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Bronze Age Collapse
The Late Bronze Age
Bronze Age
collapse was a Dark Age transition period in the Near East, Asia Minor, Aegean region, North Africa, Caucasus, Balkans and the Eastern Mediterranean from the Late Bronze Age
Bronze Age
to the Early Iron Age, a transition historians believe was violent, sudden, and culturally disruptive
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Near East
The Near East
Near East
is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia. Despite having varying definitions within different academic circles, the term was originally applied to the maximum extent of the Ottoman Empire
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Bronze Age Britain
Bronze
Bronze
Age Britain is an era of British history
British history
that spanned from c. 2500 until c. 800 BC.[1] Lasting for approximately 1,700 years, it was preceded by the era of Neolithic Britain
Neolithic Britain
and was in turn followed by the period of Iron Age
Iron Age
Britain. Being categorised as the Bronze
Bronze
Age, it was marked by the use of copper and then bronze by the prehistoric Britons, who used such metals to fashion tools
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Tumulus Culture
The Tumulus
Tumulus
culture (German: Hügelgräberkultur) dominated Central Europe
Europe
during the Middle Bronze Age
Middle Bronze Age
(c. 1600 to 1200 BC). It was the descendant of the Unetice culture. Its heartland was the area previously occupied by the Unetice culture
Unetice culture
besides Bavaria
Bavaria
and Württemberg. It was succeeded by the Late Bronze Age
Late Bronze Age
Urnfield culture. As the name implies, the Tumulus
Tumulus
culture is distinguished by the practice of burying the dead beneath burial mounds (tumuli or kurgans). In 1902, Paul Reinecke distinguished a number of cultural horizons based on research of Bronze Age hoards and tumuli in periods covered by these cultural horizons are shown in the table below
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Wucheng Culture
The Wucheng culture
Wucheng culture
(吳城文化) was a Bronze Age
Bronze Age
archaeological culture in Jiangxi, China. The initial site, spread out over 4 km2 (1.5 sq mi), was discovered at Wucheng, Zhangshu. Located on the Gan River, the site was first excavated in 1973. The Wucheng culture
Wucheng culture
probably developed in response to cultural contacts with the expanding Erligang culture, melding Erligang influences with local traditions. The Wucheng culture
Wucheng culture
was a distinct contemporary of Sanxingdui
Sanxingdui
and Yinxu
Yinxu
(Anyang). The site at Wucheng was a regional protoporcelain production center; the culture is known for its distinctive geometric pottery. The Wucheng culture
Wucheng culture
is also known for its bronze bells, the clapperless nao
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Hallstatt Culture
The Hallstatt
Hallstatt
culture was the predominant Western and Central European culture of Early Iron Age Europe
Europe
from the 8th to 6th centuries BC, developing out of the
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Chalcolithic
Near East Ghassulian
Ghassulian
culture, Naqada culture, Uruk periodEuropeYamna culture, Corded Ware Cernavodă culture, Decea Mureşului culture, Gorneşti culture, Gumelniţa–Karanovo culture, Petreşti culture, Coțofeni culture Remedello culture, Gaudo culture, Monte Claro cultureCentral AsiaYamna culture, Botai culture, BMAC culture, Afanasevo cultureSouth AsiaPeriodisation of the
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Canegrate Culture
The Canegrate
Canegrate
culture was a civilization of Prehistoric Italy
Pre

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Golasecca Culture
The Golasecca
Golasecca
culture (9th - 4th century BC) was a Late Bronze Age/ Early Iron Age culture in northern Italy, whose type-site was excavated at Golasecca
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Atlantic Bronze Age
The Atlantic Bronze Age
Bronze Age
is a cultural complex of the Bronze Age
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Nordic Bronze Age
The Nordic Bronze Age
Bronze Age
(also Northern Bronze
Bronze
Age, or Scandinavian Bronze
Bronze
Age) is a period of Scandinavian prehistory
Scandinavian prehistory
from c. 1700–500 BC. The Bronze Age
Bronze Age
culture of this era succeeded the Nordic Stone Age culture (Late Neolithic) and was followed by the Pre-Roman Iron Age. The archaeological legacy of the Nordic Bronze Age
Bronze Age
culture is rich, but the ethnic and linguistic affinities of it are unknown, in the absence of written sources
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Beaker Culture
The Bell- Beaker culture
Beaker culture
(sometimes shortened to Beaker culture), c. 2900–1800 BC[2][3] is the term for a widely scattered archaeological culture of prehistoric western and Central Europe, starting in the late Neolithic
Neolithic
or Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
and running into the early Bronze Age
Bronze Age
(in British terminology). The term was coined by John Abercromby, based on the culture's distinctive pottery beakers, which he interpreted as drinking vessels.[4] No definitive association with a particular linguistic group has been proven. A Celtic connection has been hypothesized though the Celtic migrations are believed to have occurred long after the Bell-Beaker culture is supposed to have spread over Europe
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East Asia
East Asia
Asia
is the eastern subregion of Asia, defined in either geographical[2] or ethno-cultural[3] terms.[4][5] China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam
Vietnam
belong to the East Asian cultural sphere.[6] Geographically and geop
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Erlitou Culture
Coordinates: 34°41′35″N 112°41′20″E / 34.693°N 112.689°E / 34.693; 112.689 The Erlitou culture
Erlitou culture
was an early Bronze Age urban society and archaeological culture that existed in the Yellow River
Yellow River
valley from approximately 1900 to 1500 BC.[1][2] (A 2007 study of radiocarbon dating has proposed a narrower date range of 1750 to 1530 BC.[3]) The culture was named after the site discovered at Erlitou in Yanshi, Henan. The culture was widely spread throughout Henan
Henan
and Shanxi
Shanxi
and later appeared in Shaanxi
Shaanxi
and Hubei
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Erligang Culture
Coordinates: 34°45′14″N 113°40′34″E / 34.754°N 113.676°E / 34.754; 113.676 The Erligang
Erligang
culture[a] is a Bronze Age
Bronze Age
urban civilization and archaeological culture in China
China
that existed from approximately 1510 to 1460 BC. The primary site, Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
Shang City, was discovered at Erligang, within the modern city of Zhengzhou, Henan, in 1951.Contents1 Major sites1.1 Zhengzhou 1.2 Panlongcheng2 Bronze vessels 3 Relation to traditional accounts 4 Notes 5 References 6 Further readingMajor sites[edit] The culture was centered in the Yellow River
Yellow River
valley. In its early years, it expanded rapidly, reaching the Yangtze River
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Gojoseon
Gojoseon, originally named Joseon, was an ancient Korean kingdom. The addition of Go (고, 古), meaning "ancient", distinguishes it from the later Joseon
Joseon
kingdom (1392–1897). The founding legend of Gojoseon, which is recorded in the Samguk Yusa (1281), states that the country was established in 2333 BC by Dangun, said to be the offspring of a heavenly prince and a bear-woman in the work. Though a mythological figure for whom no concrete evidence has been found,[1] the account has played an important role in developing Korean identity. Today, the founding date of Gojoseon
Gojoseon
is officially celebrated as the National Foundation Day in North Korea[2] and South Korea. Some of the same sources relate that in the 12th century BC Gija, a man from the Shang dynasty
Shang dynasty
of China, immigrated to Gojoseon and founded Gija
Gija
Joseon
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