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Brothers Grimm
The BROTHERS GRIMM (_die Brüder Grimm_ or _die Gebrüder Grimm_), Jacob (1785–1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786–1859), were German academics, philologists, cultural researchers, lexicographers and authors who together collected and published folklore during the 19th century. They were among the best-known storytellers of folk tales, and popularized stories such as " Cinderella " ("Aschenputtel"), "The Frog Prince " ("Der Froschkönig"), " The Goose-Girl " ("Die Gänsemagd"), " Hansel and Gretel " ("Hänsel und Gretel"), "Rapunzel ", " Rumpelstiltskin " ("Rumpelstilzchen"), " Sleeping Beauty " ("Dornröschen"), and " Snow White " ("Schneewittchen"). Their first collection of folk tales, _Children\'s and Household Tales _ (_Kinder- und Hausmärchen_), was published in 1812. The brothers spent their formative years in the German town of Hanau . Their father's death in 1796 impoverished the family and affected the brothers for many years after. They attended the University of Marburg where they developed a curiosity about German folklore, which grew into a lifelong dedication to collecting German folk tales. The rise of Romanticism during the 19th century revived interest in traditional folk stories, which to the brothers represented a pure form of national literature and culture
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Brothers Grimm (other)
The BROTHERS GRIMM were German collectors and publishers of folk tales. Brothers Grimm may also refer to: * The Brothers Grimm (film) , a 2005 fantasy by Terry Gilliam * Brothers Grimm (comics) , Marvel Comics supervillains * Brothers Grimm (album) , by Drapht * Brothers Grym , a hip-hop group * "Brothers Grimm", an All Grown Up! episode * The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm , a 1962 film by Henry Levin and George PalSEE ALSO * Grimm (other) * Grimsby (film) , released in the United States as The Brothers Grimsby This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title BROTHERS GRIMM. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brothers_Grimm_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann
ANNA MARIA ELISABETH LISINSKA JERICHAU-BAUMANN (November 21, 1819 – July 11, 1881, Copenhagen
Copenhagen
) was a Polish -Danish painter of German origin. She was married to the sculptor Jens Adolf Jerichau
Jens Adolf Jerichau
. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and career * 2 Life in Denmark
Denmark
* 3 Success abroad * 4 The harems of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
* 5 A family of artists * 5.1 Children * 6 Works * 6.1 Drawings * 6.2 Paintings * 6.3 Written works * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Bibliography EARLY LIFE AND CAREER Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann
Elisabeth Jerichau-Baumann
was born in Żoliborz
Żoliborz
(French: Joli Bord) a borough of Warsaw
Warsaw
. Her father Philip Adolph Baumann (1776–1863), a mapmaker, and her mother, Johanne Frederikke Reyer (1790–1854), were German. At the age of nineteen, she began her studies at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
which at the time was one of the most important art centres in Europe and her early subject matter was drawn from Slovak life. She is associated with the Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
school of painting . She began exhibiting there and in 1844 attracted public attention for the first time. After she moved to Rome, her paintings were primarily of local life
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Jacob Grimm
JACOB LUDWIG CARL GRIMM (4 January 1785 – 20 September 1863) was a German philologist , jurist , and mythologist . He is known as the discoverer of Grimm\'s law (linguistics ), the co-author with his brother Wilhelm of the monumental Deutsches Wörterbuch
Deutsches Wörterbuch
, the author of Deutsche Mythologie and, more popularly, as the elder of the Brothers Grimm and the editor of Grimm\'s Fairy Tales . CONTENTS* 1 Life and books * 1.1 Meeting von Savigny * 1.2 Librarianship * 1.3 Later work * 2 Linguistic work * 2.1 History
History
of the German Language
German Language
* 2.2 German Grammar * 2.3 Grimm\'s law * 2.4 German Dictionary
Dictionary
* 3 Literary work * 4 Legal scholarship * 5 Politics * 6 Works * 7 Notes * 8 Citations * 9 References * 10 External links LIFE AND BOOKS Jacob Grimm
Jacob Grimm
was born in Hanau
Hanau
, in Hesse- Kassel
Kassel
. His father, Philipp Grimm , was a lawyer , but he died while Jacob was a child, and his mother was left with very small means. His mother's sister was lady of the chamber to the Landgravine of Hesse
Hesse
, and she helped to support and educate her numerous family
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Wilhelm Grimm
WILHELM CARL GRIMM (also KARL; 24 February 1786 – 16 December 1859) was a German author, the younger of the Brothers Grimm . CONTENTS * 1 Life and work * 2 Notes * 3 References * 4 External links LIFE AND WORKWilhelm was born in Hanau
Hanau
, in Hesse-Kassel . In 1803, he started studying law at the University of Marburg
University of Marburg
, one year after his brother Jacob started there. The two brothers spent their entire lives close together. In their school days, they had one bed and one table in common; as students, they had two beds and two tables in the same room. They always lived under one roof and had their books and property in common. Grimm's tomb in Berlin
Berlin
In 1825, 39-year-old Wilhelm married pharmacist's daughter Henriette Dorothea Wild, also known as Dortchen. Wilhelm's marriage did not change the harmony of the brothers. Richard Cleasby visited the brothers and observed, “they both live in the same house, and in such harmony and community that one might almost imagine the children were common property.” Wilhelm and Henriette had four children together: Jacob (3 April 1826 – 15 December 1826), Herman Friedrich (6 January 1828 – 16 June 1901), Rudolf Georg (31 March 1830 – 13 November 1889), and Barbara Auguste Luise Pauline Marie (21 August 1832 – 9 February 1919)
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Folklore
FOLKLORE is expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group. These include oral traditions such as tales , proverbs and jokes . They include material culture , ranging from traditional building styles to handmade toys common to the group. Folklore also includes customary lore , the forms and rituals of celebrations such as Christmas and weddings, folk dances and initiation rites. Each one of these, either singly or in combination, is considered a folklore artifact . Just as essential as the form, folklore also encompasses the transmission of these artifacts from one region to another or from one generation to the next. For folklore is not taught in a formal school curriculum or studied in the fine arts . Instead these traditions are passed along informally from one individual to another either through verbal instruction or demonstration. The academic study of folklore is called folkloristics
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Cinderella
CINDERELLA, or THE LITTLE GLASS SLIPPER, (Italian : Cenerentola, French : Cendrillon, ou La petite Pantoufle de Verre, German : Aschenputtel) is a folk tale embodying a myth -element of unjust oppression/triumphant reward. Thousands of variants are known throughout the world. The title character is a young woman living in unfortunate circumstances, that are suddenly changed to remarkable fortune. The story of Rhodopis , recounted by the Greek geographer Strabo
Strabo
in around 7 BC, about a Greek slave girl who marries the king of Egypt, is considered the earliest known variant of the "Cinderella" story. The most popular version was first published by Charles Perrault in Histoires ou contes du temps passé in 1697, and later by the Brothers Grimm in their folk tale collection Grimms\' Fairy Tales . Although the story's title and main character's name change in different languages, in English-language folklore "Cinderella" is the archetypal name. The word "Cinderella" has, by analogy, come to mean one whose attributes were unrecognized, or one who unexpectedly achieves recognition or success after a period of obscurity and neglect. The still-popular story of "Cinderella" continues to influence popular culture internationally, lending plot elements, allusions , and tropes to a wide variety of media. The Aarne–Thompson system classifies Cinderella
Cinderella
as "the persecuted heroine"
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The Frog Prince (story)
"THE FROG PRINCE; OR, IRON HENRY" (German : Der Froschkönig oder der eiserne Heinrich, literally "The Frog King; or, The Iron Heinrich") is a fairy tale , best known through the Brothers Grimm 's written version; traditionally it is the first story in their collection. CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Plot * 3 Similar folktales * 4 Modern interpretations * 5 See also * 6 Citations * 7 Further reading * 8 External links ORIGINSAlthough the story is best known today through the Grimm Brothers' rendition of it, parts of it may extend back until at least Roman times; a version of the story is apparently referred to in Petronius 's Satyricon , in which the character Trimalchio remarks that, "qui fuit rana nunc est rex" ("The man who was once a frog is now a king."). Other scholars, however, argue that this may actually be a jab at the emperor Nero , who was often mockingly compared to a frog. PLOTIn the tale, a spoiled princess reluctantly befriends the Frog Prince (meeting him after dropping a gold ball into a pond), who magically transforms into a handsome prince. Although in modern versions the transformation is invariably triggered by the princess kissing the frog, in the original Grimm version of the story the frog's spell was broken when the princess threw it against a wall in disgust. In other early versions it was sufficient for the frog to spend the night on the princess' pillow
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The Goose-Girl
"THE GOOSE GIRL" is a German fairy tale from the collection of the Brothers Grimm . (German : Die Gänsemagd) It was first published in 1815 as no. 3 in vol. 2 of the first edition of their Kinder- und Hausmärchen (Children's and Household Tales — Grimms' Fairy Tales). Since the second edition, published in 1819, The Goose Girl has been recorded as tale no. 89. The story was first translated into English by Edgar Taylor in 1826, then by many others, e.g. by an anonymous community of translators in 1865, by Lucy Crane in 1881, by LucMargaret Hunt in 1884, etc. Andrew Lang included it in The Blue Fairy Book
The Blue Fairy Book
in 1889. CONTENTS * 1 Synopsis * 2 Variants * 3 Adaptations * 4 References * 5 External links SYNOPSISA widowed queen sends her daughter to her bridegroom in a faraway land. She sends her with a waiting maid. The princess's horse is named Falada, and he is magical for he can speak. The princess is given a special charm by her mother that will protect her as long as she wears it. The princess and her servant travel for a time, then the princess grows thirsty. She asks the maid to go and fetch her some water, but the maid simply says: "If you want water, get it for yourself. I do not want to be your servant any longer." So the princess has to fetch herself water from the nearby stream
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Hansel And Gretel
"HANSEL AND GRETEL" (also known as Hansel and Grettel, Hansel and Grethel, or Little Brother and Little Sister) (/ˈhænsəl/ or /ˈhɑːnsəl/ and /ˈɡrɛtəl/ ; German : HäNSEL UND GRETEL ) is a well-known fairy tale of German origin , recorded by the Brothers Grimm and published in 1812. Hansel and Gretel
Hansel and Gretel
are a young brother and sister kidnapped by a cannibalistic witch living deep in the forest in a house constructed of cake and confectionery. The two children escape with their lives by outwitting her. The tale has been adapted to various media, most notably the opera Hänsel und Gretel (1893) by Engelbert Humperdinck . Under the Aarne–Thompson classification system , "Hansel and Gretel" is classified under Class 327. CONTENTS * 1 Plot * 2 History and analysis * 3 Cultural significance * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References * 6.1 Citations * 6.2 Sources * 7 External links PLOT Hansel and Gretel
Hansel and Gretel
are the young children of a poor woodcutter . When a great famine settles over the land, the woodcutter's second, abusive wife decides to take the children into the woods and leave them there to fend for themselves, so that she and her husband do not starve to death, because the kids eat too much. The woodcutter opposes the plan but finally, and reluctantly, submits to his wife's scheme
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Rapunzel
"RAPUNZEL" (/rəˈpʌnzəl/ ; German pronunciation: ) is a German fairy tale in the collection assembled by the Brothers Grimm , and first published in 1812 as part of Children\'s and Household Tales . The Grimm Brothers' story is an adaptation of the fairy tale Rapunzel by Friedrich Schulz published in 1790. The Schulz version is based on Persinette by Charlotte-Rose de Caumont de La Force originally published in 1698 which in turn was influenced by an even earlier tale, Petrosinella by Giambattista Basile , published in 1634. Its plot has been used and parodied in various media and its best known line ("Rapunzel, Rapunzel, let down your hair") is an idiom of popular culture . In volume I of the 1812 annotations (Anhang), it is listed as coming from Friedrich Schulz Kleine Romane, Book 5, pp. 269–288, published in Leipzig
Leipzig
1790. In the Aarne–Thompson classification system for folktales it is type 310, "The Maiden in The Tower". Andrew Lang
Andrew Lang
included it in The Red Fairy Book . Other versions of the tale also appear in A Book of Witches by Ruth Manning-Sanders and in Paul O. Zelinsky 's 1997 Caldecott Medal -winning picture book, Rapunzel
Rapunzel
and the Disney movie Tangled
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Rumpelstiltskin
RUMPELSTILTSKIN is a fairytale popularly associated with Germany (where he is known as RUMPELSTILZCHEN). The tale was one collected by the Brothers Grimm in the 1812 edition of Children\'s and Household Tales . According to researchers at Durham University
Durham University
and the Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
, the story originated around 4,000 years ago. CONTENTS * 1 Plot * 2 Variants * 3 Name origins * 4 Names used in translations * 5 Appearances in media * 5.1 Literature * 5.2 Comics * 5.3 Music * 5.4 Television * 5.5 Film * 5.6 Games * 5.7 Psychology * 6 References * 7 External links PLOTIn order to make himself appear superior, a miller lies to the king, telling him that his daughter can spin straw into gold . (Some versions make the miller's daughter blonde and describe the "straw-into-gold" claim as a careless boast the miller makes about the way his daughter's straw-like blond hair takes on a gold-like lustre when sunshine strikes it.) The king calls for the girl, shuts her in a tower room filled with straw and a spinning wheel , and demands she spin the straw into gold by morning or he will cut off her head (other versions have the king threatening to lock her up in a dungeon forever)
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Sleeping Beauty
"SLEEPING BEAUTY" (French : La Belle au bois dormant "The Beauty Sleeping in the Wood") by Charles Perrault
Charles Perrault
, or "LITTLE BRIAR ROSE" (German : Dornröschen) by the Brothers Grimm , is a classic fairy tale which involves a beautiful princess, a sleeping enchantment , and a handsome prince. The version collected by the Brothers Grimm was an orally transmitted version of the originally literary tale published by Charles Perrault
Charles Perrault
in Histoires ou contes du temps passé in 1697. This in turn was based on Sun, Moon, and Talia by Italian poet Giambattista Basile (published posthumously in 1634), which was in turn based on one or more folk tales . The earliest known version of the story is found in the narrative Perceforest , composed between 1330 and 1344 and first printed in 1528. CONTENTS* 1 Perrault\'s narrative * 1.1 Part one * 1.2 Part two * 2 Basile\'s narrative * 3 Sources * 4 Variants * 5 Myth themes * 6 Adaptations * 6.1 In music * 6.2 In video games * 6.3 In art * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links PERRAULT\'S NARRATIVEPerrault’s narrative is written in two parts, which some folklorists believe were originally separate tales, as they were in the Brothers Grimm's version, and were later joined together by Giambattista Basile and once more by Perrault
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Snow White
"SNOW WHITE" is a nineteenth-century German fairy tale which is today known widely across the Western world. The Brothers Grimm published it in 1812 in the first edition of their collection Grimms\' Fairy Tales . It was titled in German: Sneewittchen (in modern orthography Schneewittchen) and numbered as Tale 53. The name "Sneewittchen" was Low German and in the first version it was translated with "Schneeweißchen". The Grimms completed their final revision of the story in 1854. The fairy tale features such elements as the magic mirror, the poisoned apple, the glass coffin, and the characters of the evil queen and the Seven Dwarfs . The seven dwarfs were first given individual names in the 1912 Broadway play Snow White
Snow White
and the Seven Dwarfs and then given different names in Walt Disney
Walt Disney
's 1937 film Snow White
Snow White
and the Seven Dwarfs . The Grimm story, which is commonly referred to as "Snow White", should not be confused with the story of "Snow White and Rose Red " (in German "Schneeweißchen und Rosenrot"), another fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm. In the Aarne–Thompson folklore classification, tales of this kind are grouped together as type 709, Snow White
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Grimms' Fairy Tales
CHILDREN\'S AND HOUSEHOLD TALES (German : Kinder- und Hausmärchen) is a collection of fairy tales first published in 1812 by the Grimm brothers , Jacob and Wilhelm . The collection is commonly known in English as GRIMMS\' FAIRY TALES. CONTENTS * 1 Composition * 2 Influence * 3 List of fairy tales * 3.1 Volume 1 * 3.2 Volume 2 * 4 No longer included in the last edition * 5 References * 6 Bibliography * 7 External links COMPOSITIONThe first volume of the first edition was published in 1812, containing 86 stories; the second volume of 70 stories followed in 1815. For the second edition, two volumes were issued in 1819 and a third in 1822, totalling 170 tales. The third edition appeared in 1837; fourth edition, 1840; fifth edition, 1843; sixth edition, 1850; seventh edition, 1857. Stories were added, and also subtracted, from one edition to the next, until the seventh held 211 tales. All editions were extensively illustrated, first by Philipp Grot Johann and, after his death in 1892, by German illustrator Robert Leinweber. The first volumes were much criticized because, although they were called "Children's Tales", they were not regarded as suitable for children, both for the scholarly information included and the subject matter
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Hanau
HANAU is a town in the Main-Kinzig-Kreis , in Hesse , Germany . It is located 25 km east of Frankfurt am Main . Its station is a major railway junction and it has a port on the river Main , making it an important transport centre. The town is known for being the birthplace of Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm and Franciscus Sylvius . Since the 16th century it was a centre of precious metal working with many goldsmiths. It is home to Heraeus , one of the largest family-owned companies in Germany. In 1963, the town hosted the third _ Hessentag _ state festival. Until 2005, Hanau was the administrative centre of the Main-Kinzig-Kreis . CONTENTS* 1 Geography * 1.1 Districts * 2 Name * 3 History * 3.1 Old town * 3.2 New town * 3.3 19th century * 3.4 20th century * 4 Economy * 5 Population * 6 Town twinning * 7 Sights * 8 Notable people * 9 Sports * 10 References * 11 External links GEOGRAPHYThe historic core of Hanau is situated within a semicircle of the river Kinzig which flows into the river Main just west of the town. Today, after a substantial expansion during the 19th and 20th centuries it also extends to the river Main and after a restructuring of municipal borders within Hesse in the 1970s a couple of nearby villages and towns were incorporated
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