotor
Bay of Kotor
in the south
[...More...]